Terminalia bellirica Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
beach-almond beleric myrobalan belleric belleric myrobalan

Terminalia bellirica, known as "Bahera" or Beleric or bastard myrobalan, is a large deciduous tree common on plains and lower hills in Southeast Asia, where it is also grown as an avenue tree. The basionym is Myrobalanus bellirica Gaertn.. William Roxburgh transferred M. bellirica to Terminalia as "T. bellerica Roxb.". This spelling error is now widely used, causing confusion. The correct name is Terminalia bellirica Roxb. The leaves are about 15 cm long and crowded toward the ends of the branches. It is considered a good fodder for cattle. Terminalia bellirica seeds have an oil content of 40%, whose fatty-acid methyl ester meets all of the major biodiesel requirements in the USA, Germany and European Union. The seeds are called bedda nuts. In traditional Indian Ayurvedic medicine, Beleric is known as "Bibhitaki". In its fruit form, it is used in the popular Indian herbal rasayana treatment triphala. In Sanskrit it is called vibhīdaka विभीदक.

Terminalia bellirica

Medical use

Economic importance of Terminalia bellirica

Environmental ornamental
Invertebrate food silkworms
Materials lipids tanin/dyestuf wod
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Terminalia bellirica Terminalia bellirica Terminalia bellirica Terminalia bellirica Terminalia bellirica Terminalia bellirica Terminalia bellirica Terminalia bellirica Terminalia bellirica Terminalia bellirica Terminalia bellirica Terminalia bellirica Terminalia bellirica

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • China: China - Yunnan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh; Bhutan; India; Nepal; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Laos; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (202930 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (301470 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (82600 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (112000 ppm)
ACE-Inhibitor
Corilagin found in Fruit
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Abortifacient
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Absorbent
Starch found in Leaf (127000 ppm)
Acaricide
Oxalic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Adrenocorticotrophic
Chebulinic-acid found in Fruit
Aggregant
Sucrose found in Seed
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Allergenic
Mannitol found in Fruit
Oleic-acid found in Seed (301470 ppm)
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (301470 ppm)
Analgesic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Mannitol found in Fruit
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (301470 ppm)
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (186000 ppm)
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Anthelmintic
Mannitol found in Fruit
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Fruit (214000 ppm)
AntiGTF
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
AntiHIV
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Fruit (214000 ppm)
AntiMRSA
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (202930 ppm)
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Leaf (20800 ppm)
AntiUTI
Mannose found in Seed
Antiacne
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (202930 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Antiadenovirus
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Antiadhesive
Mannose found in Seed
Antiaflatoxin
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antialcoholic
Fructose found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Antiallergenic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Antiallergic
Calcium found in Leaf (20800 ppm)
Corilagin found in Fruit
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (202930 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (301470 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (82600 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (202930 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (202930 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (301470 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (82600 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf (20800 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Leaf (20800 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (202930 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Calcium found in Leaf (20800 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (202930 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Corilagin found in Fruit
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Antiatherosclerotic
Calcium found in Leaf (20800 ppm)
Antibacterial
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Ethyl-gallate found in Fruit
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Fruit (214000 ppm)
Antibronchitic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Anticancer
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Fruit (214000 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Ethyl-gallate found in Fruit
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Anticariogenic
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Fruit (214000 ppm)
Anticataract
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Anticlimacteric
Calcium found in Leaf (20800 ppm)
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (202930 ppm)
Anticystitic
Mannose found in Seed
Antidepressant
Calcium found in Leaf (20800 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Fiber found in Leaf (186000 ppm)
Fructose found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Fruit (214000 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Fruit (214000 ppm)
Antieczemic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (202930 ppm)
Antiedemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Glucose found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Antiescherichic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Antifibrinolytic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (202930 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (82600 ppm)
Antiflu
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Antigingivitic
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiglaucomic
Mannitol found in Fruit
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (202930 ppm)
Antihangover
Fructose found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Antihepatotoxic
Corilagin found in Fruit
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Glucose found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Fruit (214000 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Antihiccup
Sucrose found in Seed
Antihistaminic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (202930 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Leaf (20800 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Antihypertensive
Calcium found in Leaf (20800 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (186000 ppm)
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Fruit (214000 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiinflammatory
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Corilagin found in Fruit
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Friedelin found in Seed
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (202930 ppm)
Mannitol found in Fruit
Oleic-acid found in Seed (301470 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Leaf (20800 ppm)
Antiketotic
Fructose found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Glucose found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Antileishmanic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (202930 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (301470 ppm)
Antilipolytic
Corilagin found in Fruit
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Fruit (214000 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Antimalarial
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Termilignan found in Pericarp
Antimenopausal
Calcium found in Leaf (20800 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (202930 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Corilagin found in Fruit
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Mannitol found in Fruit
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Fruit (214000 ppm)
Antinauseant
Fructose found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Antinephritic
Mannitol found in Fruit
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Fruit (214000 ppm)
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Leaf (127000 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Antiobesity
Calcium found in Leaf (20800 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (186000 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Fruit (214000 ppm)
Antiophthalmic
Sucrose found in Seed
Antiosteoporotic
Calcium found in Leaf (20800 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (2700 ppm)
Antioxidant
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Corilagin found in Fruit
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Ethyl-gallate found in Fruit
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Mannitol found in Fruit
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (82600 ppm)
Sucrose found in Seed
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Fruit (214000 ppm)
Antiperiodontic
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiperiodontitic
Calcium found in Leaf (20800 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Antiperoxidant
Chebulinic-acid found in Fruit
Corilagin found in Fruit
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Antiplaque
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiplasmodial
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Termilignan found in Pericarp
Antipolio
Chebulinic-acid found in Fruit
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (202930 ppm)
Antiproteolytic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Antipyretic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Antiradicular
Corilagin found in Fruit
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Mannitol found in Fruit
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Fruit (214000 ppm)
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Fruit (214000 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Calcium found in Leaf (20800 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Ethyl-gallate found in Fruit
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Oxalic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Antispasmodic
Mannitol found in Fruit
Phyllemblin found in Fruit
Antistaphylococcic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Antistreptococcic
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antistress
Calcium found in Leaf (20800 ppm)
Antithyroid
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antitic
Calcium found in Leaf (20800 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Fruit (214000 ppm)
Antitumor
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Fiber found in Leaf (186000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Fruit (214000 ppm)
Antiulcer
Fiber found in Leaf (186000 ppm)
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Fruit (214000 ppm)
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Antiviral
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Chebulinic-acid found in Fruit
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Fruit (214000 ppm)
Antiyeast
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Leaf (20800 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (2700 ppm)
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Astringent
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Atherogenic
Sucrose found in Seed
Bacteristat
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (186000 ppm)
Bronchodilator
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
CNS-Depressant
Phyllemblin found in Fruit
CNS-Paralytic
Oxalic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Leaf (20800 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Fiber found in Leaf (186000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (202930 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (301470 ppm)
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Fruit (214000 ppm)
Candida-SAP-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Carcinogenic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (202930 ppm)
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Fruit (214000 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Fiber found in Leaf (186000 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Chelator
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Fruit (214000 ppm)
Choleretic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Oleic-acid found in Seed (301470 ppm)
Collyrium
Sucrose found in Seed
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (202930 ppm)
Cosmetic
Stearic-acid found in Seed (112000 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Fruit (214000 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Demulcent
Sucrose found in Seed
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (301470 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Diuretic
Calcium found in Leaf (20800 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (186000 ppm)
Friedelin found in Seed
Mannitol found in Fruit
Emetic
Mannitol found in Fruit
Emollient
Starch found in Leaf (127000 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
FLavor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (301470 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (82600 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (112000 ppm)
Fatal
Oxalic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Flatugenic
Mannitol found in Fruit
Sucrose found in Seed
Floral-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Fruit (214000 ppm)
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (82600 ppm)
Hemostat
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Hemostatic
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Oxalic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (202930 ppm)
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Fruit (214000 ppm)
Hypercholesterolemic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (82600 ppm)
Sucrose found in Seed
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Calcium found in Leaf (20800 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (186000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (202930 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (301470 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (112000 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Hypotensive
Calcium found in Leaf (20800 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (186000 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Leaf (186000 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (202930 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Phosphorus found in Leaf (2700 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Fruit (214000 ppm)
Insectifuge
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (202930 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (301470 ppm)
Insulin-Sparing
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Irritant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (301470 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Juvabional
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Laxative
Calcium found in Leaf (20800 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (186000 ppm)
Fructose found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Mannitol found in Fruit
Lipolytic
Chebulinic-acid found in Fruit
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Fruit (214000 ppm)
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (82600 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (112000 ppm)
MAO-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Fruit (214000 ppm)
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (202930 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
NO-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (202930 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (82600 ppm)
Neoplastic
Fructose found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Nephrotoxic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Mannitol found in Fruit
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Fruit (214000 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Leaf (2700 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (301470 ppm)
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Seed (301470 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (112000 ppm)
Pesticide
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Ethyl-gallate found in Fruit
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Mannitol found in Fruit
Oxalic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (82600 ppm)
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Fruit (214000 ppm)
Poultice
Starch found in Leaf (127000 ppm)
Preservative
Sucrose found in Seed
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (202930 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (301470 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (82600 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (112000 ppm)
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Fruit (214000 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Renotoxic
Oxalic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (82600 ppm)
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Styptic
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Sunscreen
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Seed (112000 ppm)
Sweetener
Fructose found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Galactose found in Fruit ;found in Seed
Mannitol found in Fruit
Sucrose found in Seed
Topoisomerase-I-Antagonist
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Corilagin found in Fruit
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Chebulinic-acid found in Fruit
Corilagin found in Fruit
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Leaf (20800 ppm)
Triglycerigenic
Sucrose found in Seed
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Fruit
Uricogenic
Sucrose found in Seed
Varroacide
Oxalic-acid found in Bark ;found in Fruit
Vasodilator
Calcium found in Leaf (20800 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (186000 ppm)
Vulnerary
Sucrose found in Seed
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Corilagin found in Fruit
Ellagic-acid found in Bark ;found in Wood ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Fruit
Tannin found in Bark (70000 ppm);found in Fruit (214000 ppm)

Search

Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
3,6-digalloylglucose Fruit
7-hydroxy-3',4'-(methylenedioxy)-flavan Pericarp
Anoligan-b Pericarp
Arjungenin Stem Bark
Arjunglucoside i Stem Bark 166.6
Ash Leaf 49,000 80,000
Belleric acid Stem Bark
Bellericagenin a Stem Bark 15
Bellericagenin b Stem Bark 200
Bellericanin Fruit
Bellericaside a Stem Bark 200
Bellericaside b Stem Bark 150
Bellericoside Stem Bark 100
Beta-glucogallin Fruit
Beta-sitosterol Fruit
Calcium Leaf 20,800
Carbohydrates Leaf 787,000
Chebulic-acid Fruit
Chebulinic-acid Fruit
Corilagin Fruit
Dotriacontan-2-ol Fruit
Ellagic-acid Bark
Wood
Fruit
Leaf
Ethyl-gallate Fruit
Fat Leaf 47,000
Seed 250,000 700,000
Fiber Leaf 74,000 186,000
Friedelin Seed
Fructose Fruit
Seed
Galactose Fruit
Seed
Gallic-acid Fruit
Glucose Fruit
Seed
Hentriacontan-16-one Stem Bark
Hexahydroxy-diphenacyl-heptahydroxy-diphenacylate Fruit
Linoleic-acid Seed 72,475 202,930
Mannitol Fruit
Mannose Seed
N-tetratriacontane Fruit
N-tritriacontane Fruit
Oleic-acid Seed 108,025 301,470
Oxalic-acid Bark
Fruit
Palmitic-acid Seed 29,500 82,600
Phosphorus Leaf 2,700
Phyllemblin Fruit
Protein Leaf 86,000 171,180
Seed 409,000
Rhamnose Fruit
Saponin Fruit
Starch Leaf 99,800 127,000
Stearic-acid Seed 40,000 112,000
Sucrose Seed
Sugars Leaf 38,400 53,500
Tannin Bark 14,000 70,000
Fruit 170,000 214,000
Termilignan Pericarp
Thannilignan Pericarp
Tritriacontan-9-one Fruit
Water Fruit 61,000
Leaf 751,000 780,000
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]