Tephrosia purpurea Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
purple tephrosia wild indigo

Tephrosia purpurea is a species of flowering plant in the pea family, Fabaceae, that has a pantropical distribution. It is a common wasteland weed. In many parts it is under cultivation as green manure crop. It is found throughout India and Sri Lanka in poor soils.

Tephrosia purpurea

Medical use

Economic importance of Tephrosia purpurea

Environmental erosion control ornamental
Medicines folklore
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

Tephrosia purpurea Tephrosia purpurea Tephrosia purpurea Tephrosia purpurea Tephrosia purpurea Tephrosia purpurea Tephrosia purpurea Tephrosia purpurea Tephrosia purpurea Tephrosia purpurea Tephrosia purpurea

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Djibouti; Ethiopia; Somalia; Sudan; Yemen - Socotra
    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Zaire
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin; Cote D'Ivoire; Gambia; Ghana; Guinea-Bissau; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal; Togo
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; Namibia; South Africa - KwaZulu-Natal, Transvaal
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar; Mauritius; Seychelles
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Arabian Peninsula: Oman; Saudi Arabia; Yemen
    • Western Asia: Egypt - Sinai; Iran
    • China: China - Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Yunnan
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Nepal; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    • Malesia: Indonesia
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Native
    • Australia: Australia - Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia

Biological activities

5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Leaf
Acaricide
Rotenone found in Root (7000 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Leaf
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Leaf
Allelochemic
Rutin found in Leaf
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (280000 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (33800 ppm)
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Anthelmintic
Betulinic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm)
AntiCFS
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Leaf
AntiEBV
Lupeol found in Plant
AntiHIV
Betulinic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm)
AntiLyme
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Leaf (16500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiaggregant
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Antiallergic
Calcium found in Leaf (16500 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Lupeol found in Plant
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf (16500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Leaf (16500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (33800 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Calcium found in Leaf (16500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiatherosclerotic
Calcium found in Leaf (16500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Antibacterial
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Betulinic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Anticancer
Betulinic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Anticapillary-Fragility
Rutin found in Leaf
Anticarcinomic
Betulinic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm)
Anticataract
Rutin found in Leaf
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Anticlastogen
Rutin found in Leaf
Anticlimacteric
Calcium found in Leaf (16500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Anticoronary
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Antidementia
Rutin found in Leaf
Antidepressant
Calcium found in Leaf (16500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (33800 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antidiabetic
Fiber found in Leaf (280000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Antiedemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Betulinic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm)
Lupeol found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiendometriotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antifatigue
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (33800 ppm)
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Rotenone found in Root (7000 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Tephrosin found in Root
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Antiflu
Lupeol found in Plant
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Leaf
Antihemorrhoidal
Rutin found in Leaf
Antihepatotoxic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiherpetic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antihistaminic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antihyperglycemic
Lupeol found in Plant
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Leaf (16500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antihypertensive
Calcium found in Leaf (16500 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (280000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (33800 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Betulinic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm)
Lupeol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Leaf (16500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Betulinic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm)
Antilithic
Lupeol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antimalarial
Betulinic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm)
Lupeol found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Betulinic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Antimenopausal
Calcium found in Leaf (16500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antimigraine
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf
Antinephritic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Betulinic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiobesity
Calcium found in Leaf (16500 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (280000 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiosteoporotic
Calcium found in Leaf (16500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (5200 ppm)
Antioxalate
Lupeol found in Plant
Antioxidant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Lupeol found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiperiodontitic
Calcium found in Leaf (16500 ppm)
Antiperoxidant
Lupeol found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiplaque
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Betulinic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm)
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiproliferant
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Lupeol found in Plant
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Leaf
Antipurpuric
Rutin found in Leaf
Antipyretic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiradicular
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Calcium found in Leaf (16500 ppm)
Lupeol found in Plant
Antispasmodic
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (33800 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Antistress
Calcium found in Leaf (16500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (33800 ppm)
Antisunburn
Rutin found in Leaf
Antisyndrome-X
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Antithrombogenic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antithyroid
Rutin found in Leaf
Antitic
Calcium found in Leaf (16500 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antitumor-Promoter
Rutin found in Leaf
Antitumor
Betulinic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (280000 ppm)
Lupeol found in Plant
Rotenone found in Root (7000 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiulcer
Fiber found in Leaf (280000 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiurethrotic
Lupeol found in Plant
Antivaricose
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiviral
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Betulinic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm)
Lupeol found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Leaf (16500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (5200 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (33800 ppm)
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Betulinic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (280000 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (33800 ppm)
Bruchicide
Rotenone found in Root (7000 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Leaf (16500 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Fiber found in Leaf (280000 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Capillariprotective
Rutin found in Leaf
Cardioprotective
Fiber found in Leaf (280000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (33800 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Leaf (33800 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Catabolic
Rutin found in Leaf
Chemopreventive
Rutin found in Leaf
Convulsant
Rotenone found in Root (7000 ppm)
Cytoprotective
Rutin found in Leaf
Cytotoxic
Betulinic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm)
Lupeol found in Plant
Tephrosin found in Root
Diuretic
Calcium found in Leaf (16500 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (280000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (33800 ppm)
Ectoparasiticide
Rotenone found in Root (7000 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
FPTase-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Plant
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Hemostat
Rutin found in Leaf
Hepatomagenic
Rutin found in Leaf
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Leaf (8700 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (16500 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (280000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Hypotensive
Calcium found in Leaf (16500 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (280000 ppm)
Lupeol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (33800 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Leaf (280000 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Immunostimulant
Phosphorus found in Leaf (5200 ppm)
Insecticide
Rotenone found in Root (7000 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Insectiphile
Rutin found in Leaf
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Juvabional
Rutin found in Leaf
Larvicide
Rotenone found in Root (7000 ppm)
Larvistat
Rutin found in Leaf
Laxative
Calcium found in Leaf (16500 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (280000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Leaf
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Mutagenic
Rutin found in Leaf
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Leaf
Myorelaxant
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Leaf (5200 ppm)
Oviposition-Stimulant
Rutin found in Leaf
PAF-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Leaf
Pediculicide
Rotenone found in Root (7000 ppm)
Pesticide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Lupeol found in Plant
Rotenone found in Root (7000 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Tephrosin found in Root
Phospholipase-A2-Inhibitor
Betulinic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm)
Piscicide
Rotenone found in Root (7000 ppm)
Tephrosin found in Root
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Betulinic-acid found in Plant (30 ppm)
Protisticide
Rutin found in Leaf
Pulicide
Rotenone found in Root (7000 ppm)
Radioprotective
Rutin found in Leaf
Scabicide
Rotenone found in Root (7000 ppm)
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Sunscreen
Rutin found in Leaf
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Plant
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Leaf
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Leaf (16500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Vasodilator
Calcium found in Leaf (16500 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (280000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (10300 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (33800 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Vasopressor
Rutin found in Leaf
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Leaf

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Ash Leaf 77,000 99,600
Beta-sitosterol Plant
Betulinic-acid Plant 30
Calcium Leaf 16,500
Carbohydrates Leaf 654,000 748,000
Fat Leaf 24,000 27,000
Seed 91,000
Fiber Leaf 279,000 280,000
Isotephrosin Root
Lupeol Plant
Magnesium Leaf 10,300
Nitrogen Leaf 72,500
Phosphorus Leaf 2,600 5,200
Potassium Leaf 33,800
Protein Leaf 147,000 244,000
Seed 358,000
Rotenoids Leaf 6,500 8,000
Root 7,000 9,500
Stem 4,000 6,500
Seed 16,000 18,000
Rotenone Root 7,000
Rutin Leaf
Silica Leaf 21,900
Sodium Leaf 8,700
Tephrosin Root
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]