Taxus baccata Health effects and herbal facts

Taxus baccata is a conifer native to western, central and southern Europe, northwest Africa, northern Iran and southwest Asia. It is the tree originally known as yew, though with other related trees becoming known, it may now be known as English yew, or European yew.

Taxus baccata

Medical use

Gallery

Taxus baccata Taxus baccata Taxus baccata Taxus baccata Taxus baccata Taxus baccata Taxus baccata Taxus baccata Taxus baccata Taxus baccata Taxus baccata Taxus baccata Taxus baccata Taxus baccata

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Acaricide
Formic-acid found in Leaf
Adrenergic
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Leaf (595 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (965 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf (21 ppm)
Allelopathic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (965 ppm)
Syringic-acid found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf (21 ppm)
Allergenic
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf (220 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Leaf (595 ppm)
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Alpha-Glucosidase-Inhibitor
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Analgesic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Ecdysterone found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Anesthetic
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf (220 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Leaf (595 ppm)
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Anthelmintic
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf (21 ppm)
AntiHIV
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
AntiHSV-1
Ginkgetin found in Leaf ;found in Twig
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf (35 ppm)
AntiMRSA
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antiadenovirus
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Antiaging
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antiallergenic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Antianacarditic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antianaphylactic
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antiangiogenic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Taxol found in Leaf
Antiappetant
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Antiarachidonate
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Antiarrhythmic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Hcn found in Leaf (39 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antibacterial
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf (220 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Leaf (595 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (965 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf (21 ppm)
Antibradykinic
Ginkgetin found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Antibronchitic
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Ginkgetin found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf (21 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Taxol found in Leaf
Anticariogenic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Anticervicaldysplasic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Anticholinesterase
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Antidandruff
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antidepressant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antidermatotic
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antidiarrheic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antidote
Hcn found in Leaf (39 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antidysenteric
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antidysmenorrheic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Antieczemic
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Antiedemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Ginkgetin found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Sciadopitysin found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antiemphysemic
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Antiencephalitic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antienteritic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antienuretic
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Antiepileptic
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Antifatigue
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf (21 ppm)
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (965 ppm)
Antifibrinolytic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Antiflu
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Antigargantitic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antigingivitic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antihemorrhoidal
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (965 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antihiccup
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Antihistaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Ginkgetin found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antiichthyosic
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Antiinflammatory
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Leaf (595 ppm)
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Ginkgetin found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Sciadopitysin found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf (21 ppm)
Antiischemic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Cephalomannine found in Stem Bark
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (965 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf (21 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antimaculitic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Taxol found in Leaf
Antimitotic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Taxol found in Leaf
Antimutagenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Leaf (595 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antimyasthenic
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Antinarcoleptic
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Antineoplastic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (965 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antiobesity
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antioncychomycotic
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antiotitic
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf (220 ppm)
Antioxidant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Ginkgetin found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Lycopene found in Fruit
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (965 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Sciadopitysin found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Syringic-acid found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf (21 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Antiperiodic
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (965 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Syringic-acid found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf (21 ppm)
Antipharyngitic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Antipodagric
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Antipolio
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Lycopene found in Fruit
Antiproteolytic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Antipyretic
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf (220 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Antiradicular
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Lycopene found in Fruit
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Syringic-acid found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf (21 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antisalmonella
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf (220 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Antiseptic
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf (220 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Formic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (965 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf (21 ppm)
Antiserotonin
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Antisickling
M-hydroxybenzoic-acid found in Leaf (0.6 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf (21 ppm)
Antisinusitic
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Antispasmodic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Leaf (595 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Ginkgetin found in Leaf ;found in Twig
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (965 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antistress
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antisyncopic
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Formic-acid found in Leaf
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antithrombic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antitonsilitic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antitrypanosomic
Taxol found in Leaf
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf (21 ppm)
Antitumor
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Cephalomannine found in Stem Bark
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Lycopene found in Fruit
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (965 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf (21 ppm)
Antitussive
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Hcn found in Leaf (39 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Antitympanitic
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Antiulcer
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Antiviral
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Ginkgetin found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Antiyeast
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf (220 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Arteriodilator
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Ascaricide
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf (21 ppm)
Astringent
Formic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Bacteristat
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Bronchodilator
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Ginkgetin found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Bronchorelaxant
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Bronchosedative
Hcn found in Leaf (39 ppm)
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
Ephedrine found in Leaf
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Taxol found in Leaf
Cancer-Preventive
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Leaf (595 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Lycopene found in Fruit
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (965 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf (21 ppm)
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Cardiac
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Cardioactive
Taxine-b found in Leaf
Cardioprotective
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Cerebrostimulant
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (965 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Choleretic
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf (220 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Leaf (595 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (965 ppm)
Quinic-acid found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf (21 ppm)
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Lycopene found in Fruit
Rhodoxanthin found in Fruit
Zeaxanthin found in Fruit
Comedolytic
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Controlled
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Corrosive
Formic-acid found in Leaf
Counterirritant
Formic-acid found in Leaf
Cyanogenic
Taxiphyllin found in Leaf
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Cephalomannine found in Stem Bark
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (965 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Decongestant
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Dermatitigenic
Cinnamic-acid found in Leaf (595 ppm)
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Detoxicant
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Diuretic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Emetic
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Expectorant
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf (220 ppm)
FLavor
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf (220 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Leaf (595 ppm)
Formic-acid found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Floral-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Fungicide
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf (220 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Leaf (595 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (965 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf (21 ppm)
Fungistat
Formic-acid found in Leaf
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Fungitoxic
Formic-acid found in Leaf
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Glutathione-Depleting
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Hallucinogenic
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Hemostat
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Zeaxanthin found in Fruit
Hepatotoxic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Herbicide
Cinnamic-acid found in Leaf (595 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Hydrocholerectic
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Hypertensive
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Lycopene found in Fruit
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Immunosuppressant
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf (21 ppm)
Insecticide
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Hcn found in Leaf (39 ppm)
Insectifuge
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf (220 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Insulin-Sparing
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Irritant
Formic-acid found in Leaf
Juvabional
Ecdysterone found in Leaf
Keratolytic
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Laxative
Cinnamic-acid found in Leaf (595 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf (21 ppm)
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Leaf (595 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (965 ppm)
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
MDR-Inhibitor
1beta-hydroxybaccatin-1 found in Wood
Brevifoliol found in Twig
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Mydriatic
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Myocardiotonic
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Myorelaxant
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Nephrotoxic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Pesticide
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf (220 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Leaf (595 ppm)
Ecdysterone found in Leaf
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Formic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Gentisic-acid found in Leaf (11 ppm)
Hcn found in Leaf (39 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (965 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Tannic-acid found in Leaf
Taxine-b found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf (21 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Phytoalexin
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf (220 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Preservative
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Formic-acid found in Leaf
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Lycopene found in Fruit
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (965 ppm)
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (965 ppm)
Proteinogenic
Ecdysterone found in Leaf
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Zeaxanthin found in Fruit
Respiraparalytic
Taxine-b found in Leaf
Respirastimulant
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Hcn found in Leaf (39 ppm)
Rodenticide
Hcn found in Leaf (39 ppm)
Secretogogue
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Sedative
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Stimulant
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Styptic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Sympathomimetic
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Tachycardic
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Thermogenic
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Tineacide
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
Toxic
Formic-acid found in Leaf
Tracheorelaxant
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf (220 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Leaf (595 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Leaf (965 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Fruit
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Leaf (35 ppm)
Syringic-acid found in Leaf (0.001 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Leaf (21 ppm)
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Uricosuric
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf (220 ppm)
Uterocontractant
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Uterosedative
Ferulic-acid found in Leaf (3.5 ppm)
Vasoconstrictor
Ephedrine found in Leaf
Vasodilator
Ginkgetin found in Leaf ;found in Twig
Vasomotor-Stimulant
Hcn found in Leaf (39 ppm)
Vermifuge
Cinnamic-acid found in Leaf (595 ppm)
Vulnerary
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf (220 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Leaf (4.7 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Leaf (0.3 ppm)
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
(-)-matairesinol found in Shoot (4 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(+)-abscissic-acid Seed
(-)-2-(3,4-methylenedioxybenzyl-3-(3,4-methylenedioxybenzylidene)-butane-1,4-diol Shoot 4
(-)-hibalactone Shoot 10
(-)-isohibalactone Shoot 7
(-)-matairesinol Shoot 4
(-)-rhododendrin Twig
(-)-rhododendrol Twig
(-)-secoisolariciresinol Twig
(r)-taxiphylline Plant
(s)-dhurrine Plant
1-dehydroxybaccatin-4 Wood
10-deacetylbaccatin Twig
10-deacetylcephalomannine Stem Bark
10-deacetyltaxane Stem Bark
13-decinnamoyltaxichinnin-b Twig
19-hydroxybaccatin Leaf
1beta-hydroxybaccatin-1 Wood
3,4-divanillyltetrahydrofuran Plant
3-demethyl-(-)-secoisolariciresinol Plant
4'-o-demethylsuchilactone Twig
4betuloside Plant
5-deacetyl-baccatin-1 Wood
Alpha-conidendrin Shoot 3
Baccatin Root
Wood
Baccatin-1 Wood
Baccatin-2 Wood
Baccatin-3 Wood
Baccatin-4 Wood
Baccatin-5 Wood
Baccatin-6 Wood
Baccatin-7 Wood
Baccatine Root Bark
Benzoic-acid Leaf 4 220
Beta-carotene Fruit
Beta-resorcylic-acid Leaf 0.001 0.001
Beta-sitosterol Leaf
Betuloside Plant
Brevifoliol Twig
Caffeic-acid Leaf 0.9 4.7
Cephalomannine Stem Bark
Chinic-acid Leaf 0.001 0.2
Cinnamic-acid Leaf 4 595
Ecdysterone Leaf
Ephedrine Leaf
Eschescholtzxanthone Fruit
Ferredoxin Leaf
Ferulic-acid Leaf 0.1 3.5
Formic-acid Leaf
Gallic-acid Leaf 0.001 0.3
Gamma-resorcylic-acid Leaf 0 28
Gentisic-acid Leaf 0 11
Ginkgetin Leaf
Twig
Hcn Leaf 12 39
Homoprotocatechuic-acid Leaf 0 4
Isolariciresinol Wood
Isotaxiresinol Wood
Isotaxiresinol-6-methyl-ether Wood
Isotaxiresinol-secoisolariciresinol Wood
Isotriglochinine Plant
Kayaflavone Twig
Lactone-diol Twig
Lycopene Fruit
M-hydroxybenzoic-acid Leaf 0.001 0.6
Myoinositol-p-coumaric-ester Plant
P-coumaric-acid Leaf 4 965
P-hdyroxyphenylacetic-acid Leaf 0.4 5
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid Leaf 5 60
Phloroglucinic-acid Leaf 0.001 0.1
Protocatechuic-acid Leaf 9 35
Pyrocatechuic-acid Leaf 0 5
Quinic-acid Plant
Resins Leaf
Rhodoxanthin Fruit
Salicylic-acid Leaf 0.001 4
Schikimic-acid Plant
Sciadopitysin Leaf
Twig
Sequoiaflavone Plant
Sequoyitol Wood
Sotetsuflavone Leaf
Suchilactone Twig
Syringic-acid Leaf 0.001 0.001
Tannic-acid Leaf
Taxa-4(20),11-diene-2alpha,5alpha,7beta,10beta-tetraol-5,7,10-triacetate-2alpha-methyl-butyrate Wood
Taxa-4(20),11-diene-2alpha,5alpha,7beta,9alpha,10beta,13alpha-hexaol-hexacetate Wood
Taxa-4(20),11-diene-2alpha,5alpha,7beta,9alpha,10beta-pentaol-5,7,9,10-tetraacetate Wood
Taxa-4(20),11-diene-2alpha,5alpha,7beta,9alpha,10beta-pentaol-7,9,10-triacetate Wood
Taxa-4(20),11-diene-2alpha,5alpha,9alpha,10beta,13alpha-pentaol-pentacetate Wood
Taxa-4(20),11-diene-5alpha,7beta,9alpha,10beta,13alpha-pentaol-pentacetate Wood
Taxa-4(20),11-diene-5alpha,9-alpha,10beta,13alpha-tetraol-9,10-diacetate Wood
Taxacatine Plant
Taxicatin Leaf
Seed
Taxigifine Leaf
Taxine-a Leaf
Taxine-b Leaf
Taxiphyllin Leaf
Taxiresinol Shoot
Wood
Taxol Leaf
Taxol-a Plant
Taxol-b Plant
Taxuside Leaf
Taxusin Wood
Tetraol Leaf
Wood
Toxim Leaf
Triglochinine Plant
Vanillic-acid Leaf 5 21
Zeaxanthin Fruit
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]