Taraxacum officinale Health effects and herbal facts

Taraxacum officinale

Medical use

Gallery

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Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
Stearic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Aesculetin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
ACE-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Flower
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Acaricide
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Acarifuge
Sulfur found in Plant (3300 ppm)
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Root (5000 ppm)
Acidifier
Tartaric-acid found in Plant ;found in Root
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Acnegenic
Iodine found in Leaf
Additive
Tartaric-acid found in Plant ;found in Root
Aggregant
Sucrose found in Root
Alcohol-Dehydrogenase-Inhibitor
Inulin found in Plant ;found in Root (400000 ppm);found in Root (300000 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Aesculetin found in Flower
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Cynaroside found in Flower
Daucosterol found in Root (480 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Flower
Luteolin found in Flower
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Quercimeritrin found in Flower
Scopoletin found in Flower
Vanillic-acid found in Flower
Allelochemic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Scopoletin found in Flower
Allelopathic
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
P-coumaric-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Flower
Alpha-Glucosidase-Inhibitor
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
Analgesic
Aesculetin found in Flower
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Flower ;found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Mannitol found in Root
Quercetin found in Flower
Scopoletin found in Flower
Selenium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (17 ppm);found in Root
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Root (214 ppm);found in Plant
Boron found in Leaf (125 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
Anesthetic
Scopoletin found in Flower
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Root (214 ppm);found in Plant
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (126110 ppm);found in Root (89000 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (30000 ppm);found in Root (75000 ppm);found in Root (12000 ppm)
Anorexic
Arsenic found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Root (214 ppm);found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Mannitol found in Root
Tannin found in Root
Vanillic-acid found in Flower
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
AntiEBV
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Flower
AntiHIV
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Selenium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Tannin found in Root
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Root (50 ppm);found in Root (33.1 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (18 ppm);found in Root (2.1 ppm);found in Root (2.1 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (17 ppm);found in Root
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Selenium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Flower ;found in Root (84 ppm);found in Root (84 ppm);found in Leaf (583 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (42232 ppm);found in Root (6140 ppm);found in Root (6140 ppm);found in Plant (21000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (206 ppm);found in Root (110 ppm);found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Flower ;found in Root (84 ppm);found in Root (84 ppm);found in Leaf (583 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
Selenium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Sulfur found in Plant (3300 ppm)
Tin found in Root (13 ppm);found in Root (13 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Root (50 ppm);found in Root (33.1 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Root (214 ppm);found in Plant
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antiadrenalinic
Nickel found in Leaf (5.6 ppm);found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Antiadrenergic
Scopoletin found in Flower
Antiaflatoxin
Quercetin found in Flower
Scopoletin found in Flower
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Selenium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower ;found in Root (84 ppm);found in Root (84 ppm);found in Leaf (583 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Chromium found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Leaf (900 ppm);found in Root (340 ppm);found in Root (96 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Fructose found in Root
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (206 ppm);found in Root (110 ppm);found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (17 ppm);found in Root
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (42232 ppm);found in Root (6140 ppm);found in Root (6140 ppm);found in Plant (21000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Luteolin found in Flower
Niacin found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Root (50 ppm);found in Root (33.1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antialopecic
Inositol found in Latex Exudate ;found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Choline found in Root (1120 ppm)
Lecithin found in Flower (29700 ppm);found in Root
Niacin found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Root (50 ppm);found in Root (33.1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Thiamin found in Leaf (17 ppm);found in Root
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Root (50 ppm);found in Root (33.1 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Root (214 ppm);found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
Antianemic
Copper found in Leaf (49 ppm);found in Root (28 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (900 ppm);found in Root (340 ppm);found in Root (96 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (206 ppm);found in Root (110 ppm);found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Antianginal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Root (50 ppm);found in Root (33.1 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Luteolin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Selenium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (17 ppm);found in Root
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf (42232 ppm);found in Root (6140 ppm);found in Root (6140 ppm);found in Plant (21000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (18 ppm);found in Root (2.1 ppm);found in Root (2.1 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Aesculetin found in Flower
Calcium found in Leaf (42232 ppm);found in Root (6140 ppm);found in Root (6140 ppm);found in Plant (21000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (30000 ppm);found in Root (75000 ppm);found in Root (12000 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Scopoletin found in Flower
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
Silicon found in Root (4.7 ppm);found in Root (4.7 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower ;found in Root (84 ppm);found in Root (84 ppm);found in Leaf (583 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (42232 ppm);found in Root (6140 ppm);found in Root (6140 ppm);found in Plant (21000 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (49 ppm);found in Root (28 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (206 ppm);found in Root (110 ppm);found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Selenium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Sulfur found in Plant (3300 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower ;found in Root (84 ppm);found in Root (84 ppm);found in Leaf (583 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Scopoletin found in Flower
Selenium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Antiataxic
Lecithin found in Flower (29700 ppm);found in Root
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Luteolin found in Flower
Antiatheromic
Pectin found in Root (120000 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (42232 ppm);found in Root (6140 ppm);found in Root (6140 ppm);found in Plant (21000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Chromium found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Lutein found in Flower
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Selenium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Leaf (17 ppm);found in Root
Antibacterial
Aesculetin found in Flower
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Root (214 ppm);found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Chlorine found in Leaf (22000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Cycloartenol found in Leaf ;found in Pollen Or Spore
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Iodine found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Flower
Isorhamnetin found in Flower
Lauric-acid found in Pollen Or Spore
Luteolin found in Flower
P-coumaric-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Pectin found in Root (120000 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Scopoletin found in Flower
Tannin found in Root
Tin found in Root (13 ppm);found in Root (13 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Flower
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Leaf (17 ppm);found in Root
Antibronchoconstrictor
Scopoletin found in Flower
Anticancer
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower ;found in Root (84 ppm);found in Root (84 ppm);found in Leaf (583 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Flower
Tannin found in Root
Vanillic-acid found in Flower
Anticanker
Iron found in Leaf (900 ppm);found in Root (340 ppm);found in Root (96 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (17 ppm);found in Root
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Anticapillary-Fragility
Aesculetin found in Flower
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Luteolin found in Flower
Anticariogenic
Quercetin found in Flower
Tannin found in Root
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Leaf (18 ppm);found in Root (2.1 ppm);found in Root (2.1 ppm)
Anticataract
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Glycerol found in Latex Exudate
Luteolin found in Flower
Niacin found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Root (50 ppm);found in Root (33.1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Riboflavin found in Leaf (18 ppm);found in Root (2.1 ppm);found in Root (2.1 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (17 ppm);found in Root
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (18 ppm);found in Root (2.1 ppm);found in Root (2.1 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower ;found in Root (84 ppm);found in Root (84 ppm);found in Leaf (583 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (18 ppm);found in Root (2.1 ppm);found in Root (2.1 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Leaf (900 ppm);found in Root (340 ppm);found in Root (96 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (18 ppm);found in Root (2.1 ppm);found in Root (2.1 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Root (50 ppm);found in Root (33.1 ppm)
Nicotinic-acid found in Root
Anticholinergic
Scopoletin found in Flower
Antichoreic
Choline found in Root (1120 ppm)
Anticirrhotic
Choline found in Root (1120 ppm)
Inositol found in Latex Exudate ;found in Root
Lecithin found in Flower (29700 ppm);found in Root
Selenium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Anticlastogen
P-coumaric-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (42232 ppm);found in Root (6140 ppm);found in Root (6140 ppm);found in Plant (21000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Flower
Thiamin found in Leaf (17 ppm);found in Root
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Luteolin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Anticonvulsant
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Root (50 ppm);found in Root (33.1 ppm)
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Flower ;found in Root (84 ppm);found in Root (84 ppm);found in Leaf (583 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Anticystinuric
Choline found in Root (1120 ppm)
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antidandruff
Selenium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Sulfur found in Plant (3300 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (18 ppm);found in Root (2.1 ppm);found in Root (2.1 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (17 ppm);found in Root
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Leaf (17 ppm);found in Root
Antidementia
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Choline found in Root (1120 ppm)
Lecithin found in Flower (29700 ppm);found in Root
Niacin found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Root (50 ppm);found in Root (33.1 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (17 ppm);found in Root
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (42232 ppm);found in Root (6140 ppm);found in Root (6140 ppm);found in Plant (21000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (30000 ppm);found in Root (75000 ppm);found in Root (12000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Selenium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Antidermatic
Luteolin found in Flower
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Leaf
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Root (50 ppm);found in Root (33.1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antidiabetic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Choline found in Root (1120 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (49 ppm);found in Root (28 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (126110 ppm);found in Root (89000 ppm)
Fructose found in Root
Inulin found in Plant ;found in Root (400000 ppm);found in Root (300000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (206 ppm);found in Root (110 ppm);found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Root (50 ppm);found in Root (33.1 ppm)
Pectin found in Root (120000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Xylose found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Inulin found in Plant ;found in Root (400000 ppm);found in Root (300000 ppm)
Pectin found in Root (120000 ppm)
Tannin found in Root
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Leaf (206 ppm);found in Root (110 ppm);found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Aesculetin found in Flower
Tannin found in Root
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Choline found in Root (1120 ppm)
Lecithin found in Flower (29700 ppm);found in Root
Manganese found in Leaf (206 ppm);found in Root (110 ppm);found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Leaf (17 ppm);found in Root
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Root (50 ppm);found in Root (33.1 ppm)
Antiear-wax
Glycerol found in Latex Exudate
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Lecithin found in Flower (29700 ppm);found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Flower ;found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Root (214 ppm);found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Faradiol found in Flower
Glucose found in Root (5000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Flower
Taraxasterol found in Flower ;found in Root
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Leaf (17 ppm);found in Root
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Antienteritic
Pectin found in Root (120000 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (206 ppm);found in Root (110 ppm);found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Root (50 ppm);found in Root (33.1 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Aesculetin found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Root (214 ppm);found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Luteolin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (49 ppm);found in Root (28 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (30000 ppm);found in Root (75000 ppm);found in Root (12000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (17 ppm);found in Root
Vanillic-acid found in Flower
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Root (214 ppm);found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Isoquercitrin found in Flower
Luteolin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Scopoletin found in Flower
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Root (214 ppm);found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Antiflu
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Pectin found in Root (120000 ppm)
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Flower
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Pectin found in Root (120000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (17 ppm);found in Root
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Mannitol found in Root
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (18 ppm);found in Root (2.1 ppm);found in Root (2.1 ppm)
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Antigoiter
Iodine found in Leaf
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Root (214 ppm);found in Plant
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Antigout
Selenium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
Antigrey
Sulfur found in Plant (3300 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Fructose found in Root
Niacin found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Root (50 ppm);found in Root (33.1 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (17 ppm);found in Root
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Leaf (17 ppm);found in Root
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Glucose found in Root (5000 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Scopoletin found in Flower
Stigmasterol found in Leaf ;found in Root
Tannin found in Root
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Chlorine found in Leaf (22000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Luteolin found in Flower
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Quercimeritrin found in Flower
Thiamin found in Leaf (17 ppm);found in Root
Antihiccup
Sucrose found in Root
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Isorhamnetin found in Flower
Linoleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
Luteolin found in Flower
Niacin found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Root (50 ppm);found in Root (33.1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antihomocysteine
Choline found in Root (1120 ppm)
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Root (50 ppm);found in Root (33.1 ppm)
Antihyperammonemic
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Flower ;found in Root (84 ppm);found in Root (84 ppm);found in Leaf (583 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Leaf (42232 ppm);found in Root (6140 ppm);found in Root (6140 ppm);found in Plant (21000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Root (214 ppm);found in Plant
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (42232 ppm);found in Root (6140 ppm);found in Root (6140 ppm);found in Plant (21000 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (126110 ppm);found in Root (89000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (30000 ppm);found in Root (75000 ppm);found in Root (12000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Tannin found in Root
Tyrosinase found in Root
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Flower ;found in Root (84 ppm);found in Root (84 ppm);found in Leaf (583 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Antiinfarctal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Aesculetin found in Flower
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Flower ;found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Root (214 ppm);found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Copper found in Leaf (49 ppm);found in Root (28 ppm)
Cycloartenol found in Leaf ;found in Pollen Or Spore
Faradiol found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Isoquercitrin found in Flower
Isorhamnetin found in Flower
Linoleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
Luteolin found in Flower
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Mannitol found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Scopoletin found in Flower
Stigmasterol found in Leaf ;found in Root
Taraxasterol found in Flower ;found in Root
Vanillic-acid found in Flower
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Leaf (42232 ppm);found in Root (6140 ppm);found in Root (6140 ppm);found in Plant (21000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Root (50 ppm);found in Root (33.1 ppm)
Antiischemic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (18 ppm);found in Root (2.1 ppm);found in Root (2.1 ppm)
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Antiketotic
Fructose found in Root
Glucose found in Root (5000 ppm)
Glycerol found in Latex Exudate
Antileishmanic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Root (214 ppm);found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Daucosterol found in Root (480 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Luteolin found in Flower
P-coumaric-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Selenium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Flower
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Flower ;found in Root (84 ppm);found in Root (84 ppm);found in Leaf (583 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Selenium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Antileukotrienogenic
Scopoletin found in Flower
Antilipedemic
Coumestrol found in Plant
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Root
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Flower ;found in Root (84 ppm);found in Root (84 ppm);found in Leaf (583 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf
Lecithin found in Flower (29700 ppm);found in Root
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Pectin found in Root (120000 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Flower ;found in Root (84 ppm);found in Root (84 ppm);found in Leaf (583 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Root (214 ppm);found in Plant
Luteolin found in Flower
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower ;found in Root (84 ppm);found in Root (84 ppm);found in Leaf (583 ppm)
Lutein found in Flower
Selenium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Antimanic
Choline found in Root (1120 ppm)
Lecithin found in Flower (29700 ppm);found in Root
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Flower ;found in Root (84 ppm);found in Root (84 ppm);found in Leaf (583 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Antimelanomic
Luteolin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Selenium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (42232 ppm);found in Root (6140 ppm);found in Root (6140 ppm);found in Plant (21000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Leaf (900 ppm);found in Root (340 ppm);found in Root (96 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
Antimetastatic
Pectin found in Root (120000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Selenium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Antimicrobial
Coumestrol found in Plant
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (18 ppm);found in Root (2.1 ppm);found in Root (2.1 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (17 ppm);found in Root
Antimitotic
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Antimorphinistic
Lecithin found in Flower (29700 ppm);found in Root
Antimutagenic
Aesculetin found in Flower
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower ;found in Root (84 ppm);found in Root (84 ppm);found in Leaf (583 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Root (214 ppm);found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Cryptoxanthin found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Luteolin found in Flower
Mannitol found in Root
Pectin found in Root (120000 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Scopoletin found in Flower
Tannin found in Root
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Flower
Thiamin found in Leaf (17 ppm);found in Root
Antinauseant
Fructose found in Root
Antineoplastic
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Antinephritic
Mannitol found in Root
Tannin found in Root
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Glycerol found in Latex Exudate
Niacin found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Root (50 ppm);found in Root (33.1 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (17 ppm);found in Root
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Leaf (17 ppm);found in Root
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Leaf (17 ppm);found in Root
Antineuropathic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (17 ppm);found in Root
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
P-coumaric-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Beta-amyrin found in Flower ;found in Root
Choline found in Root (1120 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (49 ppm);found in Root (28 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Flower
Luteolin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Stigmasterol found in Leaf ;found in Root
Antinyctalopic
Lutein found in Flower
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (42232 ppm);found in Root (6140 ppm);found in Root (6140 ppm);found in Plant (21000 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (126110 ppm);found in Root (89000 ppm)
Pectin found in Root (120000 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Antionychyotic
Silicon found in Root (4.7 ppm);found in Root (4.7 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Root (214 ppm);found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Stigmasterol found in Leaf ;found in Root
Tannin found in Root
Antiophthalmic
Sucrose found in Root
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Boron found in Leaf (125 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Sulfur found in Plant (3300 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Boron found in Leaf (125 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (42232 ppm);found in Root (6140 ppm);found in Root (6140 ppm);found in Plant (21000 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (49 ppm);found in Root (28 ppm)
Coumestrol found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (206 ppm);found in Root (110 ppm);found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (5268 ppm);found in Root (3620 ppm);found in Root (3620 ppm)
Silicon found in Root (4.7 ppm);found in Root (4.7 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Leaf (206 ppm);found in Root (110 ppm);found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Antioxidant
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower ;found in Root (84 ppm);found in Root (84 ppm);found in Leaf (583 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Root (214 ppm);found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Campesterol found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Isoquercitrin found in Flower
Isorhamnetin found in Flower
Lauric-acid found in Pollen Or Spore
Lutein found in Flower
Luteolin found in Flower
Manganese found in Leaf (206 ppm);found in Root (110 ppm);found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Mannitol found in Root
Myristic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore
Myristoleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore
P-coumaric-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
Pentadecanoic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Riboflavin found in Leaf (18 ppm);found in Root (2.1 ppm);found in Root (2.1 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Flower
Selenium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Leaf ;found in Root
Sucrose found in Root
Tannin found in Root
Vanillic-acid found in Flower
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Flower ;found in Root (84 ppm);found in Root (84 ppm);found in Leaf (583 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Flower ;found in Root (84 ppm);found in Root (84 ppm);found in Leaf (583 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Root (50 ppm);found in Root (33.1 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Root (50 ppm);found in Root (33.1 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (18 ppm);found in Root (2.1 ppm);found in Root (2.1 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (42232 ppm);found in Root (6140 ppm);found in Root (6140 ppm);found in Plant (21000 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Vanillic-acid found in Flower
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Flower ;found in Root (84 ppm);found in Root (84 ppm);found in Leaf (583 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (18 ppm);found in Root (2.1 ppm);found in Root (2.1 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Flower ;found in Root (84 ppm);found in Root (84 ppm);found in Leaf (583 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antipolio
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (17 ppm);found in Root
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Flower ;found in Root (84 ppm);found in Root (84 ppm);found in Leaf (583 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Root (214 ppm);found in Plant
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Flower ;found in Root (84 ppm);found in Root (84 ppm);found in Leaf (583 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Lutein found in Flower
Luteolin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Scopoletin found in Flower
Selenium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Root (214 ppm);found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Flower
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Root (214 ppm);found in Plant
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Root (214 ppm);found in Plant
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
Quercetin found in Flower
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Antiprostatotic
Phytosterols found in Plant
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Flower ;found in Root (84 ppm);found in Root (84 ppm);found in Leaf (583 ppm)
Lecithin found in Flower (29700 ppm);found in Root
Quercetin found in Flower
Antipyretic
Aesculetin found in Flower
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Root (214 ppm);found in Plant
Antiradicular
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower ;found in Root (84 ppm);found in Root (84 ppm);found in Leaf (583 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Isoquercitrin found in Flower
Lutein found in Flower
Mannitol found in Root
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Selenium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Tannin found in Root
Vanillic-acid found in Flower
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Root
Antiretardation
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Antiretroviral
Antirheumatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower ;found in Root (84 ppm);found in Root (84 ppm);found in Leaf (583 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (42232 ppm);found in Root (6140 ppm);found in Root (6140 ppm);found in Plant (21000 ppm)
Cycloartenol found in Leaf ;found in Pollen Or Spore
Selenium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Antischizophrenic
Nicotinic-acid found in Root
Antisclerodermic
Lecithin found in Flower (29700 ppm);found in Root
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Root (50 ppm);found in Root (33.1 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Lecithin found in Flower (29700 ppm);found in Root
Sulfur found in Plant (3300 ppm)
Antisecretory
Taraxerol found in Root
Antiseptic
Aesculetin found in Flower
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Chlorine found in Leaf (22000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Iodine found in Leaf
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Scopoletin found in Flower
Sulfur found in Plant (3300 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Flower
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Antiserotonin
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Antisickling
Vanillic-acid found in Flower
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Root (656 ppm);found in Root (656 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Daucosterol found in Root (480 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Isorhamnetin found in Flower
Luteolin found in Flower
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Mannitol found in Root
Niacin found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Root (50 ppm);found in Root (33.1 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Potassium found in Leaf (30000 ppm);found in Root (75000 ppm);found in Root (12000 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Scopoletin found in Flower
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Antisprue
Lecithin found in Flower (29700 ppm);found in Root
Antistaphylococcic
Aesculetin found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Cycloartenol found in Leaf ;found in Pollen Or Spore
Antisteatotic
Choline found in Root (1120 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower ;found in Root (84 ppm);found in Root (84 ppm);found in Leaf (583 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (42232 ppm);found in Root (6140 ppm);found in Root (6140 ppm);found in Plant (21000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Antistroke
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (30000 ppm);found in Root (75000 ppm);found in Root (12000 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (206 ppm);found in Root (110 ppm);found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Antithrombic
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antithyrotoxic
Iodine found in Leaf
Nicotinic-acid found in Root
Antitic
Calcium found in Leaf (42232 ppm);found in Root (6140 ppm);found in Root (6140 ppm);found in Plant (21000 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antitumor-Promoter
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Isoquercitrin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Tannin found in Root
Vanillic-acid found in Flower
Antitumor
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower ;found in Root (84 ppm);found in Root (84 ppm);found in Leaf (583 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Daucosterol found in Root (480 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Fiber found in Leaf (126110 ppm);found in Root (89000 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Flower
Luteolin found in Flower
P-coumaric-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Scopoletin found in Flower
Selenium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Tannin found in Root
Vanillic-acid found in Flower
Antitussive
Luteolin found in Flower
Pectin found in Root (120000 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Flower ;found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Flower ;found in Root (84 ppm);found in Root (84 ppm);found in Leaf (583 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Fiber found in Leaf (126110 ppm);found in Root (89000 ppm)
Pectin found in Root (120000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Tannin found in Root
Taraxerol found in Root
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antivaginitic
Aluminum found in Root (656 ppm);found in Root (656 ppm)
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Root (5000 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Root (50 ppm);found in Root (33.1 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Root (214 ppm);found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Chlorine found in Leaf (22000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Iodine found in Leaf
Lauric-acid found in Pollen Or Spore
Luteolin found in Flower
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Leaf
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Quercimeritrin found in Flower
Stigmasterol found in Leaf ;found in Root
Tannin found in Root
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Flower ;found in Root (84 ppm);found in Root (84 ppm);found in Leaf (583 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (42232 ppm);found in Root (6140 ppm);found in Root (6140 ppm);found in Plant (21000 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (5268 ppm);found in Root (3620 ppm);found in Root (3620 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (30000 ppm);found in Root (75000 ppm);found in Root (12000 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Aphidifuge
Luteolin found in Flower
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Root (214 ppm);found in Plant
Luteolin found in Flower
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Scopoletin found in Flower
Selenium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Flower
Arrhythmigenic
Glycerol found in Latex Exudate
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Root (214 ppm);found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Leaf ;found in Root
Arteriodilator
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Ascaricide
Vanillic-acid found in Flower
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Atherogenic
Sucrose found in Root
Autotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Bacteristat
Quercetin found in Flower
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (126110 ppm);found in Root (89000 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (30000 ppm);found in Root (75000 ppm);found in Root (12000 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Luteolin found in Flower
Bifidogenic
Inulin found in Plant ;found in Root (400000 ppm);found in Root (300000 ppm)
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Flower
Bronchorelaxant
Scopoletin found in Flower
Bruchifuge
Xanthophyll found in Plant
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Flower
CNS-Paralytic
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Flower
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Flower ;found in Root (84 ppm);found in Root (84 ppm);found in Leaf (583 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Pollen Or Spore
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Flower ;found in Root (84 ppm);found in Root (84 ppm);found in Leaf (583 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Lauric-acid found in Pollen Or Spore
Quercetin found in Flower
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Cynaroside found in Flower
Luteolin found in Flower
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Leaf (42232 ppm);found in Root (6140 ppm);found in Root (6140 ppm);found in Plant (21000 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Flower
Cancer-Preventive
Aesculetin found in Flower
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower ;found in Root (84 ppm);found in Root (84 ppm);found in Leaf (583 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Root (214 ppm);found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Fiber found in Leaf (126110 ppm);found in Root (89000 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Flower
Isorhamnetin found in Flower
Linoleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
Luteolin found in Flower
Mucilage found in Root (85000 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore
Niacin found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Root (50 ppm);found in Root (33.1 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
P-coumaric-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Pectin found in Root (120000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Riboflavin found in Leaf (18 ppm);found in Root (2.1 ppm);found in Root (2.1 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Flower
Selenium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Leaf ;found in Root
Tannin found in Root
Vanillic-acid found in Flower
Candidicide
Aluminum found in Root (656 ppm);found in Root (656 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Root (214 ppm);found in Plant
Chlorine found in Leaf (22000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Lauric-acid found in Pollen Or Spore
Quercetin found in Flower
Capillarigenic
Isoquercitrin found in Flower
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Flower
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Tannin found in Root
Cardiac
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Cardiodepressant
Aesculetin found in Flower
Choline found in Root (1120 ppm)
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Root (8 ppm);found in Root (8 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Chromium found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (49 ppm);found in Root (28 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (126110 ppm);found in Root (89000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Root (50 ppm);found in Root (33.1 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (30000 ppm);found in Root (75000 ppm);found in Root (12000 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Selenium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Silicon found in Root (4.7 ppm);found in Root (4.7 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Leaf (30000 ppm);found in Root (75000 ppm);found in Root (12000 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Root (214 ppm);found in Plant
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Flower
Cerebrotonic
Choline found in Root (1120 ppm)
Chelator
Tannin found in Root
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Flower ;found in Root (84 ppm);found in Root (84 ppm);found in Leaf (583 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Flower
P-coumaric-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Pectin found in Root (120000 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Scopoletin found in Flower
Choleretic
Aesculetin found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Luteolin found in Flower
Nicotinic-acid found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
P-coumaric-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Flower
Vanillic-acid found in Flower
Cholesterolytic
Inositol found in Latex Exudate ;found in Root
Cholinergic
Choline found in Root (1120 ppm)
Lecithin found in Flower (29700 ppm);found in Root
Circulotonic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Root (50 ppm);found in Root (33.1 ppm)
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Collyrium
Sucrose found in Root
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Flower ;found in Root (84 ppm);found in Root (84 ppm);found in Leaf (583 ppm)
Lutein found in Flower
Violaxanthin found in Flower
Comedogenic
Sulfur found in Plant (3300 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
Contraceptive
Copper found in Leaf (49 ppm);found in Root (28 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Quercetin found in Flower
Cosmetic
Aesculetin found in Flower
Myristic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore
Stearic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore
Counterirritant
Arnidiol found in Flower
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Tannin found in Root
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Cytotoxic
Aesculetin found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Luteolin found in Flower
P-coumaric-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Scopoletin found in Flower
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Demulcent
Mucilage found in Root (85000 ppm)
Pectin found in Root (120000 ppm)
Sucrose found in Root
Deodorant
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Depressant
Selenium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Aesculetin found in Flower
Iodine found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Diagnostic
Xylose found in Plant
Diaphoretic
Isoquercitrin found in Flower
Differentiator
Luteolin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (42232 ppm);found in Root (6140 ppm);found in Root (6140 ppm);found in Plant (21000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Fiber found in Leaf (126110 ppm);found in Root (89000 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Flower
Luteolin found in Flower
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Mannitol found in Root
Potassium found in Leaf (30000 ppm);found in Root (75000 ppm);found in Root (12000 ppm)
Dye
Xylose found in Plant
Emetic
Mannitol found in Root
Emollient
Glycerol found in Latex Exudate
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Root (656 ppm);found in Root (656 ppm)
Energizer
Chromium found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Root (8 ppm);found in Root (8 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Root (214 ppm);found in Plant
Boron found in Leaf (125 ppm)
Coumestrol found in Plant
Luteolin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Stigmasterol found in Leaf ;found in Root
Expectorant
Inulin found in Plant ;found in Root (400000 ppm);found in Root (300000 ppm)
FLavor
Oleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
Stearic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore
Tartaric-acid found in Plant ;found in Root
Fatal
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Root (214 ppm);found in Plant
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Root (50 ppm);found in Root (33.1 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Flatugenic
Mannitol found in Root
Sucrose found in Root
Fungicide
Aesculetin found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Capric-acid found in Pollen Or Spore
Chlorine found in Leaf (22000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Coumestrol found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Iodine found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Pectin found in Root (120000 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Scopoletin found in Flower
Selenium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Flower
Gastroprotective
Beta-amyrin found in Flower ;found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Flower ;found in Root (84 ppm);found in Root (84 ppm);found in Leaf (583 ppm)
Gastrostimulant
Inulin found in Plant ;found in Root (400000 ppm);found in Root (300000 ppm)
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Tannin found in Root
Glutathione-Depleting
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Goitrogenic
Iodine found in Leaf
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Root (214 ppm);found in Plant
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
Hemostat
Pectin found in Root (120000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Hemostatic
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Flower
Hepatoprotective
Aesculetin found in Flower
Beta-amyrin found in Flower ;found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Root (214 ppm);found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Choline found in Root (1120 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Isorhamnetin found in Flower
Lecithin found in Flower (29700 ppm);found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
Luteolin found in Flower
Niacin found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Root (50 ppm);found in Root (33.1 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Scopoletin found in Flower
Tannin found in Root
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Root (50 ppm);found in Root (33.1 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Herbicide
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Scopoletin found in Flower
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Flower
Hydrocholerectic
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Hypercholesterolemic
Lauric-acid found in Pollen Or Spore
Myristic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore
Palmitic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
Sucrose found in Root
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Root (5000 ppm)
Glycerol found in Latex Exudate
Hypertensive
Aesculetin found in Flower
Cadmium found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Sodium found in Leaf (5300 ppm);found in Root (1130 ppm);found in Root (1130 ppm)
Hyperthyroid
Iodine found in Leaf
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Root (214 ppm);found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (42232 ppm);found in Root (6140 ppm);found in Root (6140 ppm);found in Plant (21000 ppm)
Campesterol found in Leaf
Chromium found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (49 ppm);found in Root (28 ppm)
Coumestrol found in Plant
Cycloartenol found in Leaf ;found in Pollen Or Spore
Cynaroside found in Flower
Fiber found in Leaf (126110 ppm);found in Root (89000 ppm)
Inulin found in Plant ;found in Root (400000 ppm);found in Root (300000 ppm)
Lecithin found in Flower (29700 ppm);found in Root
Linoleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
Luteolin found in Flower
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Mucilage found in Root (85000 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Root (50 ppm);found in Root (33.1 ppm)
Nicotinic-acid found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
Pectin found in Root (120000 ppm)
Phytosterols found in Plant
Stearic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore
Stigmasterol found in Leaf ;found in Root
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Root (214 ppm);found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Chromium found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Daucosterol found in Root (480 ppm)
Inulin found in Plant ;found in Root (400000 ppm);found in Root (300000 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (206 ppm);found in Root (110 ppm);found in Root (6.8 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Root (50 ppm);found in Root (33.1 ppm)
Nicotinic-acid found in Root
Pectin found in Root (120000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Scopoletin found in Flower
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Root (214 ppm);found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Niacin found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Root (50 ppm);found in Root (33.1 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (42232 ppm);found in Root (6140 ppm);found in Root (6140 ppm);found in Plant (21000 ppm)
Choline found in Root (1120 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (126110 ppm);found in Root (89000 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Flower
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (30000 ppm);found in Root (75000 ppm);found in Root (12000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Flower
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Leaf (126110 ppm);found in Root (89000 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Flower
IKK-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Flower
Ileorelaxant
Choline found in Root (1120 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (170 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (49 ppm);found in Root (28 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Flower ;found in Root (84 ppm);found in Root (84 ppm);found in Leaf (583 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Inulin found in Plant ;found in Root (400000 ppm);found in Root (300000 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (5268 ppm);found in Root (3620 ppm);found in Root (3620 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Selenium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Root
Vanillic-acid found in Flower
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Inotropic
Quercetin found in Flower
Insectifuge
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Linoleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
Thiamin found in Leaf (17 ppm);found in Root
Xanthophyll found in Plant
Insectiphile
Isoquercitrin found in Flower
Quercimeritrin found in Flower
Insulin-Sparing
Nickel found in Leaf (5.6 ppm);found in Root (5.6 ppm)
Insulinase-Inhibitor
Nicotinic-acid found in Root
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Insulinotonic
Nicotinic-acid found in Root
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Flower ;found in Root (84 ppm);found in Root (84 ppm);found in Leaf (583 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Flower
Irritant
Capric-acid found in Pollen Or Spore
Oleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Tartaric-acid found in Plant ;found in Root
Juvabional
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Keratolytic
Sulfur found in Plant (3300 ppm)
Larvicide
Beta-amyrin found in Flower ;found in Root
Larvistat
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Laxative
Calcium found in Leaf (42232 ppm);found in Root (6140 ppm);found in Root (6140 ppm);found in Plant (21000 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (126110 ppm);found in Root (89000 ppm)
Fructose found in Root
Inulin found in Plant ;found in Root (400000 ppm);found in Root (300000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Mannitol found in Root
Sulfur found in Plant (3300 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Flower
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Lipolytic
Inulin found in Plant ;found in Root (400000 ppm);found in Root (300000 ppm)
Nicotinic-acid found in Root
Lipotropic
Choline found in Root (1120 ppm)
Inositol found in Latex Exudate ;found in Root
Lecithin found in Flower (29700 ppm);found in Root
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Aesculetin found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Flower
P-coumaric-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Tannin found in Root
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Cadmium found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore
Palmitic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
Stearic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
MAO-Inhibitor
Isorhamnetin found in Flower
Scopoletin found in Flower
Tannin found in Root
MAPK-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Flower
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Flower
Memorigenic
Choline found in Root (1120 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (50 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Root (5000 ppm)
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
Mosquitocide
Beta-amyrin found in Flower ;found in Root
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Flower ;found in Root (84 ppm);found in Root (84 ppm);found in Leaf (583 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Musculotropic
Aesculetin found in Flower
Scopoletin found in Flower
Mutagenic
Quercetin found in Flower
Myorelaxant
Aesculetin found in Flower
Luteolin found in Flower
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Flower
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
NEP-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
NO-Genic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
NO-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Nematicide
Coumestrol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
Myristic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore
Palmitic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
Nematistat
Coumestrol found in Plant
Nephrotoxic
Cadmium found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Root (2.6 ppm)
Mannitol found in Root
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Neuroprotective
Quercetin found in Flower
Thiamin found in Leaf (17 ppm);found in Root
Neurotoxic
Glutamic-acid found in Leaf
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Selenium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Tannin found in Root
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Leaf (5268 ppm);found in Root (3620 ppm);found in Root (3620 ppm)
Oviposition-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Leaf ;found in Root
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Flower
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
PTK-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Parasiticide
Sulfur found in Plant (3300 ppm)
Parasympathomimetic
Choline found in Root (1120 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
Stearic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore
Peristaltic
Pectin found in Root (120000 ppm)
Peroxidase-Inhibitor
Coumestrol found in Plant
Pesticide
Aesculetin found in Flower
Aluminum found in Root (656 ppm);found in Root (656 ppm)
Arsenic found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Root (214 ppm);found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Capric-acid found in Pollen Or Spore
Chlorine found in Leaf (22000 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Coumestrol found in Plant
Cycloartenol found in Leaf ;found in Pollen Or Spore
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Isoquercitrin found in Flower
Isorhamnetin found in Flower
Luteolin found in Flower
Luteolin-7-glucoside found in Leaf
Mannitol found in Root
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
Pectin found in Root (120000 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Quercimeritrin found in Flower
Scopoletin found in Flower
Selenium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Sulfur found in Plant (3300 ppm)
Tannin found in Root
Thiamin found in Leaf (17 ppm);found in Root
Tin found in Root (13 ppm);found in Root (13 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Flower
Xanthophyll found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Flower ;found in Root (84 ppm);found in Root (84 ppm);found in Leaf (583 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Phytoalexin
Coumestrol found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Flower
Phytohormonal
Scopoletin found in Flower
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Flower
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Prebiotic
Inulin found in Plant ;found in Root (400000 ppm);found in Root (300000 ppm)
Preservative
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Sucrose found in Root
Probiotic
Inulin found in Plant ;found in Root (400000 ppm);found in Root (300000 ppm)
Probiotigenic
Inulin found in Plant ;found in Root (400000 ppm);found in Root (300000 ppm)
Proliferant
Luteolin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Flower ;found in Root (84 ppm);found in Root (84 ppm);found in Leaf (583 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Iron found in Leaf (900 ppm);found in Root (340 ppm);found in Root (96 ppm)
Lutein found in Flower
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
Stearic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
P-coumaric-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Aesculetin found in Flower
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
P-coumaric-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Prostaglandin-Synthetase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Flower
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Selenium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Protisticide
Iodine found in Leaf
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Root
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Isorhamnetin found in Flower
Lutein found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Renotoxic
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Scabicide
Sulfur found in Plant (3300 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Leaf (49 ppm);found in Root (28 ppm)
Secretogogue
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Sedative
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Niacin found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Root (50 ppm);found in Root (33.1 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Leaf ;found in Root
Sequestrant
Tartaric-acid found in Plant ;found in Root
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Root (50 ppm);found in Root (33.1 ppm)
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore ;found in Root
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Root (214 ppm);found in Plant
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Succinoxidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Flower
Sunscreen
Aesculetin found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Pollen Or Spore
Sweetener
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Fructose found in Root
Inositol found in Latex Exudate ;found in Root
Levulose found in Plant
Mannitol found in Root
Sucrose found in Root
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Flower
Luteolin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Taenicide
Tin found in Root (13 ppm);found in Root (13 ppm)
Teratologic
Quercetin found in Flower
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Flower ;found in Root (84 ppm);found in Root (84 ppm);found in Leaf (583 ppm)
Thyrotropic
Iodine found in Leaf
Tonic
Aneurine found in Plant
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Leaf (42232 ppm);found in Root (6140 ppm);found in Root (6140 ppm);found in Plant (21000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Triglycerigenic
Sucrose found in Root
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
P-coumaric-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
UV-Screen
Aesculetin found in Flower
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Flower ;found in Root (84 ppm);found in Root (84 ppm);found in Leaf (583 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Root (214 ppm);found in Plant
Cycloartenol found in Leaf ;found in Pollen Or Spore
Inositol found in Latex Exudate ;found in Root
Lutein found in Flower
Protocatechuic-acid found in Flower
Vanillic-acid found in Flower
Violaxanthin found in Flower
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Root (214 ppm);found in Plant
Uricogenic
Sucrose found in Root
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Uterosedative
Ferulic-acid found in Flower
Scopoletin found in Flower
Uterotrophic
Coumestrol found in Plant
VEGF-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Selenium found in Root (0.9 ppm);found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Varroacide
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (42232 ppm);found in Root (6140 ppm);found in Root (6140 ppm);found in Plant (21000 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (126110 ppm);found in Root (89000 ppm)
Isorhamnetin found in Flower
Luteolin found in Flower
Magnesium found in Leaf (2500 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm);found in Root (1570 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (71 ppm);found in Root (50 ppm);found in Root (33.1 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (30000 ppm);found in Root (75000 ppm);found in Root (12000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Vitamin-A-Activity
Cryptoxanthin found in Flower
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (6520 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm);found in Root (376 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Sucrose found in Root
Zinc found in Leaf (230 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (148 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Aesculetin found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Flower ;found in Plant
Luteolin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Tannin found in Root
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
iNOS-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
11,13-dihydrotaraxin-acid-beta-d-glucopyranosyl-ester Root
11,13-dihydrotaraxinacetyl-1'-o-glucosides Plant
14-taraxeren-3beta-ol Plant
2-carboxyarabinitol Leaf 356
29-norcycloartanol Pollen Or Spore
3,4-dihydroxycinnamic-acid Root
3,7-beta-d-diglucoside-isorhamnetin Flower
31-norcycloartenol Plant
31-nordehydrolanasterol Pollen Or Spore
4-alpha-11-beta-13,15-tetrahydroridentin-b Root 4,000
4-alpha-15,11-beta-13-tetrahydroridentin-b Root
Aesculetin Flower
Alpha-amylase Plant
Alpha-lactucerol Latex Exudate
Alpha-tocopherol Leaf 170
Aluminum Root 94 656
Root 656
Androsterol Plant
Aneurine Plant
Antheraxanthin-ester Flower
Apigenin-7-glucoside Leaf
Aps-sulfotransferase Leaf
Arabinose Plant
Arnidiol Flower
Arsenic Leaf
Ascorbic-acid Leaf 18 6,520
Root 54 376
Root 376
Ash Leaf 18,000 205,000
Root 11,440 80,000
Root 50,000 80,000
Asparaginic-acid Leaf
Barium Leaf 50 80
Beta-amyrin Flower
Root
Beta-carotene Flower
Root 12 84
Root 84
Leaf 40 583
Beta-d-fructopyranosides Root
Beta-fructofuranosidases Root
Beta-fructopyranosidases Root
Beta-lactucerol Latex Exudate
Beta-sitosterol Flower
Root 214
Plant
Beta-sitosterol-3-o-beta-d-glucopyranoside Root
Beta-sitosterol-beta-d-glucopyranoside Root
Beta-sitosterol-glucosides Plant
Boron Leaf 4 125
Bromine Leaf 30 80
Cadmium Leaf 0.2 5
Root 0.04 2.6
Caffeic-acid Flower
Plant
Calcium Leaf 1,870 42,232
Root 6,140
Root 878 6,140
Plant 12,000 21,000
Campesterol Leaf
Caoutchouc Plant 3,000
Capric-acid Pollen Or Spore
Carbohydrates Leaf 37,000 639,000
Root 107,107 749,000
Root 749,000
Carotene Plant
Cerotic-acid Root
Ceryl-alcohol Latex Exudate
Root
Chlorine Leaf 5,300 22,000
Chlorogenic-acid Plant
Choline Root 390 1,120
Chromium Leaf 0.2 50
Root 0.1 0.9
Root 0.1 0.9
Chrysanthemaxanthin Plant
Chrysanthemumxanthin Flower
Cis-lutein-5,6-epoxide Plant
Cis-taraxanthin Flower
Cluytianol Root
Cobalt Root 1 8
Root 8
Copper Leaf 4 49
Root 3 28
Coumestrol Plant
Cryptoxanthin Flower
Cryptoxanthin-epoxide Flower
Cryptoxanthin-epoxide-ester Flower
Cryptoxanthin-ester Flower
Cycloartanol Pollen Or Spore
Cycloartenol Leaf
Pollen Or Spore
Cynaroside Flower
D-glucuronic-acid Plant
Daucosterol Root 480
Dodecadienoic-acid Pollen Or Spore
Eo Root 715 5,000
Eudesmanolides Plant
Faradiol Flower
Fat Leaf 7,000 143,000
Root 16,000
Root 2,288 16,000
Ferulic-acid Flower
Fiber Leaf 4,000 126,110
Root 89,000
Fiber(crude) Root 89,000
Flavoxanthin Flower
Plant
Fructose Root
Germacranolide Plant
Glucose Root 5,000
Glutamic-acid Leaf
Glycerol Latex Exudate
Heneicosan-1-oic-acid Pollen Or Spore
Heptadecadienoic-acid Pollen Or Spore
Heptadecenoic-acid Pollen Or Spore
Hexadecadienoic-acid Pollen Or Spore
Hexadecenoic-acid Pollen Or Spore
Homoandrosterol Root
Homotaraxasterol Root
Inositol Latex Exudate
Root
Inulin Plant
Root 17,400 400,000
Root 42,900 300,000
Iodine Leaf
Iron Leaf 31 900
Root 25 340
Root 14 96
Isoquercitrin Flower
Isorhamnetin Flower
Jasmonic-acid Bud
Flower
Kilocalories Leaf 440 3,130
Root 2,650
L-inositol Shoot
Lactucerol Plant
Lauric-acid Pollen Or Spore
Lead Leaf 0.8 10
Root 0.1 13.6
Lecithin Flower 29,700
Root
Levulin Root 187,000
Levulose Plant
Linoleic-acid Pollen Or Spore
Root
Linolenic-acid Pollen Or Spore
Root
Lutein Flower
Lutein-epoxide Flower
Plant
Lutein-epoxide-ester Flower
Lutein-ester Flower
Luteolin Flower
Luteolin-3'-o-beta-d-glucoside Flower
Luteolin-4'-o-beta-d-glucoside Flower
Luteolin-7-glucoside Leaf
Luteolin-7-o-gentiobioside Flower
Luteolin-7-o-rhamnoglucoside Flower
Magnesium Leaf 360 2,500
Root 1,570
Root 225 1,570
Manganese Leaf 14 206
Root 5 110
Root 1 6.8
Mannitol Root
Margaric-acid Pollen Or Spore
Melissic-acid Root
Molybdenum Plant
Mucilage Root 11,000 85,000
Myristic-acid Pollen Or Spore
Myristoleic-acid Pollen Or Spore
Neoxanthin-ester Flower
Niacin Leaf 8 71
Root 8 50
Root 4.7 33.1
Nickel Leaf 0.4 5.6
Root 0.3 5.6
Nicotinic-acid Root
Nonadecanoic-acid Pollen Or Spore
Oleic-acid Pollen Or Spore
Root
Oxalic-acid Leaf 1,700
P-coumaric-acid Flower
Plant
P-hydroxyphenylacetic-acid Root
Shoot 10
Palmitic-acid Pollen Or Spore
Root
Pectin Root 17,160 120,000
Pectins Root 78,000
Pentadecanoic-acid Pollen Or Spore
Phlobaphene Root
Phosphorus Leaf 590 5,268
Root 3,100 3,620
Root 518 3,620
Phytosterols Plant
Pollinastanol Pollen Or Spore
Potassium Leaf 3,970 30,000
Root 12,000 75,000
Root 1,716 12,000
Protein Leaf 27,000 321,000
Root 36,000 165,000
Root 23,595 165,000
Protocatechuic-acid Flower
Pseudotaraxasterol Plant
Root
Pseudotaraxasterol-acetate Root 280
Psi-taraxasterol Root
Psi-taraxasterol-acetate Root
Psi-taraxerol Root
Quercetin Flower
Quercimeritrin Flower
Resin Root
Riboflavin Leaf 1 18
Root 0.3 2.1
Root 2.1
Rubber Root 1,300 1,950
Rubidium Plant 19 50
Saccharose Root 11,000
Saponin Plant
Scopoletin Flower
Selenium Root 0.1 0.9
Root 0.9
Silicon Root 0.7 4.7
Root 4.7
Sitosterol Leaf
Sodium Leaf 760 5,300
Root 1,130
Root 162 1,130
Stearic-acid Pollen Or Spore
Stigmasterol Leaf
Root
Strontium Plant 64 120
Sucrose Root
Sugars Root 14,300 100,000
Sulfur Plant 2,600 3,300
Tannin Root
Taraxacerine Root
Taraxacin Root
Taraxacine Root
Taraxacolide-1'-o-beta-d-glucopyranoside Root
Taraxacolide-1'-o-beta-d-glucoside Root 60
Taraxacolide-1'-o-glucosides Plant
Taraxacoside Plant
Root 160
Taraxacum-officinale-glycoside-ta-1 Flower
Taraxacum-officinale-glycoside-ta-2 Flower
Taraxacum-officinale-glycoside-ta-3 Flower
Taraxanthin Plant
Taraxasterol Flower
Root
Taraxerol Root
Taraxien Flower 350
Taraxin Plant
Taraxin-acid Plant
Taraxin-acid-beta-d-glucopyranosyl-ester Plant
Taraxinacetyl-1'-o-glucosides Plant
Taraxinic-acid-1'-o-beta-d-glucopyranoside Flower
Root
Leaf
Taraxinoic-acid-1'-o-beta-d-glucoside Root 102
Shoot
Taraxol Root
Tartaric-acid Plant
Root
Thiamin Leaf 1 17
Root
Thiamine Root
Tin Root 2 13
Root 13
Titanium Plant 58 330
Trans-lutein-5,6-epoxide Plant
Trans-taraxanthin Flower
Tyrosinase Root
Vanillic-acid Flower
Violaxanthin Flower
Violaxanthin-ester Flower
Violaxanthin-lineoleate-linolenate Pollen Or Spore
Vit-d Plant
Water Leaf 356,000 880,000
Root 857,000
Root 857,000
Xanthophyll Plant
Xylose Plant
Zeaxanthin-ester Flower
Zinc Leaf 21 230
Root 0.2 1.3
Root 6 148
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]