Syzygium malaccense Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Malay-apple mountain-apple Otaheite-apple pink satin-ash pomerac rose-apple

Syzygium malaccense is a species of flowering tree native to Malaysia, Indonesia Vietnam and Thailand. It has been introduced throughout the tropics, including many Caribbean countries and territories, such as Panama, Costa Rica, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Suriname, the Dominican Republic, Honduras, Guyana, Trinidad and Tobago, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Venezuela. Syzygium malaccense has a variety of common names. It is known as a Malay rose apple, or simply Malay apple, jambu merah, jambu bol, Malay rose apple, Otaheite cashew and pommerac. Despite the fact that it is sometimes called the otaheite cashew, syzygium malaccense is not related to cashew – an important distinction because cashews may trigger severe allergic reactions while syzygium malaccense does not appear to cause allergic reactions. Highly ambiguous terms, such as "rose apple", "water apple", "mountain apple", "pomarrosa" or "plum rose" are sometimes used for this plant or its fruit; they can refer to almost any species of Syzygium grown for its fruit. The name "Otaheite apple" is used, too, but is better used for the Tahitian apple; "Otaheite" is an obsolete transcription of "Tahiti".

Syzygium malaccense

Medical use

Economic importance of Syzygium malaccense

Human food fruit

Gallery

Syzygium malaccense Syzygium malaccense Syzygium malaccense Syzygium malaccense Syzygium malaccense Syzygium malaccense Syzygium malaccense Syzygium malaccense Syzygium malaccense Syzygium malaccense Syzygium malaccense Syzygium malaccense Syzygium malaccense Syzygium malaccense Syzygium malaccense Syzygium malaccense Syzygium malaccense Syzygium malaccense

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Malesia: Indonesia - Java, Sumatra; Malaysia

Biological activities

Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (0.08 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (35 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (338000 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (13255 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (35 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3.3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (0.08 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (2615 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (0.08 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Fruit (35 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (0.08 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (2615 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (35 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (35 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Fruit (35 ppm)
Antianemic
Iron found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Antianginal
Niacin found in Fruit (35 ppm)
Antianorectic
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Fruit (2615 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3.3 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Fruit (2615 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (13255 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (0.08 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (2615 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (0.08 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (2615 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (0.08 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (0.08 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3.3 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (35 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3.3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3.3 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (0.08 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3.3 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3.3 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Fruit (35 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (2615 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Niacin found in Fruit (35 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (0.08 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3.3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (35 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (2615 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (13255 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Fruit (35 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (338000 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (35 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Fruit (35 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Niacin found in Fruit (35 ppm)
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (13255 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3.3 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (35 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (35 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Fruit (35 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (0.08 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Fruit (2615 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (2615 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (338000 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (13255 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (0.08 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Fruit (2615 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Fruit (35 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3.3 ppm)
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (0.08 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (0.08 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (0.08 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (0.08 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (0.08 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (2615 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3.3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (0.08 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Fruit (35 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (2615 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (338000 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (2615 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (1800 ppm)
Antioxidant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (0.08 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3.3 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (0.08 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (0.08 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (35 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Fruit (35 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3.3 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (2615 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (0.08 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3.3 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (0.08 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (0.08 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (0.08 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (0.08 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (0.08 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (0.08 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (2615 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Fruit (35 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (35 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (13255 ppm)
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (0.08 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (2615 ppm)
Antistroke
Potassium found in Fruit (13255 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Fruit (2615 ppm)
Antitumor
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (0.08 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (338000 ppm)
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (0.08 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (338000 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Fruit (35 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (0.08 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Fruit (2615 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (1800 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (13255 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Fruit (338000 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (13255 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (0.08 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (0.08 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Fruit (2615 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (0.08 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (338000 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (35 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3.3 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (338000 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (35 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (13255 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Fruit (13255 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (0.08 ppm)
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Fruit (35 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (0.08 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (2615 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (338000 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (13255 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Fruit (35 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (0.08 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Niacin found in Fruit (35 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Fruit (35 ppm)
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Fruit (235 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (2615 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (338000 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (35 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (35 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Niacin found in Fruit (35 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (2615 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (338000 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (13255 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Fruit (338000 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (0.08 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (1800 ppm)
Insectifuge
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (0.08 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium found in Fruit (2615 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (338000 ppm)
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (0.08 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Fruit (1800 ppm)
Pesticide
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3.5 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (0.08 ppm)
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (0.08 ppm)
Iron found in Fruit (80 ppm)
Sedative
Niacin found in Fruit (35 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Fruit (35 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (0.08 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Fruit (2615 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (0.08 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (2615 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (338000 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (35 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (13255 ppm)
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (4615 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Ascorbic-acid Fruit 65 4,615
Ash Fruit 1,000 47,000
Beta-carotene Fruit 0 0.08
Calcium Fruit 55 2,615
Carbohydrates Fruit 59,000 966,665
Fat Fruit 1,000 62,000
Fiber Fruit 7,000 338,000
Iron Fruit 0 80
Kilocalories Fruit 300 3,555
Niacin Fruit 1 35
Phosphorus Fruit 30 1,800
Potassium Fruit 1,140 13,255
Protein Fruit 1,000 70,000
Riboflavin Fruit 0.2 3.3
Sodium Fruit 20 235
Thiamin Fruit 0.1 3.5
Water Fruit 903,000 935,000
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]