Strophanthus kombe Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
kombe kombe arrow-poison

Strophanthus kombe is a vine that grows in the tropical regions of Eastern Africa. It is part of the genus Strophanthus which contains approximately 38 species. S. kombe contains a cardiac glycoside which directly affects the heart. Historically both the seeds and roots of the plant were used in the preparation of the poison arrow head used for hunting. Today, the seeds are used pharmaceutically for patients with certain heart conditions that affect blood circulation. The plant has been used for two extremes; ending a life and saving a life so proper dosage is crucial when using this plant medicinally. The plant is not grown in large amounts. The seeds are traded primarily with Europe, but have been exported to the United States and Japan as well.

Strophanthus kombe

Medical use

Economic importance of Strophanthus kombe

Medicines source of strophanthin
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

Strophanthus kombe Strophanthus kombe Strophanthus kombe

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania
    • South Tropical Africa: Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; Namibia ; South Africa - Transvaal

Biological activities

Antianginal
Strophanthidin found in Seed
Antiasthmatic
Strophanthidin found in Seed
Anticarcinomic
Cymarin found in Seed (2400 ppm)
K-strophanthoside found in Seed
Strophanthidin found in Seed
Antiedemic
Strophanthidin found in Seed
Antihyperglycemic
Trigonelline found in Seed
Antimigraine
Trigonelline found in Seed
Antiseptic
Trigonelline found in Seed
Antitumor
Strophanthidin found in Seed
Cardiac
Cymarol found in Seed
Strophanthidin found in Seed
Cardiotonic
Cymarin found in Seed (2400 ppm)
Erysimoside found in Plant
Helveticoside found in Seed
Periplocymarin found in Seed
Digitalic
K-strophanthoside found in Seed
Epidermal-Stimulant
Trigonelline found in Seed
Hypocholesterolemic
Trigonelline found in Seed
Hypoglycemic
Trigonelline found in Seed
Mutagenic
Trigonelline found in Seed
Myocardiotonic
Cymarin found in Seed (2400 ppm)
Osmoregulator
Trigonelline found in Seed
Pesticide
Cymarin found in Seed (2400 ppm)
Trigonelline found in Seed
Propecic
Trigonelline found in Seed
Toxic
Cardenolides found in Seed (100000 ppm)
Vasodilator
Cymarin found in Seed (2400 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]