Strophanthus hispidus Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
brown strophanthus hairy strophanthus poison arrowvine

Strophanthus hispidus is a liana or shrub that can grow up to 5 metres tall. Its flowers feature a yellow corolla and yellow corona lobes spotted with red, purple or brown. The plant has been used as arrow poison. S. hispidus is native to Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Liberia, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon and Democratic Republic of Congo and also naturalized in China.

Strophanthus hispidus

Medical use

Economic importance of Strophanthus hispidus

Medicines source of pseudostrophanthin
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

Strophanthus hispidus Strophanthus hispidus Strophanthus hispidus Strophanthus hispidus Strophanthus hispidus Strophanthus hispidus Strophanthus hispidus

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • East Tropical Africa: Tanzania; Uganda
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon; Central African Republic; Congo; Gabon; Zaire
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin; Burkina Faso; Cote D'Ivoire; Ghana; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Liberia; Mali; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Togo
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola

Biological activities

Antialzheimeran
Choline found in Seed
Antianginal
Strophanthidin found in Seed
Antiarrhythmic
Strophanthin found in Seed (700 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Strophanthidin found in Seed
Anticarcinomic
Cymarin found in Seed (10000 ppm)
Strophanthidin found in Seed
Antichoreic
Choline found in Seed
Anticirrhotic
Choline found in Seed
Anticystinuric
Choline found in Seed
Antidementia
Choline found in Seed
Antidiabetic
Choline found in Seed
Antidyskinetic
Choline found in Seed
Antihepatomic
Saponins found in Seed
Antihomocysteine
Choline found in Seed
Antihyperglycemic
Trigonelline found in Seed
Antimanic
Choline found in Seed
Antimigraine
Trigonelline found in Seed
Antimutagenic
Saponins found in Seed
Antinociceptive
Choline found in Seed
Antiseptic
Trigonelline found in Seed
Antisteatotic
Choline found in Seed
Antitumor
Strophanthidin found in Seed
Cardiac
Cymarol found in Seed (6500 ppm)
Strophanthidin found in Seed
Cardiodepressant
Choline found in Seed
Cardiotonic
Cymarin found in Seed (10000 ppm)
Periplocymarin found in Seed
Strophanthin found in Seed (700 ppm)
Cerebrotonic
Choline found in Seed
Cholinergic
Choline found in Seed
Epidermal-Stimulant
Trigonelline found in Seed
Hepatoprotective
Choline found in Seed
Hypocholesterolemic
Trigonelline found in Seed
Hypoglycemic
Trigonelline found in Seed
Hypotensive
Choline found in Seed
Immunomodulator
Saponins found in Seed
Lipotropic
Choline found in Seed
Memorigenic
Choline found in Seed
Mutagenic
Trigonelline found in Seed
Myocardiotonic
Cymarin found in Seed (10000 ppm)
Myotonic
Cymarin found in Seed (10000 ppm)
Osmoregulator
Trigonelline found in Seed
Parasympathomimetic
Choline found in Seed
Pesticide
Cymarin found in Seed (10000 ppm)
Trigonelline found in Seed
Propecic
Trigonelline found in Seed
Vasodilator
Cymarin found in Seed (10000 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
9-hydroxy-octadec-12-enoic-acid Seed
Choline Seed
Cymarin Seed 5,000 10,000
Cymarine Seed 14,700
Cymarol Seed 650 6,500
Cymaryl-acid Seed
Emicymarin Seed
Fat Seed 320,000
Inaein Seed
Periplocymarin Seed
Periplogenin Seed
Pseudostrophanthin Seed
Saponins Seed
Sarmentocymarin Seed
Strophanthidin Seed
Strophanthidol Seed
Strophanthin Seed 600 700
Strophanthinic-acid Seed
Trigonelline Seed
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]