Strongylodon macrobotrys Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
jadevine

Strongylodon macrobotrys, commonly known as jade vine, emerald vine or turquoise jade vine, is a species of leguminous perennial woody vine, a native of the tropical forests of the Philippines, with stems that can reach up to 18 m in length. Its local name is "tayabak". A member of the Fabaceae, it is closely related to beans such as kidney bean and runner bean. Strongylodon macrobotrys is pollinated by bats. The pale green foliage consists of three leaflets. The claw-shaped flowers are carried in pendent trusses or pseudoracemes of 75 or more flowers and can reach as much as 3 m long. The turquoise flower color is similar to some forms of the minerals turquoise and jade, varying from blue-green to mint green. The short, oblong, fleshy seedpods are up to 15 cm long and contain up to 12 seeds. The plant grows beside streams in damp forests, or in ravines. The inflorescences are only produced by mature vines. Each individual bloom resembles a stout-bodied butterfly with folded wings; they have evolved certain modifications to allow them to be pollinated by a species of bat that hangs upside down on the inflorescence to drink its nectar.

Strongylodon macrobotrys

Economic importance of Strongylodon macrobotrys

Environmental potential as ornamental

Gallery

Strongylodon macrobotrys Strongylodon macrobotrys Strongylodon macrobotrys Strongylodon macrobotrys Strongylodon macrobotrys Strongylodon macrobotrys Strongylodon macrobotrys Strongylodon macrobotrys Strongylodon macrobotrys Strongylodon macrobotrys

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Malesia: Philippines

Biological activities

Abortifacient
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Antiendoccytotic
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Antifertility
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Antiimplantation
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Antiischemic
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Antileukemic
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Antimicrobial
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Antimitogenic
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Antineuroblastomic
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Antioxidant
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Antiproliferative
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Antiprostatadenomic
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Antiviral
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Apoptotic
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Catechol-O-Methyltransferase-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
DOPA-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Estrogen-Agonist
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Estrogenic
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Flatulent
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Fungicide
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Fungistat
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Histidine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Lipase-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
MAO-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
MDR-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
NADH-Ubiquinone-Oxidoreductase-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Natriuretic
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
PTK-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Peroxidase-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Pesticide
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Phytoalexin
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Pituitary-sensitizer
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Topoisomerase-II-Poison
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Trypanosomastat
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
Uterotrophic
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)
VEGF-Inhibitor
Genistein found in Leaf Diffusate (8 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Genistein Leaf Diffusate 8
Hydroxygenistein Leaf Diffusate 14
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]