Stevia rebaudiana Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
stevia sweet-leaf-of-Paraguay

Stevia rebaudiana is a plant species in the genus Stevia of the sunflower family, commonly known as sweetleaf, sweet leaf, sugarleaf. Stevia is widely grown for its sweet leaves, which are the source of sweetener products known generically as stevia and sold under various trade names. The active compounds are various steviol glycosides, which have 250–300 times the sweetness of sugar. The leaves can be eaten fresh, or put in teas and foods.

Stevia rebaudiana

Medical use

Economic importance of Stevia rebaudiana

Food additives swetener
Medicines source of stevioside

Gallery

Stevia rebaudiana Stevia rebaudiana Stevia rebaudiana Stevia rebaudiana Stevia rebaudiana Stevia rebaudiana Stevia rebaudiana Stevia rebaudiana Stevia rebaudiana Stevia rebaudiana Stevia rebaudiana Stevia rebaudiana

Geografical distribution

  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Brazil: Brazil - Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais
    • Southern South America: Paraguay - Amambay, Concepcion

Biological activities

5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
ACE-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Myrcene found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Leaf (25 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Steviol found in Plant
Stevioside found in Flower (9200 ppm);found in Leaf (185000 ppm)
Acaricide
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Alpha-cadinol found in Flower (65 ppm);found in Leaf (17 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Formic-acid found in Plant (8710 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Linalool found in Flower (130 ppm);found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Leaf
Acidifier
Tartaric-acid found in Plant (17150 ppm)
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Lactic-acid found in Plant (2600 ppm)
Additive
Succinic-acid found in Plant (4000 ppm)
Tartaric-acid found in Plant (17150 ppm)
Aggregant
Sucrose found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Cosmosiin found in Leaf
Delta-cadinene found in Flower (135 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Myrcene found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Nerolidol found in Flower (330 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Borneol found in Flower ;found in Plant
Limonene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Allelopathic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Camphor found in Flower (17 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Allergenic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Anethole found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Benzyl-alcohol found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Beta-pinene found in Flower (70 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Citric-acid found in Plant (5350 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Leaf (9 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Linalool found in Flower (130 ppm);found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Myrcene found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Nerolidol found in Flower (330 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf
Alpha-Amylase-Inhibitor
Citric-acid found in Plant (5350 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Borneol found in Flower ;found in Plant
Camphor found in Flower (17 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Linalool found in Flower (130 ppm);found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Myrcene found in Flower ;found in Leaf
P-cymene found in Flower (20 ppm);found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Anesthetic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Benzyl-alcohol found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Camphor found in Flower (17 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Linalool found in Flower (130 ppm);found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (152000 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (17800 ppm);found in Plant (26100 ppm)
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Anthelmintic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Geraniol found in Leaf (9 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (39 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (39 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
AntiEBV
Lupeol found in Leaf
AntiHIV
Selenium found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf
Riboflavin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Anethole found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (25 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (5440 ppm);found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (147 ppm)
AntiTNF
Anethole found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiacetylcholine
Borneol found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antiacetylcholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Linalool found in Flower (130 ppm);found in Leaf (65 ppm)
P-cymene found in Flower (20 ppm);found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Camphor found in Flower (17 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Chromium found in Leaf (39 ppm)
Delta-cadinene found in Flower (135 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Nerolidol found in Flower (330 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Tin found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Leaf
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Limonene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (39 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Leaf (39 ppm);found in Plant (850 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (147 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Antiallergic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (5440 ppm);found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Linalool found in Flower (130 ppm);found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Antialopecic
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Leaf
Antianaphylactic
Linalool found in Flower (130 ppm);found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antianemic
Iron found in Leaf (39 ppm);found in Plant (850 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (147 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf
Antiangiogenic
Lupeol found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf (5440 ppm);found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Antiaphthic
Citric-acid found in Plant (5350 ppm)
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Leaf
Antiarachidonate
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Leaf (5440 ppm);found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (17800 ppm);found in Plant (26100 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Antiarteriosclerotic
Silicon found in Leaf (132 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (5440 ppm);found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (147 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Limonene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (5440 ppm);found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Chromium found in Leaf (39 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Plant (5350 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Plant (1880 ppm)
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antibacillary
P-cymene found in Flower (20 ppm);found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Leaf
Antibacterial
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Anethole found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Borneol found in Flower ;found in Plant
Carvacrol found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Citric-acid found in Plant (5350 ppm)
Cosmosiin found in Leaf
Cuminaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Delta-cadinene found in Flower (135 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Leaf (9 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Linalool found in Flower (130 ppm);found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Plant (1880 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Nerolidol found in Flower (330 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm)
P-cymene found in Flower (20 ppm);found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Sabinene found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Tin found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Leaf
Antibronchitic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Borneol found in Flower ;found in Plant
Anticalculic
Citric-acid found in Plant (5350 ppm)
Anticancer
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Leaf (39 ppm);found in Plant (850 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Anticapillary-Fragility
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Centaureidin found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Leaf
Anticariogenic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Delta-cadinene found in Flower (135 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Fluoride found in Plant (12 ppm)
Geraniol found in Leaf (9 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm)
Linalool found in Flower (130 ppm);found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Nerolidol found in Flower (330 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Leaf
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Riboflavin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Anticatarrh
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Leaf (39 ppm);found in Plant (850 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Leaf
Anticholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Anticirrhotic
Selenium found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Anticlastogen
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (5440 ppm);found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Anticoagulant
Citric-acid found in Plant (5350 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Anticolic
Linalool found in Flower (130 ppm);found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Luteolin-7-o-glucoside found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Quercetin-3-o-rhamnoside found in Leaf
Anticonvulsant
Beta-amyrin-acetate found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Linalool found in Flower (130 ppm);found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Niacin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Leaf (39 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Antidandruff
Selenium found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Leaf
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (5440 ppm);found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (17800 ppm);found in Plant (26100 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Niacin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (39 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (152000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (147 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Camphor found in Flower (17 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Antidiuretic
Carvacrol found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Antidysenteric
Camphor found in Flower (17 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Leaf (147 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Leaf
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Leaf
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Flower (265 ppm);found in Leaf (190 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Glucose found in Leaf
Linalool found in Flower (130 ppm);found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Lupeol found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Antiemetic
Camphor found in Flower (17 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (147 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Borneol found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antifatigue
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (39 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (17800 ppm);found in Plant (26100 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Borneol found in Flower ;found in Plant
Camphor found in Flower (17 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Flower (265 ppm);found in Leaf (190 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Gamma-terpinene found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Nerolidol found in Flower (330 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Steviol found in Plant
Steviolbioside found in Leaf (400 ppm)
Stevioside found in Flower (9200 ppm);found in Leaf (185000 ppm)
Succinic-acid found in Plant (4000 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Plant (1880 ppm)
Antifibrositic
Camphor found in Flower (17 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Lupeol found in Leaf
P-cymene found in Flower (20 ppm);found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Anethole found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Antigliomic
Beta-elemene found in Flower (110 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf
Antiglucogenic
Steviol found in Plant
Antiglutamaergic
Linalool found in Flower (130 ppm);found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Leaf (39 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antigout
Selenium found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antihalitosic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Leaf
Antihelicobacter
Sabinene found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Antihemorrhoidal
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Antihepatotic
Anethole found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Glucose found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (10 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf
Antihiccup
Sucrose found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Linalool found in Flower (130 ppm);found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Leaf
Antihyperglycemic
Lupeol found in Leaf
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (5440 ppm);found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (152000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (17800 ppm);found in Plant (26100 ppm)
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Luteolin-7-o-glucoside found in Leaf (90 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Anethole found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Beta-amyrin-acetate found in Leaf
Beta-pinene found in Flower (70 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Borneol found in Flower ;found in Plant
Carvacrol found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Flower (265 ppm);found in Leaf (190 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Limonene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Linalool found in Flower (130 ppm);found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Lupeol found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (10 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Leaf (5440 ppm);found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Leaf
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf
Antikeratotic
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antiketotic
Glucose found in Leaf
Antilaryngitic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Citric-acid found in Plant (5350 ppm)
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Linalool found in Flower (130 ppm);found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Antileukorrheic
Lactic-acid found in Plant (2600 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Selenium found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Lupeol found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Limonene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Linalool found in Flower (130 ppm);found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Antimalarial
Beta-selinene found in Flower (43 ppm);found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Lupeol found in Leaf
Myrtenal found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Myrtenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Antimange
Linalool found in Flower (130 ppm);found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Beta-ionone found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Carvacrol found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Geraniol found in Leaf (9 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm)
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (5440 ppm);found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Leaf (39 ppm);found in Plant (850 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf
Antimite
Alpha-cadinol found in Flower (65 ppm);found in Leaf (17 ppm)
Linalool found in Flower (130 ppm);found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Antimitotic
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Citric-acid found in Plant (5350 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Limonene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Linalool found in Flower (130 ppm);found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Myrcene found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Stevioside found in Flower (9200 ppm);found in Leaf (185000 ppm)
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Leaf
Antinephritic
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Camphor found in Flower (17 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Leaf
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Leaf
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Myrcene found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Terpinolene found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antinitrosating
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Antinociceptive
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Beta-amyrin-acetate found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (10 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (5440 ppm);found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (39 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (152000 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Antiodontalgic
Benzyl-alcohol found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antionychyotic
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Silicon found in Leaf (132 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (10 ppm)
Antiophthalmic
Sucrose found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (5440 ppm);found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Fluoride found in Plant (12 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (147 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (3180 ppm);found in Plant (980 ppm)
Silicon found in Leaf (132 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Antiosteosclerotic
Fluoride found in Plant (12 ppm)
Antiotitic
Borneol found in Flower ;found in Plant
Antiototic
Manganese found in Leaf (147 ppm)
Antioxalate
Lupeol found in Leaf
Antioxidant
Anethole found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Beta-amyrin-acetate found in Leaf
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Campesterol found in Leaf
Carvacrol found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Gamma-terpinene found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Lupeol found in Leaf
Manganese found in Leaf (147 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Riboflavin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (10 ppm)
Sucrose found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Terpinolene found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Leaf
Riboflavin found in Leaf
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (5440 ppm);found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Antiperoxidant
Lupeol found in Leaf
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Antipharyngitic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Antiplaque
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Beta-selinene found in Flower (43 ppm);found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Myrtenal found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Myrtenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Beta-elemene found in Flower (110 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Carvacrol found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Leaf
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Antipruritic
Benzyl-alcohol found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Camphor found in Flower (17 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Antipurpuric
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Borneol found in Flower ;found in Plant
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiradicular
Anethole found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Methyl-eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Antirheumatalgic
P-cymene found in Flower (20 ppm);found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Antirheumatic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (5440 ppm);found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Lupeol found in Leaf
Selenium found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Antirhinitic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Anethole found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Borneol found in Flower ;found in Plant
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Leaf (9 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Leaf
Antiseborrheic
Citric-acid found in Plant (5350 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Plant (1880 ppm)
Antiseptic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Anethole found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Benzyl-alcohol found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Flower (70 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Camphor found in Flower (17 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Citric-acid found in Plant (5350 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Formic-acid found in Plant (8710 ppm)
Geraniol found in Leaf (9 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Linalool found in Flower (130 ppm);found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Plant (1880 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Sabinene found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Antishock
Linalool found in Flower (130 ppm);found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Leaf (72 ppm)
Antisinusitic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Antispasmodic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Anethole found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Flower (70 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Borneol found in Flower ;found in Plant
Camphor found in Flower (17 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Leaf (9 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Linalool found in Flower (130 ppm);found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Myrcene found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Niacin found in Leaf
Potassium found in Leaf (17800 ppm);found in Plant (26100 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Borneol found in Flower ;found in Plant
Carvacrol found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Carvacrol found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Delta-cadinene found in Flower (135 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Nerolidol found in Flower (330 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm)
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (5440 ppm);found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (17800 ppm);found in Plant (26100 ppm)
Antisunburn
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Antisyncopic
Formic-acid found in Plant (8710 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (39 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (147 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Antithrombogenic
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Antithromboxane
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antithyroid
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Leaf (5440 ppm);found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Leaf (39 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Antitubercular
Citric-acid found in Plant (5350 ppm)
Geraniol found in Leaf (9 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Plant (1880 ppm)
Antitubulin
Centaureidin found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Antitumor
Alpha-humulene found in Flower (260 ppm);found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Anethole found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Flower (265 ppm);found in Leaf (190 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Plant (5350 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Fiber found in Leaf (152000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Leaf (9 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm)
Indole-3-acetonitrile found in Seed
Limonene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Lupeol found in Leaf
Malic-acid found in Plant (1880 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antitussive
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Antiulcer
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Fiber found in Leaf (152000 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Sabinene found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Selenium found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Antiurethrotic
Lupeol found in Leaf
Antivaginitic
Aluminum found in Leaf (72 ppm)
Lactic-acid found in Plant (2600 ppm)
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Leaf
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Leaf
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Limonene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Linalool found in Flower (130 ppm);found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Lupeol found in Leaf
P-cymene found in Flower (20 ppm);found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (10 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Antixerotic
Lactic-acid found in Plant (2600 ppm)
Antiyeast
Anethole found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Borneol found in Flower ;found in Plant
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Leaf (5440 ppm);found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (3180 ppm);found in Plant (980 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (17800 ppm);found in Plant (26100 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Apifuge
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Beta-elemene found in Flower (110 ppm);found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Limonene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (10 ppm)
Ascaricide
Geraniol found in Leaf (9 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Astringent
Formic-acid found in Plant (8710 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Atherogenic
Sucrose found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Bacteristat
Malic-acid found in Plant (1880 ppm)
Barbituate-Synergist
Linalool found in Flower (130 ppm);found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (152000 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (17800 ppm);found in Plant (26100 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Bronchorelaxant
Linalool found in Flower (130 ppm);found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Bruchiphobe
Malic-acid found in Plant (1880 ppm)
Succinic-acid found in Plant (4000 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Linalool found in Flower (130 ppm);found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
CNS-Stimulant
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Borneol found in Flower ;found in Plant
Camphor found in Flower (17 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Geraniol found in Leaf (9 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm)
CNS-Toxic
Borneol found in Flower ;found in Plant
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Flower (265 ppm);found in Leaf (190 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Leaf (5440 ppm);found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-pinene found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Anethole found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Camphor found in Flower (17 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Fiber found in Leaf (152000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Leaf (9 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm)
Indole-3-acetonitrile found in Seed
Limonene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Linalool found in Flower (130 ppm);found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Niacin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Riboflavin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (10 ppm)
Succinic-acid found in Plant (4000 ppm)
Candidicide
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Aluminum found in Leaf (72 ppm)
Anethole found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Beta-pinene found in Flower (70 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Borneol found in Flower ;found in Plant
Carvacrol found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Cosmosiin found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Leaf (9 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm)
Candidistat
Limonene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Linalool found in Flower (130 ppm);found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Capillariprotective
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Carcinogenic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (39 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (152000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf
Potassium found in Leaf (17800 ppm);found in Plant (26100 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Silicon found in Leaf (132 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Leaf (17800 ppm);found in Plant (26100 ppm)
Carminative
Anethole found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Camphor found in Flower (17 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Linalool found in Flower (130 ppm);found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Catabolic
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Myrcene found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Choleretic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Borneol found in Flower ;found in Plant
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Cicatrizant
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Leaf
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Collyrium
Sucrose found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Convulsant
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Camphor found in Flower (17 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Corrosive
Formic-acid found in Plant (8710 ppm)
Cosmetic
Camphor found in Flower (17 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Counterirritant
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Camphor found in Flower (17 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Formic-acid found in Plant (8710 ppm)
Culicide
Linalool found in Flower (130 ppm);found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Activator
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Carvacrol found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Delta-cadinene found in Flower (135 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Cytoprotective
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Linalool found in Flower (130 ppm);found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Lupeol found in Leaf
Decongestant
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Camphor found in Flower (17 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Degranulant
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Deliriant
Camphor found in Flower (17 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Deodorant
Terpinolene found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Depressant
Selenium found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Anethole found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Digestive
Anethole found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Disinfectant
Citric-acid found in Plant (5350 ppm)
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (5440 ppm);found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (152000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (17800 ppm);found in Plant (26100 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Steviol found in Plant
Dye
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Succinic-acid found in Plant (4000 ppm)
Ecbolic
Camphor found in Flower (17 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Edemagenic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Embryotoxic
Geraniol found in Leaf (9 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm)
Emetic
Camphor found in Flower (17 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Geraniol found in Leaf (9 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm)
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Leaf (72 ppm)
Energizer
Chromium found in Leaf (39 ppm)
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Enterorelaxant
Carvacrol found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Epileptigenic
Camphor found in Flower (17 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Estrogenic
Anethole found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (10 ppm)
Expectorant
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Anethole found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Camphor found in Flower (17 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Geraniol found in Leaf (9 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Linalool found in Flower (130 ppm);found in Leaf (65 ppm)
FLavor
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Benzyl-alcohol found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Flower (70 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Borneol found in Flower ;found in Plant
Carvacrol found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Citric-acid found in Plant (5350 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Formic-acid found in Plant (8710 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Geraniol found in Leaf (9 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm)
Lactic-acid found in Plant (2600 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Linalool found in Flower (130 ppm);found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Nerolidol found in Flower (330 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm)
P-cymene found in Flower (20 ppm);found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Tartaric-acid found in Plant (17150 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Flower ;found in Leaf
FPTase-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Leaf
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Leaf
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Flatugenic
Sucrose found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Fungicide
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Anethole found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Benzyl-alcohol found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Borneol found in Flower ;found in Plant
Camphor found in Flower (17 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Flower (265 ppm);found in Leaf (190 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Leaf (9 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm)
Linalool found in Flower (130 ppm);found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Flower ;found in Leaf
P-cymene found in Flower (20 ppm);found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Fungistat
Formic-acid found in Plant (8710 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Fungitoxic
Formic-acid found in Plant (8710 ppm)
GABA-nergic
Linalool found in Flower (130 ppm);found in Leaf (65 ppm)
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Gastroprotective
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Gastrostimulant
Anethole found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Gluconeogensis-Inhibitor
Steviol found in Plant
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Hemopoietic
Malic-acid found in Plant (1880 ppm)
Hemostat
Citric-acid found in Plant (5350 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Hepatomagenic
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Hepatotonic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Hepatotoxic
Anethole found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Niacin found in Leaf
Herbicide
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Flower (70 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Borneol found in Flower ;found in Plant
Camphor found in Flower (17 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Leaf (9 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Myrtenal found in Flower ;found in Leaf
P-cymene found in Flower (20 ppm);found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Histaminic
Limonene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Hypercholesterolemic
Sucrose found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Leaf (892 ppm);found in Plant (310 ppm)
Hypnotic
Linalool found in Flower (130 ppm);found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Calcium found in Leaf (5440 ppm);found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Campesterol found in Leaf
Chromium found in Leaf (39 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (152000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (10 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Chromium found in Leaf (39 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (147 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Steviol found in Plant
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Niacin found in Leaf
Hypotensive
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (5440 ppm);found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (39 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (152000 ppm)
Lupeol found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (17800 ppm);found in Plant (26100 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Hypothermic
Linalool found in Flower (130 ppm);found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Myrcene found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Leaf (152000 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Chromium found in Leaf (39 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Anethole found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (3180 ppm);found in Plant (980 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Inflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Inhalant
Borneol found in Flower ;found in Plant
Insect-Repellent
Borneol found in Flower ;found in Plant
Camphor found in Flower (17 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Anethole found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Flower (265 ppm);found in Leaf (190 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Limonene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Linalool found in Flower (130 ppm);found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Insectifuge
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Flower (70 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Borneol found in Flower ;found in Plant
Camphor found in Flower (17 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Gamma-terpinene found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Geraniol found in Leaf (9 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Linalool found in Flower (130 ppm);found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Flower ;found in Leaf
P-cymene found in Flower (20 ppm);found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf
Trans-beta-farnesene found in Flower (345 ppm);found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Insectiphile
Alpha-pinene found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Cis-hex-3-en-1-ol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Leaf (9 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Leaf (39 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Irritant
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Anethole found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Beta-pinene found in Flower (70 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Borneol found in Flower ;found in Plant
Camphor found in Flower (17 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Citric-acid found in Plant (5350 ppm)
Cuminaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Formic-acid found in Plant (8710 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Lactic-acid found in Plant (2600 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Linalool found in Flower (130 ppm);found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Myrcene found in Flower ;found in Leaf
P-cymene found in Flower (20 ppm);found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Tartaric-acid found in Plant (17150 ppm)
Juvabional
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Keratolytic
Lactic-acid found in Plant (2600 ppm)
Lactagogue
Anethole found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Larvicide
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Cuminaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Linalool found in Flower (130 ppm);found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Larvistat
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium found in Leaf (5440 ppm);found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (152000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
P-cymene found in Flower (20 ppm);found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Leucocytogenic
Anethole found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Litholytic
Citric-acid found in Plant (5350 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercitrin found in Leaf
MAO-Inhibitor
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Memorigenic
Chromium found in Leaf (39 ppm)
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Leaf
Mollusciphile
Stevioside found in Flower (9200 ppm);found in Leaf (185000 ppm)
Mosquitocide
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Mosquitofuge
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Linalool found in Flower (130 ppm);found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Motor-Depressant
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Linalool found in Flower (130 ppm);found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Mutagenic
Anethole found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Steviol found in Plant
Mycobactericide
Citric-acid found in Plant (5350 ppm)
Geraniol found in Leaf (9 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Plant (1880 ppm)
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Myorelaxant
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Borneol found in Flower ;found in Plant
Limonene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Narcotic
Methyl-eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Nematicide
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Borneol found in Flower ;found in Plant
Camphor found in Flower (17 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Leaf (9 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Linalool found in Flower (130 ppm);found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Nerolidol found in Flower (330 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm)
Nephroprotective
Anethole found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Neuroprotective
Thiamin found in Leaf
Neurotoxic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Occuloirritant
Camphor found in Flower (17 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Odontolytic
Citric-acid found in Plant (5350 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Leaf (3180 ppm);found in Plant (980 ppm)
Oviposition-Stimulant
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (10 ppm)
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Camphor found in Flower (17 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Myrcene found in Flower ;found in Leaf
P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Delta-cadinene found in Flower (135 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
PAF-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Paralytic
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Pediculicide
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Perfume
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Perfumery
Alpha-humulene found in Flower (260 ppm);found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Flower (70 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Beta-selinene found in Flower (43 ppm);found in Leaf (29 ppm)
Borneol found in Flower ;found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Cuminaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Gamma-terpinene found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Geraniol found in Leaf (9 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm)
Linalool found in Flower (130 ppm);found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Myrtenal found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Nerolidol found in Flower (330 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm)
Pinocarvone found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Sabinene found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Succinic-acid found in Plant (4000 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Pesticide
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Alpha-cadinol found in Flower (65 ppm);found in Leaf (17 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Aluminum found in Leaf (72 ppm)
Anethole found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Benzyl-alcohol found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Beta-pinene found in Flower (70 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Borneol found in Flower ;found in Plant
Camphor found in Flower (17 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Flower (265 ppm);found in Leaf (190 ppm)
Cis-hex-3-en-1-ol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Cuminaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Delta-cadinene found in Flower (135 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Formic-acid found in Plant (8710 ppm)
Gamma-terpinene found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Geraniol found in Leaf (9 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm)
Germacrene-d found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Limonene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Linalool found in Flower (130 ppm);found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Lupeol found in Leaf
Malic-acid found in Plant (1880 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Myrtenal found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Nerolidol found in Flower (330 ppm);found in Leaf (300 ppm)
P-cymene found in Flower (20 ppm);found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Selenium found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Steviol found in Plant
Steviolbioside found in Leaf (400 ppm)
Stevioside found in Flower (9200 ppm);found in Leaf (185000 ppm)
Succinic-acid found in Plant (4000 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf
Tin found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Torreyol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Trans-beta-farnesene found in Flower (345 ppm);found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Pheromone
Germacrene-d found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Phytohormone
Indole-3-acetonitrile found in Seed
Pisciphile
Stevioside found in Flower (9200 ppm);found in Leaf (185000 ppm)
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Preservative
Formic-acid found in Plant (8710 ppm)
Sucrose found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (39 ppm);found in Plant (850 ppm)
Linalool found in Flower (130 ppm);found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Inhibitor
Carvacrol found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Protisticide
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Radioprotective
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Refrigerant
Citric-acid found in Plant (5350 ppm)
Respirainhibitor
Camphor found in Flower (17 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Respirastimulant
Camphor found in Flower (17 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Rubefacient
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Camphor found in Flower (17 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Secretogogue
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Anethole found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Secretolytic
Anethole found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Sedative
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Benzyl-alcohol found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Borneol found in Flower ;found in Plant
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Cuminaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Leaf (9 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Linalool found in Flower (130 ppm);found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Niacin found in Leaf
P-cymene found in Flower (20 ppm);found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Leaf ;found in Tissue Culture (10 ppm)
Sequestrant
Tartaric-acid found in Plant (17150 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Leaf
Sialogogue
Malic-acid found in Plant (1880 ppm)
Spasmogenic
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Flower (70 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Stimulant
Camphor found in Flower (17 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Sunscreen
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Surfactant
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Sweetener
Anethole found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Dulcoside-a found in Leaf (7000 ppm)
Rebaudioside-a found in Flower (1500 ppm);found in Leaf (40000 ppm)
Rebaudioside-b found in Flower ;found in Leaf (4400 ppm)
Rebaudioside-c found in Leaf (20000 ppm)
Rebaudioside-d found in Flower ;found in Leaf (300 ppm)
Rebaudioside-e found in Leaf (300 ppm)
Steviolbioside found in Leaf (400 ppm)
Stevioside found in Flower (9200 ppm);found in Leaf (185000 ppm)
Sucrose found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Sympathomimetic
Anethole found in Flower ;found in Leaf
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Leaf
Taenicide
Tin found in Leaf (15 ppm)
Termiticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Torreyol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Termitifuge
Caryophyllene found in Leaf
Linalool found in Flower (130 ppm);found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Testosterone-Inducer
Delta-cadinene found in Flower (135 ppm);found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Toxic
Formic-acid found in Plant (8710 ppm)
Tracheorelaxant
Carvacrol found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Borneol found in Flower ;found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (5440 ppm);found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Transdermal
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Flower (4 ppm);found in Leaf (5 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Flower (70 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Camphor found in Flower (17 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Limonene found in Flower (30 ppm);found in Leaf (1 ppm);found in Plant (10 ppm)
Trichomonicide
1,8-cineole found in Flower (9 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Beta-ionone found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Carvacrol found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Geraniol found in Leaf (9 ppm);found in Plant (20 ppm)
Linalool found in Flower (130 ppm);found in Leaf (65 ppm)
P-cymene found in Flower (20 ppm);found in Leaf (8 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
Trichomonistat
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Triglycerigenic
Sucrose found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Trypsin-Enhancer
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Tumor-Promoter
Linalool found in Flower (130 ppm);found in Leaf (65 ppm)
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Cuminaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (75 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf
Cuminaldehyde found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Uricogenic
Sucrose found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
VEGF-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Leaf (25 ppm)
Varroacide
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (5440 ppm);found in Plant (2100 ppm)
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Fiber found in Leaf (152000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (3490 ppm);found in Plant (2890 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf
Potassium found in Leaf (17800 ppm);found in Plant (26100 ppm)
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Vasopressor
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)
Vermifuge
Carvacrol found in Flower ;found in Shoot
Eugenol found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Verrucolytic
Camphor found in Flower (17 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Vibriocide
Camphor found in Flower (17 ppm);found in Shoot (17 ppm)
Vulnerary
Alpha-terpineol found in Flower (54 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Sucrose found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf ;found in Plant (26 ppm)
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Tissue Culture (7 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(-)-kaurene Stem
1,8-cineole Flower 9
Shoot 8
2-pentyl-furan Flower
Leaf
5,7,3'-trihydroxy-3,6,4'-trimethoxy-flavone Leaf 100
6-deoxyaustroinulin Flower
Leaf
6-o-acetylaustroinulin Flower 1,800
Leaf 1,500
6-o-austroinulin Leaf
7-o-acetylaustroinulin Flower 800
Alpha-bergamotene Flower
Leaf
Alpha-cadinol Flower 65
Leaf 17
Alpha-calacorene Flower 4
Leaf 24
Alpha-copaene Flower 26
Leaf 1
Alpha-cubebene Flower 17
Leaf 1
Alpha-humulene Flower 260
Leaf 30
Alpha-pinene Flower 4
Leaf 5
Alpha-terpineol Flower 54
Leaf 34
Aluminum Leaf 72
Anethole Flower
Leaf
Apigenin-4'-o-glucoside Leaf 100
Ascorbic-acid Leaf 110
Ash Leaf 63,000 130,000
Austroinulin Flower 2,100
Leaf 600
Benzyl-alcohol Flower 4
Plant 10
Leaf 12
Beta-amyrin-acetate Leaf
Beta-bourbonene Flower
Leaf
Beta-carotene Leaf 75
Beta-caryophyllene Flower 150
Leaf 13
Beta-cubebene Flower
Leaf
Beta-elemene Flower 110
Leaf 6
Beta-ionone Flower
Leaf
Beta-pinene Flower 70
Leaf 20
Beta-selinene Flower 43
Leaf 29
Beta-sitosterol Leaf
Beta-sitosterol-beta-d-glucoside Plant
Bisabolene Flower
Leaf
Borneol Flower
Plant
Calamenene Flower 4
Leaf 18
Calcium Leaf 5,440
Plant 2,100
Campesterol Leaf
Camphor Flower 17
Shoot 17
Carvacrol Flower
Shoot
Caryophyllene Leaf
Caryophyllene-oxide Flower 265
Leaf 20 190
Centaureidin Leaf 100
Chlorophyll-a Plant
Chlorophyll-b Plant
Chromium Leaf 39
Cis-hex-3-en-1-ol Flower
Leaf
Cis-linalool-oxide Flower 4
Leaf 26
Citric-acid Plant 5,350
Cobalt Leaf 25
Cosmosiin Leaf
Cuminaldehyde Flower
Leaf
Delta-cadinene Flower 135
Leaf 12
Diterpene-glycosides Leaf 140,000
Dulcoside-a Leaf 2,000 7,000
Dulcosides Plant
Eo Flower 4,300
Leaf 250 4,300
Epoxy-beta-ionone Flower
Leaf
Eugenol Flower
Leaf
Fat Leaf 19,000
Fiber Leaf 152,000
Fluoride Plant 12
Formic-acid Plant 8,710
Gamma-cadinene Flower 80
Leaf 35
Gamma-elemene Flower
Leaf
Gamma-terpinene Flower 9
Leaf 2
Geraniol Leaf 9
Plant 20
Germacrene-d Flower
Leaf
Gibberelin-a2 Shoot 0.001
Glucose Leaf
Hex-3-enyl-2-metylbutanoate Flower
Leaf
Hex-3-enyl-acetate Flower
Leaf
Hexan-1-ol Plant 9,000
Indole-3-acetonitrile Seed
Iron Leaf 39
Plant 850
Jhanol Flower 40
Leaf 6
Kaempferol-3-o-rhamnoside Leaf 8 80
Kilocalories Leaf 2,540
Lactic-acid Plant 2,600
Limonene Flower 30
Leaf 1
Plant 10
Linalool Flower 130
Leaf 65
Lupeol Leaf
Lupeol-3-palmitate Plant 1,000
Lupeol-esters Leaf
Luteolin-7-o-glucoside Leaf 90
Magnesium Leaf 3,490
Plant 2,890
Malic-acid Plant 1,880
Manganese Leaf 147
Methyl-eugenol Flower
Leaf
Myrcene Flower
Leaf
Myrtenal Flower
Leaf
Myrtenol Flower
Leaf
N-hexanal Flower 4
Leaf 10
Nerolidol Flower 330
Leaf 85 300
Niacin Leaf
Oct-1-en-3-ol Flower 145
Leaf 8
Octa-2,3-dione Flower
Leaf
Octan-3-ol Flower 9
Leaf 4
P-cymene Flower 20
Leaf 8
Pentanoic-acid Flower
Leaf
Phenylethyl-valerate Flower
Leaf
Phosphorus Leaf 3,180
Plant 980
Pinocarveol Flower
Leaf
Pinocarvone Flower
Leaf
Potassium Leaf 17,800
Plant 26,100
Protein Leaf 112,000
Quercetin-3-o-arabinoside Leaf
Quercetin-3-o-glucoside Leaf
Quercetin-3-o-rhamnoside Leaf
Quercetin-3-o-rutinoside Tissue Culture 7
Quercitrin Leaf
Rebaudioside-a Flower 1,500
Leaf 14,300 40,000
Rebaudioside-b Flower
Leaf 4,400
Rebaudioside-c Leaf 4,000 20,000
Rebaudioside-d Flower
Leaf 300
Rebaudioside-e Leaf 300
Rebaudioside-f Leaf
Rebaudiosides Plant
Riboflavin Leaf
Rutin Tissue Culture 7
Sabinene Flower
Leaf
Selenium Leaf 25
Silicon Leaf 132
Sodium Leaf 892
Plant 310
Spathulenol Plant
Sterebin-a Leaf 10
Plant 1 2.5
Sterebin-b Leaf 9
Plant 1 2.5
Sterebin-c Leaf 3
Plant 1 2.5
Sterebin-d Leaf 4
Plant 1 2.5
Sterebin-e Leaf 20
Plant 0.1 2.5
Sterebin-f Leaf 30
Plant 0.1 2.5
Sterebin-g Leaf 2
Plant 0.1 2.5
Sterebin-h Leaf 2
Plant 0.1 2.5
Steviol Plant
Steviolbioside Leaf 400
Stevioside Flower 9,200
Leaf 22,000 185,000
Stigmasterol Leaf
Tissue Culture 10
Stigmasterol-beta-d-glucoside Leaf
Succinic-acid Plant 4,000
Sucrose Leaf
Plant
T-cadinol Flower 60
Leaf 28
Tannins Leaf 78,000
Tartaric-acid Plant 17,150
Terpinene-4-ol Flower 172
Leaf 12
Terpinolene Flower
Leaf
Thiamin Leaf
Tin Leaf 15
Torreyol Flower
Leaf
Trans-beta-farnesene Flower 345
Leaf 8
Trans-hex-2-en-1-ol Flower
Leaf
Trans-linalool-oxide Flower 4
Leaf 29
Trans-verbenol Flower
Leaf
Water Leaf 823,000
Zinc Leaf
Plant 26
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]