Stachytarpheta cayennensis Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
blue snakeweed bluetop Cayenne snakeweed dark-blue snakeweed nettle-leaf porterweed rattail rough-leaf false vervain snakeweed

Stachytarpheta cayennensis is a species of flowering plant in the verbena family known by many English language common names, including blue snakeweed, Cayenne snakeweed, dark-blue snakeweed, bluetop, nettle-leaf porterweed, rattail, rough-leaf false vervain, blue rat's tail, Brazilian tea, Cayenne vervain, false verbena, joee, nettleleaf velvetberry, and Cayenne porterweed. Names in other languages include honagasō, gervão-urticante, piche de gato, rabo de zorro, herbe á chenille, herbe bleue, queue de rat, ōi, ōwī, and tiāki. It is native to the Americas, from Mexico south through Central and South America to Argentina, as well as many islands of the Caribbean. It is known in many other parts of the world as an introduced species, including regions in Africa, India, Indonesia, Australia, Florida in the United States, and many Pacific Islands. Its distribution is now considered pantropical. In many places it has become an invasive species. This plant is a perennial herb or shrub growing up to 2 or 2.5 meters tall. It has an upright, branching stem, sometimes with a woody base. The leaves are oppositely arranged.

Stachytarpheta cayennensis

Medical use

Gallery

Stachytarpheta cayennensis Stachytarpheta cayennensis Stachytarpheta cayennensis Stachytarpheta cayennensis Stachytarpheta cayennensis Stachytarpheta cayennensis Stachytarpheta cayennensis

Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Campeche, Chiapas, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Veracruz
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Caribbean: Antigua and Barbuda; Barbados; Cuba; Dominica; Dominican Republic; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Haiti; Jamaica; Martinique; Montserrat; Puerto Rico; St. Lucia; St. Vincent and Grenadines - St. Vincent; Trinidad and Tobago - Trinidad
    • Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    • Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela
    • Brazil: Brazil - Acre, Amapa, Amazonas, Bahia, Ceara, Federal District, Goias, Maranhao, Mato Grosso, Minas Gerais, Para, Parana, Pernambuco, Rio Grande do Sul, Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo

Biological activities

Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Allergenic
Citral found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
Analgesic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Anthelmintic
Geraniol found in Plant
Antiallergenic
Citral found in Plant
Antiallergic
Citral found in Plant
Antianaphylactic
Citral found in Plant
Antiarthritic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antibacterial
Citral found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Anticancer
Citral found in Plant
Anticariogenic
Geraniol found in Plant
Antidandruff
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antidermatotic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antieczemic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antihelicobacter
Citral found in Plant
Antiherpetic
Citral found in Plant
Antihistaminic
Citral found in Plant
Antiichthyosic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antiinflammatory
Citral found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antileishmanic
Citral found in Plant
Antimelanomic
Geraniol found in Plant
Antineuralgic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antioncychomycotic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antioxidant
Citral found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antiperiodic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antipodagric
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antipsoriac
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antipyretic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antirheumatic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antisalmonella
Geraniol found in Plant
Antiseborrheic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antiseptic
Citral found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antishock
Citral found in Plant
Antispasmodic
Citral found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
Antitubercular
Geraniol found in Plant
Antitumor
Citral found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antitympanitic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Antiulcer
Citral found in Plant
Antiviral
Citral found in Plant
Apoptotic
Citral found in Plant
Ascaricide
Geraniol found in Plant
Barbituate-Synergist
Citral found in Plant
Bronchorelaxant
Citral found in Plant
CNS-Stimulant
Geraniol found in Plant
COX-2-Inhibitor
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Calcium-Antagonist
Citral found in Plant
Cancer-Preventive
Citral found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Candidicide
Geraniol found in Plant
Carcinogenic
Citral found in Plant
Caspase-3-Inducer
Citral found in Plant
Chemopreventive
Citral found in Plant
Comedolytic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Cytotoxic
Citral found in Plant
Dermatitigenic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Embryotoxic
Geraniol found in Plant
Emetic
Geraniol found in Plant
Estrogenic
Citral found in Plant
Expectorant
Citral found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
FLavor
Citral found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
Fungicide
Citral found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Glaucomagenic
Citral found in Plant
Glutathionigenic
Citral found in Plant
Herbicide
Citral found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
Hypoglycemic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Insectifuge
Geraniol found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Insectiphile
Geraniol found in Plant
Keratolytic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Mycobactericide
Geraniol found in Plant
Myorelaxant
Citral found in Plant
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Citral found in Plant
NO-Inhibitor
Citral found in Plant
Nematicide
Citral found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Citral found in Plant
Perfumery
Citral found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
Pesticide
Citral found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Prostatitigenic
Citral found in Plant
Sedative
Citral found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
Teratogenic
Citral found in Plant
Thermogenic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Tineacide
Salicylic-acid found in Plant
Trichomonicide
Citral found in Plant
Geraniol found in Plant
Trypanocide
Citral found in Plant
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Citral found in Plant
Ulcerogenic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Citral Plant
Eo Plant 350 700
Geraniol Plant
Salicylic-acid Plant
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]