Solidago gigantea Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
early goldenrod giant goldenrod smooth goldenrod tall goldenrod

Solidago gigantea, common name "Giant Goldenrod" is a plant species in the genus Solidago. Its common name is giant goldenrod, in reference to its height of up to 2 m tall, rather large for the genus. It is a widespread species known from most of non-arctic North America east of the Rocky Mountains. It has been reported from every state and province from Alberta to Nova Scotia to Florida to Texas. Solidago gigantea is the state flower of Kentucky and Nebraska.

Solidago gigantea

Economic importance of Solidago gigantea

Bee plants honey production
Environmental ornamental
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Solidago gigantea Solidago gigantea Solidago gigantea Solidago gigantea Solidago gigantea Solidago gigantea Solidago gigantea Solidago gigantea Solidago gigantea Solidago gigantea Solidago gigantea Solidago gigantea

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Naturalized
    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Naturalized
    • Western Asia: Lebanon
    • Eastern Asia: Japan
  • EUROPE
    Naturalized
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Italy; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Spain
    Adventive
    • Northern Europe: Ireland; Norway
    • Southeastern Europe: Romania
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec
    • Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, Manitoba, Saskatchewan
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, Montana, Wyoming
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    Naturalized
    • Mexico

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Leaf
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
ACE-Inhibitor
Astragalin found in Flower
Isoquercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Astragalin found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Flower
Isoquercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Juglanin found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Flower
Kaempferol-3-rhamnoside found in Flower
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant (45 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (35 ppm)
Trifolin found in Flower
Vanillic-acid found in Plant (46 ppm)
Allelochemic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Allelopathic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (1040 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant (45 ppm)
Syringic-acid found in Plant (1040 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant (46 ppm)
Allergenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant (151 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Alpha-Glucosidase-Inhibitor
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant (151 ppm)
Analgesic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (1040 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (35 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Vanillic-acid found in Plant (46 ppm)
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Leaf
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
AntiHIV
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant (151 ppm)
AntiPMS
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Antiaflatoxin
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiaggregant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (1040 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiaging
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiallergic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (1040 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antialzheimeran
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antianaphylactic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiangiogenic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiarrhythmic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (1040 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant (151 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiarthritic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (35 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant (151 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiatherosclerotic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antibacterial
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (1040 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Flower
Isoquercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Isorhamnetin found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Flower
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant (45 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant (151 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (35 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant (46 ppm)
Anticancer
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Flower
Isoquercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower
Rutin found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Plant (46 ppm)
Anticapillary-Fragility
Hyperoside found in Flower
Rutin found in Leaf
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (1040 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Anticataract
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Anticlastogen
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant (45 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant (151 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Anticonvulsant
Rutin found in Leaf
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antidandruff
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (35 ppm)
Antidementia
Rutin found in Leaf
Antidepressant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antidermatitic
Hyperoside found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antidermatotic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (35 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antidysmenorrheic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (1040 ppm)
Antieczemic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (35 ppm)
Antiedemic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Flower
Isoquercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiencephalitic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiestrogenic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (1040 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antifatigue
Vanillic-acid found in Plant (46 ppm)
Antifeedant
Isoquercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antifertility
Kaempferol found in Flower
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant (45 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiflu
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antigingivitic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Antiglaucomic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Leaf
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Quercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antihemorrhoidal
Rutin found in Leaf
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (1040 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Flower
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant (45 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant (151 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiherpetic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (1040 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant (151 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antihistaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Isorhamnetin found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Antiichthyosic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (35 ppm)
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Flower
Antiinflammatory
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (1040 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Flower
Isoquercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Isorhamnetin found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Flower
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant (151 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (35 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant (46 ppm)
Antiischemic
Hyperoside found in Flower
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant (151 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antileukemic
Astragalin found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (1040 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant (45 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant (151 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Plant (46 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antilipoperoxidant
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Antimalarial
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant (151 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antimetastatic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antimitotic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (1040 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (1040 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant (151 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antineoplastic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (1040 ppm)
Antinephritic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antineuralgic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (35 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (1040 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant (45 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antinociceptive
Hyperoside found in Flower
Isoquercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antioncychomycotic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (35 ppm)
Antiophidic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant (151 ppm)
Antioxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (1040 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Flower
Isoquercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Isorhamnetin found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Flower
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant (45 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant (151 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (35 ppm)
Syringic-acid found in Plant (1040 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant (46 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiperiodic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (35 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant (45 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant (151 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Syringic-acid found in Plant (1040 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant (46 ppm)
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiplaque
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiplasmodial
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Leaf
Antipodagric
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (35 ppm)
Antipodriac
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antipolio
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiproliferant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiprostaglandin
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiprostatitic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Leaf
Antipsoriac
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (35 ppm)
Antipurpuric
Quercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antipyretic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (35 ppm)
Antiradicular
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (1040 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Flower
Isoquercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant (151 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Syringic-acid found in Plant (1040 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant (46 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (35 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (35 ppm)
Antiseptic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant (45 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant (151 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (35 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant (46 ppm)
Antiserotonin
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (1040 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower
Antisickling
Vanillic-acid found in Plant (46 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (1040 ppm)
Isorhamnetin found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Flower
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant (45 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant (151 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antistaphylococcic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antithrombic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (1040 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Antithrombogenic
Quercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (1040 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Plant (46 ppm)
Antitumor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (1040 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant (45 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (35 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant (46 ppm)
Antitussive
Hyperoside found in Flower
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant (151 ppm)
Antitympanitic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (35 ppm)
Antiulcer
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Antivaricose
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiviral
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (1040 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Flower
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant (151 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiwrinkle
Hyperoside found in Flower
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Apoptotic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant (151 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Arteriodilator
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (1040 ppm)
Ascaricide
Vanillic-acid found in Plant (46 ppm)
Bacteristat
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Quercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
COX-2-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (35 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Flower
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Cancer-Preventive
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (1040 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Flower
Isoquercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Isorhamnetin found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Flower
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant (45 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (35 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant (46 ppm)
Candidicide
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (1040 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Capillarifortificant
Hyperoside found in Flower
Capillarigenic
Hyperoside found in Flower
Isoquercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant (151 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Cardiac
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (1040 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant (151 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Quercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Chemopreventive
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant (45 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant (151 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (1040 ppm)
Choleretic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (1040 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant (45 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Vanillic-acid found in Plant (46 ppm)
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Comedolytic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (35 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Cyclooxygenase-Activator
Hyperoside found in Flower
Quercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (35 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Cytotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant (45 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Dermatitigenic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (35 ppm)
Detoxicant
Quercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Diaphoretic
Isoquercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Diuretic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Flower
Isoquercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Dye
Quercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Estrogenic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Expectorant
Astragalin found in Flower
Fungicide
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (1040 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant (45 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant (151 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (35 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant (46 ppm)
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Glutathione-Depleting
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant (151 ppm)
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Hemostat
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Hepatoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (1040 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Flower
Isorhamnetin found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Hepatotonic
Quercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Hepatotoxic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant (151 ppm)
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (1040 ppm)
Herbicide
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (1040 ppm)
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Hydrocholerectic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (1040 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Rutin found in Leaf
Hypoglycemic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (35 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (1040 ppm)
Hypotensive
Astragalin found in Flower
Hyperoside found in Flower
Isoquercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Immunomodulator
Rutin found in Leaf
Immunostimulant
Astragalin found in Flower
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (1040 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant (151 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant (46 ppm)
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Insecticide
Rutin found in Leaf
Insectifuge
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (1040 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (35 ppm)
Insectiphile
Isoquercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Insulinogenic
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Juvabional
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Keratolytic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (35 ppm)
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Laxative
Vanillic-acid found in Plant (46 ppm)
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant (45 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
MAO-Inhibitor
Isorhamnetin found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (1040 ppm)
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Mutagenic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Leaf
Myorelaxant
Rutin found in Leaf
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
NO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Nephrotoxic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant (151 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (1040 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Oviposition-Stimulant
Rutin found in Leaf
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Rutin found in Leaf
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Paralytic
Quercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Pesticide
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (1040 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Flower
Isoquercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Isorhamnetin found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Flower
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant (45 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant (151 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (35 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant (46 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (1040 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant (151 ppm)
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Preservative
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (1040 ppm)
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Prooxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (1040 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant (45 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant (151 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (1040 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant (45 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Protisticide
Kaempferol found in Flower
Rutin found in Leaf
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Isorhamnetin found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Radioprotective
Rutin found in Leaf
Secretogogue
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant (151 ppm)
Sedative
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (1040 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Thermogenic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (35 ppm)
Tineacide
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (35 ppm)
Tissue-Thromboplastin-Inhibitor
Hyperoside found in Flower
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant (45 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant (151 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Ubiquiot
Protocatechuic-acid found in Plant (151 ppm)
Syringic-acid found in Plant (1040 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant (46 ppm)
Ulcerogenic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (35 ppm)
Uterosedative
Ferulic-acid found in Plant (1040 ppm)
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Flower
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Vasodilator
Isorhamnetin found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Vasopressor
Quercitrin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Vulnerary
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant (21980 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
cAMP-Inhibitor
Hyperoside found in Flower
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower ;found in Leaf

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Chemicals detected

Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]