Solanum nigrum Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
black nightshade blackberry nightshade common nightshade poisonberry

Solanum nigrum is a species in the Solanum genus, native to Eurasia and introduced in the Americas, Australasia and South Africa. Parts of this plant can be highly toxic to livestock and humans, and it's considered a weed. Nonetheless, ripe berries and cooked leaves of edible strains are used as food in some locales; and plant parts are used as a traditional medicine. There is a tendency in literature to incorrectly refer to many of the other "black nightshade" species as "Solanum nigrum". S. nigrum is recorded from deposits of the Paleolithic and Mesolithic era of ancient Britain and it is suggested by the botanist and ecologist, Edward Salisbury, that it was part of the native flora there before Neolithic agriculture emerged. The species was mentioned by Pliny the Elder in the 1st century AD and by the great herbalists, including Dioscorides. In 1753 Carl Linnaeus described six varieties of Solanum nigrum in Species Plantarum. In 1820 Desfosses described the principal toxic glycoalkaloid in black nightshade, solanine, extracted from ripe berries.

Solanum nigrum

Medical use

Economic importance of Solanum nigrum

Harmful organism host crop diseases
Human food fruit
Gene sources disease resistance for potato
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

Solanum nigrum Solanum nigrum Solanum nigrum Solanum nigrum Solanum nigrum Solanum nigrum Solanum nigrum Solanum nigrum Solanum nigrum Solanum nigrum Solanum nigrum Solanum nigrum Solanum nigrum

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Morocco; Tunisia
    Naturalized
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea; Ethiopia
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; Namibia; South Africa - Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West, Northern Cape, Western Cape; Swaziland
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Egypt - Sinai; Iran; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Altay, Western Siberia
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    • China: China
    Naturalized
    • Arabian Peninsula: Yemen
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: India ; Nepal; Pakistan
    Naturalized
    • Malesia: Papua New Guinea
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Naturalized
    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Canada
    • Mexico
    • United States
  • PACIFIC
    Naturalized
    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    • Northwestern Pacific: Guam
    • Southwestern Pacific: New Caledonia
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Mesoamerica: Central America
    • Southern South America: Chile

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (100190 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (106855 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (3870 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (4085 ppm)
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Fruit (100000 ppm)
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Leaf (50000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (106855 ppm)
Alpha-Amylase-Inhibitor
Citric-acid found in Leaf (50000 ppm)
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (106855 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Solanine found in Fruit (40 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (106855 ppm)
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (11000 ppm)
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Plant (100000 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
AntiHIV
Tannin found in Plant (100000 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (23 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (100190 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (14400 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (100190 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Leaf (660 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Fructose found in Fruit (100000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (14400 ppm)
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (100190 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (106855 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (3870 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (100190 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (100190 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (106855 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (3870 ppm)
Solasodine found in Fruit (6500 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Root (200 ppm)
Antianemic
Iron found in Leaf (660 ppm)
Antianorectic
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf (14400 ppm)
Antiaphthic
Citric-acid found in Leaf (50000 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Plant (23 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (100190 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (14400 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (100190 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Solanine found in Fruit (40 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (14400 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Leaf (50000 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Leaf (50000 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (100000 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antibronchitic
Solanine found in Fruit (40 ppm)
Anticalculic
Citric-acid found in Leaf (50000 ppm)
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (100000 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Leaf (660 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Solasodine found in Fruit (6500 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Root (200 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Tannin found in Plant (100000 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Plant (23 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (23 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Riboflavin found in Plant (23 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (23 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Leaf (660 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (23 ppm)
Anticholinesterase
Solanine found in Fruit (40 ppm)
Solasodine found in Fruit (6500 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Root (200 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (14400 ppm)
Anticoagulant
Citric-acid found in Leaf (50000 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (100190 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (23 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (14400 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (11000 ppm)
Fructose found in Fruit (100000 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Plant (100000 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Plant (100000 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (100190 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Glucose found in Fruit (100000 ppm)
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Solanine found in Fruit (40 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Diosgenin found in Fruit (12000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Solasodine found in Fruit (6500 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Root (200 ppm)
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (100190 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (3870 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antigiardial
Solanine found in Fruit (40 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Plant (23 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (100190 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Fructose found in Fruit (100000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Glucose found in Fruit (100000 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (100000 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (100190 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Leaf (14400 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (14400 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (11000 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (100000 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Diosgenin found in Fruit (12000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (100190 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (106855 ppm)
Solasodine found in Fruit (6500 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Root (200 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Leaf (14400 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Plant (23 ppm)
Antiketotic
Fructose found in Fruit (100000 ppm)
Glucose found in Fruit (100000 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Citric-acid found in Leaf (50000 ppm)
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (100190 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (106855 ppm)
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Plant (100000 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Solasodine found in Fruit (6500 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Root (200 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (14400 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Leaf (660 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (100190 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (23 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Leaf (50000 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (100000 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antinauseant
Fructose found in Fruit (100000 ppm)
Antinephritic
Tannin found in Plant (100000 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Solanine found in Fruit (40 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (14400 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (11000 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (100000 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (14400 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (4000 ppm)
Antioxidant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Cholesterol found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (3870 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (23 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (100000 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Solanine found in Fruit (40 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Antipellagric
Riboflavin found in Plant (23 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (14400 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (23 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (100190 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (100000 ppm)
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Plant (100000 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (14400 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Citric-acid found in Leaf (50000 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Leaf (50000 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Antispermatogenic
Solasodine found in Fruit (6500 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Root (200 ppm)
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (14400 ppm)
Diosgenin found in Fruit (12000 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Antitachycardic
Solasodine found in Fruit (6500 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Root (200 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Leaf (14400 ppm)
Antitubercular
Citric-acid found in Leaf (50000 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Tannin found in Plant (100000 ppm)
Antitumor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Leaf (50000 ppm)
Desgalactotigonin found in Fruit
Fiber found in Leaf (11000 ppm)
Solamargine found in Plant
Solanine found in Fruit (40 ppm)
Solasodine found in Fruit (6500 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Root (200 ppm)
Solasonine found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (100000 ppm)
Tigogenin found in Plant (5000 ppm)
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (11000 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (100000 ppm)
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Fruit (100000 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (100000 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Leaf (14400 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (4000 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (11000 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (110 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Solanine found in Fruit (40 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Leaf (14400 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Fiber found in Leaf (11000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (100190 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (106855 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Plant (23 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (100000 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (100190 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (100000 ppm)
Cardiodepressant
Solanine found in Fruit (40 ppm)
Solasonine found in Plant
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (11000 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Solanine found in Fruit (40 ppm)
Solasonine found in Plant
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Chelator
Tannin found in Plant (100000 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Choleretic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (106855 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (100190 ppm)
Contraceptive
Solasodine found in Fruit (6500 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Root (200 ppm)
Cosmetic
Stearic-acid found in Seed (4085 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Plant (100000 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Solamargine found in Plant
Solanine found in Fruit (40 ppm)
Solasodine found in Fruit (6500 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Root (200 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (106855 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Disinfectant
Citric-acid found in Leaf (50000 ppm)
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (14400 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (11000 ppm)
Embryotoxic
Solasodine found in Fruit (6500 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Root (200 ppm)
Erythrocytolytic
Solamargine found in Plant
Solasonine found in Plant
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Diosgenin found in Fruit (12000 ppm)
FLavor
Citric-acid found in Leaf (50000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (106855 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (3870 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (4085 ppm)
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Fungicide
Solamargine found in Plant
Solanine found in Fruit (40 ppm)
Solasodine found in Fruit (6500 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Root (200 ppm)
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Plant (100000 ppm)
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (3870 ppm)
Solanine found in Fruit (40 ppm)
Solasonine found in Plant
Hemorrhagic
Solanine found in Fruit (40 ppm)
Hemostat
Citric-acid found in Leaf (50000 ppm)
Hepatomegalic
Solasodine found in Fruit (6500 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Root (200 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Diosgenin found in Fruit (12000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (100190 ppm)
Solamargine found in Plant
Solasodine found in Fruit (6500 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Root (200 ppm)
Solasonine found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (100000 ppm)
Hypercholesterolemic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (3870 ppm)
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Fruit (100000 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (14400 ppm)
Diosgenin found in Fruit (12000 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (11000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (100190 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (106855 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (4085 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (14400 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (11000 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Leaf (11000 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (100190 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (4000 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Plant (100000 ppm)
Insecticide
Solamargine found in Plant
Solasonine found in Plant
Insectifuge
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (100190 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (106855 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Irritant
Citric-acid found in Leaf (50000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (106855 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium found in Leaf (14400 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (11000 ppm)
Fructose found in Fruit (100000 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Plant (100000 ppm)
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Litholytic
Citric-acid found in Leaf (50000 ppm)
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (3870 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (4085 ppm)
MAO-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Plant (100000 ppm)
Mastogenic
Diosgenin found in Fruit (12000 ppm)
Membranolytic
Solamargine found in Plant
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Fruit (100000 ppm)
Memranolytic
Solanine found in Fruit (40 ppm)
Solasonine found in Plant
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (100190 ppm)
Molluscicide
Solamargine found in Plant
Solasonine found in Plant
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Mycobactericide
Citric-acid found in Leaf (50000 ppm)
Myostimulant
Solanine found in Fruit (40 ppm)
Solasonine found in Plant
Narcotic
Solanine found in Fruit (40 ppm)
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (100190 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (3870 ppm)
Neoplastic
Fructose found in Fruit (100000 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Odontolytic
Citric-acid found in Leaf (50000 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Plant (100000 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Leaf (4000 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (106855 ppm)
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Seed (106855 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (4085 ppm)
Pesticide
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (3870 ppm)
Solamargine found in Plant
Solanine found in Fruit (40 ppm)
Solasodine found in Fruit (6500 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Root (200 ppm)
Solasonine found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (100000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (660 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (100190 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (106855 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (3870 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (4085 ppm)
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Plant (100000 ppm)
Refrigerant
Citric-acid found in Leaf (50000 ppm)
Sedative
Solanine found in Fruit (40 ppm)
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (3870 ppm)
Spasmogenic
Solanine found in Fruit (40 ppm)
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Seed (4085 ppm)
Sweetener
Fructose found in Fruit (100000 ppm)
Tachycardic
Solanine found in Fruit (40 ppm)
Teratogenic
Solanine found in Fruit (40 ppm)
Solasodine found in Fruit (6500 ppm);found in Leaf (3000 ppm);found in Root (200 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Leaf (14400 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (110 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Plant
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (14400 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (11000 ppm)
Vertigenic
Solanine found in Fruit (40 ppm)
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4067 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Plant (100000 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
2(s)-2-aminoadipic-acid Plant
26-o-(beta-d-glucopyranosyl)-22-methoxy-25d-5-alpha...cco Plant
Alkaloids Fruit 1,010
Leaf 4,310
Alpha-solamargine Plant
Ascorbic-acid Leaf 110 4,067
Beta-carotene Leaf 1 110
Beta-sitosterol Plant
Beta-solamargine Plant
Calcium Leaf 1,999 14,400
Carbohydrates Leaf 64,000 560,000
Carotene Fruit 3,600 5,500
Chaconine Plant
Cholesterol Plant
Citric-acid Leaf 50,000
D-galactose Plant
D-xylose Plant
Desgalactotigonin Fruit
Diosgenin Fruit 4,000 12,000
Fat Leaf 4,000 53,000
Seed 215,000 300,000
Fiber Leaf 11,000
Fructose Fruit 75,000 100,000
Glucose Fruit 75,000 100,000
Glycoalkaloids Fruit 21,000 42,500
Iron Leaf 3 660
Linoleic-acid Seed 100,190
Oleic-acid Seed 106,855
Palmitic-acid Seed 3,870
Phosphorus Leaf 540 4,000
Protein Leaf 32,000 333,000
Seed 175,000
Riboflavin Plant 1 23
Saccharopine Plant
Saponin Plant
Solamargine Plant
Solanigrin Plant
Solanine Fruit 0 40
Solansodamine Plant
Solasodine Fruit 900 6,500
Leaf 3,000
Root 200
Solasonine Plant
Stearic-acid Seed 4,085
Tannin Plant 70,000 100,000
Thiamin Leaf 1 12
Tigogenin Plant 5,000
Uttronin Root
Uttrosides Plant
Water Leaf 821,000 878,000
Xi-solaninigrin Plant
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]