Skimmia japonica Health effects and herbal facts

Skimmia japonica is a species of flowering plant in the family Rutaceae, native to Japan, China and south east Asia. Growing to 6 m tall and wide, it is a rounded evergreen shrub with glossy, leathery leaves widely cultivated as an ornamental plant in gardens and parks. Its fragrant flowers can be cream-yellow to white, followed on female plants by small round, red fruits. The plant tolerates a wide range of conditions, including frost, drought and atmospheric pollution. It is suitable for bonsai and for Chinese gardens. Many cultivars have been developed for ornamental garden use, including varieties which are significantly more compact than their parent.

Skimmia japonica

Medical use

Gallery

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Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Kurile Islands , Sakhalin
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Ryukyu Islands, Shikoku; Taiwan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Malesia: Philippines - Luzon

Biological activities

Abortifacient
Skimmianine found in Leaf
Adrenostimulant
Skimmianine found in Leaf
Analgesic
Skimmianine found in Leaf
Antiaggregant
Dictamnine found in Leaf
Antibacterial
Dictamnine found in Leaf
Anticonvulsant
Skimmianine found in Leaf
Antidiuretic
Skimmianine found in Leaf
Antihistaminic
Oxypeucedanin-hydrate found in Leaf (280 ppm)
Antileukemic
Seselin found in Leaf
Antimalarial
Skimmianine found in Leaf
Antipyretic
Skimmianine found in Leaf
Antisecretory
Taraxerol found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Skimmianine found in Leaf
Antitumor-Promoter
Isoimperatorin found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Oxypeucedanin found in Leaf (800 ppm)
Antiulcer
Taraxerol found in Leaf (1700 ppm)
Antiviral
Dictamnine found in Leaf
Artemicide
Isoimperatorin found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Skimmianine found in Leaf
CNS-Stimulant
Skimmianine found in Leaf
Calcium-Antagonist
Isoimperatorin found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Oxypeucedanin found in Leaf (800 ppm)
Oxypeucedanin-hydrate found in Leaf (280 ppm)
Candidicide
Skimmianine found in Leaf
Cardiotonic
Dictamnine found in Leaf
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor
Isoimperatorin found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
DME-Inhibitor
Isoimperatorin found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Oxypeucedanin found in Leaf (800 ppm)
DNA-Binder
Dictamnine found in Leaf
Ecbolic
Skimmianine found in Leaf
Fungicide
Dictamnine found in Leaf
Oxypeucedanin found in Leaf (800 ppm)
Seselin found in Leaf
Hypertensive
Skimmianine found in Leaf
Hypothermic
Skimmianine found in Leaf
Lipolytic
Oxypeucedanin found in Leaf (800 ppm)
Mutagenic
Oxypeucedanin found in Leaf (800 ppm)
Myocontractant
Dictamnine found in Leaf
Myorelaxant
Skimmianine found in Leaf
Myotonic
Skimmianine found in Leaf
Pesticide
Dictamnine found in Leaf
Isoimperatorin found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Seselin found in Leaf
Skimmianine found in Leaf
Photoactive
Dictamnine found in Leaf
Phototoxic
Dictamnine found in Leaf
Skimmianine found in Leaf
Sedative
Skimmianine found in Leaf
Uterocontractant
Dictamnine found in Leaf
Skimmianine found in Leaf
Vasodilator
Skimmianine found in Leaf

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(+)-platydesmin Leaf
(-)-meranzin-hydrate Leaf
Dictamnine Leaf
Edulin Leaf
Friedoolean-14-en-3-beta-ol Plant
Isoimperatorin Leaf 3,000
Isomeranzine Leaf
Oxypeocedanin-methanolate Leaf 400
Oxypeucedanin Leaf 800
Oxypeucedanin-hydrate Leaf 280
Seselin Leaf
Skimmianine Leaf
Skimmine Twig
Taraxerol Leaf 1,700
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]