Sechium edule Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
chayote cho-cho christophine vegetable-pear
Sechium edule

Medical use

Economic importance of Sechium edule

Human food fruit vegetable
Animal food foder
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Sechium edule Sechium edule Sechium edule Sechium edule Sechium edule Sechium edule Sechium edule Sechium edule Sechium edule Sechium edule Sechium edule Sechium edule Sechium edule

Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Hidalgo, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Veracruz

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Acaricide
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit (340 ppm)
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (164 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (70 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm)
Analeptic
Gaba found in Fruit
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1715 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (100000 ppm);found in Shoot (108100 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (21430 ppm);found in Shoot (41890 ppm)
AntiADD
Phenylalanine found in Fruit (7430 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
AntiHIV
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (70 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (5.7 ppm);found in Shoot (11 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4 ppm)
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (164 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (2715 ppm);found in Leaf (3345 ppm);found in Shoot (8920 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Antiacid
Glycine found in Fruit (6430 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (164 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Fruit (70 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (164 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Fruit (57 ppm);found in Leaf (262 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Antialdosteronic
Glycine found in Fruit (6430 ppm)
Antialkalotic
Lysine found in Fruit (6145 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (2715 ppm);found in Leaf (3345 ppm);found in Shoot (8920 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (70 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm)
Antialopecic
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (70 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Fruit (70 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Iron found in Fruit (57 ppm);found in Leaf (262 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (70 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Fruit (2715 ppm);found in Leaf (3345 ppm);found in Shoot (8920 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1715 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (5.7 ppm);found in Shoot (11 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Fruit (2715 ppm);found in Leaf (3345 ppm);found in Shoot (8920 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (21430 ppm);found in Shoot (41890 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Histidine found in Fruit (2285 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (164 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (2715 ppm);found in Leaf (3345 ppm);found in Shoot (8920 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Antiasthenic
Citrulline found in Plant
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (164 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (2715 ppm);found in Leaf (3345 ppm);found in Shoot (8920 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (164 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Fruit (57 ppm);found in Leaf (262 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (164 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Fruit (5.7 ppm);found in Shoot (11 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Methionine found in Fruit (145 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (70 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (5.7 ppm);found in Shoot (11 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Gaba found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (5.7 ppm);found in Shoot (11 ppm)
Anticerebrotic
Gaba found in Fruit
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (164 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (5.7 ppm);found in Shoot (11 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Fruit (57 ppm);found in Leaf (262 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (5.7 ppm);found in Shoot (11 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Fruit (70 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm)
Antichoreic
Gaba found in Fruit
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (2715 ppm);found in Leaf (3345 ppm);found in Shoot (8920 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Gaba found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (70 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (164 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Antidandruff
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (5.7 ppm);found in Shoot (11 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (70 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1715 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (2715 ppm);found in Leaf (3345 ppm);found in Shoot (8920 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Fruit (7430 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (21430 ppm);found in Shoot (41890 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1715 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Niacin found in Fruit (70 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (100000 ppm);found in Shoot (108100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (70 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1715 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Fruit (70 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Methionine found in Fruit (145 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Arginine found in Fruit (5430 ppm)
Glycine found in Fruit (6430 ppm)
Leucine found in Fruit (12000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Fruit (5000 ppm)
Valine found in Fruit (9860 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Glutamic-acid found in Fruit (19570 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (70 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (21430 ppm);found in Shoot (41890 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (5.7 ppm);found in Shoot (11 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (70 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Arginine found in Fruit (5430 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Antihepatotic
Citrulline found in Plant
Methionine found in Fruit (145 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Lysine found in Fruit (6145 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Fruit (70 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm)
Antihyperammonemic
Glutamic-acid found in Fruit (19570 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (164 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Fruit (2715 ppm);found in Leaf (3345 ppm);found in Shoot (8920 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Arginine found in Fruit (5430 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (2715 ppm);found in Leaf (3345 ppm);found in Shoot (8920 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (100000 ppm);found in Shoot (108100 ppm)
Gaba found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (21430 ppm);found in Shoot (41890 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1715 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (164 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Arginine found in Fruit (5430 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Arginine found in Fruit (5430 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Fruit (2715 ppm);found in Leaf (3345 ppm);found in Shoot (8920 ppm)
Gaba found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1715 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Fruit (70 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (5.7 ppm);found in Shoot (11 ppm)
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Antilethargic
Gaba found in Fruit
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (164 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (164 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Fruit (19570 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (164 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (164 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Antimanic
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1715 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (164 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (2715 ppm);found in Leaf (3345 ppm);found in Shoot (8920 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1715 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Fruit (57 ppm);found in Leaf (262 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (5.7 ppm);found in Shoot (11 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1715 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Antimorphinic
Aspartic-acid found in Fruit (14430 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (164 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Antinephritic
Histidine found in Fruit (2285 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Fruit (70 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (2715 ppm);found in Leaf (3345 ppm);found in Shoot (8920 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (100000 ppm);found in Shoot (108100 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (2715 ppm);found in Leaf (3345 ppm);found in Shoot (8920 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (3715 ppm);found in Shoot (6350 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Antioxidant
Alanine found in Fruit (8000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (164 ppm)
Histidine found in Fruit (2285 ppm)
Methionine found in Fruit (145 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (5.7 ppm);found in Shoot (11 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1715 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (164 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (164 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Methionine found in Fruit (145 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (70 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Fruit (7430 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1715 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Fruit (5000 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Antipellagric
Isoleucine found in Fruit (6855 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (70 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (5.7 ppm);found in Shoot (11 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (2715 ppm);found in Leaf (3345 ppm);found in Shoot (8920 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Antiphenylketonuric
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1715 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Fruit (5000 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (164 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (5.7 ppm);found in Shoot (11 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (164 ppm)
Antiplaque
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (164 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (164 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Glutamic-acid found in Fruit (19570 ppm)
Glycine found in Fruit (6430 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Antipruritic
Glycine found in Fruit (6430 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (164 ppm)
Antipsychotic
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1715 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (164 ppm)
Antiretardation
Glutamic-acid found in Fruit (19570 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (164 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (2715 ppm);found in Leaf (3345 ppm);found in Shoot (8920 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1715 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Antiscoliotic
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1715 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Fruit (70 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit (340 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Antisickling
Glycine found in Fruit (6430 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Fruit (7430 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (70 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (21430 ppm);found in Shoot (41890 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (164 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (2715 ppm);found in Leaf (3345 ppm);found in Shoot (8920 ppm)
Gaba found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (21430 ppm);found in Shoot (41890 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Fruit (2715 ppm);found in Leaf (3345 ppm);found in Shoot (8920 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Gaba found in Fruit
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Antitumor
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (164 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (100000 ppm);found in Shoot (108100 ppm)
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (164 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (100000 ppm);found in Shoot (108100 ppm)
Glycine found in Fruit (6430 ppm)
Histidine found in Fruit (2285 ppm)
Threonine found in Fruit (6285 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Fruit (5000 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Antiuremic
Histidine found in Fruit (2285 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Fruit (70 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Antivitiligic
Phenylalanine found in Fruit (7430 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (164 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Fruit (2715 ppm);found in Leaf (3345 ppm);found in Shoot (8920 ppm)
Gaba found in Fruit
Glutamic-acid found in Fruit (19570 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (3715 ppm);found in Shoot (6350 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (21430 ppm);found in Shoot (41890 ppm)
Aphrodisiac
Arginine found in Fruit (5430 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Fruit (100000 ppm);found in Shoot (108100 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (21430 ppm);found in Shoot (41890 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
CNS-Inhibitor
Gaba found in Fruit
CNS-Paralytic
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit (340 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (164 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (164 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Fruit (2715 ppm);found in Leaf (3345 ppm);found in Shoot (8920 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alanine found in Fruit (8000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (164 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (100000 ppm);found in Shoot (108100 ppm)
Glycine found in Fruit (6430 ppm)
Methionine found in Fruit (145 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (70 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (5.7 ppm);found in Shoot (11 ppm)
Serine found in Fruit (7285 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Fruit (5000 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1715 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (100000 ppm);found in Shoot (108100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (70 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (21430 ppm);found in Shoot (41890 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Fruit (21430 ppm);found in Shoot (41890 ppm)
Cardiovascular
Gaba found in Fruit
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (164 ppm)
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Fruit (70 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Deodorant
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Diuretic
Arginine found in Fruit (5430 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (2715 ppm);found in Leaf (3345 ppm);found in Shoot (8920 ppm)
Citrulline found in Plant
Fiber found in Fruit (100000 ppm);found in Shoot (108100 ppm)
Gaba found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (21430 ppm);found in Shoot (41890 ppm)
Emetic
Methionine found in Fruit (145 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Essential
Histidine found in Fruit (2285 ppm)
Isoleucine found in Fruit (6855 ppm)
Leucine found in Fruit (12000 ppm)
Lysine found in Fruit (6145 ppm)
Methionine found in Fruit (145 ppm)
Threonine found in Fruit (6285 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1715 ppm)
Valine found in Fruit (9860 ppm)
FLavor
Threonine found in Fruit (6285 ppm)
Valine found in Fruit (9860 ppm)
Fatal
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit (340 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Fruit (70 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (164 ppm)
Glutathionigenic
Methionine found in Fruit (145 ppm)
Hemostatic
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit (340 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Methionine found in Fruit (145 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (70 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Fruit (70 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm)
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Fruit (570 ppm);found in Shoot (190 ppm)
Hypnotic
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1715 ppm)
Hypoammonemic
Arginine found in Fruit (5430 ppm)
Hypoarginanemic
Lysine found in Fruit (6145 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (2715 ppm);found in Leaf (3345 ppm);found in Shoot (8920 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (100000 ppm);found in Shoot (108100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (70 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (70 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1715 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Niacin found in Fruit (70 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (2715 ppm);found in Leaf (3345 ppm);found in Shoot (8920 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (100000 ppm);found in Shoot (108100 ppm)
Gaba found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (21430 ppm);found in Shoot (41890 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1715 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Fruit (100000 ppm);found in Shoot (108100 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (164 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (3715 ppm);found in Shoot (6350 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Insectifuge
Thiamin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Insulinase-Inhibitor
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1715 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Insulinotonic
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1715 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (164 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Irritant
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit (340 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium found in Fruit (2715 ppm);found in Leaf (3345 ppm);found in Shoot (8920 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (100000 ppm);found in Shoot (108100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Lipotropic
Methionine found in Fruit (145 ppm)
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Monoamine-Precursor
Phenylalanine found in Fruit (7430 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1715 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Fruit (5000 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (164 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
NO-Genic
Arginine found in Fruit (5430 ppm)
Neuroexcitant
Aspartic-acid found in Fruit (14430 ppm)
Neuroinhibitor
Gaba found in Fruit
Glycine found in Fruit (6430 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Thiamin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Gaba found in Fruit
Glutamic-acid found in Fruit (19570 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Gaba found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Fruit (3715 ppm);found in Shoot (6350 ppm)
Oxidant
Alanine found in Fruit (8000 ppm)
Histidine found in Fruit (2285 ppm)
Pesticide
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit (340 ppm)
Thiamin found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (164 ppm)
Pituitary-Stimulant
Arginine found in Fruit (5430 ppm)
Prolactinogenic
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1715 ppm)
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (164 ppm)
Iron found in Fruit (57 ppm);found in Leaf (262 ppm);found in Shoot (40 ppm)
Renotoxic
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit (340 ppm)
Roborant
Aspartic-acid found in Fruit (14430 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Leaf (10 ppm)
Sedative
Gaba found in Fruit
Niacin found in Fruit (70 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1715 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Fruit (70 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm)
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1715 ppm)
Spermigenic
Arginine found in Fruit (5430 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (164 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Fruit (2715 ppm);found in Leaf (3345 ppm);found in Shoot (8920 ppm)
Gaba found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Tremorigenic
Phenylalanine found in Fruit (7430 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)
Tumor-Promoter
Tryptophan found in Fruit (1715 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Shoot (164 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Glycine found in Fruit (6430 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Urine-Acidifier
Methionine found in Fruit (145 ppm)
Urine-Deodorant
Methionine found in Fruit (145 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Varroacide
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit (340 ppm)
Vasodilator
Arginine found in Fruit (5430 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (2715 ppm);found in Leaf (3345 ppm);found in Shoot (8920 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (100000 ppm);found in Shoot (108100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (2000 ppm);found in Leaf (3785 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (70 ppm);found in Shoot (110 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (21430 ppm);found in Shoot (41890 ppm)
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (1570 ppm);found in Shoot (4460 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (73 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Alanine Fruit 560 8,000
Alpha-amino-ureidobutyric-acid Plant
Arginine Fruit 380 5,430
Ascorbic-acid Fruit 110 1,570
Shoot 330 4,460
Ash Fruit 4,000 57,145
Shoot 8,000 108,100
Leaf 21,600 122,000
Aspartic-acid Fruit 1,010 14,430
Beta-carotene Shoot 12 164
Calcium Fruit 190 2,715
Leaf 592 3,345
Shoot 660 8,920
Carbohydrates Fruit 54,000 771,430
Citrulline Plant
Copper Leaf 1.8 10
Fat Fruit 1,000 42,860
Leaf 23,200 131,100
Shoot 22,000 297,300
Fiber Fruit 7,000 100,000
Shoot 8,000 108,100
Gaba Fruit
Glutamic-acid Fruit 1,370 19,570
Glycine Fruit 450 6,430
Glycolipids Leaf 7,145 40,365
Histidine Fruit 160 2,285
Iron Fruit 4 57
Leaf 46 262
Shoot 3 40
Isoleucine Fruit 480 6,855
Kilocalories Fruit 240 3,430
Leucine Fruit 840 12,000
Lysine Fruit 430 6,145
M-carboxyphenylalanine Plant
Magnesium Fruit 140 2,000
Leaf 670 3,785
Methionine Fruit 10 145
Niacin Fruit 5 70
Shoot 8 110
Oxalic-acid Fruit 340
Peroxidase Leaf
Phenylalanine Fruit 520 7,430
Phospholipids Leaf 6,728 38,010
Phosphorus Fruit 260 3,715
Shoot 470 6,350
Potassium Fruit 1,500 21,430
Shoot 3,100 41,890
Proline Fruit 480 6,855
Protein Fruit 7,000 128,570
Leaf 26,900 152,000
Riboflavin Fruit 0.4 5.7
Shoot 0.8 11
Serine Fruit 510 7,285
Sodium Fruit 40 570
Shoot 14 190
Thiamin Plant
Shoot 0.3 4
Threonine Fruit 440 6,285
Tryptophan Fruit 120 1,715
Tyrosine Fruit 350 5,000
Valine Fruit 690 9,860
Water Fruit 925,000 930,000
Leaf 823,000
Shoot 926,000
Zinc Leaf 0.5 73
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]