Scutellaria baicalensis Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Baikal skullcap Chinese skullcap

Scutellaria baicalensis is a species of flowering plant in the Lamiaceae family.

Scutellaria baicalensis

Medical use

Economic importance of Scutellaria baicalensis

Environmental ornamental
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Scutellaria baicalensis Scutellaria baicalensis Scutellaria baicalensis Scutellaria baicalensis Scutellaria baicalensis Scutellaria baicalensis Scutellaria baicalensis Scutellaria baicalensis Scutellaria baicalensis Scutellaria baicalensis Scutellaria baicalensis Scutellaria baicalensis

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Buryatia, Chita
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Amur, Primorye
    • China: China - Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Jiangsu, Liaoning, Nei Monggol, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi
    • Eastern Asia: Korea

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
12-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Baicalein found in Root (54000 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Baicalein found in Root (54000 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
ACE-Inhibitor
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Acidulant
Acetic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Adaptogenic
Paeonol found in Root Essent. Oil
Aggregant
Sucrose found in Root
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Baicalein found in Root (54000 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Baicalin found in Plant ;found in Root (206000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (43000 ppm)
Daucosterol found in Root
Indole found in Root Essent. Oil
Oroxylin-a found in Plant ;found in Stem ;found in Root (415 ppm)
Scutellarein found in Leaf (30 ppm);found in Root
Skullcapflavone-ii found in Root (863 ppm);found in Stem
Verbascoside found in Root (74 ppm)
Wogonin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Stem (2100 ppm);found in Root (7300 ppm);found in Plant
Wogonin-7-o-glucuronide found in Root (54000 ppm);found in Stem (33200 ppm)
Wogonin-7-o-glucuronide-methyl-ester found in Root (30 ppm)
Allelochemic
O-cresol found in Root Essent. Oil
P-cresol found in Root Essent. Oil
Vanillin found in Root Essent. Oil
Allelopathic
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root Essent. Oil
Allergenic
Benzoic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Isoeugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Oleic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Vanillin found in Root Essent. Oil
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Analgesic
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Paeonol found in Root Essent. Oil
Phenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Verbascoside found in Root (74 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Anaphrodisiac
Melatonin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Anesthetic
Benzoic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Guaiacol found in Root Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Phenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Potassium found in Root (9120 ppm)
Anorexic
Arsenic found in Root (0.18 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
AntiADD
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Root
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
AntiCFS
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
AntiEBV
Beta-eudesmol found in Root Essent. Oil
AntiHIV
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Baicalein found in Root (54000 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Baicalin found in Plant ;found in Root (206000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (43000 ppm)
Baicalin-a found in Plant
Chrysin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm);found in Stem
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
AntiLyme
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
AntiMDR
Chrysin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm);found in Stem
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Phenol found in Root Essent. Oil
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Root (10300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (29 ppm)
AntiTNF
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Isoeugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root Essent. Oil
Antiacid
Glycine found in Root
Antiacne
Baicalein found in Root (54000 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Indole found in Root Essent. Oil
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root Essent. Oil
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antiaflatoxin
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Chrysin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm);found in Stem
Antiaggregant
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Baicalein found in Root (54000 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Baicalin found in Plant ;found in Root (206000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (43000 ppm)
Chrysin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm);found in Stem
Elemicin found in Root Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Ferruginol found in Root Essent. Oil
Isoeugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Melatonin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Oroxylin-a found in Plant ;found in Stem ;found in Root (415 ppm)
Paeonol found in Root Essent. Oil
Skullcapflavone-ii found in Root (863 ppm);found in Stem
Wogonin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Stem (2100 ppm);found in Root (7300 ppm);found in Plant
Antiaging
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Root (220 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (29 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Antialdosteronic
Glycine found in Root
Antialkalotic
Lysine found in Root
Antiallergic
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Baicalein found in Root (54000 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Baicalin found in Plant ;found in Root (206000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (43000 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (10300 ppm)
Chrysin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm);found in Stem
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root Essent. Oil
Antialopecic
Oleic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Palmitic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Baicalin found in Plant ;found in Root (206000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (43000 ppm)
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Palmitic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Antianemic
Copper found in Root (18 ppm)
Iron found in Root (220 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (29 ppm)
Vanillin found in Root Essent. Oil
Antianginal
Butylidene-phthalide found in Root Essent. Oil
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Antianoxic
Beta-eudesmol found in Root Essent. Oil
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Root (10300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Butylidene-phthalide found in Root Essent. Oil
Calcium found in Root (10300 ppm)
Ligustilide found in Root Essent. Oil
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (9120 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Baicalein found in Root (54000 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Baicalin found in Plant ;found in Root (206000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (43000 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (10300 ppm)
Copper found in Root (18 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (29 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Baicalein found in Root (54000 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Baicalin found in Plant ;found in Root (206000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (43000 ppm)
Ligustilide found in Root Essent. Oil
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root Essent. Oil
Antiatherosclerotic
Baicalein found in Root (54000 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (10300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Paeonol found in Root Essent. Oil
Antibacillary
Chrysin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm);found in Stem
Antibacterial
Acetic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Acetophenone found in Root Essent. Oil
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Baicalein found in Root (54000 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Chrysin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm);found in Stem
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Guaiacol found in Root Essent. Oil
Indole found in Root Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Paeonol found in Root Essent. Oil
Phenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root Essent. Oil
Verbascoside found in Root (74 ppm)
Wogonin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Stem (2100 ppm);found in Root (7300 ppm);found in Plant
Anticancer
Vanillin found in Root Essent. Oil
Anticanker
Iron found in Root (220 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Fluoride found in Root (3.5 ppm)
Indole found in Root Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Anticataract
Methionine found in Root
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Root (220 ppm)
Anticholinergic
Baicalin found in Plant ;found in Root (206000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (43000 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Calcium found in Root (10300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Anticoagulant
Ferruginol found in Root Essent. Oil
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Anticold
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Anticolic
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Anticolitic
Baicalein found in Root (54000 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Anticonstrictive
Butylidene-phthalide found in Root Essent. Oil
Ligustilide found in Root Essent. Oil
Anticonvulsant
Chrysin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm);found in Stem
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Maltol found in Root Essent. Oil
Melatonin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
N-butylphthalide found in Root Essent. Oil
Anticoronary
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Antidandruff
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Antidementia
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Antidepressant
Calcium found in Root (10300 ppm)
Elemicin found in Root Essent. Oil
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Melatonin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Phenylalanine found in Root
Potassium found in Root (9120 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Baicalein found in Root (54000 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Guaiacol found in Root Essent. Oil
Antidiabetic
Copper found in Root (18 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (29 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Root (29 ppm)
Antidrepanocytic
Vanillin found in Root Essent. Oil
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Root (29 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Antieczemic
Guaiacol found in Root Essent. Oil
Methionine found in Root
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Antiedemic
Baicalein found in Root (54000 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Baicalin found in Plant ;found in Root (206000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (43000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Paeonol found in Root Essent. Oil
Antiencephalopathic
Arginine found in Root
Glycine found in Root
Leucine found in Root
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Glutamic-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (29 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Vanillin found in Root Essent. Oil
Antiesophagitic
Guaiacol found in Root Essent. Oil
Antiestrogenic
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Chrysin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm);found in Stem
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Antifatigue
Copper found in Root (18 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Maltol found in Root Essent. Oil
Potassium found in Root (9120 ppm)
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Elemicin found in Root Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Verbascoside found in Root (74 ppm)
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Wogonin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Stem (2100 ppm);found in Root (7300 ppm);found in Plant
Antifibrinolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Antiflu
Baicalein found in Root (54000 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Isoscutellarein found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Antigastric
Paeonol found in Root Essent. Oil
Antigastritic
Glycine found in Root
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Baicalein found in Root (54000 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Antiglaucomic
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Antigliomic
Beta-elemene found in Root Essent. Oil
Antiglutamaergic
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Melatonin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antigout
Chrysin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm);found in Stem
Antihangover
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Scutellarein found in Leaf (30 ppm);found in Root
Antihemorrhoidal
Phenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Antihepatitic
Arginine found in Root
Antihepatomic
Baicalein found in Root (54000 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Baicalin found in Plant ;found in Root (206000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (43000 ppm)
Antihepatotic
Baicalin found in Plant ;found in Root (206000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (43000 ppm)
Methionine found in Root
Antihepatotoxic
Stigmasterol found in Root
Verbascoside found in Root (74 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Chrysin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm);found in Stem
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Lysine found in Root
Antihiccup
Sucrose found in Root
Antihistaminic
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Baicalein found in Root (54000 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Baicalin found in Plant ;found in Root (206000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (43000 ppm)
Elemicin found in Root Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Antihydrocoele
Phenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Antihyperammonemic
Glutamic-acid found in Root
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Root (10300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antihypertensive
Arginine found in Root
Calcium found in Root (10300 ppm)
Chrysin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm);found in Stem
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (9120 ppm)
Verbascoside found in Root (74 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Antiimplantation
Wogonin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Stem (2100 ppm);found in Root (7300 ppm);found in Plant
Antiimpotence
Arginine found in Root
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Antiincontinence
Phenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Arginine found in Root
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Baicalein found in Root (54000 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Baicalin found in Plant ;found in Root (206000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (43000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Butylidene-phthalide found in Root Essent. Oil
Cnidilide found in Root Essent. Oil
Copper found in Root (18 ppm)
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Isoeugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Paeonol found in Root Essent. Oil
Stigmasterol found in Root
Verbascoside found in Root (74 ppm)
Wogonin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Stem (2100 ppm);found in Root (7300 ppm);found in Plant
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Root (10300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Melatonin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Antikeratotic
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Antilactobacillic
Vanillin found in Root Essent. Oil
Antilaryngitic
Baicalin found in Plant ;found in Root (206000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (43000 ppm)
Antilepric
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Antileukemic
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Baicalein found in Root (54000 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Chrysin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm);found in Stem
Daucosterol found in Root
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Scutellarein found in Leaf (30 ppm);found in Root
Verbascoside found in Root (74 ppm)
Wogonin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Stem (2100 ppm);found in Root (7300 ppm);found in Plant
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Oleic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Antilisteria
Vanillin found in Root Essent. Oil
Antilithic
Glutamic-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Antimange
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Calcium found in Root (10300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Root (220 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Antimigraine
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Antimite
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Antimitotic
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Antimorphinic
Aspartic-acid found in Root
Antimutagenic
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Baicalein found in Root (54000 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Beta-eudesmol found in Root Essent. Oil
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Chrysin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm);found in Stem
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
O-cresol found in Root Essent. Oil
Oroxylin-a found in Plant ;found in Stem ;found in Root (415 ppm)
P-cresol found in Root Essent. Oil
Paeonol found in Root Essent. Oil
Vanillin found in Root Essent. Oil
Antinephritic
Baicalin found in Plant ;found in Root (206000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (43000 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Antinitrosating
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Root (18 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Root
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Antiobesity
Calcium found in Root (10300 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Antionychogryphotic
Phenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Root
Antiophthalmic
Sucrose found in Root
Antiosteoporotic
Calcium found in Root (10300 ppm)
Copper found in Root (18 ppm)
Fluoride found in Root (3.5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (29 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Antiosteosclerotic
Fluoride found in Root (3.5 ppm)
Antiotitic
Acetic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Benzoic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Phenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Antiototic
Manganese found in Root (29 ppm)
Antioxidant
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Baicalin found in Plant ;found in Root (206000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (43000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Campesterol found in Root
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Isoeugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Maltol found in Root Essent. Oil
Manganese found in Root (29 ppm)
Melatonin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Methionine found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Phenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Scutellarein found in Leaf (30 ppm);found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Root
Sucrose found in Root
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root Essent. Oil
Vanillin found in Root Essent. Oil
Verbascoside found in Root (74 ppm)
Wogonin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Stem (2100 ppm);found in Root (7300 ppm);found in Plant
Antiparkinsonian
Methionine found in Root
Phenylalanine found in Root
Antipelvitic
Baicalin found in Plant ;found in Root (206000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (43000 ppm)
Antipeptic
Beta-eudesmol found in Root Essent. Oil
Antiperiodontitic
Calcium found in Root (10300 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Antipharyngitic
Baicalin found in Plant ;found in Root (206000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (43000 ppm)
Antiplaque
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Antiplatelet
Butylidene-phthalide found in Root Essent. Oil
Antipolio
Vanillin found in Root Essent. Oil
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Beta-elemene found in Root Essent. Oil
Chrysin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm);found in Stem
Antiproliferative
Baicalein found in Root (54000 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Baicalin found in Plant ;found in Root (206000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (43000 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Ligustilide found in Root Essent. Oil
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Glutamic-acid found in Root
Glycine found in Root
Phenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Antipruritic
Glycine found in Root
Antipyretic
Baicalein found in Root (54000 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Baicalin found in Plant ;found in Root (206000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (43000 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Paeonol found in Root Essent. Oil
Antipyruvetic
Phenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Antiradicular
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Melatonin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Vanillin found in Root Essent. Oil
Antiretardation
Glutamic-acid found in Root
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Antiretroviral
Baicalein found in Root (54000 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Calcium found in Root (10300 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Acetic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Benzoic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Beta-eudesmol found in Root Essent. Oil
Chrysin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm);found in Stem
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Indole found in Root Essent. Oil
Antisecretory
D-glucose found in Root
Antiseptic
Benzoic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Guaiacol found in Root Essent. Oil
Indole found in Root Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
O-cresol found in Root Essent. Oil
P-cresol found in Root Essent. Oil
Phenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root Essent. Oil
Verbascoside found in Root (74 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Antiserotonic
Elemicin found in Root Essent. Oil
Antishigellic
Chrysin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm);found in Stem
Antishock
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Antisickling
Glycine found in Root
Phenylalanine found in Root
Vanillin found in Root Essent. Oil
Antisinusitic
Phenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Baicalin found in Plant ;found in Root (206000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (43000 ppm)
Butylidene-phthalide found in Root Essent. Oil
Chrysin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm);found in Stem
Cnidilide found in Root Essent. Oil
Daucosterol found in Root
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Ligustilide found in Root Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (9120 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root Essent. Oil
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Antispastic
Phenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Antistaph
Verbascoside found in Root (74 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Chrysin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm);found in Stem
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Paeonol found in Root Essent. Oil
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Indole found in Root Essent. Oil
Antistress
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (10300 ppm)
Chrysin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm);found in Stem
Elemicin found in Root Essent. Oil
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Paeonol found in Root Essent. Oil
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (9120 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (29 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Antithrombic
Chrysin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm);found in Stem
Oroxylin-a found in Plant ;found in Stem ;found in Root (415 ppm)
Wogonin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Stem (2100 ppm);found in Root (7300 ppm);found in Plant
Antithrombotic
Baicalein found in Root (54000 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Baicalin found in Plant ;found in Root (206000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (43000 ppm)
Antithromboxane
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Antithyreotropic
Melatonin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antithyroid
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Root (10300 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Antitonsilitic
Baicalin found in Plant ;found in Root (206000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (43000 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Antituberculic
Guaiacol found in Root Essent. Oil
Antitumor-Promoter
Vanillin found in Root Essent. Oil
Antitumor
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Baicalin found in Plant ;found in Root (206000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (43000 ppm)
Daucosterol found in Root
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Isoeugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Vanillin found in Root Essent. Oil
Verbascoside found in Root (74 ppm)
Antitussive
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root Essent. Oil
Antiulcer
Beta-eudesmol found in Root Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Glycine found in Root
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root Essent. Oil
Threonine found in Root
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Acetic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Antivasculitic
Paeonol found in Root Essent. Oil
Antiviral
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Baicalein found in Root (54000 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Chrysin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm);found in Stem
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Isoscutellarein found in Leaf (6 ppm)
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Phenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Scutellarein found in Leaf (30 ppm);found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Root
Vanillin found in Root Essent. Oil
Antivitiligic
Phenylalanine found in Root
Antiwrinkle
Phenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Antiyeast
Benzoic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Vanillin found in Root Essent. Oil
Anxiolytic
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (10300 ppm)
Chrysin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm);found in Stem
Glutamic-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (9120 ppm)
Aphrodisiac
Arginine found in Root
Melatonin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Apifuge
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Apoptotic
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Baicalein found in Root (54000 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Baicalin found in Plant ;found in Root (206000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (43000 ppm)
Beta-elemene found in Root Essent. Oil
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Chrysin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm);found in Stem
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Chrysin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm);found in Stem
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Root
Arteriodilator
Butylidene-phthalide found in Root Essent. Oil
Astringent
Baicalein found in Root (54000 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Atherogenic
Sucrose found in Root
Bacteriostatic
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root Essent. Oil
Bacteristat
Isoeugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
N-hexacosane found in Root Essent. Oil
Vanillin found in Root Essent. Oil
Barbituate-Synergist
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Beta-Blocker
Potassium found in Root (9120 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Bronchorelaxant
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
CNS-Depressant
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Chrysin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm);found in Stem
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Phenol found in Root Essent. Oil
CNS-Inhibitor
Beta-eudesmol found in Root Essent. Oil
CNS-Sedative
Maltol found in Root Essent. Oil
CNS-Stimulant
Salidroside found in Root (8 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Baicalein found in Root (54000 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
COX-2-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Baicalein found in Root (54000 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Melatonin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
CYP1A1-Inhibitor
Chrysin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm);found in Stem
Calcium-Antagonist
Beta-eudesmol found in Root Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Root (10300 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Chrysin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm);found in Stem
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Glycine found in Root
Indole found in Root Essent. Oil
Isoeugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Maltol found in Root Essent. Oil
Methionine found in Root
O-cresol found in Root Essent. Oil
Oleic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
P-cresol found in Root Essent. Oil
Phenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Scutellarein found in Leaf (30 ppm);found in Root
Serine found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Root
Vanillin found in Root Essent. Oil
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Octanoic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Vanillin found in Root Essent. Oil
Candidistat
Isoeugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Carcinogenic
Indole found in Root Essent. Oil
Phenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Cardiodepressant
Guaiacol found in Root Essent. Oil
Cardioprotective
Copper found in Root (18 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (9120 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Guaiacol found in Root Essent. Oil
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Root (9120 ppm)
Carminative
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Caspase-3-Inhibitor
Chrysin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm);found in Stem
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Caspase-9-Inhibitor
Chrysin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm);found in Stem
Chemopreventive
Baicalin found in Plant ;found in Root (206000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (43000 ppm)
Choleretic
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Baicalein found in Root (54000 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Baicalin found in Plant ;found in Root (206000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (43000 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Oleic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Vanillin found in Root Essent. Oil
Collagenic
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Collyrium
Sucrose found in Root
Contraceptive
Copper found in Root (18 ppm)
Melatonin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Cosmetic
Stearic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Culicide
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Baicalein found in Root (54000 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Butylidene-phthalide found in Root Essent. Oil
Melatonin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-1A1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Cytotoxic
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Chrysin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm);found in Stem
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Isoeugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Skullcapflavone-ii found in Root (863 ppm);found in Stem
Verbascoside found in Root (74 ppm)
DNA-Binder
Elemicin found in Root Essent. Oil
DNA-Protective
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Chrysin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm);found in Stem
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Demulcent
Sucrose found in Root
Deodorant
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Depressant
Melatonin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Dermal
Guaiacol found in Root Essent. Oil
Dermatitigenic
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Oleic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Differentiator
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Diuretic
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Arginine found in Root
Baicalein found in Root (54000 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Baicalin found in Plant ;found in Root (206000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (43000 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (10300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Paeonol found in Root Essent. Oil
Potassium found in Root (9120 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root Essent. Oil
Wogonin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Stem (2100 ppm);found in Root (7300 ppm);found in Plant
Emetic
Guaiacol found in Root Essent. Oil
Methionine found in Root
Phenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Emmenagogue
Butylidene-phthalide found in Root Essent. Oil
Cnidilide found in Root Essent. Oil
Enterorelaxant
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Essential
Leucine found in Root
Lysine found in Root
Methionine found in Root
Threonine found in Root
Estrogenic
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Chrysin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm);found in Stem
Stigmasterol found in Root
Wogonin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Stem (2100 ppm);found in Root (7300 ppm);found in Plant
Expectorant
Acetic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Benzoic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Guaiacol found in Root Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
FLavor
Benzoic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Decanoic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Guaiacol found in Root Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Maltol found in Root Essent. Oil
Nonanoic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Octanoic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Oleic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
P-cresol found in Root Essent. Oil
Palmitic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Phenyl-acetaldehyde found in Root Essent. Oil
Stearic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Threonine found in Root
Vanillin found in Root Essent. Oil
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Flatugenic
Sucrose found in Root
Fungicide
Acetic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Acetophenone found in Root Essent. Oil
Baicalein found in Root (54000 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Chrysin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm);found in Stem
Cnidilide found in Root Essent. Oil
Elemicin found in Root Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Octanoic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Paeonol found in Root Essent. Oil
Phenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root Essent. Oil
Vanillin found in Root Essent. Oil
Verbascoside found in Root (74 ppm)
Fungistat
Isoeugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Maltol found in Root Essent. Oil
GABA-nergic
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Melatonin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Glutathionigenic
Methionine found in Root
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Melatonin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
HIF-1alpha-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Baicalein found in Root (54000 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Hallucinogenic
Elemicin found in Root Essent. Oil
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Phenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Hemostat
Paeonol found in Root Essent. Oil
Hepatoprotective
Baicalin found in Plant ;found in Root (206000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (43000 ppm)
Beta-eudesmol found in Root Essent. Oil
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Chrysin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm);found in Stem
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Methionine found in Root
Herbicide
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root Essent. Oil
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Hypercholesterolemic
Palmitic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Sucrose found in Root
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Root (991 ppm)
Verbascoside found in Root (74 ppm)
Hypnotic
Acetophenone found in Root Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Melatonin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Hypoammonemic
Arginine found in Root
Hypoarginanemic
Lysine found in Root
Hypocholesterolemic
Baicalein found in Root (54000 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Baicalin found in Plant ;found in Root (206000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (43000 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Calcium found in Root (10300 ppm)
Campesterol found in Root
Copper found in Root (18 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Melatonin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Stearic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Stigmasterol found in Root
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Daucosterol found in Root
Manganese found in Root (29 ppm)
Hypotensive
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Baicalin found in Plant ;found in Root (206000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (43000 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (10300 ppm)
Chrysin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm);found in Stem
Elemicin found in Root Essent. Oil
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (9120 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Hypothermic
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Melatonin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Paeonol found in Root Essent. Oil
Hypouricemic
Chrysin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm);found in Stem
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Chrysin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm);found in Stem
IKK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Copper found in Root (18 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Paeonol found in Root Essent. Oil
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Melatonin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Vanillin found in Root Essent. Oil
Verbascoside found in Root (74 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Inotropic
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Insecticide
Elemicin found in Root Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Insectifuge
Benzoic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Elemicin found in Root Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Guaiacol found in Root Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Oleic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root Essent. Oil
Insectiphile
Indole found in Root Essent. Oil
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Irritant
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Geranyl-acetone found in Root Essent. Oil
Guaiacol found in Root Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Oleic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root Essent. Oil
Vanillin found in Root Essent. Oil
JNK-Inhibitor
Chrysin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm);found in Stem
Juvabional
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Keratitigenic
Acetic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Larvicide
Elemicin found in Root Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Laxative
Calcium found in Root (10300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Lipolytic
Wogonin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Stem (2100 ppm);found in Root (7300 ppm);found in Plant
Lipotropic
Methionine found in Root
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Verbascoside found in Root (74 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Stearic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
MAO-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Chrysin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm);found in Stem
MAPK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Monoamine-Precursor
Phenylalanine found in Root
Mosquitofuge
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Motor-Depressant
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Isoeugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Maltol found in Root Essent. Oil
Motor-Stimulant
Isoeugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Mucogenic
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Mucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Musculotropic
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Mutagenic
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Chrysin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm);found in Stem
Myorelaxant
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Chrysin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm);found in Stem
Ligustilide found in Root Essent. Oil
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
NO-Genic
Arginine found in Root
Chrysin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm);found in Stem
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Nematicide
Decanoic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Indole found in Root Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Palmitic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root Essent. Oil
Nephrotoxic
Mercury found in Root (0.08 ppm)
Neuroexcitant
Aspartic-acid found in Root
Neurogenic
Beta-eudesmol found in Root Essent. Oil
Neuroinhibitor
Glycine found in Root
Neuroprotective
Baicalein found in Root (54000 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Baicalin found in Plant ;found in Root (206000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (43000 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Elemicin found in Root Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Glutamic-acid found in Root
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Nodulation-Signal
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Osteolytic
Acetic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Root
P21-Inducer
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
PKC-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Verbascoside found in Root (74 ppm)
PTK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Parasiticide
P-cresol found in Root Essent. Oil
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Perfumery
Acetic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Acetophenone found in Root Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Geranyl-acetone found in Root Essent. Oil
Indole found in Root Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Nonanoic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Octanoic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Oleic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Phenyl-acetaldehyde found in Root Essent. Oil
Stearic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Vanillin found in Root Essent. Oil
Pesticide
Acetic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Acetophenone found in Root Essent. Oil
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Arsenic found in Root (0.18 ppm)
Baicalein found in Root (54000 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Benzoic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Beta-eudesmol found in Root Essent. Oil
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Chrysin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm);found in Stem
Cnidilide found in Root Essent. Oil
Decanoic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Elemicin found in Root Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Ferruginol found in Root Essent. Oil
Guaiacol found in Root Essent. Oil
Indole found in Root Essent. Oil
Isoeugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Maltol found in Root Essent. Oil
N-hexacosane found in Root Essent. Oil
O-cresol found in Root Essent. Oil
Octanoic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
P-cresol found in Root Essent. Oil
Paeonol found in Root Essent. Oil
Palmitic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Phenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root Essent. Oil
Vanillin found in Root Essent. Oil
Verbascoside found in Root (74 ppm)
Wogonin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Stem (2100 ppm);found in Root (7300 ppm);found in Plant
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Phospholipase-A2-Inhibitor
Scutellarein found in Leaf (30 ppm);found in Root
Phytoalexin
Benzoic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Verbascoside found in Root (74 ppm)
Pituitary-Stimulant
Arginine found in Root
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Preservative
Sucrose found in Root
Progestational
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Progesteronigenic
Melatonin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Prooxidant
2,3-dihydrobenzofuran found in Root Essent. Oil
Iron found in Root (220 ppm)
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Propecic
Oleic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Palmitic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Stearic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Guaiacol found in Root Essent. Oil
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Protisticide
Acetic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Baicalin found in Plant ;found in Root (206000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (43000 ppm)
Radioprotective
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Chrysin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm);found in Stem
Renoirritant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root Essent. Oil
Roborant
Aspartic-acid found in Root
Rodenticide
O-cresol found in Root Essent. Oil
P-cresol found in Root Essent. Oil
Phenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Schistosomicide
Elemicin found in Root Essent. Oil
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Root (18 ppm)
Sedative
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Baicalin found in Plant ;found in Root (206000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (43000 ppm)
Beta-eudesmol found in Root Essent. Oil
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Isoeugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Maltol found in Root Essent. Oil
Paeonol found in Root Essent. Oil
Stigmasterol found in Root
Serotoninergic
Melatonin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Sialidase-Inhibitor
Baicalin found in Plant ;found in Root (206000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (43000 ppm)
Wogonin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Stem (2100 ppm);found in Root (7300 ppm);found in Plant
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Soporific
Acetophenone found in Root Essent. Oil
Spermicide
Acetic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root Essent. Oil
Spermigenic
Arginine found in Root
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Sunscreen
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Sweetener
Maltol found in Root Essent. Oil
Sucrose found in Root
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Termiticide
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Termitifuge
Chrysin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm);found in Stem
Ferruginol found in Root Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Testosterogenic
Chrysin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm);found in Stem
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Thrombolytic
Skullcapflavone-ii found in Root (863 ppm);found in Stem
Thyrotropic
Melatonin found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Chrysin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm);found in Stem
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Baicalein found in Root (54000 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Tracheorelaxant
Ligustilide found in Root Essent. Oil
Tranquilizer
Baicalin found in Plant ;found in Root (206000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (43000 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (10300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Transdermal
Guaiacol found in Root Essent. Oil
Tremorigenic
Phenylalanine found in Root
Trichomonicide
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Trichomonistat
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Isoeugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Triglycerigenic
Sucrose found in Root
Triglycerolytic
Baicalein found in Root (54000 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Baicalin found in Plant ;found in Root (206000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (43000 ppm)
Wogonin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Stem (2100 ppm);found in Root (7300 ppm);found in Plant
Trypsin-Enhancer
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Tumor-Promoter
Linalool found in Root Essent. Oil
Tumorigenic
Indole found in Root Essent. Oil
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Benzoic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Ulcerogenic
Acetic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Uricogenic
Sucrose found in Root
Uricosuric
Benzoic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Glycine found in Root
Urine-Acidifier
Methionine found in Root
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Uterotrophic
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
VEGF-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Chrysin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm);found in Stem
Varroacide
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Vasodilator
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Arginine found in Root
Baicalin found in Plant ;found in Root (206000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (43000 ppm)
Calcium found in Root (10300 ppm)
Chrysin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm);found in Stem
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Magnesium found in Root (7220 ppm)
Phenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Potassium found in Root (9120 ppm)
Vasorelaxant
Chrysin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm);found in Stem
Vermifuge
Eugenol found in Root Essent. Oil
Verrucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Vulnerary
Benzoic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Sucrose found in Root
Terpinen-4-ol found in Root Essent. Oil
Zinc found in Root (18 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Baicalein found in Root (54000 ppm);found in Stem (400 ppm)
Baicalin found in Plant ;found in Root (206000 ppm);found in Tissue Culture ;found in Stem (43000 ppm)
Chrysin found in Leaf (40 ppm);found in Root (800 ppm);found in Stem
iNOS-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf (60 ppm)

Search

Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(+)-5,5'-dimethoxylariciresinol Root 22
(-)-erodictyol Root 7
(2r,3r)-2',3,5,6',7-pentahydroxyflavonone Root
1-phenyl-butane-1,3-dione Root Essent. Oil
2',3',5,7-tetrahydroxyflavone Root 6.4
2',3,5,6',7-pentahydroxy-2(r),3(r)-flavanone Root 420
2',3,5,6',7-pentahydroxyflavanone Root 120
2',3,5,6',7-pentahydroxyflavone Root 10
2',3,5,6',7-pentamethoxyflavanone Root 674
2',5,5',7-tetrahydroxy-6',8-dimethoxyflavone Root 17 356
2',5,5',7-tetrahydroxyflavone Root 3.5
2',5,5'-trihydroxy-6,7,8-trimethoxyflavone Root 4
2',5,5'-trihydroxy-7,8-dimethoxyflavone Root
2',5,6',7-tetrahydroxy-2(s)-flavanone Root 380
2',5,6',7-tetrahydroxyflavanone Root
Stem
Stem
2',5,6',7-tetrahydroxyflavone Root
Root 60 128
2',5,6'-tetrahydroxyflavanone Root
2',5,6'-trihydroxy-7,8-dimethoxyflavone Root 7
2',5,7-trihydroxy-6',8-dimethoxyflavone Root 9
2',5,7-trihydroxy-6',8-trimethoxyflavone Root 7
2',5,7-trihydroxy-6'-methoxyflavone Root 4
2',5,7-trihydroxy-8-methoxyflavone Root 6
2',5,7-trihydroxyflavone Root 6
2',5,8-trihydroxy-6,7-dimethoxyflavone Root 200
2'-methylskullcapflavone Root
2(s),2',5,6',7-tetrahydroxyflavanone Root 230
2,2',4',6-tetrahydroxy-6'-methoxychalcone Root 5
2,3-dihydrobenzofuran Root Essent. Oil
2-formyl-pyrrole Root Essent. Oil
2-hydroxyacetophenone Root Essent. Oil
2-methyl-benzyl-alcohol Root Essent. Oil
2-pentyl-furan Root Essent. Oil
2-phenyl-butan-2-one Root Essent. Oil
2s-2',5,6',7-tetrahydroxyflavonone Root
3-phenyl-furan Root Essent. Oil
3-phenyl-prop-2-en-1-al Root Essent. Oil
4',5,7-trihydroxy-6-methoxy-flavanone Root 115
4',5,7-trihydroxy-8-methoxyflavone Root 20 30
4-ethenylguaiacol Root Essent. Oil
4-methoxy-acetophenone Root Essent. Oil
4-methoxy-benzaldehyde Root Essent. Oil
4-phenyl-but-cis-3-en-2-one Root Essent. Oil
4-phenyl-but-trans-3-en-2-one Root Essent. Oil
5,2',5'-trihydroxy-6,7,8-trimethoxyflavone Root
5,7,2',5'-tetrahydroxy-8,6'-dimethoxyflavone Root
5,7,2'-trihydroxy-8-methoxyflavone Root
5,7,2'-trihydroxyflavone Root
5,7-dihydroxy-6-methoxyflavone Root
5,8-dihydroxy-6,7-dimethoxyflavone Root 50
5-hydroxy-7,8-dimethoxyflavone Root 5
5-methyl-fur-2-aldehyde Root Essent. Oil
7-methoxy-baicalein Root
Acetic-acid Root Essent. Oil
Acetophenone Root Essent. Oil
Acetylpyrrole Root Essent. Oil
Alpha-cubebene Root Essent. Oil
Apigenin Leaf 60
Apigenin-7-o-glucuronide Leaf 40
Arginine Root
Arsenic Root 0.18
Aspartic-acid Root
Baicalein Root 1,000 54,000
Stem 400
Baicalein-7-o-beta-d-glucopyranoside Root 50
Baicalein-7-o-beta-d-glucoside Root
Baicalein-7-o-beta-o-d-glucopyranoside Root
Baicalein-7-o-glucoside Root
Baicalein-glucoside Stem
Tissue Culture
Baicalin Plant
Root 1,000 206,000
Tissue Culture
Stem 5,800 43,000
Baicalin-7-glucuronide Root
Baicalin-a Plant
Baicalin-glucuronide Root
Baicalin-methyl-ester Root 27
Baicalinase Root
Benzoic-acid Root Essent. Oil
Root
Benzyl-o-beta-d-apiofuranosyl-(1,2)-beta-d-glucopyranoside Root 13
Beta-damascone Root Essent. Oil
Beta-elemene Root Essent. Oil
Beta-eudesmol Root Essent. Oil
Beta-sitosterol Root
Buta-1,3-dienylbenzene Root Essent. Oil
Butylidene-phthalide Root Essent. Oil
Calcium Root 4,630 10,300
Campesterol Root
Carthamidin Leaf
Chrysin Leaf 40
Root 3 800
Stem
Chrysin-6-c-alpha-l-arabinoside-8-c-beta-d-glucoside Root 2,000
Chrysin-6-c-beta-d-glucoside Root
Chrysin-6-c-beta-d-glucoside-8-c-alpha-l-arabinoside Root 100
Chrysin-7-o-beta-d-glucoside Root 43
Chrysin-8-c-beta-d-glucoside Root 46
Cnidilide Root Essent. Oil
Copper Root 13 18
Cycloocta-1,3,5,7-tetraene Root Essent. Oil
D-glucose Root
Darendroside-a Root 16
Darendroside-b Root 18
Daucosterol Root
Decanoic-acid Root Essent. Oil
Dichlorooroxylin-a Tissue Culture
Dihydrobaicalin Root 5
Dihydrooroxylin Root
Dihydrooroxylin-a Root 9
Stem
Elemicin Root Essent. Oil
Eugenol Root Essent. Oil
Ferruginol Root Essent. Oil
Fluoride Root 3.5
Ganhuangenin Root
Geranyl-acetone Root Essent. Oil
Glutamic-acid Root
Glycine Root
Guaiacol Root Essent. Oil
Hedyotol-c-4''-o-beta-d-glucopyranoside Root 38
Hedyotol-d-4''-o-beta-d-glucopyranoside Root 32
Heptanoic-acid Root Essent. Oil
Hexahydrofarnesyl-acetone Root Essent. Oil
Hexano-4-lactone Root Essent. Oil
Huangqin Root
Indole Root Essent. Oil
Iron Root 170 220
Isocarthamidin Leaf
Isoeugenol Root Essent. Oil
Isomartynoside Root 23
Isoscutellarein Leaf 6
Isoscutellarein-8-o-glucuronide Leaf 30
Isowogonin Plant
Koganebanain Root
Leucine Root
Leucosceptoside-a Root 0.013
Ligustilide Root Essent. Oil
Linalool Root Essent. Oil
Lysine Root
Magnesium Root 7,170 7,220
Maltol Root Essent. Oil
Manganese Root 18 29
Melatonin Leaf 7
Mercury Root 0.08
Methionine Root
N-butylphthalide Root Essent. Oil
N-docosane Root Essent. Oil
N-dodecane Root Essent. Oil
N-eicosane Root Essent. Oil
N-heneicosane Root Essent. Oil
N-heptacosane Root Essent. Oil
N-heptadecane Root Essent. Oil
N-hexacosane Root Essent. Oil
N-hexadecane Root Essent. Oil
N-nonadecane Root Essent. Oil
N-octadecane Root Essent. Oil
N-pentacosane Root Essent. Oil
N-pentadecane Root Essent. Oil
N-tetracosane Root Essent. Oil
N-tetradecane Root Essent. Oil
N-tricosane Root Essent. Oil
N-tridecane Root Essent. Oil
Neobaicalein Plant
Root
Neocnidilide Root Essent. Oil
Nonanoic-acid Root Essent. Oil
Norwogonin Root 10
O-cresol Root Essent. Oil
Ochracin Root Essent. Oil
Octanoic-acid Root Essent. Oil
Oleic-acid Root Essent. Oil
Oroxylin Root
Oroxylin-a Plant
Stem
Root 110 415
Oroxylin-a-7-o-glucuronide Root 1,000 41,000
Oroxylin-a-7-o-glucuronide-methyl-ester Root 100
Oroxylin-a-glucuronide Root
Stem
P-cresol Root Essent. Oil
Paeonol Root Essent. Oil
Palmitic-acid Root Essent. Oil
Palmitic-acid-methyl-ester Root Essent. Oil
Phenol Root Essent. Oil
Phenyl-acetaldehyde Root Essent. Oil
Phenyl-ethyl-alcohol Root Essent. Oil
Phenylalanine Root
Phthalic-acid-dibutyl-ester Root Essent. Oil
Phthalic-acid-dioctyl-ester Root Essent. Oil
Potassium Root 6,200 9,120
Proline Root
Rivularin Root 50
Salidroside Root 8
Salvigenin Leaf 4
Scutebaicalin Shoot 184
Scutellarein Leaf 30
Root
Scutellarin Plant
Root
Senkyunolide Root Essent. Oil
Serine Root
Skullcapflavone-i Root
Skullcapflavone-ii Root 3.3 863
Stem
Sodium Root 740 991
Stearic-acid Root Essent. Oil
Stigmasterol Root
Sucrose Root
Syringaresinol-o-beta-d-glucoside Root 52
Terpinen-4-ol Root Essent. Oil
Tetradecanoic-acid Root Essent. Oil
Threonine Root
Trans-caryophyllene Root Essent. Oil
Vanillin Root Essent. Oil
Verbascoside Root 74
Viscidulin-iii Root 37
Viscidulin-iii-2'-o-beta-d-glucopyranoside Root 100
Wogonin Leaf 40
Stem 2,100
Root 34.7 7,300
Plant
Wogonin-5-beta-d-glucoside Root
Wogonin-7-o-beta-d-glucuronide Root
Wogonin-7-o-beta-d-glucuronide-methyl-ester Root
Wogonin-7-o-d-glucuronide Root
Wogonin-7-o-glucuronic-acid Tissue Culture
Wogonin-7-o-glucuronide Root 119 54,000
Stem 33,200
Wogonin-7-o-glucuronide-methyl-ester Root 30
Wogonin-glucuronide Root
Wogonoside Root 39,700
Zinc Root 17 18
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]