Saussurea lappa Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
costus
Saussurea lappa

Medical use

Economic importance of Saussurea lappa

Food additives flavoring
Materials esential oils
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Saussurea lappa Saussurea lappa Saussurea lappa Saussurea lappa Saussurea lappa Saussurea lappa Saussurea lappa Saussurea lappa Saussurea lappa Saussurea lappa Saussurea lappa Saussurea lappa

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: India - Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh; Pakistan
    Cultivated
    • Indian Subcontinent: India
    • Indo-China: Vietnam

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Palmitic-acid found in Root
ACE-Inhibitor
Myrcene found in Root Essent. Oil
Acidulant
Acetic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Hexanoic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Alcohol-Dehydrogenase-Inhibitor
Inulin found in Root (180000 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil
Myrcene found in Root Essent. Oil
Allelopathic
Camphene found in Root Essent. Oil
Allergenic
Alpha-ionone found in Root
Beta-ionone found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil
Costunolide found in Root
Myrcene found in Root Essent. Oil
Oleic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Analgesic
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil
Myrcene found in Root Essent. Oil
P-cymene found in Root Essent. Oil
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Root
AntiEBV
Lupeol found in Plant
AntiHIV
Betulin found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Tannin found in Root
Antiacetylcholinesterase
P-cymene found in Root Essent. Oil
Antiacne
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antialopecic
Oleic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Antiangiogenic
Costunolide found in Root
Lupeol found in Plant
Antiasthmatic
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil
Antibacillary
P-cymene found in Root Essent. Oil
Antibacterial
Acetic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Alpha-phellandrene found in Root Essent. Oil
Beta-ionone found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil
Costic-acid found in Root
Dehydrocostus-lactone found in Root
Myrcene found in Root Essent. Oil
P-cymene found in Root Essent. Oil
Tannin found in Root
Anticancer
Tannin found in Root
Anticarcinomic
Betulin found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Anticonvulsant
Myrcene found in Root Essent. Oil
Antidermatitic
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil
Antidiabetic
Inulin found in Root (180000 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Inulin found in Root (180000 ppm)
Tannin found in Root
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Root
Antiedemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Root Essent. Oil
Lupeol found in Plant
Taraxasterol found in Leaf (250 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Betulin found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Root Essent. Oil
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antifibrinolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Antiflu
Betulin found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Lupeol found in Plant
P-cymene found in Root Essent. Oil
Antigliomic
Beta-elemene found in Root
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antihepatotoxic
Stigmasterol found in Root
Tannin found in Root
Antihyperglycemic
Lupeol found in Plant
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antihypertensive
Tannin found in Root
Antileishmanic
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antileukotriene-D4
Oleic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Root
Antilithic
Lupeol found in Plant
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antimalarial
Lupeol found in Plant
Antimelanomic
Beta-ionone found in Root
Antimutagenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Costunolide found in Root
Dehydrocostus-lactone found in Root
Myrcene found in Root Essent. Oil
Tannin found in Root
Antinephritic
Tannin found in Root
Antinitrosaminic
Myrcene found in Root Essent. Oil
Antinociceptive
Myrcene found in Root Essent. Oil
Stigmasterol found in Root
Antionychyotic
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Root
Tannin found in Root
Antiotitic
Acetic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Antioxalate
Lupeol found in Plant
Antioxidant
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Camphene found in Root Essent. Oil
Lupeol found in Plant
Myrcene found in Root Essent. Oil
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Root
Tannin found in Root
Antiperoxidant
Lupeol found in Plant
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antiproliferant
Beta-elemene found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Lupeol found in Plant
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antipyretic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antiradicular
Tannin found in Root
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Root
Antirheumatalgic
P-cymene found in Root Essent. Oil
Antirheumatic
Lupeol found in Plant
Antisalmonella
Acetic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Antispasmodic
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil
Myrcene found in Root Essent. Oil
Saussurine found in Leaf (250 ppm);found in Root
Antistreptococcic
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil
Antitumor-Promoter
Tannin found in Root
Antitumor
Alpha-humulene found in Root Essent. Oil
Beta-ionone found in Root
Betulin found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Root Essent. Oil
Costunolide found in Root
Lupeol found in Plant
Tannin found in Root
Antiulcer
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil
Tannin found in Root
Antiurethrotic
Lupeol found in Plant
Antivaginitic
Acetic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Antiviral
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Betulin found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Lupeol found in Plant
P-cymene found in Root Essent. Oil
Stigmasterol found in Root
Tannin found in Root
Aphidifuge
Betulin found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Apoptotic
Beta-elemene found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Root
Bifidogenic
Inulin found in Root (180000 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Root Essent. Oil
Cancer-Preventive
Beta-ionone found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Cedrene found in Root Essent. Oil
Oleic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Stigmasterol found in Root
Tannin found in Root
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil
Octanoic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Carcinogenic
Tannin found in Root
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Chelator
Tannin found in Root
Chemopreventive
Myrcene found in Root Essent. Oil
Choleretic
Oleic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Root
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
Beta-ionone found in Root
Cytotoxic
Betulin found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Lupeol found in Plant
Dermal
Alpha-phellandrene found in Root Essent. Oil
Dermatitigenic
Costunolide found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Diuretic
Friedelin found in Root Essent. Oil
Emetic
Alpha-phellandrene found in Root Essent. Oil
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Root
Expectorant
Acetic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Camphene found in Root Essent. Oil
Inulin found in Root (180000 ppm)
FLavor
Alpha-phellandrene found in Root Essent. Oil
Camphene found in Root Essent. Oil
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil
Hexanoic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Myrcene found in Root Essent. Oil
Octanoic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Oleic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
P-cymene found in Root Essent. Oil
Palmitic-acid found in Root
FPTase-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Plant
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Fungicide
Acetic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Alpha-phellandrene found in Root Essent. Oil
Beta-ionone found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Root Essent. Oil
Myrcene found in Root Essent. Oil
Octanoic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
P-cymene found in Root Essent. Oil
Gastroprotective
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil
Gastrostimulant
Inulin found in Root (180000 ppm)
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Root
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Tannin found in Root
Herbicide
P-cymene found in Root Essent. Oil
Hypercholesterolemic
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Hyperthermic
Phellandrene found in Root (280 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-ionone found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Inulin found in Root (180000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Stigmasterol found in Root
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Inulin found in Root (180000 ppm)
Hypolipemic
Betulin found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Hypothermic
Myrcene found in Root Essent. Oil
Immunostimulant
Inulin found in Root (180000 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Root
Insecticide
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Root Essent. Oil
Irritant
Alpha-phellandrene found in Root Essent. Oil
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil
Myrcene found in Root Essent. Oil
Oleic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
P-cymene found in Root Essent. Oil
Phellandrene found in Root (280 ppm)
Keratitigenic
Acetic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Larvicide
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil
Laxative
Alpha-phellandrene found in Root Essent. Oil
Inulin found in Root (180000 ppm)
P-cymene found in Root Essent. Oil
Lipolytic
Inulin found in Root (180000 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Root
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Root
MAO-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Root
Mosquitocide
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil
Mucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Myorelaxant
Myrcene found in Root Essent. Oil
Nematicide
Beta-ionone found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Root
Osteolytic
Acetic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Root
P450-1A-Inducer
Alpha-ionone found in Root
P450-2B-Inducer
Alpha-ionone found in Root
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Myrcene found in Root Essent. Oil
P450-Inducer
Beta-ionone found in Root
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Perfume
Alpha-ionone found in Root
Perfumery
Acetic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Alpha-humulene found in Root Essent. Oil
Alpha-phellandrene found in Root Essent. Oil
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil
Cedrol found in Root Essent. Oil
Myrcene found in Root Essent. Oil
Octanoic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Oleic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Pesticide
Acetic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Alpha-phellandrene found in Root Essent. Oil
Beta-ionone found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Camphene found in Root Essent. Oil
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil
Caryophyllene-oxide found in Root Essent. Oil
Cedrol found in Root Essent. Oil
Costic-acid found in Root
Costunolide found in Root
Dehydrocostus-lactone found in Root
Lupeol found in Plant
Myrcene found in Root Essent. Oil
Octanoic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
P-cymene found in Root Essent. Oil
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Tannin found in Root
Phytohormonal
Dehydrocostus-lactone found in Root
Prebiotic
Inulin found in Root (180000 ppm)
Probiotic
Inulin found in Root (180000 ppm)
Probiotigenic
Inulin found in Root (180000 ppm)
Propecic
Oleic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Betulin found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Protisticide
Acetic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Root
Schistosomicide
Costunolide found in Root
Sedative
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil
P-cymene found in Root Essent. Oil
Stigmasterol found in Root
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Spasmogenic
Camphene found in Root Essent. Oil
Phellandrene found in Root (280 ppm)
Spermicide
Acetic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Plant
Termiticide
Cedrol found in Root Essent. Oil
Termitifuge
Caryophyllene found in Root Essent. Oil
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Betulin found in Root Essent. Oil ;found in Root
Trematodicide
Costunolide found in Root
Tremorigenic
Alpha-ionone found in Root
Trichomonicide
Beta-ionone found in Root
P-cymene found in Root Essent. Oil
Tumor-Promoter
Phellandrene found in Root (280 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Ulcerogenic
Acetic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
VEGF-Inhibitor
Costunolide found in Root
Verrucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Root

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(e)-9-isopropyl-6-methyldeca-5,9-dien-2-one Plant
(z,z,z)-1,8,11,14-heptadecatetraene Root
12-methoxy-dihydrocostunolide Root
22-dihydrostigmasterol Root
3-isopropylpentanoic-acid Root Essent. Oil
3-methyl-butyric-acid Root Essent. Oil
4-ethyloctanoic-acid Root Essent. Oil
7-octenoic-acid Root Essent. Oil
Acetic-acid Root Essent. Oil
Alkaloids Root 500
Alpha-amorphenic-acid Root Essent. Oil
Alpha-amyrin-stearate Plant
Alpha-costene Root Essent. Oil 180 4,200
Alpha-humulene Root Essent. Oil
Alpha-ionone Root
Alpha-phellandrene Root Essent. Oil
Aplotaxene Root 600 14,000
Beta-amyrin-stearate Plant
Beta-costene Root Essent. Oil 180 4,200
Beta-elemene Root
Beta-ionone Root
Beta-selinine Root
Beta-sitosterol Root
Betulin Root Essent. Oil
Root
Camphene Root Essent. Oil
Caryophyllene Root Essent. Oil
Caryophyllene-oxide Root Essent. Oil
Cedrene Root Essent. Oil
Cedrol Root Essent. Oil
Cis-dihydroionone Root
Costic-acid Root
Costol Root 210 4,900
Costunolide Root
Costus-acid Root 420 9,800
Costus-lactone Root 330 7,700
Dehydrocostus-lactone Root
Dihydro-dehydrocostus-lactone Root
Dihydroaplotaxene Root Essent. Oil
Dihydrocostunolide Root
Dihydrocostus-lactone Plant
Root 450 10,500
Eo Root 15,000 70,000
Fat Root 180,000
Friedelin Root Essent. Oil
Guaia-3,9,11-triene-12-acid Root Essent. Oil
Heptanoic-acid Root Essent. Oil
Hexanoic-acid Root Essent. Oil
Inulin Root 180,000
Isozaluzanin Plant
Kushtin Plant
Lactones Root 7,500 8,250
Linalol Root Essent. Oil
Lupeol Plant
Myrcene Root Essent. Oil
Naphthaline Root Essent. Oil
Octanoic-acid Root Essent. Oil
Oleic-acid Root Essent. Oil
P-cymene Root Essent. Oil
Palmitic-acid Root
Pentadec-1-ene Root Essent. Oil
Phellandrene Root 10 280
Resinoids Root 60,000
Saussurine Leaf 250
Root
Stigmasterol Root
Tannin Root
Taraxasterol Leaf 250
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]