Sarracenia flava Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
trumpetleaf trumpets umbrella-trumpets yellow pitcherplant

Sarracenia flava, the yellow pitcher plant, is a carnivorous plant in the family Sarraceniaceae. Like all the Sarraceniaceae, it is native to the New World. Its range extends from southern Alabama, through Florida and Georgia, to the coastal plains of southern Virginia, North Carolina and South Carolina. Populations also exist in the Piedmont and mountains of North Carolina. Like other members of the genus Sarracenia, the yellow pitcher plant traps insects using a rolled leaf, which in this species is a vibrant yellow in color, and up to over a meter in height. The uppermost part of the leaf is flared into a lid, which prevents excess rain from entering the pitcher and diluting the digestive secretions within. The upper regions of the pitcher are covered in short, stiff, downwards-pointing hairs, which serve to guide insects alighting on the upper portions of the leaf towards the opening of the pitcher tube. The upper regions are also brightly patterned with flower-like anthocyanin markings, particularly in the varieties S. flava var. rugelii and S. flava var. ornata: these markings also serve to attract insect prey.

Sarracenia flava

Medical use

Gallery

Sarracenia flava Sarracenia flava Sarracenia flava Sarracenia flava Sarracenia flava Sarracenia flava Sarracenia flava Sarracenia flava Sarracenia flava Sarracenia flava Sarracenia flava Sarracenia flava Sarracenia flava

Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama , Florida, Georgia , North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Astragalin found in Leaf
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Astragalin found in Leaf
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Allelochemic
O-cresol found in Essential Oil
Allergenic
Benzyl-alcohol found in Essential Oil
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Analgesic
Alpha-amyrin found in Root (600 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (50 ppm)
Anesthetic
Benzyl-alcohol found in Essential Oil
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (50 ppm)
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (50 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Betulinic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot ;found in Root
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
AntiEBV
Lupeol found in Root
AntiHIV
Betulin found in Root ;found in Shoot
Betulinic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot ;found in Root
Antiacne
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (50 ppm)
Antiaging
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (50 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Lupeol found in Root
Antiasthmatic
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Antiatherosclerotic
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Antibacterial
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (50 ppm)
Betulinic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot ;found in Root
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Anticancer
Betulinic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot ;found in Root
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Anticapillary-Fragility
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Anticarcinomic
Betulin found in Root ;found in Shoot
Betulinic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot ;found in Root
Anticariogenic
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Antidermatitic
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Antidiuretic
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Antiedemic
Alpha-amyrin found in Root (600 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (50 ppm)
Betulinic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot ;found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Lupeol found in Root
Antielastase
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (50 ppm)
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (50 ppm)
Betulin found in Root ;found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (50 ppm)
Antiflu
Betulin found in Root ;found in Shoot
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Root
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (50 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Antihyperglycemic
Lupeol found in Root
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (50 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-amyrin found in Root (600 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (50 ppm)
Betulin found in Root ;found in Shoot
Betulinic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot ;found in Root
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Root
Antiischemic
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Antileishmanic
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Antileukemic
Astragalin found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (50 ppm)
Betulinic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot ;found in Root
Antilithic
Lupeol found in Root
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (50 ppm)
Antimalarial
Betulinic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot ;found in Root
Humulene found in Essential Oil
Lupeol found in Root
Antimelanomic
Betulinic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot ;found in Root
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Antimutagenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (50 ppm)
O-cresol found in Essential Oil
Antinociceptive
Alpha-amyrin found in Root (600 ppm)
Betulinic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot ;found in Root
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Antiodontalgic
Benzyl-alcohol found in Essential Oil
Antionychyotic
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (50 ppm)
Antioxalate
Lupeol found in Root
Antioxidant
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (50 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Root
Antiperoxidant
Lupeol found in Root
Antiplaque
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Antiplasmodial
Betulinic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot ;found in Root
Humulene found in Essential Oil
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (50 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (50 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Lupeol found in Root
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (50 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (50 ppm)
Antipruritic
Benzyl-alcohol found in Essential Oil
Antipyretic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (50 ppm)
Antiradicular
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Antirheumatic
Lupeol found in Root
Antiseptic
Benzyl-alcohol found in Essential Oil
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
O-cresol found in Essential Oil
Antispasmodic
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Antistaphylococcic
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Antistreptococcic
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Antitumor
Alpha-amyrin found in Root (600 ppm)
Betulin found in Root ;found in Shoot
Betulinic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot ;found in Root
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Lupeol found in Root
Antitussive
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Antiulcer
Alpha-amyrin found in Root (600 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Antiurethrotic
Lupeol found in Root
Antiviral
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (50 ppm)
Betulin found in Root ;found in Shoot
Betulinic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot ;found in Root
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Root
Antiwrinkle
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Aphidifuge
Betulin found in Root ;found in Shoot
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (50 ppm)
Betulinic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot ;found in Root
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (50 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Eugenol-methyl-ether found in Essential Oil
Calcium-Antagonist
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Cancer-Preventive
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (50 ppm)
Eugenol-methyl-ether found in Essential Oil
Hyperoside found in Leaf
O-cresol found in Essential Oil
P-methoxy-phenol found in Essential Oil
Candidicide
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (50 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Capillarifortificant
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Capillarigenic
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Carminative
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (50 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Activator
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Cytotoxic
Alpha-amyrin found in Root (600 ppm)
Betulin found in Root ;found in Shoot
Betulinic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot ;found in Root
Lupeol found in Root
DNA-Binder
Eugenol-methyl-ether found in Essential Oil
Diuretic
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Emetic
Coniine found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (1 ppm)
Enterorelaxant
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (50 ppm)
Expectorant
Astragalin found in Leaf
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
FLavor
Benzyl-alcohol found in Essential Oil
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Phenyl-acetaldehyde found in Essential Oil
FPTase-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Root
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (50 ppm)
Fungicide
Benzyl-alcohol found in Essential Oil
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Gastroprotective
Alpha-amyrin found in Root (600 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (50 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Alpha-amyrin found in Root (600 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (50 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Herbicide
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (50 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (50 ppm)
Hypolipemic
Betulin found in Root ;found in Shoot
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (50 ppm)
Hypotensive
Astragalin found in Leaf
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Root
Hypothermic
Eugenol-methyl-ether found in Essential Oil
Immunostimulant
Astragalin found in Leaf
Insectifuge
Alpha-amyrin found in Root (600 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Irritant
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Larvicide
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Mosquitocide
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Myorelaxant
Eugenol-methyl-ether found in Essential Oil
Nematicide
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Paralytic
Coniine found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Leaf (1 ppm)
Perfumery
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Phenyl-acetaldehyde found in Essential Oil
Pesticide
Benzyl-alcohol found in Essential Oil
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (50 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Root
O-cresol found in Essential Oil
Phospholipase-A2-Inhibitor
Betulinic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot ;found in Root
Prostaglandin-Inhibitor
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Betulin found in Root ;found in Shoot
Betulinic-acid found in Flower ;found in Shoot ;found in Root
Rodenticide
O-cresol found in Essential Oil
Sedative
Benzyl-alcohol found in Essential Oil
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Spasmogenic
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (50 ppm)
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Root
Termitifuge
Caryophyllene found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Tissue-Thromboplastin-Inhibitor
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Betulin found in Root ;found in Shoot
Tracheorelaxant
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Transdermal
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil
Trichomonicide
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (50 ppm)
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root (50 ppm)
Vermifuge
Carvacrol found in Leaf Essent. Oil ;found in Essential Oil
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Hyperoside found in Leaf
cAMP-Inhibitor
Hyperoside found in Leaf

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
1,1,3-trimethyl-p-3-phenylindan Essential Oil
1-methyl-2-ethyl-benzene Essential Oil
1-methyl-3-ethyl-benzene Essential Oil
1-methyl-4-ethyl-benzene Essential Oil
2,4-dimethyl-hepta-2,4-dienal Essential Oil
2-phenylethanol Leaf Essent. Oil
Essential Oil
3,5-dimethyl-methylbenzoate Essential Oil
Acetyl-naphthalene Essential Oil
Alpha-amyrin Root 600
Astragalin Leaf
Benzothiazole Essential Oil
Benzyl-alcohol Essential Oil
Beta-pinene Essential Oil
Beta-sitosterol Root 50
Betulin Root
Shoot
Betulinaldehyde Shoot
Betulinic-acid Flower
Shoot
Root
Carvacrol Leaf Essent. Oil
Essential Oil
Caryophyllene Leaf Essent. Oil
Essential Oil
Coniine Leaf Essent. Oil
Leaf 1
Eo Flower 180
Shoot
Eugenol-methyl-ether Essential Oil
Foeniculin Leaf
Hex-3-ene-1-ol Essential Oil
Humulene Essential Oil
Hydroxy-phenylbenzene Essential Oil
Hyperoside Leaf
Lupeol Root
M-xylene Essential Oil
Methylcyclohexanone Essential Oil
N-heptadecane Essential Oil
N-hexadecane Leaf Essent. Oil
Essential Oil
N-pentadecane Essential Oil
N-tridecane Essential Oil
N-undecane Essential Oil
Nonan-1-al Essential Oil
O-cresol Essential Oil
O-xylene Essential Oil
P-methoxy-phenol Essential Oil
P-tolualdehyde Leaf Essent. Oil
Essential Oil
Phenyl-acetaldehyde Essential Oil
Sarracenin Root 32
Shoot
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]