Santolina chamaecyparissus Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
lavender-cotton

Santolina chamaecyparissus syn. S. incana is a species of flowering plant in the family Asteraceae, native to the western and central Mediterranean.

Santolina chamaecyparissus

Medical use

Economic importance of Santolina chamaecyparissus

Environmental ornamental
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Santolina chamaecyparissus Santolina chamaecyparissus Santolina chamaecyparissus Santolina chamaecyparissus Santolina chamaecyparissus Santolina chamaecyparissus Santolina chamaecyparissus

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Naturalized
    • Western Asia: Turkey
    • Caucasus: Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Southeastern Europe: Croatia; Italy
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Spain
    Naturalized
    • East Europe: Moldova; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Montenegro
    Adventive
    • Northern Europe: United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Belgium; Poland; Switzerland
    • Southeastern Europe: Greece - Crete
    • Southwestern Europe: Portugal
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Massachusetts
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Arkansas, Georgia, Louisiana, North Carolina, South Carolina
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Myrcene found in Plant
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Plant
Acaricide
Limonene found in Plant
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Myrcene found in Plant
Nepetin found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Pectolinarigenin found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Allelochemic
Catechin found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Allelopathic
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
O-coumaric-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Allergenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Myrcene found in Plant
Pinene found in Plant
Analgesic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Myrcene found in Plant
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Root
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
AntiHIV
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Tannin found in Root
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Limonene found in Plant
Antiacne
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Antiadenomic
Limonene found in Plant
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiaggregant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Catechin found in Plant
Hispidulin found in Plant
Antiaging
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antialcoholic
Catechin found in Plant
Antiallergic
Luteolin found in Plant
Antiangiogenic
Luteolin found in Plant
Antiarthritic
Catechin found in Plant
Antiasthmatic
Limonene found in Plant
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Antibacterial
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Catechin found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Myrcene found in Plant
O-coumaric-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Pinene found in Plant
Tannin found in Root
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Anticancer
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Tannin found in Root
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Anticarcinomic
Luteolin found in Plant
Anticariogenic
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Catechin found in Plant
Tannin found in Root
Anticataract
Luteolin found in Plant
Nepetin found in Plant
Anticlastogen
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Anticomplementary
Luteolin found in Plant
Anticonvulsant
Myrcene found in Plant
Antidepressant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antidermatic
Luteolin found in Plant
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Root
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Root
Antiedemic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Catechin found in Plant
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiendotoxic
Catechin found in Plant
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Plant
Antiestrogenic
Luteolin found in Plant
Antifatigue
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antifeedant
Catechin found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Antifertility
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Antiflu
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Catechin found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antihepatitic
Catechin found in Plant
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antihepatotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Catechin found in Plant
Hispidulin found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Root
Antiherpetic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Catechin found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Antihistaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Catechin found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antihyperlipidemic
Catechin found in Plant
Antihypertensive
Tannin found in Root
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Catechin found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antileukemic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Catechin found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Root
Antilipoperoxidant
Catechin found in Plant
Antilithic
Limonene found in Plant
Antilymphomic
Limonene found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antimelanomic
Luteolin found in Plant
Antimutagenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Myrcene found in Plant
Tannin found in Root
Antinephritic
Tannin found in Root
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Myrcene found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Antinociceptive
Luteolin found in Plant
Myrcene found in Plant
Antiobesity
Limonene found in Plant
Antiophidic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Root
Antiosteotic
Catechin found in Plant
Antioxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Catechin found in Plant
Hispidulin found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Myrcene found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Root
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antiperiodontal
Catechin found in Plant
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Hispidulin found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antiplaque
Catechin found in Plant
Antipolio
Luteolin found in Plant
Antiproliferant
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Antiprostaglandin
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Catechin found in Plant
Antiradicular
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Catechin found in Plant
Hispidulin found in Plant
Tannin found in Root
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Root
Antisclerodermic
Catechin found in Plant
Antiseptic
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Pinene found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antisickling
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antispasmodic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Myrcene found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Patuletin found in Plant
Pinene found in Plant
Antistaphylococcic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Root
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antitumor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Hispidulin found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Nepetin found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Root
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antitussive
Luteolin found in Plant
Antiulcer
Catechin found in Plant
Tannin found in Root
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiviral
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Catechin found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Tannin found in Root
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Aphidifuge
Luteolin found in Plant
Apoptotic
Limonene found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Ascaricide
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Astringent
Catechin found in Plant
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Plant
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
COMP-Inhibitor
Catechin found in Plant
COX-1-Inhibitor
Catechin found in Plant
COX-2-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Calcium-Antagonist
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Cancer-Preventive
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Catechin found in Plant
Hispidulin found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Pectolinarigenin found in Plant
Tannin found in Root
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Candidistat
Limonene found in Plant
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Catechin found in Plant
Tannin found in Root
Chelator
Tannin found in Root
Chemopreventive
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Myrcene found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Patuletin found in Plant
Choleretic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Plant
Cicatrizant
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Convulsant
Pinene found in Plant
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Catechin found in Plant
Tannin found in Root
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cytotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Detoxicant
Limonene found in Plant
Differentiator
Luteolin found in Plant
Diuretic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Plant
Pinene found in Plant
Estrogenic
Luteolin found in Plant
Expectorant
Limonene found in Plant
Pinene found in Plant
FLavor
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Myrcene found in Plant
Fungicide
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Catechin found in Plant
Myrcene found in Plant
O-coumaric-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Pinene found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Plant
Fungistat
Limonene found in Plant
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Plant
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Root
Hemostat
Catechin found in Plant
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Hepatoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Catechin found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Tannin found in Root
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Herbicide
Limonene found in Plant
Pinene found in Plant
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Histaminic
Limonene found in Plant
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Hyperthermic
Phellandrene found in Plant
Hypothermic
Myrcene found in Plant
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
IKK-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Immunomodulator
Limonene found in Plant
Immunostimulant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Catechin found in Plant
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Root
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Insecticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Insectifuge
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Myrcene found in Plant
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Irritant
Limonene found in Plant
Myrcene found in Plant
Phellandrene found in Plant
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Plant
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Catechin found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Root
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
MAO-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Root
MAPK-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Mosquitofuge
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Motor-Depressant
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Myorelaxant
Limonene found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Myrcene found in Plant
NEP-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
NO-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Nematicide
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Tannin found in Root
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Myrcene found in Plant
PTK-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Plant
Pesticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Catechin found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Myrcene found in Plant
O-coumaric-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Pinene found in Plant
Tannin found in Root
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Plant
Proliferant
Luteolin found in Plant
Propecic
Catechin found in Plant
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Prostaglandin-Synthetase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Root
Sedative
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Spasmogenic
Phellandrene found in Plant
Pinene found in Plant
Succinoxidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Termiticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Transdermal
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Tumor-Promoter
Phellandrene found in Plant
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Ubiquiot
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
VEGF-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant
Vasodilator
Luteolin found in Plant
Vulnerary
Alpha-terpineol found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Catechin found in Plant
Luteolin found in Plant
Nepetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Root
iNOS-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]