Sambucus racemosa Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
American red elder black-bead elder European red elder Pacific red elder red elderberry red-berry elder scarlet elder stinking elder

Sambucus racemosa subsp. racemosa is a subspecies of Sambucus racemosa L. It is native to: Albania; Armenia; Austria; Belgium; Bulgaria; Czech Republic; France; Germany; Hungary; Italy; the Netherlands; Poland; Romania; Spain; Switzerland; and the states of what had been Yugoslavia. This particular trinomial name was automatically created by the subsequent discoveries of other subspecies within the binomial name; it is used to set it apart as the original species. Trinomials such as this are called autonyms.

Sambucus racemosa

Medical use

Economic importance of Sambucus racemosa

Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

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Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Caucasus: Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Eastern Siberia, Western Siberia
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Far East, Kurile Islands
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu , Shikoku; Korea
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czechoslovakia; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Belarus; Russian Federation - European part
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece; Italy; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Spain
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Subarctic America: United States - Alaska
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec
    • Western Canada: Canada - British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, Missouri, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, Idaho, Oregon, Washington
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah

Biological activities

Anthelmintic
Betulinic-acid found in Bark
AntiHIV
Betulin found in Bark
Betulinic-acid found in Bark
Antibacterial
Betulinic-acid found in Bark
Anticancer
Betulinic-acid found in Bark
Anticarcinomic
Betulin found in Bark
Betulinic-acid found in Bark
Antiedemic
Betulinic-acid found in Bark
Antifeedant
Betulin found in Bark
Antiflu
Betulin found in Bark
Antiinflammatory
Betulin found in Bark
Betulinic-acid found in Bark
Antileukemic
Betulinic-acid found in Bark
Antimalarial
Betulinic-acid found in Bark
Antimelanomic
Betulinic-acid found in Bark
Antinociceptive
Betulinic-acid found in Bark
Antiplasmodial
Betulinic-acid found in Bark
Antitumor
Betulin found in Bark
Betulinic-acid found in Bark
Antiviral
Betulin found in Bark
Betulinic-acid found in Bark
Aphidifuge
Betulin found in Bark
Apoptotic
Betulinic-acid found in Bark
Cytotoxic
Betulin found in Bark
Betulinic-acid found in Bark
Hypolipemic
Betulin found in Bark
Phospholipase-A2-Inhibitor
Betulinic-acid found in Bark
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Betulin found in Bark
Betulinic-acid found in Bark
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Betulin found in Bark

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Betulin Bark
Betulinic-acid Bark
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]