Ruta graveolens Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
common rue rue
Ruta graveolens

Medical use

Economic importance of Ruta graveolens

Food additives flavoring
Environmental ornamental
Materials esential oils
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

Ruta graveolens Ruta graveolens Ruta graveolens Ruta graveolens Ruta graveolens Ruta graveolens Ruta graveolens Ruta graveolens Ruta graveolens Ruta graveolens Ruta graveolens Ruta graveolens Ruta graveolens Ruta graveolens Ruta graveolens

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Naturalized
    • Africa
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • East Europe: Ukraine - Krym
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil
Stearic-acid found in Seed Oil
5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Plant
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Abortifacient
Arborinine found in Plant
Graveolinine found in Plant
Skimmianine found in Plant
Acaricide
Limonene found in Plant
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Adrenostimulant
Skimmianine found in Plant
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Herniarin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Allergenic
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Herniarin found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Methyl-salicylate found in Essential Oil
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil
Quercetin found in Plant
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Essential Oil
Phenol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant
Skimmianine found in Plant
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil
Anesthetic
Guaiacol found in Plant
Phenol found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Anthelmintic
2-undecanone found in Plant (6300 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Plant
AntiHIV
Quercetin found in Plant
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Phenol found in Plant
AntiPMS
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Limonene found in Plant
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antiadenomic
Limonene found in Plant
Antiadrenergic
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antiaflatoxin
Quercetin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Plant
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Bergapten found in Plant
Dictamnine found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Herniarin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiandrogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil
Antiangiogenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiapertif
Bergapten found in Plant
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Antiappetant
Isopimpinellin found in Plant
Antiarrhythmic
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antiatherogenic
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Antibacterial
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Anisic-acid found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Dictamnine found in Plant
Guaiacol found in Plant
Herniarin found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Leaf
Phenol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Plant
Antibronchoconstrictor
Scopoletin found in Plant
Anticancer
Limonene found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Anticapillary-Fragility
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Daphnoretin found in Root
Anticariogenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Anticholinergic
Scopoletin found in Plant
Anticlastogen
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Plant
Anticonvulsant
Bergapten found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Skimmianine found in Plant
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Psoralen found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antidermatitic
Guaiacol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Plant
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Antidiuretic
Skimmianine found in Plant
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Guaiacol found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Antielastase
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiesophagitic
Guaiacol found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Antiestrogenic
Byakangelicin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiexudative
Arborinine found in Plant
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Isopimpinellin found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Plant
Antifertility
Chalepensin found in Root
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil
Antifibromyalgic
Malic-acid found in Leaf
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Plant
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Antigonadotropic
Byakangelicin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Antihemorrhoidal
Phenol found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Arborinine found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Bergapten found in Plant
Byakangelicin found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Plant
Antihydrocoele
Phenol found in Plant
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Antiincontinence
Phenol found in Plant
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Arborinine found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Bergapten found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Isopimpinellin found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Methyl-salicylate found in Essential Oil
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Plant
Antijet-lag
Bergapten found in Plant
Antikeratotic
Xanthotoxin found in Plant
Antileishmanic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Antileucodermic
Xanthotoxin found in Plant
Antileukemic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antileukodermic
Bergapten found in Plant
Psoralen found in Plant
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil
Antileukotriene
Quercetin found in Plant
Antileukotrienogenic
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antilipogenic
Byakangelicin found in Plant
Isopimpinellin found in Plant
Antilipoperoxidant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Antilymphomic
Limonene found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Plant
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Antimalarial
Arborinine found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Skimmianine found in Plant
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Antimetastatic
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Antimitotic
Bergapten found in Plant
Isopimpinellin found in Plant
Psoralen found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Plant
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Psoralen found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Plant
Antimycotic
Xanthotoxin found in Plant
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antinephritic
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Antionychogryphotic
Phenol found in Plant
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Antiotitic
Phenol found in Plant
Antioxidant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Essential Oil
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil
Phenol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiperoxidant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipityriasic
Xanthotoxin found in Plant
Antiplaque
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiplasmodial
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiplatelet
Bergapten found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipolio
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antiprostaglandin
Scopoletin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiprostatitic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Phenol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Antipruritic
Xanthotoxin found in Plant
Antipsoriac
Bergapten found in Plant
Psoralen found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Plant
Antipurpuric
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Essential Oil
Skimmianine found in Plant
Antipyruvetic
Phenol found in Plant
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Essential Oil
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Antirheumatalgic
Methyl-salicylate found in Essential Oil
Antirheumatic
Anisic-acid found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Anisic-acid found in Plant
Antiscleromyxoedemic
Xanthotoxin found in Plant
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Malic-acid found in Leaf
Antiseptic
2-nonanone found in Plant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Anisic-acid found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Guaiacol found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Leaf
Methyl-salicylate found in Essential Oil
Phenol found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Antisinusitic
Phenol found in Plant
Antispasmodic
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Arborinine found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Bergapten found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Graveolinine found in Plant
Herniarin found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Psoralen found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutamarin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Skimmianine found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Plant
Antispastic
Phenol found in Plant
Antistaphylococcic
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Herniarin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Antisunburn
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Antitartar
Methyl-salicylate found in Essential Oil
Antithiamin
Quercetin found in Plant
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antithrombogenic
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Antithyroid
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Antitubercular
Isopimpinellin found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Leaf
Psoralen found in Plant
Antituberculic
Guaiacol found in Plant
Antitumor-Promoter
Psoralen found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Plant
Antitumor
Bergapten found in Plant
Daphnoretin found in Root
Limonene found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Leaf
Psoralen found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutamarin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Antivaricose
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Dictamnine found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Phenol found in Plant
Psoralen found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Antivitiligic
Xanthotoxin found in Plant
Antiwrinkle
Phenol found in Plant
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Artemicide
Psoralen found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Plant
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Bacteriophagicide
Psoralen found in Plant
Bacteristat
Malic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Plant
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Plant
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Plant
Bronchorelaxant
Scopoletin found in Plant
Bruchiphobe
Malic-acid found in Leaf
Bufocide
Xanthotoxin found in Plant
CNS-Depressant
Bergapten found in Plant
Helioxanthin found in Plant
Phenol found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant
Skimmianine found in Plant
CNS-Stimulant
Scopoletin found in Plant
Skimmianine found in Plant
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
COX-2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Bergapten found in Plant
Byakangelicin found in Plant
Isopimpinellin found in Plant
Psoralen found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Plant
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Plant
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Bergapten found in Plant
Isopimpinellin found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Methyl-salicylate found in Essential Oil
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil
Phenol found in Plant
Psoralen found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Plant
Candidicide
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Herniarin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Skimmianine found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Candidistat
Limonene found in Plant
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Bergapten found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Phenol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Cardiodepressant
Guaiacol found in Plant
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Dictamnine found in Plant
Guaiacol found in Plant
Carminative
Methyl-salicylate found in Essential Oil
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Limonene found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Cholagogue
Herniarin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant
Choleretic
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil
Scopoletin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Plant
Clastogenic
Bergapten found in Plant
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Contraceptive
Psoralen found in Plant
Copper-Chelator
Quercetin found in Plant
Cosmetic
Stearic-acid found in Seed Oil
Counterirritant
Methyl-salicylate found in Essential Oil
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Cytoprotective
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Psoralen found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutamarin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Plant
DME-Inhibitor
Bergapten found in Plant
DNA-Binder
Dictamnine found in Plant
DNA-Inhibitor
Rutamarin found in Plant
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Dentifrice
Methyl-salicylate found in Essential Oil
Dermal
Guaiacol found in Plant
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil
Xanthotoxin found in Plant
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Plant
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Isopimpinellin found in Plant
Ecbolic
Arborinine found in Plant
Graveolinine found in Plant
Skimmianine found in Plant
Emetic
Guaiacol found in Plant
Phenol found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Plant
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Plant
Estrogenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Expectorant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Guaiacol found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
FLavor
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Ethyl-valerate found in Essential Oil
Guaiacol found in Plant
Isovaleric-acid found in Leaf
Limonene found in Plant
Methyl-salicylate found in Essential Oil
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil
Propionic-acid found in Leaf
Stearic-acid found in Seed Oil
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Fungicide
Dictamnine found in Plant
Herniarin found in Plant
Isopimpinellin found in Plant
Methyl-salicylate found in Essential Oil
Phenol found in Plant
Propionic-acid found in Leaf
Psoralen found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Plant
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Plant
Fungistat
Limonene found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Plant
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Plant
Genotoxic
Psoralen found in Plant
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil
Phenol found in Plant
Hemopoietic
Malic-acid found in Leaf
Hemostat
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Herniarin found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Plant
Herbicide
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Plant
Herpetifuge
Methyl-salicylate found in Essential Oil
Hirudicide
2-undecanone found in Plant (6300 ppm)
Histaminic
Limonene found in Plant
Hypertensive
Skimmianine found in Plant
Hypertrichotic
Xanthotoxin found in Plant
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Bergapten found in Plant
Psoralen found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Hypothermic
Skimmianine found in Plant
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Inotropic
Quercetin found in Plant
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Bergapten found in Plant
Isopimpinellin found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Psoralen found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Xanthotoxin found in Plant
Insectifuge
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Guaiacol found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Methyl-salicylate found in Essential Oil
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil
Insectiphile
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Methyl-salicylate found in Essential Oil
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Plant
Irritant
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Guaiacol found in Plant
Isobutyric-acid found in Leaf
Isovaleric-acid found in Leaf
Limonene found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil
Propionic-acid found in Leaf
Juvabional
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Lipolytic
Bergapten found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Plant
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil
Stearic-acid found in Seed Oil
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Psoralen found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
MAO-B-Inhibitor
Psoralen found in Plant
MAO-Inhibitor
Scopoletin found in Plant
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Plant
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Molluscicide
Bergapten found in Plant
Chalepensin found in Root
Isopimpinellin found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Plant
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Musculotropic
Scopoletin found in Plant
Mutagenic
Bergapten found in Plant
Isopimpinellin found in Plant
Psoralen found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Mycobactericide
Malic-acid found in Leaf
Myocontractant
Dictamnine found in Plant
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Limonene found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Skimmianine found in Plant
Myotonic
Skimmianine found in Plant
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Plant
NO-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Nematicide
2-undecanone found in Plant (6300 ppm)
Limonene found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil
Neuroprotective
Quercetin found in Plant
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Oviposition-Stimulant
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Plant
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
P450-Inducer
Limonene found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
PAF-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil
Perfumery
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Isovaleric-acid found in Leaf
Methyl-salicylate found in Essential Oil
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil
Propionic-acid found in Leaf
Stearic-acid found in Seed Oil
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Plant
Pesticide
2-nonanone found in Plant
2-undecanone found in Plant (6300 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Anisic-acid found in Plant
Arborinine found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Bergapten found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Chalepensin found in Root
Dictamnine found in Plant
Guaiacol found in Plant
Herniarin found in Plant
Isopimpinellin found in Plant
Limonene found in Plant
Malic-acid found in Leaf
Methyl-salicylate found in Essential Oil
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil
Phenol found in Plant
Propionic-acid found in Leaf
Psoralen found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Skimmianine found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Plant
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Photoactive
Dictamnine found in Plant
Herniarin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant
Photocarcinogenic
Psoralen found in Plant
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Plant
Phototoxic
Bergapten found in Plant
Dictamnine found in Plant
Psoralen found in Plant
Skimmianine found in Plant
Phytoalexin
Psoralen found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Plant
Phytohormonal
Scopoletin found in Plant
Piscicide
Bergapten found in Plant
Isopimpinellin found in Plant
Xanthotoxin found in Plant
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Plant
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Plant
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil
Stearic-acid found in Seed Oil
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Guaiacol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Protisticide
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Quercetin found in Plant
Rubefacient
Propionic-acid found in Leaf
Sialogogue
Malic-acid found in Leaf
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Oil
Spasmogenic
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Sunscreen
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Plant
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Teratologic
Quercetin found in Plant
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Psoralen found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Isovaleric-acid found in Leaf
Transdermal
Alpha-pinene found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Plant
Guaiacol found in Plant
Isobutyric-acid found in Leaf
Limonene found in Plant
Tumorigenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Anisic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Uterocontractant
Dictamnine found in Plant
Skimmianine found in Plant
Uterosedative
Scopoletin found in Plant
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Vasopressor
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4790 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (20000 ppm)
iNOS-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
1-(4',4'-dimethylhexen-5'-yl)-3,4-methylenedioxybenzol Root
1-hydroxy-3-methoxy-n-methylacridone Plant
1-methyl-2-n-nonyl-4-quinolone Plant
2-(4-(3,4-methylenedioxyphenyl)-butyl)-4-quinoline Leaf
2-decanone Essential Oil
2-decyl-alcohol Leaf
2-heptanol Plant
2-heptanone Plant
2-n-dodecyl-1,4-quinolone Root
2-n-tetradecyl-4-quinolone Root
2-n-tridecyl-4-quinolone Root
2-n-undecyl-4-quinolone Root
2-nonanol Plant
2-nonanone Plant
2-nonyl-alcohol Leaf
2-octanone Plant
2-undecanol Plant
2-undecanone Plant 630 6,300
2-undecylalcohol Leaf
3-(1',1'-dimethylallyl)-8-(3',3'-dimethylallyl)-xanthyletin Plant
3-(1',1'-dimethylallyl)-daphnetindimethylether Root
3-(1',1'-dimethylallyl)-herniarin Root
6-methoxydictamnine Plant
8-methoxygravelliferone Root
Alpha-pinene Plant
Anisic-acid Plant
Arborinine Plant
Ascorbic-acid Leaf 4,790
Bergapten Plant
Beta-pinene Plant
Byakangelicin Plant
Carotene Leaf 944
Ceryl-alcohol Seed
Chalepensin Root
Cineole Plant
Daphnoretin Root
Daphnoretin-methyl-ether Root
Dictamnine Plant
Emodic-acid Leaf
Eo Leaf 600 7,000
Erythrobutan-2,3-diol Plant
Ethyl-valerate Essential Oil
Fat Seed 370,000
Furacridone Plant
Gamma-fagarine Plant
Geigerine Plant
Gravacridinolchlorine Plant
Gravacridochlorine Plant
Gravacridonediol Plant
Gravacridonediol-o-beta-d-glucoside Plant
Gravacridonediol-o-methyl-ether Plant
Gravacridonetriol Plant
Gravelliferone Root
Gravelliferone-methyl-ether Root
Graveoline Plant
Graveolinic-acid Leaf
Graveolinine Plant
Guaiacol Plant
Helioxanthin Plant
Herniarin Plant
Isobutyric-acid Leaf
Isoimperatopin Plant
Isopimpinellin Plant
Isopropyldihydroxyfuroquinoline Leaf
Isorutarin Plant
Isovaleric-acid Leaf
Kokusaginine Plant
Limonene Plant
Linoleic-acid Seed
Linolenic-acid Seed
Malic-acid Leaf
Marmesine Root
Marmesinine Root
Methyl-anthralinate Essential Oil
Methyl-butyric-acid Leaf
Methyl-heptyl-ketone Essential Oil
Methyl-n-heptyl-carbinol Essential Oil
Methyl-n-nonyl-carbinol Essential Oil
Methyl-n-nonyl-ketone Essential Oil
Methyl-salicylate Essential Oil
N-methylplatydesminium Leaf
Napthoherniarin Plant
Oleic-acid Seed Oil
Palmitic-acid Seed Oil
Pangelin Plant
Phenol Plant
Pholiosidine Leaf
Pregeijerene Plant
Propionic-acid Leaf
Psoralen Plant
Quercetin Plant
Ribalinidine Leaf
Ribalinium Leaf
Rutacridine Plant
Rutacridone Plant
Rutacultin Root
Rutalinium Leaf
Rutamarin Plant
Rutamarin-alcohol Root
Rutamine Leaf
Rutaretin Plant
Rutarin Leaf 9,000
Rutin Plant 20,000
Savinine Plant
Scopoletin Plant
Sitosterol Seed
Skimmianine Plant
Stearic-acid Seed Oil
Suberenone Plant
Taiwanin-c Plant
Umbelliferone Plant
Undecyl-2-acetate Plant
Xanthotoxin Plant
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]