Rumex crispus Health effects and herbal facts

Rumex crispus

Medical use

Gallery

Rumex crispus Rumex crispus Rumex crispus Rumex crispus Rumex crispus Rumex crispus Rumex crispus Rumex crispus Rumex crispus Rumex crispus Rumex crispus Rumex crispus Rumex crispus Rumex crispus Rumex crispus Rumex crispus Rumex crispus Rumex crispus Rumex crispus

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Leaf
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
AGEs-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (164 ppm);found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Root (2400 ppm)
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Acaricide
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf (6970 ppm);found in Root
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Leaf
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Avicularin found in Leaf
Emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (164 ppm);found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Root (2400 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Allelochemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Plant
Cyanidin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm)
Emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (164 ppm);found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Root (2400 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Root (8.1 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (121612 ppm);found in Root (122000 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (12200 ppm);found in Root (12200 ppm)
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Leaf
AntiEBV
(-)-epicatechin found in Plant
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Leaf
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (10.8 ppm);found in Root (10.8 ppm);found in Root (10.8 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Root (8.1 ppm)
AntiMRSA
Emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (164 ppm);found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Root (2400 ppm)
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (14.5 ppm);found in Root (14.5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Tin found in Root (24 ppm);found in Root (24 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antiaflatoxin
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Root (76 ppm);found in Root (76 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (14.5 ppm);found in Root (14.5 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Root (8.1 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antialopecic
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Root (8.1 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
(-)-epicatechin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antianemic
Iron found in Root (76 ppm);found in Root (76 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (14.5 ppm);found in Root (14.5 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (164 ppm);found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Root (2400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Root (8.1 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (10.8 ppm);found in Root (10.8 ppm);found in Root (10.8 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (12200 ppm);found in Root (12200 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Antiarteriosclerotic
Silicon found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (14.5 ppm);found in Root (14.5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Root (8.1 ppm)
Antibacterial
(-)-epicatechin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Chrysophanol found in Plant
Emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (164 ppm);found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Root (2400 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)
Tin found in Root (24 ppm);found in Root (24 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Root (8.1 ppm)
Antibiotic
Avicularin found in Leaf
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Root (76 ppm);found in Root (76 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Root (8.1 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Anticapillary-Fragility
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Root (8.1 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Leaf (10.8 ppm);found in Root (10.8 ppm);found in Root (10.8 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Riboflavin found in Leaf (10.8 ppm);found in Root (10.8 ppm);found in Root (10.8 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Root (8.1 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (10.8 ppm);found in Root (10.8 ppm);found in Root (10.8 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (10.8 ppm);found in Root (10.8 ppm);found in Root (10.8 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Root (76 ppm);found in Root (76 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (10.8 ppm);found in Root (10.8 ppm);found in Root (10.8 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm)
Anticirrhotic
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Anticlastogen
Rutin found in Leaf
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Root (8.1 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anticytomegalovirus
Emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (164 ppm);found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Root (2400 ppm)
Antidandruff
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Root (8.1 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Root (8.1 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (12200 ppm);found in Root (12200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antidiabetic
(-)-epicatechin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (121612 ppm);found in Root (122000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (14.5 ppm);found in Root (14.5 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Root (14.5 ppm);found in Root (14.5 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Root (14.5 ppm);found in Root (14.5 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Root (8.1 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Glucose found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antielastase
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Root (8.1 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (14.5 ppm);found in Root (14.5 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiescherichic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (12200 ppm);found in Root (12200 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Root (8.1 ppm)
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (164 ppm);found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Root (2400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antiflu
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Root (8.1 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (10.8 ppm);found in Root (10.8 ppm);found in Root (10.8 ppm)
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antigonadotropic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antigout
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Root (8.1 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Root (8.1 ppm)
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Leaf
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Antihemorrhoidal
Rutin found in Leaf
Antihepatitic
(-)-epicatechin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Glucose found in Leaf
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Root (8.1 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm)
Antihyperglycemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Plant
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (121612 ppm);found in Root (122000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (12200 ppm);found in Root (12200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm)
Antiischemic
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (10.8 ppm);found in Root (10.8 ppm);found in Root (10.8 ppm)
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Antiketotic
Glucose found in Leaf
Antileishmanic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antileukemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (164 ppm);found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Root (2400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm)
Antileukotriene
(-)-epicatechin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
(-)-epicatechin found in Plant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antilithic
Anthraquinones found in Root (20000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (164 ppm);found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Root (2400 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antimalarial
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Root (76 ppm);found in Root (76 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (10.8 ppm);found in Root (10.8 ppm);found in Root (10.8 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Root (8.1 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Root (8.1 ppm)
Antineoplastic
Emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (164 ppm);found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Root (2400 ppm)
Antinephritic
Rutin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Root (8.1 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Root (8.1 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Root (8.1 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Root (8.1 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (121612 ppm);found in Root (122000 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antionychyotic
Silicon found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (14.5 ppm);found in Root (14.5 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (7568 ppm);found in Root (7570 ppm);found in Root (7570 ppm)
Silicon found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antiototic
Manganese found in Root (14.5 ppm);found in Root (14.5 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (10.8 ppm);found in Root (10.8 ppm);found in Root (10.8 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (10.8 ppm);found in Root (10.8 ppm);found in Root (10.8 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm)
Antiplaque
Emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (164 ppm);found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Root (2400 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antiplasmodial
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Leaf
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipolio
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Root (8.1 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm)
Emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (164 ppm);found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Root (2400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Leaf
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipurpuric
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Antisarcomic
Emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (164 ppm);found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Root (2400 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Chrysophanol found in Plant
Emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (164 ppm);found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Root (2400 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf (6970 ppm);found in Root
Physcion found in Root (4000 ppm);found in Seed (41 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Root (390 ppm);found in Root (390 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Chrysophanic-acid found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (280 ppm);found in Shoot (56 ppm);found in Root (12000 ppm)
Emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (164 ppm);found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Root (2400 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (12200 ppm);found in Root (12200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
Antisprout
Emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (164 ppm);found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Root (2400 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (12200 ppm);found in Root (12200 ppm)
Antisunburn
Rutin found in Leaf
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (14.5 ppm);found in Root (14.5 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antithiamin
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithrombogenic
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antithyroid
Rutin found in Leaf
Antitic
Calcium found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antitumor-Promoter
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)
Antitumor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm)
Erucic-acid found in Root
Fiber found in Leaf (121612 ppm);found in Root (122000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)
Antitussive
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Antiulcerogenic
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Aluminum found in Root (390 ppm);found in Root (390 ppm)
Emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (164 ppm);found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Root (2400 ppm)
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm)
Antiviral
(-)-epicatechin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (164 ppm);found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Root (2400 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)
Antiwrinkle
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (7568 ppm);found in Root (7570 ppm);found in Root (7570 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (12200 ppm);found in Root (12200 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Bacteristat
Quercetin found in Leaf
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (121612 ppm);found in Root (122000 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (12200 ppm);found in Root (12200 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Bird-Repellent
Anthraquinones found in Root (20000 ppm)
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Leaf
CNS-Depressant
Emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (164 ppm);found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Root (2400 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
CNS-Paralytic
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf (6970 ppm);found in Root
COMP-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Plant
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Chrysophanic-acid found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (280 ppm);found in Shoot (56 ppm);found in Root (12000 ppm)
Chrysophanol found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
Physcion found in Root (4000 ppm);found in Seed (41 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Leaf
Candidicide
Aluminum found in Root (390 ppm);found in Root (390 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Chrysophanol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Capillarifortificant
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Capillarigenic
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Carcinogenic
Anthraquinones found in Root (20000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Root (3.5 ppm);found in Root (3.5 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (121612 ppm);found in Root (122000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (12200 ppm);found in Root (12200 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Silicon found in Root (1.3 ppm);found in Root (1.3 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Root (12200 ppm);found in Root (12200 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Cathartic
Chrysophanol found in Plant
Emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (164 ppm);found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Root (2400 ppm)
Physcion found in Root (4000 ppm);found in Seed (41 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Chelator
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Choleretic
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Choline-Sparing
(-)-epicatechin found in Plant
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Collagenase-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (164 ppm);found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Root (2400 ppm)
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Copper-Chelator
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cyclooxygenase-Activator
Avicularin found in Leaf
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cytoprotective
Rutin found in Leaf
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Deodorant
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Depressant
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Differentiator
Emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (164 ppm);found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Root (2400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Discutient
Rumicin found in Plant
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Avicularin found in Leaf
Calcium found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (121612 ppm);found in Root (122000 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (12200 ppm);found in Root (12200 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Dye
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Root (390 ppm);found in Root (390 ppm)
Energizer
Chromium found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Root (3.5 ppm);found in Root (3.5 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (164 ppm);found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Root (2400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Fatal
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf (6970 ppm);found in Root
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Fungicide
Chrysophanic-acid found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (280 ppm);found in Shoot (56 ppm);found in Root (12000 ppm)
Nepodin found in Root (1660 ppm);found in Seed (498 ppm);found in Shoot (116 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm)
Genotoxic
Emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (164 ppm);found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Root (2400 ppm)
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Gonadotropic
Emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (164 ppm);found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Root (2400 ppm)
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hemostatic
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf (6970 ppm);found in Root
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Hepatotonic
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm)
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Leaf
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Root (77 ppm);found in Root (77 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Calcium found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (121612 ppm);found in Root (122000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Hypoglycemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Chromium found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Manganese found in Root (14.5 ppm);found in Root (14.5 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (164 ppm);found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Root (2400 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (121612 ppm);found in Root (122000 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (12200 ppm);found in Root (12200 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Leaf (121612 ppm);found in Root (122000 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Chromium found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Immunosuppressant
Emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (164 ppm);found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Root (2400 ppm)
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Inotropic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Insecticide
Rutin found in Leaf
Insectifuge
Thiamin found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Root (8.1 ppm)
Insectiphile
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Insulinogenic
(-)-epicatechin found in Plant
Chromium found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Irritant
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf (6970 ppm);found in Root
Juvabional
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Keratitigenic
Chrysophanic-acid found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (280 ppm);found in Shoot (56 ppm);found in Root (12000 ppm)
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Laxative
Anthraquinones found in Root (20000 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (121612 ppm);found in Root (122000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Leucocytogenic
Emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (164 ppm);found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Root (2400 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-1-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Plant
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Lubricant
Erucic-acid found in Root
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
MAO-Inhibitor
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)
MMP-2-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (164 ppm);found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Root (2400 ppm)
MMP-7-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (164 ppm);found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Root (2400 ppm)
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (164 ppm);found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Root (2400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Leaf
Memorigenic
Chromium found in Root (0 ppm);found in Root (0 ppm)
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Leaf
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Mutagenic
Emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (164 ppm);found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Root (2400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Leaf
Myorelaxant
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
Occuloirritant
Chrysophanic-acid found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (280 ppm);found in Shoot (56 ppm);found in Root (12000 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Leaf (7568 ppm);found in Root (7570 ppm);found in Root (7570 ppm)
Oviposition-Stimulant
Rutin found in Leaf
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Leaf
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
PAF-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Leaf
PGE2-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (164 ppm);found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Root (2400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
PTK-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (164 ppm);found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Root (2400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Pancreatogenic
(-)-epicatechin found in Plant
Paralytic
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Parasiticide
Rumicin found in Plant
Pesticide
(-)-epicatechin found in Plant
Aluminum found in Root (390 ppm);found in Root (390 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Avicularin found in Leaf
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Chrysophanic-acid found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (280 ppm);found in Shoot (56 ppm);found in Root (12000 ppm)
Chrysophanol found in Plant
Cyanidin found in Plant
Emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (164 ppm);found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Root (2400 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Nepodin found in Root (1660 ppm);found in Seed (498 ppm);found in Shoot (116 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf (6970 ppm);found in Root
Physcion found in Root (4000 ppm);found in Seed (41 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rumicin found in Plant
Rutin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (8.1 ppm);found in Root (8.1 ppm)
Tin found in Root (24 ppm);found in Root (24 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Pigment
Chrysophanol found in Plant
Cyanidin found in Plant
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Leaf
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm)
Cyanidin found in Plant
Iron found in Root (76 ppm);found in Root (76 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (164 ppm);found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Root (2400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (164 ppm);found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Root (2400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Protisticide
Rutin found in Leaf
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Root (60000 ppm)
Purgative
Chrysophanol found in Plant
Emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (164 ppm);found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Root (2400 ppm)
Physcion found in Root (4000 ppm);found in Seed (41 ppm);found in Shoot (8 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Quercetin found in Leaf
Radioprotective
Rutin found in Leaf
Renotoxic
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf (6970 ppm);found in Root
Reverse-Transcriptase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Plant
Rubefacient
Rumicin found in Plant
Sedative
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm)
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Styptic
Emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (164 ppm);found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Root (2400 ppm)
Sunscreen
Rutin found in Leaf
Sweetener
Galactose found in Leaf
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Taenicide
Tin found in Root (24 ppm);found in Root (24 ppm)
Teratologic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Termitifuge
Chrysophanol found in Plant
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm)
Tissue-Thromboplastin-Inhibitor
Avicularin found in Leaf
Hyperoside found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (164 ppm);found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Root (2400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Toxic
Anthraquinones found in Root (20000 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (164 ppm);found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Root (2400 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
Tumorigenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (164 ppm);found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Root (2400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (140 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm);found in Root (225 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Root
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Root (2.5 ppm);found in Root (2.5 ppm)
Varroacide
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf (6970 ppm);found in Root
Vasodilator
(-)-epicatechin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm);found in Root (10000 ppm)
Emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (164 ppm);found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Root (2400 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (121612 ppm);found in Root (122000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Root (3200 ppm);found in Root (3200 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm);found in Root (54 ppm)
Potassium found in Root (12200 ppm);found in Root (12200 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Vasopressor
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf
Vasorelaxant
Emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (164 ppm);found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Root (2400 ppm)
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (4054 ppm);found in Root (4054 ppm)
Zinc found in Root ;found in Root
cAMP-Inhibitor
Hyperoside found in Leaf
iNOS-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Rhizome ;found in Seed (164 ppm);found in Shoot (38 ppm);found in Root (2400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Leaf

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(+)-catechin Plant
(-)-epicatechin Plant
1,2-diacetin Essential Oil 226,000
1,8-dihydroxy-3-methyl-9-anthrone Root 3,000
Aluminum Root 100 390
Root 390
Anthraquinone-glycosides Root 30,000 40,000
Anthraquinones Root 20,000
Ascorbic-acid Leaf 300 4,054
Root 1,042 4,054
Ash Leaf 15,000 202,703
Root 153,000
Root 39,321 153,000
Avicularin Leaf
Beta-carotene Leaf 10.38 140
Root 225
Root 58 225
Beta-sitosterol Root
Calcium Leaf 150 10,000
Root 2,570 10,000
Root 10,000
Calcium-acetate Leaf
Calcium-maleate Leaf
Carbohydrates Leaf 41,000 554,000
Root 554,000
Root 142,378 554,000
Catechol-tannins Plant 50,000
Chromium Root 0
Root 0
Chrysophanein Root
Chrysophanic-acid Rhizome
Seed 280
Shoot 56
Root 67 12,000
Chrysophanic-acid-9-anthrone Plant
Chrysophanin Root
Chrysophanol Plant
Cobalt Root 1 3.5
Root 3.5
Cyanidin Plant
Dodecan-1-ol Essential Oil 92,000
Emodin Rhizome
Seed 164
Shoot 38
Root 150 2,400
Emodin-8-o-beta-d-glucoside Fruit
Stem
Root
Leaf
Erucic-acid Root
Fat Leaf 3,000 40,540
Root 41,000
Root 10,537 41,000
Fiber Leaf 9,000 121,612
Root 122,000
Fiber(crude) Root 122,000
Fiber(dietary) Root 274,000
Frangulin-a Root
Galactose Leaf
Glucofrangulin-b Root
Glucose Leaf
Hex-cis-3-en-1-ol Essential Oil 111,000
Hyperoside Leaf
Iron Root 20 76
Root 76
Kilocalories Shoot 210 2,840
Lapatinic-acid Root
Magnesium Root 822 3,200
Root 3,200
Manganese Root 4 14.5
Root 14.5
Nepodin Root 1,660
Seed 498
Shoot 116
Neposide Root
Niacin Leaf 4 54
Root 54
Root 14 54
Oxalic-acid Leaf 5,170 6,970
Root
Oxymethylanthraquinone Root
Phosphorus Leaf 560 7,568
Root 7,570
Root 1,945 7,570
Physcion Root 164 4,000
Seed 41
Shoot 8
Potassium Root 3,135 12,200
Root 12,200
Protein Leaf 15,000 202,703
Root 52,171 203,000
Root 203,000
Quercetin Leaf
Quercitrin Leaf
Rheochrysin Root
Riboflavin Leaf 0.8 10.8
Root 10.8
Root 3 10.8
Rumicin Plant
Rutin Leaf
Selenium Root 0.6 2.5
Root 2.5
Silicon Root 1.3
Root 0.3 1.3
Sodium Root 77
Root 20 77
Tannin Root 30,000 60,000
Thiamin Leaf 0.6 8.1
Root 8.1
Thiamine Root 2 8.1
Tin Root 6 24
Root 24
Water Leaf 926,000
Root 743,000
Root 743,000
Zinc Root
Root
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]