Rumex acetosa Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
garden sorrel sorrel sorrel dock sour dock
Rumex acetosa

Medical use

Economic importance of Rumex acetosa

Human food vegetable
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

Rumex acetosa Rumex acetosa Rumex acetosa Rumex acetosa Rumex acetosa Rumex acetosa Rumex acetosa Rumex acetosa Rumex acetosa Rumex acetosa Rumex acetosa Rumex acetosa Rumex acetosa

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northern Africa: Morocco
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Eastern Siberia, Western Siberia
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Amur, Primorye, Sakhalin
    • China: China - Heilongjiang, Jiangsu, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Monggol, Qinghai, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Xizang, Yunnan
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku; Korea; Taiwan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: India ; Nepal; Pakistan
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Native
    • Australia: Australia - Western Australia
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Svalbard and Jan Mayen; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Belarus; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Italy ; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Canada
    • United States
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (4350 ppm)
5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
ACE-Inhibitor
Vitexin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
AGEs-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Plant
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Acaricide
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Acidifier
Tartaric-acid found in Leaf
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Acnegenic
Iodine found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Additive
Tartaric-acid found in Leaf
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Emodin found in Plant
Hyperin found in Leaf (370 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Vitexin found in Leaf
Allelochemic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Emodin found in Plant
Niacin found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (80000 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (40000 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Fruit
AntiHIV
Quercetin found in Fruit
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (22 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
AntiMRSA
Emodin found in Plant
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (4300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Antiaflatoxin
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antiaggregant
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (4350 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Emodin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Leaf (160 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (4300 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Antialopecic
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antianemic
Copper found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (160 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Emodin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Fruit
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf (4300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (22 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Leaf (4300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (40000 ppm)
Vitexin found in Leaf
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (4300 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antiatherogenic
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (4300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Chrysophanol found in Plant
Emodin found in Plant
Hyperin found in Leaf (370 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Iodine found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Antibradiquinic
Vitexin found in Leaf
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Leaf (160 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Anticapillary-Fragility
Hyperoside found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Leaf (22 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Riboflavin found in Leaf (22 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (22 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (22 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Leaf (160 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (22 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Anticlastogen
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (4300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Fruit
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Anticytomegalovirus
Emodin found in Plant
Antidandruff
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (22 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (4300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (40000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antidermatitic
Hyperoside found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Vitexin found in Leaf
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (80000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Antielastase
Hyperoside found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antiestrogenic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (40000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Antifeedant
Emodin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antiflu
Hyperoside found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (22 ppm)
Antigoiter
Iodine found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Antigonadotropic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Antihemorrhoidal
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Vitexin found in Leaf
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Leaf (4300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (4350 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (4300 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (80000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (40000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Leaf (4300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Antiischemic
Hyperin found in Leaf (370 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (22 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antileukemic
Emodin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Emodin found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antimalarial
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (4300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (4350 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (160 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (4350 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (22 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Emodin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Antinephritic
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (4300 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (80000 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (4300 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Antioxidant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Hyperin found in Leaf (370 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Riboflavin found in Leaf (22 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Vitexin found in Leaf
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (22 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (4300 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antiperoxidant
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (22 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Antiplaque
Emodin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Emodin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (4300 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Antisarcomic
Emodin found in Plant
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Chrysophanol found in Plant
Emodin found in Plant
Iodine found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Physcion found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Chrysophanic-acid found in Root
Emodin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (40000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Antisprout
Emodin found in Plant
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (4300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (40000 ppm)
Antisunburn
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antithiamin
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Antithrombogenic
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Antithyroid
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Vitexin found in Leaf
Antithyrotoxic
Iodine found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Leaf (4300 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Antitumor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (80000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Antitussive
Hyperin found in Leaf (370 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Emodin found in Plant
Fiber found in Leaf (80000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Emodin found in Plant
Antivaricose
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Emodin found in Plant
Hyperin found in Leaf (370 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Iodine found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Antiwrinkle
Hyperoside found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Leaf (4300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (40000 ppm)
Aphidifuge
Vitexin found in Leaf
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Astringent
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Bacteristat
Quercetin found in Fruit
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (80000 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (40000 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Fruit
CNS-Depressant
Emodin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
CNS-Paralytic
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Emodin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Fruit
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Chrysophanic-acid found in Root
Chrysophanol found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Physcion found in Plant
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Leaf (4300 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Fruit
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (4350 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (80000 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Riboflavin found in Leaf (22 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Vitexin found in Leaf
Candidicide
Chrysophanol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Fruit
Capillarifortificant
Hyperin found in Leaf (370 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Capillarigenic
Hyperin found in Leaf (370 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (80000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (40000 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Leaf (40000 ppm)
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Cathartic
Chrysophanol found in Plant
Emodin found in Plant
Physcion found in Plant
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Collagenase-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Plant
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Quercetin found in Fruit
Cyclooxygenase-Activator
Hyperoside found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Cytoprotective
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Emodin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Fruit
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Deodorant
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Iodine found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Differentiator
Emodin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Fruit
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (4300 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (80000 ppm)
Hyperin found in Leaf (370 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (40000 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Estrogenic
Emodin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Fruit
FLavor
Tartaric-acid found in Leaf
Fatal
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Fungicide
Chrysophanic-acid found in Root
Iodine found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Genotoxic
Emodin found in Plant
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Goitrogenic
Iodine found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Vitexin found in Leaf
Gonadotropic
Emodin found in Plant
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Hemostat
Chrysophanol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Hemostatic
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Hyperin found in Leaf (370 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Hyperthyroid
Iodine found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (4300 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (80000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Manganese found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Hypolipidemic
Emodin found in Plant
Niacin found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Hypotensive
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (4350 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (4300 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (80000 ppm)
Hyperin found in Leaf (370 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (40000 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Vitexin found in Leaf
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Leaf (80000 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Copper found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (4350 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Emodin found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Emodin found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Inotropic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Insecticide
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Insectifuge
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Insectiphile
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Irritant
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Tartaric-acid found in Leaf
Juvabional
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Keratitigenic
Chrysophanic-acid found in Root
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium found in Leaf (4300 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (80000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Leucocytogenic
Emodin found in Plant
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Lymphocytogenic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (4350 ppm)
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
MMP-2-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Plant
MMP-7-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Plant
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Fruit
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Fruit
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Mutagenic
Emodin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Fruit
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Neuroprotective
Quercetin found in Fruit
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Occuloirritant
Chrysophanic-acid found in Root
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Oviposition-Stimulant
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Fruit
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
PAF-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
PGE2-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Fruit
PTK-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Fruit
Pesticide
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Chrysophanic-acid found in Root
Chrysophanol found in Plant
Emodin found in Plant
Hyperin found in Leaf (370 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Physcion found in Plant
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (9 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Pigment
Chrysophanol found in Plant
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Fruit
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Fruit
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (160 ppm)
Propecic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (4350 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (4350 ppm)
Emodin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Fruit
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Fruit
Protisticide
Iodine found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Purgative
Chrysophanol found in Plant
Emodin found in Plant
Physcion found in Plant
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Quercetin found in Fruit
Radioprotective
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Renotoxic
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Leaf (30 ppm)
Sedative
Niacin found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Sequestrant
Tartaric-acid found in Leaf
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Styptic
Emodin found in Plant
Sunscreen
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Teratologic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Termitifuge
Chrysophanol found in Plant
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Thyroid-Peroxidase-Inhibitor
Vitexin found in Leaf
Thyrotropic
Iodine found in Leaf (2 ppm)
Tissue-Thromboplastin-Inhibitor
Hyperoside found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Leaf (4300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Emodin found in Plant
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Quercetin found in Fruit
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Fruit
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (1100 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Varroacide
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf (3000 ppm)
Vasodilator
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Leaf (4350 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (4300 ppm)
Emodin found in Plant
Fiber found in Leaf (80000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Leaf (4600 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (50 ppm)
Potassium found in Leaf (40000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Vasopressor
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Vasorelaxant
Emodin found in Plant
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (12400 ppm)
Zinc found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Hyperoside found in Leaf (500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit
cAMP-Inhibitor
Hyperoside found in Leaf (500 ppm)
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Leaf (12800 ppm)
Vitexin found in Leaf
iNOS-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Fruit

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Alpha-linolenic-acid Leaf 435 4,350
Anthracene Rhizome
Ascorbic-acid Leaf 630 12,400
Ash Leaf 11,000 110,000
Beta-carotene Leaf 77 1,100
Calcium Leaf 430 4,300
Carbohydrates Leaf 26,000 560,000
Chrysophanic-acid Root
Chrysophanin Root
Chrysophanol Plant
Chrysophanol-anthrone Plant
Copper Leaf 3 30
Emodin Plant
Fat Fruit 47,000
Leaf 3,000 50,000
Fiber Leaf 8,000 80,000
Hyperin Leaf 370
Hyperoside Leaf 500
Iodine Leaf 0.07 2
Iron Leaf 16 160
Magnesium Leaf 460 4,600
Manganese Leaf 6 60
Niacin Leaf 5 50
Oxalic-acid Leaf 3,000
Oxymethylanthraquinone Rhizome 10,500
Phosohorus Leaf 410 4,400
Physcion Plant
Potassium Leaf 3,380 40,000
Potassium-binoxylate Leaf
Protein Leaf 26,000 260,000
Quercetin Fruit
Riboflavin Leaf 2.2 22
Rutin Leaf 12,800
Sodium Leaf 50 500
Tannins Fruit 50,000
Root 27,800 226,600
Tartaric-acid Leaf
Thiamin Leaf 0.8 9
Vitexin Leaf
Water Leaf 900,000
Zinc Leaf 2 20
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]