Ribes nigrum Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
black currant
Ribes nigrum

Medical use

Economic importance of Ribes nigrum

Food additives flavoring
Harmful organism host crop diseases
Human food beverage base fruit
Gene sources primary genetic relative of black curant tertiary genetic relative of gosebery
Materials esential oils
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Ribes nigrum Ribes nigrum Ribes nigrum Ribes nigrum Ribes nigrum Ribes nigrum Ribes nigrum Ribes nigrum

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Turkey
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Altay, Eastern Siberia
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    Naturalized
    • China: China - Heilongjiang, Nei Monggol, Xinjiang
    Cultivated
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Western Siberia
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Far East
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Hokkaido, Honshu
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Naturalized
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
    Cultivated
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: Finland; Sweden
    • Middle Europe: Belgium; Germany; Poland
    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Bulgaria; Italy
    • Southwestern Europe: France
    Naturalized
    • Northern Europe: Ireland
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Czech Republic; Switzerland
    • Southeastern Europe: Italy; Slovenia
    Cultivated
    • Europe
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Vermont
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Minnesota, Wisconsin
    Cultivated
    • Canada
    • United States

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (120000 ppm);found in Fruit (3988 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (450000 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Fruit (5928 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (120000 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Fruit (3102 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (1108 ppm)
Palmitoleic-acid found in Fruit (388 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Fruit (388 ppm)
5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Pulegone found in Bud
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Fruit (0.002 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Acaricide
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Alpha-terpinene found in Fruit
Formic-acid found in Fruit
Limonene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Acarifuge
Sulfur found in Fruit (1385 ppm)
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Fruit (23500 ppm)
Acidulant
Acetic-acid found in Fruit
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Addictive
Acetaldehyde found in Fruit
Aggregant
Sucrose found in Fruit (6200 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Fruit
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Astragalin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (119000 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Myrcene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Quercitrin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Cyanidin found in Plant
Delphinidin found in Plant
Limonene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Myricetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Terpinolene found in Bud ;found in Fruit
Allelopathic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit
Camphene found in Fruit
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
O-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
Syringic-acid found in Fruit
Allergenic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Acetone found in Fruit
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Fruit (130000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (119000 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit
Citric-acid found in Fruit (35000 ppm)
Citronellol found in Fruit
Delphinidin found in Plant
Ethanol found in Fruit
Formaldehyde found in Fruit
Geraniol found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Niacin found in Fruit (17 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (120000 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Fruit (3102 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Alpha-Amylase-Inhibitor
Citric-acid found in Fruit (35000 ppm)
Alpha-Glucosidase-Inhibitor
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (170000 ppm);found in Seed (57950 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (120000 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Fruit (3102 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (119000 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Gentisic-acid found in Fruit
Linalool found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
P-cymene found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Selenium found in Fruit (0.002 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Anaphrodisiac
Methyl-salicylate found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Androgenic
Boron found in Fruit (64 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (120000 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Fruit (3102 ppm)
Anesthetic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit
Ethanol found in Fruit
Formaldehyde found in Fruit
Linalool found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Fiber found in Fruit (133000 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (21110 ppm)
Anhydrotic
Ethanol found in Fruit
Anorexic
Arsenic found in Fruit (0.06 ppm)
Selenium found in Fruit (0.002 ppm)
Anthelmintic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Geraniol found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (12 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Chromium found in Fruit (0.27 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Chromium found in Fruit (0.27 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
AntiEBV
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (17 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
AntiMS
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (170000 ppm);found in Seed (57950 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (450000 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Fruit (5928 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Selenium found in Fruit (0.002 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (4720 ppm)
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (170000 ppm);found in Seed (57950 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (27 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Antiacetylcholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Alpha-terpinene found in Fruit
Isomenthone found in Bud
Limonene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (7 ppm)
P-cymene found in Fruit
Pulegone found in Bud
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (119000 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Chromium found in Fruit (0.27 ppm)
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (170000 ppm);found in Seed (57950 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (450000 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Fruit (5928 ppm)
Selenium found in Fruit (0.002 ppm)
Sulfur found in Fruit (1385 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Fruit (17 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Limonene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Antiadrenalinic
Nickel found in Fruit (0.101 ppm)
Antiaflatoxin
Kaempferol found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chromium found in Fruit (0.27 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Fruit (108 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Fructose found in Fruit (36700 ppm)
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (170000 ppm);found in Seed (57950 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Glutamine found in Fruit Juice (290 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (27 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Antiallergenic
Myricetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Antiallergic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Calcium found in Fruit (4720 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Linalool found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (17 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Fruit (22 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (450000 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Fruit (5928 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (120000 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Fruit (3102 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (1108 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (120 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Niacin found in Fruit (17 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Fruit (17 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linalool found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (450000 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Fruit (5928 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Antiandrogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (450000 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Fruit (5928 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (120000 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Fruit (3102 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (1108 ppm)
Antianemic
Copper found in Fruit (7 ppm)
Iron found in Fruit (108 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (27 ppm)
Antianginal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (120 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (17 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Selenium found in Fruit (0.002 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Fruit (4720 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Antiaphthic
Citric-acid found in Fruit (35000 ppm)
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiapoptotic
Anthocyanins found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Fruit (4720 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (21110 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Quercitrin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (450000 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Fruit (5928 ppm)
Silicon found in Fruit (220 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (120 ppm)
Anthocyanins found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (4720 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (7 ppm)
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (170000 ppm);found in Seed (57950 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (450000 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Fruit (5928 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (27 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Fruit (22 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Selenium found in Fruit (0.002 ppm)
Sulfur found in Fruit (1385 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Antiasphyctic
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (170000 ppm);found in Seed (57950 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Antiasthmatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (120 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (119000 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Selenium found in Fruit (0.002 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiatheromic
Pectin found in Fruit
Antiatherosclerotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (120 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Calcium found in Fruit (4720 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Chromium found in Fruit (0.27 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Fruit (35000 ppm)
Ethanol found in Fruit
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (170000 ppm);found in Seed (57950 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Lutein found in Fruit (22 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Selenium found in Fruit (0.002 ppm)
Antibacillary
P-cymene found in Fruit
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antibronchitic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Anticalculic
Citric-acid found in Fruit (35000 ppm)
Anticancer
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (120 ppm)
Anthocyanins found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Limonene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Anticanker
Iron found in Fruit (108 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Anticapillary-Fragility
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Anticarcinogenic
Anthocyanins found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Anticariogenic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (119000 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Geraniol found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Anticataract
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (120 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Niacin found in Fruit (17 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Quercitrin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Selenium found in Fruit (0.002 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Anticatarrh
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Fruit (22 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Fruit (108 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Fruit (17 ppm)
Anticholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Pulegone found in Bud
Anticirrhotic
Selenium found in Fruit (0.002 ppm)
Anticlastogen
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Calcium found in Fruit (4720 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Selenium found in Fruit (0.002 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Anticolic
Linalool found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Anticollegenase
Anthocyanins found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (120 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Myrcene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Niacin found in Fruit (17 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Fruit (0.27 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (450000 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Fruit (5928 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Selenium found in Fruit (0.002 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Anticystitic
Formaldehyde found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Antidandruff
Selenium found in Fruit (0.002 ppm)
Sulfur found in Fruit (1385 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antidementia
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (120 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Niacin found in Fruit (17 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Calcium found in Fruit (4720 ppm)
Glutamine found in Fruit Juice (290 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (21110 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Selenium found in Fruit (0.002 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (119000 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (17 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Fruit (22 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antidiabetic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (120 ppm)
Anthocyanins found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Chromium found in Fruit (0.27 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (7 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (133000 ppm)
Fructose found in Fruit (36700 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (27 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (17 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Pectin found in Fruit
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Fruit (27 ppm)
Antidote
Methanol found in Fruit
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Fruit (27 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Fruit (17 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (170000 ppm);found in Seed (57950 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (450000 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Fruit (5928 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (119000 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Glucose found in Fruit (23500 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antielastase
Anthocyanins found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Antiencephalopathic
Arginine found in Fruit Juice (35 ppm)
Leucine found in Fruit Juice (28 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Valine found in Fruit Juice (170 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Antienteritic
Pectin found in Fruit
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Glutamic-acid found in Fruit Juice (210 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (27 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (17 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Antifatigue
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Chromium found in Fruit (0.27 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Fruit (22 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (21110 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (119000 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Gentisic-acid found in Fruit
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Limonene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Myricetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Quercitrin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Terpinolene found in Bud ;found in Fruit
Antifertility
Kaempferol found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (450000 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Fruit (5928 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (1108 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Selenium found in Fruit (0.002 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Limonene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (7 ppm)
P-cymene found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Quercitrin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Pectin found in Fruit
Antigastric
Myricetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Pectin found in Fruit
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Myricetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antiglutamaergic
Linalool found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Fruit (0.27 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Myricetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Antigout
Selenium found in Fruit (0.002 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (450000 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Fruit (5928 ppm)
Antigrey
Sulfur found in Fruit (1385 ppm)
Antihalitosic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Fructose found in Fruit (36700 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (17 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antihelicobacter
Sabinene found in Bud
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Antihemorrhoidal
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antihepatitic
Arginine found in Fruit Juice (35 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Glucose found in Fruit (23500 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Quercitrin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Quercitrin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antihiccup
Sucrose found in Fruit (6200 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Linalool found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (450000 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Fruit (5928 ppm)
Myricetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Niacin found in Fruit (17 ppm)
Pulegone found in Bud
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Fruit (17 ppm)
Antihyperammonemic
Glutamic-acid found in Fruit Juice (210 ppm)
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (170000 ppm);found in Seed (57950 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Pantothenic-acid found in Fruit (22 ppm)
Antihyperglycemic
Anthocyanins found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Antihyperinsulinemic
Anthocyanins found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Fruit (4720 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Antihyperleptinemic
Anthocyanins found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (120000 ppm);found in Fruit (3988 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Arginine found in Fruit Juice (35 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Calcium found in Fruit (4720 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (133000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (21110 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Antiimpotence
Arginine found in Fruit Juice (35 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Antiinfarctal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (120 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (120 ppm)
Arginine found in Fruit Juice (35 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Fruit (4720 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Fruit (17 ppm)
Antiischemic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (120 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Fruit (0.002 ppm)
Antiketotic
Fructose found in Fruit (36700 ppm)
Glucose found in Fruit (23500 ppm)
Antilaryngitic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Antileishmanic
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (119000 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Fruit (35000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Antileukemic
Astragalin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Linalool found in Leaf (7 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Selenium found in Fruit (0.002 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (120000 ppm);found in Fruit (3988 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (450000 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Fruit (5928 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (120000 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Fruit (3102 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Selenium found in Fruit (0.002 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Glutamic-acid found in Fruit Juice (210 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Antilymphomic
Limonene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (120 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Lutein found in Fruit (22 ppm)
Selenium found in Fruit (0.002 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Antimalarial
Humulene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antimange
Linalool found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Antimelanomic
Geraniol found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Selenium found in Fruit (0.002 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Calcium found in Fruit (4720 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Selenium found in Fruit (0.002 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (120000 ppm);found in Fruit (3988 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (170000 ppm);found in Seed (57950 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Iron found in Fruit (108 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (450000 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Fruit (5928 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (120000 ppm);found in Fruit (3988 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Pectin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Selenium found in Fruit (0.002 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antimite
Linalool found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antimitotic
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Antimorphinic
Aspartic-acid found in Fruit Juice (23 ppm)
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Fruit (0.002 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antimyopic
Anthocyanins found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Antinauseant
Fructose found in Fruit (36700 ppm)
Antineoplastic
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Antinephritic
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Fruit (17 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (120 ppm)
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Alpha-terpinene found in Fruit
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Myrcene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Terpinolene found in Bud ;found in Fruit
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Antinyctalopic
Anthocyanins found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Lutein found in Fruit (22 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Antiobesity
Anthocyanins found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Calcium found in Fruit (4720 ppm)
Chromium found in Fruit (0.27 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (133000 ppm)
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (170000 ppm);found in Seed (57950 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Limonene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Antionychyotic
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (119000 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Silicon found in Fruit (220 ppm)
Antiophidic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Antiophthalmic
Sucrose found in Fruit (6200 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Boron found in Fruit (64 ppm)
Selenium found in Fruit (0.002 ppm)
Sulfur found in Fruit (1385 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Boron found in Fruit (64 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (4720 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (27 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (3500 ppm)
Silicon found in Fruit (220 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Antiotitic
Acetic-acid found in Fruit
Antiototic
Manganese found in Fruit (27 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (120 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Niacin found in Fruit (17 ppm)
Selenium found in Fruit (0.002 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Antipellagric
Isoleucine found in Fruit Juice (28 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (17 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antipeptic
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Myricetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Calcium found in Fruit (4720 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Antipharyngitic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Antiplantar
Formaldehyde found in Fruit
Antiplaque
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Myricetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Humulene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (4 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Antipolio
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Cyanin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit
Anthocyanins found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (119000 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Lutein found in Fruit (22 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Selenium found in Fruit (0.002 ppm)
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Antiprostatitic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (120000 ppm);found in Fruit (3988 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (170000 ppm);found in Seed (57950 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Glutamic-acid found in Fruit Juice (210 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (450000 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Fruit (5928 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antipruritic
Ethanol found in Fruit
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Antipurpuric
Quercitrin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Methyl-salicylate found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Pulegone found in Bud
Salicylates found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Antiretardation
Glutamic-acid found in Fruit Juice (210 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (120 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Antirheumatalgic
Methyl-salicylate found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
P-cymene found in Fruit
Antirheumatic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (120 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (4720 ppm)
Gentisic-acid found in Fruit
Selenium found in Fruit (0.002 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Antirhinitic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Antisalmonella
Acetic-acid found in Fruit
Geraniol found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Fruit (17 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Citric-acid found in Fruit (35000 ppm)
Sulfur found in Fruit (1385 ppm)
Antiseptic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Beta-pinene found in Fruit (130000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Citric-acid found in Fruit (35000 ppm)
Citronellol found in Fruit
Diosphenol found in Bud
Ethanol found in Fruit
Formaldehyde found in Fruit
Formic-acid found in Fruit
Geraniol found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Hardwickic-acid found in Fruit
Hexanol found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Limonene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Methyl-benzoate found in Fruit
Methyl-salicylate found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit (200 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Sabinene found in Bud
Sakuranetin found in Leaf
Sulfur found in Fruit (1385 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Antiserotonin
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Antishock
Linalool found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Antisickling
Asparagine found in Fruit Juice (87 ppm)
Glutamine found in Fruit Juice (290 ppm)
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Fruit (65 ppm)
Antisinusitic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Antispasmodic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Alpha-terpinene found in Fruit
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Beta-pinene found in Fruit (130000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (119000 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit
Ethyl-acetate found in Fruit
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Geraniol found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Limonene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Myrcene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Niacin found in Fruit (17 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
Potassium found in Fruit (21110 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Quercitrin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (119000 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Citronellol found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Quercitrin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (119000 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Citronellol found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Calcium found in Fruit (4720 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Antistroke
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (120 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (21110 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antisyncopic
Formic-acid found in Fruit
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Chromium found in Fruit (0.27 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (27 ppm)
Selenium found in Fruit (0.002 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Antitartar
Methyl-salicylate found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Antithrombic
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Antithrombogenic
Quercitrin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antitic
Calcium found in Fruit (4720 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Fruit (0.27 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antitubercular
Citric-acid found in Fruit (35000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (120 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antitumor
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (120 ppm)
Anthocyanins found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (119000 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Citric-acid found in Fruit (35000 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Fiber found in Fruit (133000 ppm)
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (170000 ppm);found in Seed (57950 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Geraniol found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Limonene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (7 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Quercitrin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Selenium found in Fruit (0.002 ppm)
Antitussive
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Pectin found in Fruit
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Selenium found in Fruit (0.002 ppm)
Antiuricosuric
Salicylates found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Antivaginitic
Acetic-acid found in Fruit
Aluminum found in Fruit (65 ppm)
Antivaricose
Anthocyanins found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Glucose found in Fruit (23500 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Fruit (17 ppm)
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Anthocyanins found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Cyanin found in Fruit
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Formaldehyde found in Fruit
Gentisic-acid found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Limonene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Myricetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
P-cymene found in Fruit
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Quercitrin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Calcium found in Fruit (4720 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Fruit Juice (210 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Fruit (3500 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (21110 ppm)
Selenium found in Fruit (0.002 ppm)
Aphrodisiac
Arginine found in Fruit Juice (35 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Limonene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Myricetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Selenium found in Fruit (0.002 ppm)
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Arteriodilator
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Ascaricide
Geraniol found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Astringent
Formic-acid found in Fruit
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Atherogenic
Sucrose found in Fruit (6200 ppm)
Autotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Avicide
Beta-alanine found in Fruit Juice (12 ppm)
Avifuge
Pulegone found in Bud
Bacteristat
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Barbituate-Synergist
Linalool found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Fruit (133000 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (21110 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Bronchorelaxant
Linalool found in Leaf (7 ppm)
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
CNS-Depressant
Acetone found in Fruit
Ethanol found in Fruit
Ethyl-acetate found in Fruit
Linalool found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
CNS-Paralytic
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit (200 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Geraniol found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (12 ppm)
COMP-Inhibitor
Myricetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Fruit (4720 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Candidicide
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Aluminum found in Fruit (65 ppm)
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Beta-pinene found in Fruit (130000 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (119000 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Citronellol found in Fruit
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Geraniol found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Myricetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Pulegone found in Bud
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Candidistat
Limonene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Capillarigenic
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Carcinogenic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (450000 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Fruit (5928 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Cardiac
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Fruit (0.027 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (120 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Chromium found in Fruit (0.27 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (7 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (133000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (17 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (21110 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Selenium found in Fruit (0.002 ppm)
Silicon found in Fruit (220 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Fruit (21110 ppm)
Carminative
Ethyl-acetate found in Fruit
Linalool found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Catabolic
Glutamine found in Fruit Juice (290 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Cerebrotoxic
Pulegone found in Bud
Chemopreventive
Anthocyanins found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Limonene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Myrcene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
Pectin found in Fruit
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Choleretic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (120000 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Fruit (3102 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
Quercitrin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Quinic-acid found in Leaf
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Cicatrizant
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit
Circulotonic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (120 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (17 ppm)
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Collyrium
Sucrose found in Fruit (6200 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Lutein found in Fruit (22 ppm)
Comedogenic
Sulfur found in Fruit (1385 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (450000 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Fruit (5928 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Fruit (7 ppm)
Convulsant
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Corrosive
Formic-acid found in Fruit
Cosmetic
Stearic-acid found in Fruit (388 ppm)
Counterirritant
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Formic-acid found in Fruit
Methyl-salicylate found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Culicide
Linalool found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Activator
Quercitrin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Decongestant
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Degranulant
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Demulcent
Pectin found in Fruit
Sucrose found in Fruit (6200 ppm)
Dentifrice
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Methyl-salicylate found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Deodorant
Terpinolene found in Bud ;found in Fruit
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Depressant
Selenium found in Fruit (0.002 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Limonene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Diaphoretic
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Disinfectant
Citric-acid found in Fruit (35000 ppm)
Diuretic
Arginine found in Fruit Juice (35 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Asparagine found in Fruit Juice (87 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Calcium found in Fruit (4720 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Diosphenol found in Bud
Fiber found in Fruit (133000 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Myricetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Potassium found in Fruit (21110 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Dye
Quercitrin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Edemagenic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Embryotoxic
Geraniol found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Emetic
Cyanin found in Fruit
Geraniol found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Fruit (65 ppm)
Pulegone found in Bud
Energizer
Chromium found in Fruit (0.27 ppm)
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Fruit (0.027 ppm)
Essential
Isoleucine found in Fruit Juice (28 ppm)
Leucine found in Fruit Juice (28 ppm)
Threonine found in Fruit Juice (17 ppm)
Valine found in Fruit Juice (170 ppm)
Estrogenic
Boron found in Fruit (64 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Expectorant
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Acetic-acid found in Fruit
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Astragalin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf
Beta-phellandrene found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Camphene found in Fruit
Ethanol found in Fruit
Geraniol found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (7 ppm)
FLavor
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Alpha-terpinene found in Fruit
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Beta-pinene found in Fruit (130000 ppm)
Camphene found in Fruit
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (119000 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit
Citric-acid found in Fruit (35000 ppm)
Citronellol found in Fruit
Citronellyl-acetate found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Delta-3-carene found in Fruit
Ethyl-acetate found in Fruit
Ethyl-benzoate found in Fruit
Ethyl-butyrate found in Fruit
Formic-acid found in Fruit
Geraniol found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Hexanol found in Fruit
Limonene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Methyl-benzoate found in Fruit
Methyl-butyrate found in Fruit
Methyl-salicylate found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (120000 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Fruit (3102 ppm)
P-cymene found in Fruit
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (1108 ppm)
Pulegone found in Bud
Stearic-acid found in Fruit (388 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Bud ;found in Fruit
Threonine found in Fruit Juice (17 ppm)
Valine found in Fruit Juice (170 ppm)
Fatal
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Fruit (17 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Flatugenic
Sucrose found in Fruit (6200 ppm)
Fungicide
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Acetaldehyde found in Fruit
Acetic-acid found in Fruit
Beta-phellandrene found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (119000 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit
Citronellol found in Fruit
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Formaldehyde found in Fruit
Geraniol found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Hardwickic-acid found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Linalool found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
O-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
P-cymene found in Fruit
Pectin found in Fruit
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Pulegone found in Bud
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Sakuranetin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Fruit (0.002 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Bud ;found in Fruit
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Fungistat
Formic-acid found in Fruit
Limonene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Fungitoxic
Formic-acid found in Fruit
GABA-nergic
Linalool found in Leaf (7 ppm)
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Gastroprotective
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (119000 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Glutathionalytic
Pulegone found in Bud
Glutathione-Depleting
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Goitrogenic
Anthocyanins found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Hallucinogenic
Pulegone found in Bud
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (1108 ppm)
Hemostatic
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Hepatotonic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Quercitrin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Hepatotoxic
Ethanol found in Fruit
Niacin found in Fruit (17 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Pulegone found in Bud
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Herbicide
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Beta-pinene found in Fruit (130000 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit
Citronellol found in Fruit
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Geraniol found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (7 ppm)
P-cymene found in Fruit
Pulegone found in Bud
Herpetifuge
Methyl-salicylate found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Histaminic
Limonene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Hormone
Indole-acetic-acid found in Seed
Hydrocholerectic
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Hypercholesterolemic
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (1108 ppm)
Sucrose found in Fruit (6200 ppm)
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Fruit (23500 ppm)
Salicylates found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Hypertensive
Cadmium found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Ethanol found in Fruit
Sodium found in Fruit (111 ppm)
Hypnotic
Ethanol found in Fruit
Linalool found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Hypoammonemic
Arginine found in Fruit Juice (35 ppm)
Hypocalcemic
Ethanol found in Fruit
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Calcium found in Fruit (4720 ppm)
Chromium found in Fruit (0.27 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (7 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (133000 ppm)
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (170000 ppm);found in Seed (57950 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (450000 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Fruit (5928 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (17 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (120000 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Fruit (3102 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Stearic-acid found in Fruit (388 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Chromium found in Fruit (0.27 ppm)
Manganese found in Fruit (27 ppm)
Myricetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Niacin found in Fruit (17 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Quercitrin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Salicylates found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Niacin found in Fruit (17 ppm)
Hypotensive
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (120000 ppm);found in Fruit (3988 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Astragalin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf
Calcium found in Fruit (4720 ppm)
Chromium found in Fruit (0.27 ppm)
Ethanol found in Fruit
Fiber found in Fruit (133000 ppm)
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (170000 ppm);found in Seed (57950 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (21110 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Hypothermic
Linalool found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Myrcene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Fruit (133000 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Immunomodulator
Alpha-tocopherol found in Fruit (120 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Chromium found in Fruit (0.27 ppm)
Copper found in Fruit (7 ppm)
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (170000 ppm);found in Seed (57950 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Limonene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (450000 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Fruit (5928 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Selenium found in Fruit (0.002 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Inflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Alpha-terpinene found in Fruit
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Limonene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Pulegone found in Bud
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Insectifuge
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Alpha-terpinene found in Fruit
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Beta-pinene found in Fruit (130000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Camphene found in Fruit
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (119000 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Delta-3-carene found in Fruit
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Geraniol found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (450000 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Fruit (5928 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (120000 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Fruit (3102 ppm)
P-cymene found in Fruit
Pulegone found in Bud
Thiamin found in Fruit (3 ppm)
Insectiphile
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Cis-hex-3-en-1-ol found in Plant
Geraniol found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Methyl-salicylate found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Insulin-Sparing
Nickel found in Fruit (0.101 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Fruit (0.27 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit
Limonene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Irritant
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Beta-pinene found in Fruit (130000 ppm)
Butyraldehyde found in Fruit
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (119000 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Fruit (35000 ppm)
Citronellol found in Fruit
Citronellyl-acetate found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Delta-3-carene found in Fruit
Formaldehyde found in Fruit
Formic-acid found in Fruit
Limonene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Methyl-benzoate found in Fruit
Myrcene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (120000 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Fruit (3102 ppm)
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit (200 ppm)
P-cymene found in Fruit
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Juvabional
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Keratitigenic
Acetic-acid found in Fruit
Keratolytic
Sulfur found in Fruit (1385 ppm)
Larvicide
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (119000 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Larvistat
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Myricetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Laxative
Calcium found in Fruit (4720 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit
Fiber found in Fruit (133000 ppm)
Fructose found in Fruit (36700 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
P-cymene found in Fruit
Sulfur found in Fruit (1385 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit
Epigallocatechin found in Leaf
Kaempferol found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Myricetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Cadmium found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Litholytic
Citric-acid found in Fruit (35000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (1108 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Fruit (388 ppm)
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Lymphocytogenic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (120000 ppm);found in Fruit (3988 ppm);found in Seed Oil
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Quercitrin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
MAO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Quercitrin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Memorigenic
Chromium found in Fruit (0.27 ppm)
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Fruit (23500 ppm)
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (450000 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Fruit (5928 ppm)
Mosquitocide
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (119000 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Mosquitofuge
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit
Linalool found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Motor-Depressant
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Linalool found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Mucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Fruit
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Mucotropic
Ethanol found in Fruit
Mutagenic
Formaldehyde found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Myricetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Mycobactericide
Citric-acid found in Fruit (35000 ppm)
Geraniol found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Myorelaxant
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Limonene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Myrcene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Selenium found in Fruit (0.002 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
NO-Genic
Arginine found in Fruit Juice (35 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Limonene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (7 ppm)
NO-Scavenger
Anthocyanins found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Narcotic
Acetone found in Fruit
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Butyraldehyde found in Fruit
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Nematicide
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Citronellol found in Fruit
Geraniol found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (450000 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Fruit (5928 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (1108 ppm)
Neoplastic
Formaldehyde found in Fruit
Fructose found in Fruit (36700 ppm)
Nephrotoxic
Cadmium found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Mercury found in Fruit (0.01 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Pulegone found in Bud
Neuroexcitant
Aspartic-acid found in Fruit Juice (23 ppm)
Neurolytic
Ethanol found in Fruit
Neurotoxic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Beta-alanine found in Fruit Juice (12 ppm)
Glutamic-acid found in Fruit Juice (210 ppm)
Pulegone found in Bud
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Odontolytic
Citric-acid found in Fruit (35000 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Limonene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Selenium found in Fruit (0.002 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Fruit (3500 ppm)
Osteolytic
Acetic-acid found in Fruit
Oviposition-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Oxidase-Inhibitor
Myricetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (7 ppm)
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Alpha-terpinene found in Fruit
Myrcene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Limonene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Paralytic
Quercitrin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Parasiticide
Sulfur found in Fruit (1385 ppm)
Pediculicide
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (120000 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Fruit (3102 ppm)
Perfume
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Perfumery
Acetaldehyde found in Fruit
Acetic-acid found in Fruit
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Alpha-terpinene found in Fruit
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit
Beta-phellandrene found in Bud ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Beta-pinene found in Fruit (130000 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (119000 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Citronellol found in Fruit
Geraniol found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Methyl-benzoate found in Fruit
Methyl-butyrate found in Fruit
Methyl-salicylate found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (120000 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Fruit (3102 ppm)
Pulegone found in Bud
Sabinene found in Bud
Stearic-acid found in Fruit (388 ppm)
Terpinolene found in Bud ;found in Fruit
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Pectin found in Fruit
Peticide
Diosphenol found in Bud
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Pigment
Cyanidin found in Plant
Cyanin found in Fruit
Delphinidin found in Plant
Pituitary-Stimulant
Arginine found in Fruit Juice (35 ppm)
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Fruit (0.002 ppm)
Preservative
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Formic-acid found in Fruit
Sucrose found in Fruit (6200 ppm)
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Cyanidin found in Plant
Delphinidin found in Plant
Iron found in Fruit (108 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Lutein found in Fruit (22 ppm)
Propecic
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (120000 ppm);found in Fruit (3988 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (450000 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Fruit (5928 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (120000 ppm);found in Seed Oil ;found in Fruit (3102 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (1108 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Fruit (388 ppm)
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Fruit (0.002 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (120000 ppm);found in Fruit (3988 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Selenium found in Fruit (0.002 ppm)
Protisticide
Acetic-acid found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Pulifuge
Pulegone found in Bud
Pulmonotoxic
Pulegone found in Bud
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Kaempferol found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Lutein found in Fruit (22 ppm)
Myricetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Radioprotective
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Refrigerant
Citric-acid found in Fruit (35000 ppm)
Renotoxic
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Respiraparalytic
Acetaldehyde found in Fruit
Respirotoxic
Ethyl-acetate found in Fruit
Roborant
Aspartic-acid found in Fruit Juice (23 ppm)
Rubefacient
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Ethanol found in Fruit
Scabicide
Sulfur found in Fruit (1385 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Fruit (7 ppm)
Sclerosant
Ethanol found in Fruit
Scolicide
Formaldehyde found in Fruit
Secretogogue
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Sedative
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (119000 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Citronellol found in Fruit
Geraniol found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Niacin found in Fruit (17 ppm)
P-cymene found in Fruit
Pulegone found in Bud
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Fruit (17 ppm)
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Fruit (1108 ppm)
Palmitoleic-acid found in Fruit (388 ppm)
Spasmogenic
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Alpha-terpinene found in Fruit
Beta-pinene found in Fruit (130000 ppm)
Camphene found in Fruit
Spermicide
Acetic-acid found in Fruit
Spermigenic
Arginine found in Fruit Juice (35 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Stimulant
Ethyl-acetate found in Fruit
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Fruit (388 ppm)
Surfactant
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Ethanol found in Fruit
Sweetener
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Fructose found in Fruit (36700 ppm)
Sucrose found in Fruit (6200 ppm)
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Teratogenic
Ethanol found in Fruit
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Termiticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Termitifuge
Caryophyllene found in Fruit (119000 ppm);found in Leaf (34 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Myricetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Leaf ;found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Myricetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Toxic
Formic-acid found in Fruit
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Calcium found in Fruit (4720 ppm)
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Transdermal
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Alpha-pinene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit
Beta-pinene found in Fruit (130000 ppm)
Limonene found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Tremorilytic
Ethanol found in Fruit
Trichomonicide
1,8-cineole found in Fruit
Citronellol found in Fruit
Geraniol found in Fruit ;found in Leaf (12 ppm)
Linalool found in Leaf (7 ppm)
P-cymene found in Fruit
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
Triglycerigenic
Sucrose found in Fruit (6200 ppm)
Tumor-Promoter
Linalool found in Leaf (7 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Acetaldehyde found in Fruit
Benzaldehyde found in Fruit
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit
Kaempferol found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
P-coumaric-acid found in Fruit
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Myricetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Fruit (8 ppm)
Lutein found in Fruit (22 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Fruit
Syringic-acid found in Fruit
Ulcerogenic
Acetic-acid found in Fruit
Ethanol found in Fruit
Uricogenic
Sucrose found in Fruit (6200 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Salicylates found in Fruit (30 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Uterosedative
Ferulic-acid found in Fruit
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Selenium found in Fruit (0.002 ppm)
Varroacide
Oxalic-acid found in Fruit (200 ppm)
Vasoactive
Anthocyanins found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Vasodilator
Alpha-linolenic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (120000 ppm);found in Fruit (3988 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Anthocyanins found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Arginine found in Fruit Juice (35 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Calcium found in Fruit (4720 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (133000 ppm)
Gamma-linolenic-acid found in Seed Essent. Oil (170000 ppm);found in Seed (57950 ppm);found in Seed Oil
Kaempferol found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Magnesium found in Fruit (1720 ppm)
Myricetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Niacin found in Fruit (17 ppm)
Potassium found in Fruit (21110 ppm)
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Vasopressor
Quercitrin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Rutin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit ;found in Leaf
Vasoprotective
Anthocyanins found in Fruit (40000 ppm)
Vermifuge
Cinnamic-acid found in Fruit
Verrucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Fruit
Vulnerary
Alpha-terpineol found in Fruit
Ascorbic-acid found in Fruit (10030 ppm);found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Neo-chlorogenic-acid found in Fruit
Sucrose found in Fruit (6200 ppm)
Zinc found in Fruit (21 ppm)
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit
Quercetin found in Fruit Juice ;found in Fruit

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(+)-catechin Fruit 5,500 13,800
(+)-gallocatechin Fruit
(+)-hardwickiic acid Bud
(+)-spathulenol Bud
1,8-cineole Fruit
1-methyl-4-isopropylbenzol Plant
1-penten-3-ol Fruit
2-butanol Fruit
2-butanone Fruit
2-hexenal Fruit
2-methyl-3-buten-2-ol Fruit
2-methyl-propanol Fruit
2-pentanol Fruit
3-methyl-2-buten-1-ol Fruit
3-methyl-butanol Fruit
Acetaldehyde Fruit
Acetic-acid Fruit
Acetone Fruit
Alpha-alanine Fruit Juice 210
Alpha-linolenic-acid Seed Essent. Oil 120,000
Fruit 720 3,988
Seed Oil
Alpha-pinene Fruit
Leaf
Alpha-terpinene Fruit
Alpha-terpineol Fruit
Alpha-tocopherol Fruit 22 120
Aluminum Fruit 3 65
Anthocyanins Fruit 10,000 40,000
Anthocyanosides Fruit 3,000
Arginine Fruit Juice 35
Arsenic Fruit 0.01 0.06
Ascorbic-acid Fruit 150 10,030
Leaf
Ash Fruit 8,050 61,100
Asparagine Fruit Juice 87
Aspartic-acid Fruit Juice 23
Astragalin Fruit Juice
Leaf
Benzaldehyde Fruit
Beta-alanine Fruit Juice 12
Beta-carotene Fruit 1 8
Beta-ocimene Leaf
Beta-phellandrene Bud
Fruit
Leaf
Beta-pinene Fruit 130,000
Boron Fruit 1 64
Bromine Fruit 1
Butanol Fruit
Butyl-acetate Fruit
Butyl-formiate Fruit
Butyraldehyde Fruit
Cadmium Fruit 0.001 0.01
Caffeic-acid Fruit
Calcium Fruit 502 4,720
Calcium-pectate Fruit 9,000 17,000
Camphene Fruit
Car-3-ene Bud
Carbohydrates Fruit 153,800 852,050
Caren-3 Leaf 38
Caryophyllene Fruit 119,000
Leaf 34
Cellulose Fruit
Chlorogenic-acid Fruit
Chromium Fruit 0.01 0.27
Cinnamic-acid Fruit
Cis-beta-ocimene Fruit
Cis-hex-3-en-1-ol Plant
Citric-acid Fruit 35,000
Citronellol Fruit
Citronellyl-acetate Fruit
Leaf
Cobalt Fruit 0.002 0.027
Copper Fruit 0.6 7
Cyanidin Plant
Cyanidin-3-diglucoside Fruit
Cyanidin-3-glucoside Fruit
Cyanidin-3-o-beta-d-sophoroside Fruit Juice
Cyanidin-3-o-rhamnoside Fruit
Cyanidin-3-rutinoside Fruit
Cyanidin-monoglucoside Fruit
Cyanin Fruit
Dactylifric-acid Fruit
Dehydroxy-methyl flazin Fruit 0.38
Delphinidin Plant
Delphinidin-3-diglucoside Fruit
Delphinidin-3-glucoside Fruit
Delphinidin-3-o-beta-d-glucoside Fruit
Delphinidin-3-o-beta-d-sophoroside Fruit Juice
Delphinidin-3-o-rhamnoside Fruit
Delphinidin-3-rutinoside Fruit
Delta-3-carene Fruit
Diosphenol Bud
Emulsin Leaf
Eo Bulb 7,500
Leaf 200
Epigallocatechin Leaf
Ethanol Fruit
Ethyl-acetate Fruit
Ethyl-benzoate Fruit
Ethyl-butyrate Fruit
Eucarvone Bud
Fat Fruit 3,150 27,977
Seed 250,000 305,000
Ferulic-acid Fruit
Fiber Fruit 24,000 133,000
Flavonoids Leaf 4,600
Flazin methyl ether Fruit 0.34
Fluorine Fruit 0.1 2.8
Formaldehyde Fruit
Formic-acid Fruit
Fructose Fruit 36,700
Gallocatechin Leaf
Gallocatechin-(4-alpha-8)-gallocatechin-(4-alpha-8)-gallocatechin-gentisic-acid Fruit
Gallocatechin-(4alpha->8)-epigallocatechin Leaf
Gallocatechin-(4alpha->8)-gallocatechin Leaf
Gallocatechin-(4alpha->8)-gallocatechin-(4alpha->8)-gallocatechin Leaf
Gamma-linolenic-acid Seed Essent. Oil 170,000
Seed 47,500 57,950
Seed Oil
Gentisic-acid Fruit
Geraniol Fruit
Leaf 12
Glucose Fruit 23,500
Glutamic-acid Fruit Juice 210
Glutamine Fruit Juice 290
Glycollic-acid Fruit
Hardwickic-acid Fruit
Hexanol Fruit
Humulene Fruit
Leaf 4
Indole-acetic-acid Seed
Invert-sugars Fruit 60,000 80,000
Iron Fruit 11 108
Isoamyl-butyrate Fruit
Isodiosphenol Bud
Isoleucine Fruit Juice 28
Isomenthone Bud
Isoquercitrin Fruit Juice
Leaf
Fruit
Kaempferol Fruit Juice
Fruit
Kaempferol-3-gluco-rhamnoside Leaf
Kaempferol-3-gluco-xyloside Leaf
Kaempferol-3-o-beta-d-rutoside Fruit Juice
Lead Fruit 0.04 0.6
Leucine Fruit Juice 28
Limonene Fruit
Leaf 7
Linalool Leaf 7
Linoleic-acid Seed Essent. Oil 450,000
Seed Oil
Fruit 1,070 5,928
Linolenic-acid Seed Oil
Lutein Fruit 4.4 22
M-cymol Leaf 3
Magnesium Fruit 220 1,720
Manganese Fruit 0.5 27
Mercury Fruit 0.01
Methanol Fruit
Methyl-benzoate Fruit
Methyl-butyrate Fruit
Methyl-n-hexenoate Fruit
Methyl-salicylate Fruit
Leaf
Molybdenum Fruit 0.1 0.6
Myrcene Fruit
Leaf
Myricetin Fruit Juice
Fruit
Myricetin-3-glucoside Leaf
Myricetin-3-o-beta-d-glucoside Fruit Juice
Neo-chlorogenic-acid Fruit
Niacin Fruit 3 17
Nickel Fruit 0.101
Nitrogen Fruit 1,800 12,775
Norvaline Fruit Juice 17
O-coumaric-acid Fruit
Oct-1-en-3-ol Fruit
Octen-1-ol-(3) Leaf 13
Oleic-acid Seed Essent. Oil 120,000
Seed Oil
Fruit 560 3,102
Oxalic-acid Fruit 200
P-coumaric-acid Fruit
P-cymene Fruit
P-cymenol-(4) Fruit
P-cymol Leaf 3
P-menth-1,8-dien-4-ol Bud
P-methylisopropenylbenzol Fruit
Palmitic-acid Fruit 200 1,108
Palmitoleic-acid Fruit 70 388
Pantothenic-acid Fruit 4 22
Pectin Fruit
Pectinesterase Fruit
Pelargonidin-3-o-beta-d-rutinoside Fruit Juice
Pentanal Fruit
Pentanol Fruit
Phosphorus Fruit 490 3,500
Potassium Fruit 3,100 21,110
Proanthocyanidin-polymer Fruit
Leaf
Proline Fruit Juice 98
Propanol Fruit
Protein Fruit 12,000 88,640
Leaf 141,700
Protocatechuic-acid Fruit
Pulegone Bud
Quercetin Fruit Juice
Fruit
Quercetin-3'-glucoside Fruit
Quercetin-3-gluco-xyloside Leaf
Quercetin-3-o-beta-d-rutoside Fruit Juice
Quercitrin Fruit Juice
Fruit
Quinic-acid Leaf
Riboflavin Fruit 1 3
Rubidium Fruit 1 28
Rutin Fruit Juice
Fruit
Leaf
Sabinene Bud
Sakuranetin Leaf
Salicylates Fruit 3 30
Selenium Fruit 0.002
Serine Fruit Juice 60
Silicon Fruit 10 220
Sodium Fruit 20 111
Stearic-acid Fruit 70 388
Stearidonic acid Seed Essent. Oil 30,000
Seed Oil
Styrol Fruit
Sucrose Fruit 6,200
Sugars Fruit 15,800 106,400
Sulfur Fruit 200 1,385
Syringic-acid Fruit
Tannins Leaf 85,000
Terpinene Fruit
Terpinenol-(4) Fruit
Leaf
Terpinolene Bud
Fruit
Thiamin Fruit 1 3
Threonine Fruit Juice 17
Trans-beta-ocimene Fruit
Trans-chlorogenic-acid Fruit
Trans-hex-2-en-1-ol Fruit
Valine Fruit Juice 170
Vit-b-6 Fruit 1 4
Vitamin-k-1 Fruit 10.1
Water Fruit 815,220 824,000
Zinc Fruit 2 21
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]