Rhus coriaria Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Sicilian sumac tanner's sumac Tanner's sumach

Rhus coriaria, commonly called elm-leaved sumach, tanner's sumach, or Sicilian sumac is a deciduous shrub to small tree in the Anacardiaceae or Cashew family, native to southern Europe. The dried fruits are used as a spice, particularly in combination with other spices in the mixture called Za'atar.

Rhus coriaria

Medical use

Economic importance of Rhus coriaria

Food additives flavoring
Environmental ornamental
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Rhus coriaria Rhus coriaria Rhus coriaria Rhus coriaria Rhus coriaria Rhus coriaria Rhus coriaria Rhus coriaria Rhus coriaria Rhus coriaria Rhus coriaria Rhus coriaria Rhus coriaria Rhus coriaria Rhus coriaria Rhus coriaria

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Macaronesia: Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria
    Naturalized
    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Egypt - Sinai; Iran; Iraq; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Dagestan
    • Middle Asia: Tajikistan ; Turkmenistan
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • East Europe: Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece ; Italy ; Malta
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
ACE-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Abortifacient
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Avicularin found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Myricitrin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Stem Bark
Allelochemic
Myricetin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Allergenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Stem Bark
Analgesic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Leaf (280000 ppm)
AntiGTF
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
AntiHIV
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Stem Bark
Tannin found in Leaf (280000 ppm)
AntiMRSA
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
AntiPMS
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiadenovirus
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Antiaflatoxin
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiaggregant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiaging
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiallergenic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Leaf
Antiallergic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antialzheimeran
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antianacarditic
Tannic-acid found in Stem Bark
Antianaphylactic
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiangiogenic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiarrhythmic
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Antiarthritic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiasthmatic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiatherosclerotic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antibacterial
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Leaf
Myricitrin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Stem Bark
Tannin found in Leaf (280000 ppm)
Antibiotic
Avicularin found in Leaf
Antibronchitic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Anticancer
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf (280000 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Anticariogenic
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Stem Bark
Tannin found in Leaf (280000 ppm)
Anticataract
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Stem Bark
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Leaf
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidecubitic
Tannic-acid found in Stem Bark
Antidepressant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidermatitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidermatotic
Tannic-acid found in Stem Bark
Antidiabetic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antidiarrheic
Tannic-acid found in Stem Bark
Tannin found in Leaf (280000 ppm)
Antidote
Tannic-acid found in Stem Bark
Antidysenteric
Tannic-acid found in Stem Bark
Tannin found in Leaf (280000 ppm)
Antiedemic
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Antielastase
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiencephalitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Stem Bark
Antienteritic
Tannic-acid found in Stem Bark
Antiescherichic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiestrogenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antifeedant
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Stem Bark
Antifibrinolytic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiflu
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Antigargantitic
Tannic-acid found in Stem Bark
Antigastric
Myricetin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antigingivitic
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Stem Bark
Antigonadotrophic
Myricetin found in Leaf
Antigonadotropic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihemorrhagic
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Antihemorrhoidal
Tannic-acid found in Stem Bark
Antihepatotoxic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf (280000 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Stem Bark
Antihistaminic
Myricetin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antihypertensive
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf (280000 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Antiinflammatory
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Leaf
Myricitrin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Antileishmanic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antileukemic
Digallic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antileukotriene
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Leaf (280000 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antimalarial
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antimelanomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antimetastatic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antimutagenic
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Leaf
Myricitrin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Stem Bark
Tannin found in Leaf (280000 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antinephritic
Tannin found in Leaf (280000 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Stem Bark
Antinociceptive
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiobesity
Tannic-acid found in Stem Bark
Antiophidic
Tannic-acid found in Stem Bark
Tannin found in Leaf (280000 ppm)
Antioxidant
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Leaf
Myricitrin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Stem Bark
Tannin found in Leaf (280000 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperiodontic
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Leaf
Antiperiodontitic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiperoxidant
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Stem Bark
Antiplaque
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiplasmodial
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipodriac
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipolio
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Stem Bark
Antiproliferant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiprostatitic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antiproteolytic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Antipsoriac
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antipurpuric
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Antiradicular
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf (280000 ppm)
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Leaf (280000 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Tannic-acid found in Stem Bark
Antiseptic
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Stem Bark
Antispasmodic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Antistaphylococcic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Antistomatitic
Tannic-acid found in Stem Bark
Antistreptococcic
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithiamin
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antithrombogenic
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Antithyroid
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Antitonsilitic
Tannic-acid found in Stem Bark
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Antitumor-Promoter
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Myricitrin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf (280000 ppm)
Antitumor
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf (280000 ppm)
Antiulcer
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Stem Bark
Tannin found in Leaf (280000 ppm)
Antiviral
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Stem Bark
Tannin found in Leaf (280000 ppm)
Antiyeast
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Apoptotic
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Astringent
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Stem Bark
Bacteristat
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Leaf
Bronchodilator
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
CNS-Depressant
Quercitrin found in Leaf
COMP-Inhibitor
Myricetin found in Leaf
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
COX-2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cancer-Preventive
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf (280000 ppm)
Candida-SAP-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Candidicide
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Leaf
Myricitrin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Capillarigenic
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Leaf
Carcinogenic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf (280000 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Chelator
Tannin found in Leaf (280000 ppm)
Choleretic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Myricitrin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Copper-Chelator
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cyclooxygenase-Activator
Avicularin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf (280000 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Cytotoxic
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Stem Bark
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Detoxicant
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Stem Bark
Diaphoretic
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Leaf
Diuretic
Avicularin found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Leaf
Myricitrin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Dye
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Emetic
Tannic-acid found in Stem Bark
Estrogenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
FLavor
Tannic-acid found in Stem Bark
Floral-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Fungicide
Quercetin found in Leaf
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf (280000 ppm)
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Digallic-acid found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hemostat
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Stem Bark
Hemostatic
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Hepatoprotective
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf (280000 ppm)
Hepatotonic
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Hepatotoxic
Tannic-acid found in Stem Bark
Hypoglycemic
Myricetin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Hypotensive
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Immunomodulator
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Immunostimulant
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Stem Bark
Immunosuppressant
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf (280000 ppm)
Inotropic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Insectiphile
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Insulin-Sparing
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Insulinogenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Juvabional
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Larvistat
Myricetin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Myricetin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf (280000 ppm)
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
MAO-Inhibitor
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf (280000 ppm)
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Leaf
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Mutagenic
Myricetin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Myorelaxant
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
NO-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Nephrotoxic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Neuroprotective
Quercetin found in Leaf
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf (280000 ppm)
Oxidase-Inhibitor
Myricetin found in Leaf
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Leaf
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Paralytic
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Paramecicide
Myricitrin found in Leaf
Pesticide
Avicularin found in Leaf
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Leaf
Myricitrin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Tannic-acid found in Stem Bark
Tannin found in Leaf (280000 ppm)
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Leaf
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Leaf
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Protisticide
Myricitrin found in Leaf
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Leaf (280000 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Spermicide
Myricitrin found in Leaf
Styptic
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Sunscreen
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Teratologic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tissue-Thromboplastin-Inhibitor
Avicularin found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-I-Antagonist
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Myricetin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tumorigenic
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Myricetin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
Vasodilator
Myricetin found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Vasopressor
Quercitrin found in Leaf
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Ellagic-acid found in Leaf
Gallic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Leaf (280000 ppm)
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf
iNOS-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Leaf

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Avicularin Leaf
Digallic-acid Leaf
Ellagic-acid Leaf
Gallic-acid Leaf
Isoquercitrin Leaf
Myricetin Leaf
Myricitrin Leaf
Oxyquercitrin Stem Bark
Quercetin Leaf
Quercitrin Leaf
Tannic-acid Stem Bark
Tannin Leaf 210,000 280,000
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]