Rhodomyrtus tomentosa Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Ceylon hill-cherry downy myrtle downy rose myrtle hill-gooseberry rose myrtle

Rhodomyrtus tomentosa also known as Rose Myrtle is a flowering plant in the family Myrtaceae, native to southern and southeastern Asia, from India, east to southern China, Hong Kong, Taiwan and the Philippines, and south to Malaysia and Sulawesi. It grows in coasts, natural forest, riparian zones, wetlands, moist and wet forests, bog margins, from sea level up to 2400 m elevation.

Rhodomyrtus tomentosa

Medical use

Economic importance of Rhodomyrtus tomentosa

Environmental potential as ornamental
Human food potential as fruit
Medicines folklore
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

Rhodomyrtus tomentosa Rhodomyrtus tomentosa Rhodomyrtus tomentosa Rhodomyrtus tomentosa Rhodomyrtus tomentosa Rhodomyrtus tomentosa Rhodomyrtus tomentosa Rhodomyrtus tomentosa Rhodomyrtus tomentosa Rhodomyrtus tomentosa Rhodomyrtus tomentosa

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • China: China - Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hunan, Yunnan; Hong Kong
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Cambodia; Laos; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Philippines
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • United States
  • PACIFIC
    Naturalized
    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    • Northwestern Pacific: Micronesia

Biological activities

Anthelmintic
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf (4 ppm);found in Stem (2 ppm)
AntiHIV
Betulin found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Stem (10 ppm)
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf (4 ppm);found in Stem (2 ppm)
Antibacterial
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf (4 ppm);found in Stem (2 ppm)
Anticancer
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf (4 ppm);found in Stem (2 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Betulin found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Stem (10 ppm)
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf (4 ppm);found in Stem (2 ppm)
Antiedemic
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf (4 ppm);found in Stem (2 ppm)
Antifeedant
Betulin found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Stem (10 ppm)
Antiflu
Betulin found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Stem (10 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Betulin found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Stem (10 ppm)
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf (4 ppm);found in Stem (2 ppm)
Antileukemic
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf (4 ppm);found in Stem (2 ppm)
Antimalarial
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf (4 ppm);found in Stem (2 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf (4 ppm);found in Stem (2 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf (4 ppm);found in Stem (2 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf (4 ppm);found in Stem (2 ppm)
Antitumor
Betulin found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Stem (10 ppm)
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf (4 ppm);found in Stem (2 ppm)
Antiviral
Betulin found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Stem (10 ppm)
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf (4 ppm);found in Stem (2 ppm)
Aphidifuge
Betulin found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Stem (10 ppm)
Apoptotic
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf (4 ppm);found in Stem (2 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Betulin found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Stem (10 ppm)
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf (4 ppm);found in Stem (2 ppm)
Hypolipemic
Betulin found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Stem (10 ppm)
Phospholipase-A2-Inhibitor
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf (4 ppm);found in Stem (2 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Betulin found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Stem (10 ppm)
Betulinic-acid found in Leaf (4 ppm);found in Stem (2 ppm)
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Betulin found in Leaf (22 ppm);found in Stem (10 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Betulin Leaf 2 22
Stem 10
Betulinic-acid Leaf 4
Stem 2
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]