Rheum rhabarbarum Health effects and herbal facts

Rheum rhabarbarum

Medical use

Gallery

Rheum rhabarbarum Rheum rhabarbarum Rheum rhabarbarum Rheum rhabarbarum Rheum rhabarbarum Rheum rhabarbarum Rheum rhabarbarum Rheum rhabarbarum Rheum rhabarbarum Rheum rhabarbarum

Biological activities

5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Root
AGEs-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Root
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Pt
Acaricide
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf (11000 ppm);found in Pt (13360 ppm)
Acarifuge
Sulfur found in Pt (1240 ppm)
Acidulant
Acetic-acid found in Pt
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Fumaric-acid found in Pt
Lactic-acid found in Pt
Additive
Succinic-acid found in Pt
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Emodin found in Root
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Pt (44 ppm);found in Root
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Pt (4 ppm)
Allelochemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Root
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Allelopathic
Ferulic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm);found in Root
P-coumaric-acid found in Pt (44 ppm);found in Root
Vanillic-acid found in Pt (4 ppm)
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Pt (12 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Pt
Emodin found in Root
Niacin found in Leaf (33 ppm);found in Pt (57 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Pt
Alpha-Amylase-Inhibitor
Citric-acid found in Pt
Alpha-Glucosidase-Inhibitor
Protocatechuic-acid found in Pt
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm);found in Root
Gallic-acid found in Pt (53 ppm);found in Root
Lindleyin found in Root
Selenium found in Pt
Thiamin found in Leaf (3.3 ppm);found in Pt (6.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Androgenic
Boron found in Pt (36 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (125000 ppm);found in Pt (135000 ppm)
Potassium found in Pt (66400 ppm)
Anorexic
Arsenic found in Pt (0.01 ppm)
Selenium found in Pt
Anthelmintic
Vanillic-acid found in Pt (4 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Chromium found in Pt (0.1 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Chromium found in Pt (0.1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
AntiEBV
(-)-epicatechin found in Root
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Pt
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (33 ppm);found in Pt (57 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (3 ppm);found in Pt (14 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (3.3 ppm);found in Pt (6.5 ppm)
AntiMRSA
Emodin found in Root
Gallic-acid found in Pt (53 ppm);found in Root
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Selenium found in Pt
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Pt (12 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (14400 ppm);found in Pt (18462 ppm)
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Manganese found in Pt (35 ppm)
AntiSpina-Bifida
Folacin found in Pt (0.1 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Pt (12 ppm)
Chromium found in Pt (0.1 ppm)
Selenium found in Pt
Sulfur found in Pt (1240 ppm)
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Leaf (33 ppm);found in Pt (57 ppm)
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Antiadenovirus
Gallic-acid found in Pt (53 ppm);found in Root
Antiadrenalinic
Nickel found in Pt (4 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Pt (12 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Chromium found in Pt (0.1 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Leaf (250 ppm);found in Pt (154 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Manganese found in Pt (35 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (3.3 ppm);found in Pt (6.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Antiallergenic
Gallic-acid found in Pt (53 ppm);found in Root
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (14400 ppm);found in Pt (18462 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm);found in Root
Niacin found in Leaf (33 ppm);found in Pt (57 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Pt (13.3 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Antialopecic
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (1238 ppm);found in Pt (48 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (33 ppm);found in Pt (57 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (3.3 ppm);found in Pt (6.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Leaf (33 ppm);found in Pt (57 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
(-)-epicatechin found in Root
Gallic-acid found in Pt (53 ppm);found in Root
Antianemic
Copper found in Pt (5.2 ppm)
Folacin found in Pt (0.1 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (250 ppm);found in Pt (154 ppm)
Manganese found in Pt (35 ppm)
Antianginal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (1238 ppm);found in Pt (48 ppm)
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (33 ppm);found in Pt (57 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Emodin found in Root
Gallic-acid found in Pt (53 ppm);found in Root
Selenium found in Pt
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (3.3 ppm);found in Pt (6.5 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf (14400 ppm);found in Pt (18462 ppm)
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Antiaphthic
Citric-acid found in Pt
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (3 ppm);found in Pt (14 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Leaf (14400 ppm);found in Pt (18462 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm);found in Root
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Potassium found in Pt (66400 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Pt
Antiarteriosclerotic
Silicon found in Pt (200 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (1238 ppm);found in Pt (48 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Pt (12 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (14400 ppm);found in Pt (18462 ppm)
Copper found in Pt (5.2 ppm)
Lindleyin found in Root
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Manganese found in Pt (35 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Pt (13.3 ppm)
Selenium found in Pt
Sulfur found in Pt (1240 ppm)
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (1238 ppm);found in Pt (48 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Pt (12 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Pt (53 ppm);found in Root
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Pt
Selenium found in Pt
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (1238 ppm);found in Pt (48 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (14400 ppm);found in Pt (18462 ppm)
Chromium found in Pt (0.1 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Pt
Lutein found in Pt (34 ppm)
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Pt
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Selenium found in Pt
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Leaf (3.3 ppm);found in Pt (6.5 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Leaf (3.3 ppm);found in Pt (6.5 ppm)
Antibronchitic
Gallic-acid found in Pt (53 ppm);found in Root
Anticalculic
Citric-acid found in Pt
Anticancer
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (1238 ppm);found in Pt (48 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Pt (12 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Pt (53 ppm);found in Root
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Pt (4 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Leaf (250 ppm);found in Pt (154 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (3.3 ppm);found in Pt (6.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Anticapillary-Fragility
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm);found in Root
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Pt (12 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Pt (53 ppm);found in Root
Rhein found in Root
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Leaf (3.3 ppm);found in Pt (6.5 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Rhein found in Root
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Leaf (3 ppm);found in Pt (14 ppm)
Anticataract
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (1238 ppm);found in Pt (48 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (33 ppm);found in Pt (57 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (3 ppm);found in Pt (14 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Selenium found in Pt
Thiamin found in Leaf (3.3 ppm);found in Pt (6.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Pt (13.3 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (3 ppm);found in Pt (14 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Pt (12 ppm)
Folacin found in Pt (0.1 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (3 ppm);found in Pt (14 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Folacin found in Pt (0.1 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (250 ppm);found in Pt (154 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (3 ppm);found in Pt (14 ppm)
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Leaf (33 ppm);found in Pt (57 ppm)
Anticirrhotic
Selenium found in Pt
Anticlastogen
P-coumaric-acid found in Pt (44 ppm);found in Root
Protocatechuic-acid found in Pt
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (14400 ppm);found in Pt (18462 ppm)
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Selenium found in Pt
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Leaf (3.3 ppm);found in Pt (6.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (1238 ppm);found in Pt (48 ppm)
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (33 ppm);found in Pt (57 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Pt (0.1 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Pt (12 ppm)
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Selenium found in Pt
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Anticytomegalovirus
Emodin found in Root
Rhein found in Root
Antidandruff
Selenium found in Pt
Sulfur found in Pt (1240 ppm)
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (3 ppm);found in Pt (14 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (3.3 ppm);found in Pt (6.5 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Leaf (3.3 ppm);found in Pt (6.5 ppm)
Antidementia
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (1238 ppm);found in Pt (48 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (33 ppm);found in Pt (57 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (3.3 ppm);found in Pt (6.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (14400 ppm);found in Pt (18462 ppm)
Folacin found in Pt (0.1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Potassium found in Pt (66400 ppm)
Selenium found in Pt
Antidermatitic
Fumaric-acid found in Pt
Niacin found in Leaf (33 ppm);found in Pt (57 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Pt (13.3 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Antidiabetic
(-)-epicatechin found in Root
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (1238 ppm);found in Pt (48 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Chromium found in Pt (0.1 ppm)
Copper found in Pt (5.2 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (125000 ppm);found in Pt (135000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Manganese found in Pt (35 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (33 ppm);found in Pt (57 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Pt (35 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Pt (35 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Ferulic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm);found in Root
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Leaf (3.3 ppm);found in Pt (6.5 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Leaf (33 ppm);found in Pt (57 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Leaf (3.3 ppm);found in Pt (6.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Manganese found in Pt (35 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (33 ppm);found in Pt (57 ppm)
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Pt (53 ppm);found in Root
Antiestrogenic
Ferulic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm);found in Root
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Chromium found in Pt (0.1 ppm)
Copper found in Pt (5.2 ppm)
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Pt (13.3 ppm)
Potassium found in Pt (66400 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (3.3 ppm);found in Pt (6.5 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Pt (4 ppm)
Antifeedant
Emodin found in Root
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Succinic-acid found in Pt
Antifertility
P-coumaric-acid found in Pt (44 ppm);found in Root
Antifibrinolytic
Gallic-acid found in Pt (53 ppm);found in Root
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Pt
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Selenium found in Pt
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Antiflu
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Pt (53 ppm);found in Root
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (3.3 ppm);found in Pt (6.5 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Folacin found in Pt (0.1 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Folacin found in Pt (0.1 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (3 ppm);found in Pt (14 ppm)
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Pt (0.1 ppm)
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Antigout
Selenium found in Pt
Antigrey
Sulfur found in Pt (1240 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (33 ppm);found in Pt (57 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (3.3 ppm);found in Pt (6.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Leaf (3.3 ppm);found in Pt (6.5 ppm)
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Antihemorrhoidal
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Antihepatitic
(-)-epicatechin found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Antihepatocarcinogenic
Fumaric-acid found in Pt
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm);found in Root
Gallic-acid found in Pt (53 ppm);found in Root
Protocatechuic-acid found in Pt
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (3.3 ppm);found in Pt (6.5 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (33 ppm);found in Pt (57 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Leaf (33 ppm);found in Pt (57 ppm)
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Pantothenic-acid found in Pt (13.3 ppm)
Antihyperglycemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Root
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Pt (12 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Leaf (14400 ppm);found in Pt (18462 ppm)
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (14400 ppm);found in Pt (18462 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (125000 ppm);found in Pt (135000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Potassium found in Pt (66400 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Pt (12 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Antiinfarctal
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (1238 ppm);found in Pt (48 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (1238 ppm);found in Pt (48 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Leaf (14400 ppm);found in Pt (18462 ppm)
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Leaf (33 ppm);found in Pt (57 ppm)
Antiischemic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (1238 ppm);found in Pt (48 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Pt
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Leaf (3 ppm);found in Pt (14 ppm)
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Pt
Antileishmanic
Citric-acid found in Pt
Gallic-acid found in Pt (53 ppm);found in Root
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Antileukemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Emodin found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm);found in Root
P-coumaric-acid found in Pt (44 ppm);found in Root
Protocatechuic-acid found in Pt
Selenium found in Pt
Vanillic-acid found in Pt (4 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Pt (12 ppm)
Antileukorrheic
Lactic-acid found in Pt
Antileukotriene
(-)-epicatechin found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Selenium found in Pt
Antilipoperoxidant
(-)-epicatechin found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Pt (12 ppm)
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Pt (12 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Emodin found in Root
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (1238 ppm);found in Pt (48 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Pt (12 ppm)
Lutein found in Pt (34 ppm)
Selenium found in Pt
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Antimalarial
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Pt (12 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Pt
Antimelanomic
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Selenium found in Pt
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (14400 ppm);found in Pt (18462 ppm)
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Selenium found in Pt
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Leaf (250 ppm);found in Pt (154 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Selenium found in Pt
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (3 ppm);found in Pt (14 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (3.3 ppm);found in Pt (6.5 ppm)
Antimitotic
Ferulic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm);found in Root
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Pt
Antimyelotoxic
Folacin found in Pt (0.1 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Leaf (3.3 ppm);found in Pt (6.5 ppm)
Antineoplastic
Emodin found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm);found in Root
Rhein found in Root
Antinephritic
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Leaf (33 ppm);found in Pt (57 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (3.3 ppm);found in Pt (6.5 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Leaf (3.3 ppm);found in Pt (6.5 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Leaf (3.3 ppm);found in Pt (6.5 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (1238 ppm);found in Pt (48 ppm)
Folacin found in Pt (0.1 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (3.3 ppm);found in Pt (6.5 ppm)
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm);found in Root
Gallic-acid found in Pt (53 ppm);found in Root
P-coumaric-acid found in Pt (44 ppm);found in Root
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Pt (5.2 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Lutein found in Pt (34 ppm)
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (14400 ppm);found in Pt (18462 ppm)
Chromium found in Pt (0.1 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (125000 ppm);found in Pt (135000 ppm)
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Antionychyotic
Silicon found in Pt (200 ppm)
Antiophidic
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Pt
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Boron found in Pt (36 ppm)
Selenium found in Pt
Sulfur found in Pt (1240 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Boron found in Pt (36 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (14400 ppm);found in Pt (18462 ppm)
Copper found in Pt (5.2 ppm)
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Manganese found in Pt (35 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (3472 ppm);found in Pt (3462 ppm)
Silicon found in Pt (200 ppm)
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Antiotitic
Acetic-acid found in Pt
Antiototic
Manganese found in Pt (35 ppm)
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Pt (12 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Pt (12 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (1238 ppm);found in Pt (48 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (33 ppm);found in Pt (57 ppm)
Selenium found in Pt
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Leaf (33 ppm);found in Pt (57 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (3 ppm);found in Pt (14 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (14400 ppm);found in Pt (18462 ppm)
Folacin found in Pt (0.1 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Pt (53 ppm);found in Root
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Antiperoxynitrite
Sinapic-acid found in Pt (6 ppm);found in Root
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Pt (12 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Leaf (3 ppm);found in Pt (14 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Pt (12 ppm)
Antiplaque
Emodin found in Root
Folacin found in Pt (0.1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Rhein found in Root
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Antipolio
Gallic-acid found in Pt (53 ppm);found in Root
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Thiamin found in Leaf (3.3 ppm);found in Pt (6.5 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Pt (12 ppm)
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Pt (12 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Emodin found in Root
Lutein found in Pt (34 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Selenium found in Pt
Antiprostatitic
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Antiproteolytic
Gallic-acid found in Pt (53 ppm);found in Root
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Pt (12 ppm)
Fumaric-acid found in Pt
Antipsychotic
Folacin found in Pt (0.1 ppm)
Antipurpuric
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (1238 ppm);found in Pt (48 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (1238 ppm);found in Pt (48 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Pt (12 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (14400 ppm);found in Pt (18462 ppm)
Selenium found in Pt
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Acetic-acid found in Pt
Antisarcomic
Emodin found in Root
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Leaf (33 ppm);found in Pt (57 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Citric-acid found in Pt
Malic-acid found in Pt
Sulfur found in Pt (1240 ppm)
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Chrysophanol found in Root
Citric-acid found in Pt
Emodin found in Root
Gallic-acid found in Pt (53 ppm);found in Root
Malic-acid found in Pt
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf (11000 ppm);found in Pt (13360 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Pt (44 ppm);found in Root
Physcion found in Root
Protocatechuic-acid found in Pt
Rhein found in Root
Sulfur found in Pt (1240 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Pt (4 ppm)
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Antiserotonin
Ferulic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm);found in Root
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Antisickling
Vanillic-acid found in Pt (4 ppm)
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Pt (80 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Chrysophanic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Emodin found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm);found in Root
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (33 ppm);found in Pt (57 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Pt (44 ppm);found in Root
Potassium found in Pt (66400 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Pt
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Antisprout
Emodin found in Root
Antistaphylococcic
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Pt (53 ppm);found in Root
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Pt (12 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (14400 ppm);found in Pt (18462 ppm)
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Antistroke
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (1238 ppm);found in Pt (48 ppm)
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Potassium found in Pt (66400 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Chromium found in Pt (0.1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Manganese found in Pt (35 ppm)
Selenium found in Pt
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Antithrombic
Ferulic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm);found in Root
Antithrombogenic
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Leaf (14400 ppm);found in Pt (18462 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Pt (0.1 ppm)
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Antitubercular
Citric-acid found in Pt
Malic-acid found in Pt
Antitumor-Promoter
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (1238 ppm);found in Pt (48 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm);found in Root
Gallic-acid found in Pt (53 ppm);found in Root
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Pt (4 ppm)
Antitumor
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (1238 ppm);found in Pt (48 ppm)
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Pt (12 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Pt
Ferulic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm);found in Root
Fiber found in Leaf (125000 ppm);found in Pt (135000 ppm)
Fumaric-acid found in Pt
Gallic-acid found in Pt (53 ppm);found in Root
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Malic-acid found in Pt
P-coumaric-acid found in Pt (44 ppm);found in Root
Rhein found in Root
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Selenium found in Pt
Vanillic-acid found in Pt (4 ppm)
Antitussive
Protocatechuic-acid found in Pt
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Selenium found in Pt
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Acetic-acid found in Pt
Aluminum found in Pt (80 ppm)
Emodin found in Root
Lactic-acid found in Pt
Antivaricose
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Leaf (33 ppm);found in Pt (57 ppm)
Antiviral
(-)-epicatechin found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Emodin found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm);found in Root
Gallic-acid found in Pt (53 ppm);found in Root
Protocatechuic-acid found in Pt
Rhein found in Root
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Pt (12 ppm)
Antixerotic
Lactic-acid found in Pt
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (14400 ppm);found in Pt (18462 ppm)
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (3472 ppm);found in Pt (3462 ppm)
Potassium found in Pt (66400 ppm)
Selenium found in Pt
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Pt (53 ppm);found in Root
Protocatechuic-acid found in Pt
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Selenium found in Pt
Arteriodilator
Ferulic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm);found in Root
Ascaricide
Vanillic-acid found in Pt (4 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Astringent
Gallic-acid found in Pt (53 ppm);found in Root
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Bacteristat
Gallic-acid found in Pt (53 ppm);found in Root
Malic-acid found in Pt
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Leaf (125000 ppm);found in Pt (135000 ppm)
Potassium found in Pt (66400 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Bronchodilator
Gallic-acid found in Pt (53 ppm);found in Root
Bruchiphobe
Malic-acid found in Pt
Succinic-acid found in Pt
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Emodin found in Root
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
CNS-Paralytic
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf (11000 ppm);found in Pt (13360 ppm)
COMP-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Root
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Chrysophanic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Chrysophanol found in Root
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Physcion found in Root
Rhein found in Root
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Leaf (14400 ppm);found in Pt (18462 ppm)
Candidicide
Aluminum found in Pt (80 ppm)
Chrysophanol found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm);found in Root
Gallic-acid found in Pt (53 ppm);found in Root
Rhein found in Root
Capillarigenic
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Capillariprotective
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Pt (53 ppm);found in Root
Protocatechuic-acid found in Pt
Cardiac
Ferulic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm);found in Root
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Pt (0.1 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (1238 ppm);found in Pt (48 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Chromium found in Pt (0.1 ppm)
Copper found in Pt (5.2 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (125000 ppm);found in Pt (135000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (33 ppm);found in Pt (57 ppm)
Potassium found in Pt (66400 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Pt
Selenium found in Pt
Silicon found in Pt (200 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Pt (66400 ppm)
Catabolic
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Cathartic
Chrysophanol found in Root
Emodin found in Root
Physcion found in Root
Rhein found in Root
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Pt (12 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Pt (44 ppm);found in Root
Protocatechuic-acid found in Pt
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm);found in Root
Choleretic
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm);found in Root
Gallic-acid found in Pt (53 ppm);found in Root
P-coumaric-acid found in Pt (44 ppm);found in Root
Vanillic-acid found in Pt (4 ppm)
Choline-Sparing
(-)-epicatechin found in Root
Circulotonic
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (1238 ppm);found in Pt (48 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (33 ppm);found in Pt (57 ppm)
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Collagenase-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Root
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Pt (12 ppm)
Lutein found in Pt (34 ppm)
Comedogenic
Sulfur found in Pt (1240 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Pt (5.2 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Deodorant
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Depressant
Selenium found in Pt
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Diaphoretic
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Differentiator
Emodin found in Root
Disinfectant
Citric-acid found in Pt
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (14400 ppm);found in Pt (18462 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (125000 ppm);found in Pt (135000 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Potassium found in Pt (66400 ppm)
Dye
Succinic-acid found in Pt
Emetic
Calcium-oxalate found in Leaf
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Pt (80 ppm)
Energizer
Chromium found in Pt (0.1 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Pt (0.1 ppm)
Estrogenic
Boron found in Pt (36 ppm)
Emodin found in Root
Rhaponticin found in Root (14200 ppm)
Expectorant
Acetic-acid found in Pt
FLavor
Citric-acid found in Pt
Fumaric-acid found in Pt
Lactic-acid found in Pt
Fatal
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf (11000 ppm);found in Pt (13360 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Leaf (33 ppm);found in Pt (57 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Floral-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Pt (53 ppm);found in Root
Fungicide
Acetic-acid found in Pt
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Chrysophanic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Ferulic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm);found in Root
P-coumaric-acid found in Pt (44 ppm);found in Root
Protocatechuic-acid found in Pt
Rhein found in Root
Selenium found in Pt
Sinapic-acid found in Pt (6 ppm);found in Root
Vanillic-acid found in Pt (4 ppm)
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Pt (12 ppm)
Genotoxic
Emodin found in Root
Glutathione-Depleting
Protocatechuic-acid found in Pt
Gonadotropic
Emodin found in Root
Hematopoietic
Folacin found in Pt (0.1 ppm)
Hemopoietic
Malic-acid found in Pt
Hemostatic
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf (11000 ppm);found in Pt (13360 ppm)
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Hepatomagenic
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Leaf (33 ppm);found in Pt (57 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Pt
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm);found in Root
Herbicide
Ferulic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm);found in Root
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Hydrocholerectic
Ferulic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm);found in Root
Hypertensive
Cadmium found in Pt (0.6 ppm)
Sodium found in Pt (855 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (14400 ppm);found in Pt (18462 ppm)
Chromium found in Pt (0.1 ppm)
Copper found in Pt (5.2 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (125000 ppm);found in Pt (135000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (33 ppm);found in Pt (57 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Chromium found in Pt (0.1 ppm)
Manganese found in Pt (35 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (33 ppm);found in Pt (57 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Emodin found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm);found in Root
Niacin found in Leaf (33 ppm);found in Pt (57 ppm)
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (14400 ppm);found in Pt (18462 ppm)
Chromium found in Pt (0.1 ppm)
Fiber found in Leaf (125000 ppm);found in Pt (135000 ppm)
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Potassium found in Pt (66400 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Leaf (125000 ppm);found in Pt (135000 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Alpha-tocopherol found in Leaf (1238 ppm);found in Pt (48 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Chromium found in Pt (0.1 ppm)
Copper found in Pt (5.2 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Pt (53 ppm);found in Root
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Selenium found in Pt
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Emodin found in Root
Gallic-acid found in Pt (53 ppm);found in Root
Vanillic-acid found in Pt (4 ppm)
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Inflammatory
Calcium-oxalate found in Leaf
Insecticide
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Insectifuge
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm);found in Root
Thiamin found in Leaf (3.3 ppm);found in Pt (6.5 ppm)
Insectiphile
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Insulin-Sparing
Gallic-acid found in Pt (53 ppm);found in Root
Nickel found in Pt (4 ppm)
Insulinogenic
(-)-epicatechin found in Root
Chromium found in Pt (0.1 ppm)
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Pt (12 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Irritant
Citric-acid found in Pt
Lactic-acid found in Pt
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf (11000 ppm);found in Pt (13360 ppm)
Juvabional
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Keratitigenic
Acetic-acid found in Pt
Chrysophanic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Keratolytic
Lactic-acid found in Pt
Sulfur found in Pt (1240 ppm)
Larvistat
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium found in Leaf (14400 ppm);found in Pt (18462 ppm)
Calcium-oxalate found in Leaf
Fiber found in Leaf (125000 ppm);found in Pt (135000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Sulfur found in Pt (1240 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Pt (4 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Leucocytogenic
Emodin found in Root
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-1-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Root
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Pt (44 ppm);found in Root
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Cadmium found in Pt (0.6 ppm)
Calcium-oxalate found in Leaf
Litholytic
Citric-acid found in Pt
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
MMP-2-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Root
MMP-7-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Root
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Root
Memorigenic
Chromium found in Pt (0.1 ppm)
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm);found in Root
Methyl-Guanidine-Inhibitor
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Pt (12 ppm)
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Mucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Pt
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Mutagenic
Emodin found in Root
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Mycobactericide
Citric-acid found in Pt
Malic-acid found in Pt
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Gallic-acid found in Pt (53 ppm);found in Root
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Pt
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Nephroprotective
Nephrotoxic
Cadmium found in Pt (0.6 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Pt (53 ppm);found in Root
Mercury found in Pt (0.14 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Pt
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Occuloirritant
Chrysophanic-acid found in Root Essent. Oil
Odontolytic
Citric-acid found in Pt
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm);found in Root
Selenium found in Pt
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Leaf (3472 ppm);found in Pt (3462 ppm)
Osteolytic
Acetic-acid found in Pt
Oviposition-Stimulant
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
PAF-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
PGE2-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Root
PTK-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Root
Pancreatogenic
(-)-epicatechin found in Root
Parasiticide
Sulfur found in Pt (1240 ppm)
Perfumery
Acetic-acid found in Pt
Succinic-acid found in Pt
Pigment
Chrysophanol found in Root
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Pt
Preservative
Ferulic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm);found in Root
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Pt (12 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Iron found in Leaf (250 ppm);found in Pt (154 ppm)
Lutein found in Pt (34 ppm)
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm);found in Root
P-coumaric-acid found in Pt (44 ppm);found in Root
Protocatechuic-acid found in Pt
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Pt
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm);found in Root
P-coumaric-acid found in Pt (44 ppm);found in Root
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Root
Selenium found in Pt
Proteinase-Inhibitor
Rhein found in Root
Protisticide
Acetic-acid found in Pt
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Purgative
Chrysophanol found in Root
Emodin found in Root
Physcion found in Root
Rhein found in Root
Sennoside-a found in Root
Sennoside-b found in Root
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Lutein found in Pt (34 ppm)
Radioprotective
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Refrigerant
Citric-acid found in Pt
Renotoxic
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf (11000 ppm);found in Pt (13360 ppm)
Reverse-Transcriptase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Root
Scabicide
Sulfur found in Pt (1240 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Pt (5.2 ppm)
Secretogogue
Protocatechuic-acid found in Pt
Sedative
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (33 ppm);found in Pt (57 ppm)
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Leaf (33 ppm);found in Pt (57 ppm)
Sialogogue
Malic-acid found in Pt
Spermicide
Acetic-acid found in Pt
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Styptic
Emodin found in Root
Gallic-acid found in Pt (53 ppm);found in Root
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm);found in Root
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Termitifuge
Chrysophanol found in Root
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Pt (12 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Pt (53 ppm);found in Root
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Root
Isoquercitrin found in Leaf
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Leaf (14400 ppm);found in Pt (18462 ppm)
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Emodin found in Root
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
P-coumaric-acid found in Pt (44 ppm);found in Root
Protocatechuic-acid found in Pt
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Root
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Leaf (5 ppm);found in Pt (12 ppm)
Lutein found in Pt (34 ppm)
Protocatechuic-acid found in Pt
Vanillic-acid found in Pt (4 ppm)
Ulcerogenic
Acetic-acid found in Pt
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Folacin found in Pt (0.1 ppm)
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Uterosedative
Ferulic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm);found in Root
VEGF-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Pt
Varroacide
Oxalic-acid found in Leaf (11000 ppm);found in Pt (13360 ppm)
Vasodilator
(-)-epicatechin found in Root
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Calcium found in Leaf (14400 ppm);found in Pt (18462 ppm)
Emodin found in Root
Fiber found in Leaf (125000 ppm);found in Pt (135000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Pt (1975 ppm)
Niacin found in Leaf (33 ppm);found in Pt (57 ppm)
Potassium found in Pt (66400 ppm)
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Vasopressor
Rutin found in Leaf (6000 ppm)
Vasorelaxant
Emodin found in Root
Verrucolytic
Acetic-acid found in Pt
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Leaf (1833 ppm);found in Pt (2581 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Pt (8 ppm)
Zinc found in Pt (46 ppm)
iNOS-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Root

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(+)-catechin Root
(+)-catechin-5-o-glucoside Root
(-)-epicatechin Root
(-)-epicatechin-3-o-gallate Root
1,2,6-tri-o-galloyl-glucose Root
1,6-di-o-galloyl-glucose Root
1-o-galloyl-glycerol Root
2-o-cinnamoylglucogallin Root
3,3',5-trihydroxy-4'-methoxystilben-3-beta-d-glucopyranoside Plant
3,5,4'-trihydroxystilbene-4'-o-(6"-o-galloyl)-glucoside Root
3,5,4'-trihydroxystilbene-4'-o-glucoside Root
4-(p-hydroxyphenyl)butanone-o-glucoside Root
6-hydroxymusizin-8-o-glucoside Root
6-o-galloyl-glucose Root
Acetic-acid Pt
Aloe-emodin-8-o-glucoside Root
Alpha-tocopherol Leaf 1,197 1,238
Pt 2 48
Aluminum Pt 1 80
Anhydrorhapontigenin Root
Anthraquinone-glycosides Leaf
Anthrones Leaf 10,000 15,000
Arsenic Pt 0.01
Ascorbic-acid Leaf 110 1,833
Pt 80 2,581
Ash Leaf 10,000 194,000
Pt 8,000 160,000
Beta-carotene Leaf 0.3 5
Pt 0.6 12
Boron Pt 0.1 36
Bromine Pt 1 20
Cadmium Pt 0.005 0.6
Caffeic-acid Pt 8
Calcium Leaf 470 14,400
Pt 600 18,462
Calcium-oxalate Leaf
Carbohydrates Leaf 41,000 683,000
Pt 37,000 774,000
Chromium Pt 0.005 0.1
Chrysarone Root
Chrysarone-methyl-ether Root
Chrysophanic-acid Root Essent. Oil
Chrysophanin Root
Chrysophanol Root
Chrysophanol-1-o-glucoside Root
Chrysophanol-8-o-glucoside Root
Chrysopontin Root
Chrysorhapontin Root
Citric-acid Pt
Cobalt Pt 0.005 0.1
Copper Pt 0.2 5.2
Cyanidin-3-glucoside Leaf
Cyanidin-3-rutinoside Leaf
Desoxyrhaponticin Root
Dihydroxyglutamic-acid Leaf
Emodin Root
Emodin-8-o-glucoside Root
Emodin-methyl-ether Root
Eo Root
Fat Leaf 1,000 65,000
Pt 1,000 32,000
Ferulic-acid Pt 8
Root
Fiber Leaf 7,000 125,000
Pt 3,000 135,000
Fluorine Pt 0.1 4
Folacin Pt 0.06 0.1
Frangula-emodin-anthrone Leaf
Fumaric-acid Pt
Gallic-acid Pt 53
Root
Gallic-acid-3-o-(6'-o-galloyl)-glucoside Root
Gallic-acid-4-o-(6'-o-galloyl)-glucoside Root
Glucochrysarone Root
Glycochrysarone Root
Glycogallin Root
Iron Leaf 3 250
Pt 1 154
Isoemodin Root
Isolindleyin Root
Isoquercitrin Leaf
Isorhapontigenin Root
Lactic-acid Pt
Lead Pt 0.02 1
Lindleyin Root
Lutein Pt 1.7 34
Magnesium Pt 90 1,975
Magnesium-oxalate Pt
Malic-acid Pt
Manganese Pt 2 35
Mercury Pt 0.002 0.14
Methyl-chrysophanic-acid Root
Molybdenum Pt 0.1
Niacin Leaf 1 33
Pt 2 57
Nickel Pt 0.1 4
Nitrogen Pt 1,100 22,000
Oxalic-acid Leaf 3,000 11,000
Pt 4,400 13,360
P-coumaric-acid Pt 44
Root
Pantothenic-acid Pt 0.8 13.3
Pectins Pt 1,020
Phosphorus Leaf 160 3,472
Pt 100 3,462
Physcion Root
Physcion-8-o-glucoside Root
Piceatannol-3'-o-glucoside Plant
Potassium Pt 2,510 66,400
Procyanidin-b-2-3,3'-di-o-gallate Root
Procyanidin-b1,3'-o-gallate Root
Protein Leaf 7,000 276,000
Pt 4,000 115,000
Protocatechuic-acid Pt
Quercetin-3'-glucoside Pt
Quercetin-3-0-rutinoside Pt
Quercetin-3-o-rhamnoside Pt
Rhapontic-acid Root
Rhaponticin Root 14,200
Rhapontigenin Root
Rhein Root
Rheinosides Root 12,900
Riboflavin Leaf 0.2 3
Pt 0.3 14
Rubidium Pt 1.1 58
Rutin Leaf 6,000
Selenium Pt
Sennoside-a Root
Sennoside-b Root
Silicon Pt 3 200
Sinapic-acid Pt 6
Root
Sodium Pt 20 855
Succinic-acid Pt
Sulfur Pt 62 1,240
Thiamin Leaf 0.2 3.3
Pt 0.2 6.5
Torachrysone-8-o-glucoside Root
Vanillic-acid Pt 4
Water Leaf 927,000 950,000
Leaf 900,000
Stem 927,000 950,000
Zinc Pt 1 46
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]