Rheum officinale Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Chinese rhubarb Tibetan rhubarb

Rheum officinale is a rhubarb from the family Polygonaceae originating in Asia.

Rheum officinale

Medical use

Economic importance of Rheum officinale

Food additives flavoring
Environmental ornamental
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Rheum officinale Rheum officinale Rheum officinale Rheum officinale Rheum officinale Rheum officinale Rheum officinale Rheum officinale Rheum officinale Rheum officinale Rheum officinale

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • China: China - Fujian , Henan , Hubei , Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Root
5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Rhizome (3437.5 ppm)
AGEs-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Root (9000 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Absorbent
Starch found in Root (160000 ppm)
Acaricide
Oxalic-acid found in Rhizome
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Root
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Cinnamic-acid found in Root
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Root (9000 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Allelochemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Rhizome (3437.5 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Allelopathic
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Piceatannol found in Plant
Allergenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Cinnamic-acid found in Root
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Root (9000 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Root
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Root
Analgesic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Gallic-acid found in Rhizome (25.7 ppm);found in Root
Lindleyin found in Rhizome (1345.7 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Root
Anesthetic
Cinnamic-acid found in Root
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
AntiEBV
(-)-epicatechin found in Rhizome (3437.5 ppm)
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Root
AntiMRSA
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Root (9000 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Rhizome (25.7 ppm);found in Root
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antiadenovirus
Gallic-acid found in Rhizome (25.7 ppm);found in Root
Antiaging
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antialcoholic
Fructose found in Root
Antiallergenic
Gallic-acid found in Rhizome (25.7 ppm);found in Root
Antiallergic
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Antialopecic
Oleic-acid found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Antianaphylactic
(-)-epicatechin found in Rhizome (3437.5 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Rhizome (25.7 ppm);found in Root
Antiandrogenic
Oleic-acid found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Antiangiogenic
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Root (9000 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Rhizome (25.7 ppm);found in Root
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Antiarrhythmic
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Antiarthritic
Lindleyin found in Rhizome (1345.7 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Gallic-acid found in Rhizome (25.7 ppm);found in Root
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Antiatheromic
Pectin found in Root
Antiatherosclerotic
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Antibacterial
(-)-epicatechin found in Rhizome (3437.5 ppm)
Aloe-emodin found in Bulb ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant ;found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chrysophanol found in Root
Cinnamic-acid found in Root
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Root (9000 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Gallic-acid found in Rhizome (25.7 ppm);found in Root
Pectin found in Root
Rhein found in Plant ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Rhizome
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Antibronchitic
Gallic-acid found in Rhizome (25.7 ppm);found in Root
Anticancer
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Gallic-acid found in Rhizome (25.7 ppm);found in Root
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Anticapillary-Fragility
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Anticarcinomic
Gallic-acid found in Rhizome (25.7 ppm);found in Root
Rhein found in Plant ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Rhizome
Anticariogenic
Rhein found in Plant ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Rhizome
Anticataract
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Anticlastogen
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Anticonvulsant
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Anticytomegalovirus
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Root (9000 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Rhein found in Plant ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Rhizome
Antidementia
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Antidepressant
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antidermatitic
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Antidiabetic
(-)-epicatechin found in Rhizome (3437.5 ppm)
Fructose found in Root
Pectin found in Root
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Antidiarrheic
Pectin found in Root
Antidysmenorrheic
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Antiedemic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Glucose found in Root
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antienteritic
Pectin found in Root
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Gallic-acid found in Rhizome (25.7 ppm);found in Root
Antiestrogenic
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Antifeedant
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Root (9000 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Antifibrinolytic
Gallic-acid found in Rhizome (25.7 ppm);found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Antiflu
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Gallic-acid found in Rhizome (25.7 ppm);found in Root
Antigallstone
Pectin found in Root
Antigastritic
Pectin found in Root
Antiglaucomic
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antihangover
Fructose found in Root
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antihemorrhoidal
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Antihepatitic
(-)-epicatechin found in Rhizome (3437.5 ppm)
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antihepatotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Gallic-acid found in Rhizome (25.7 ppm);found in Root
Glucose found in Root
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Antiherpetic
Aloe-emodin found in Bulb ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant ;found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Gallic-acid found in Rhizome (25.7 ppm);found in Root
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Antihistaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antihyperglycemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Rhizome (3437.5 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antiketotic
Fructose found in Root
Glucose found in Root
Antileishmanic
Gallic-acid found in Rhizome (25.7 ppm);found in Root
Antileukemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Rhizome (3437.5 ppm)
Aloe-emodin found in Bulb ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant ;found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Root (9000 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Piceatannol found in Plant
Antileukotriene-D4
Oleic-acid found in Root
Antileukotriene
(-)-epicatechin found in Rhizome (3437.5 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antilipoperoxidant
(-)-epicatechin found in Rhizome (3437.5 ppm)
Antilithic
Anthraquinones found in Rhizome ;found in Root (50000 ppm)
Pectin found in Root
Antilymphomic
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Root (9000 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Antimalarial
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antimelanomic
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Antimetastatic
Pectin found in Root
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Antimitotic
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Antinauseant
Fructose found in Root
Antineoplastic
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Root (9000 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Rhein found in Plant ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Rhizome
Antinephritic
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Root (160000 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Gallic-acid found in Rhizome (25.7 ppm);found in Root
Antinociceptive
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Antiobesity
Pectin found in Root
Antiophidic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antiperiodontitic
Gallic-acid found in Rhizome (25.7 ppm);found in Root
Antiplaque
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Root (9000 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Rhein found in Plant ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Rhizome
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Antipolio
Gallic-acid found in Rhizome (25.7 ppm);found in Root
Antiproliferant
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Root (9000 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Antiprostatotic
Phytosterols found in Root
Antiproteolytic
Gallic-acid found in Rhizome (25.7 ppm);found in Root
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Antipurpuric
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Antisalmonella
Aloe-emodin found in Bulb ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant ;found in Root
Antisarcomic
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Root (9000 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Antiseptic
Aloe-emodin found in Bulb ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant ;found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chrysophanol found in Root
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Root (9000 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Rhizome (25.7 ppm);found in Root
Oxalic-acid found in Rhizome
Physcion found in Bulb ;found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Rhein found in Plant ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Rhizome
Antiserotonin
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Antispasmodic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chrysophanic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Cinnamic-acid found in Root
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Root (9000 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Antisprout
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Root (9000 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Antistaphylococcic
Aloe-emodin found in Bulb ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant ;found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Gallic-acid found in Rhizome (25.7 ppm);found in Root
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antithrombic
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Antithrombogenic
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Antitrypanosomic
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Gallic-acid found in Rhizome (25.7 ppm);found in Root
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Antitumor
Aloe-emodin found in Bulb ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant ;found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Gallic-acid found in Rhizome (25.7 ppm);found in Root
Rhein found in Plant ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Rhizome
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Antitussive
Pectin found in Root
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Antivaginitic
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Root (9000 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Root
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Antiviral
(-)-epicatechin found in Rhizome (3437.5 ppm)
Aloe-emodin found in Bulb ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant ;found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Root (9000 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Gallic-acid found in Rhizome (25.7 ppm);found in Root
Rhein found in Plant ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Rhizome
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Apoptotic
Gallic-acid found in Rhizome (25.7 ppm);found in Root
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Artemicide
Piceatannol found in Plant
Arteriodilator
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Arylamine-N-Acetyltransferase-Inhibitor
Aloe-emodin found in Bulb ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant ;found in Root
Astringent
Gallic-acid found in Rhizome (25.7 ppm);found in Root
Bacteristat
Gallic-acid found in Rhizome (25.7 ppm);found in Root
Bird-Repellent
Anthraquinones found in Rhizome ;found in Root (50000 ppm)
Bronchodilator
Gallic-acid found in Rhizome (25.7 ppm);found in Root
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Root
CNS-Depressant
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Root (9000 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
CNS-Paralytic
Oxalic-acid found in Rhizome
COMP-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Rhizome (3437.5 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Aloe-emodin found in Bulb ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant ;found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chrysophanic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Chrysophanol found in Root
Physcion found in Bulb ;found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Rhein found in Plant ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Rhizome
Candidicide
Aloe-emodin found in Bulb ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant ;found in Root
Chrysophanol found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Gallic-acid found in Rhizome (25.7 ppm);found in Root
Rhein found in Plant ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Rhizome
Capillariprotective
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Carcinogenic
Anthraquinones found in Rhizome ;found in Root (50000 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Gallic-acid found in Rhizome (25.7 ppm);found in Root
Cardiac
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Catabolic
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Cathartic
Aloe-emodin found in Bulb ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant ;found in Root
Chrysophanol found in Root
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Root (9000 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Physcion found in Bulb ;found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Rhein found in Plant ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Rhizome
Chemopreventive
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Pectin found in Root
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Choleretic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Cinnamic-acid found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Gallic-acid found in Rhizome (25.7 ppm);found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Root
Choline-Sparing
(-)-epicatechin found in Rhizome (3437.5 ppm)
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Collagenase-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Root (9000 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Root
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Demulcent
Pectin found in Root
Differentiator
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Root (9000 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Diuretic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Emetic
Calcium-oxalate found in Root (60000 ppm)
Emollient
Starch found in Root (160000 ppm)
Estrogenic
Aloe-emodin found in Bulb ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant ;found in Root
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Root (9000 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Rhaponticin found in Root
FLavor
Cinnamic-acid found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Fatal
Oxalic-acid found in Rhizome
Floral-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Rhizome (25.7 ppm);found in Root
Fungicide
Aloe-emodin found in Bulb ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant ;found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chrysophanic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Cinnamic-acid found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Pectin found in Root
Piceatannol found in Plant
Rhein found in Plant ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Rhizome
Genotoxic
Aloe-emodin found in Bulb ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant ;found in Root
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Root (9000 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Gonadotropic
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Root (9000 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Hemostatic
Oxalic-acid found in Rhizome
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Hepatomagenic
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Herbicide
Cinnamic-acid found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Hydrocholerectic
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Hypercholesterolemic
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Root
Hypocholesterolemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Rhizome (3437.5 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Root
Pectin found in Root
Phytosterols found in Root
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Hypoglycemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Rhizome (3437.5 ppm)
Pectin found in Root
Hypolipidemic
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Root (9000 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Hypotensive
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Immunomodulator
Gallic-acid found in Rhizome (25.7 ppm);found in Root
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Immunosuppressant
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Root (9000 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Rhizome (25.7 ppm);found in Root
Inflammatory
Calcium-oxalate found in Root (60000 ppm)
Insecticide
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Insectifuge
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Oleic-acid found in Root
Insectiphile
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Insulin-Sparing
Gallic-acid found in Rhizome (25.7 ppm);found in Root
Insulinogenic
(-)-epicatechin found in Rhizome (3437.5 ppm)
Irritant
Oleic-acid found in Root
Oxalic-acid found in Rhizome
Juvabional
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Keratitigenic
Chrysophanic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Larvistat
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Laxative
Aloe-emodin found in Bulb ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant ;found in Root
Anthraquinones found in Rhizome ;found in Root (50000 ppm)
Calcium-oxalate found in Root (60000 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Root
Fructose found in Root
Leucocytogenic
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Root (9000 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Lipoxygenase-1-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Rhizome (3437.5 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Rhizome (3437.5 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Cinnamic-acid found in Root
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Lithogenic
Calcium-oxalate found in Root (60000 ppm)
Litholytic
Anthraquinones found in Rhizome ;found in Root (50000 ppm)
Lubricant
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Root
MMP-2-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Root (9000 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
MMP-7-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Root (9000 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Root (9000 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Root
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Mutagenic
Aloe-emodin found in Bulb ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant ;found in Root
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Root (9000 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Myorelaxant
Gallic-acid found in Rhizome (25.7 ppm);found in Root
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Nematicide
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Neoplastic
Fructose found in Root
Nephrotoxic
Gallic-acid found in Rhizome (25.7 ppm);found in Root
Occuloirritant
Chrysophanic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Oviposition-Stimulant
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
PAF-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
PGE2-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Root (9000 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
PTK-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Root (9000 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Pancreatogenic
(-)-epicatechin found in Rhizome (3437.5 ppm)
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Root
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Root
Peristaltic
Pectin found in Root
Pesticide
(-)-epicatechin found in Rhizome (3437.5 ppm)
Aloe-emodin found in Bulb ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant ;found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Chrysophanic-acid found in Bulb ;found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Chrysophanol found in Root
Cinnamic-acid found in Root
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Root (9000 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Gallic-acid found in Rhizome (25.7 ppm);found in Root
Oxalic-acid found in Rhizome
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Pectin found in Root
Physcion found in Bulb ;found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Piceatannol found in Plant
Rhein found in Plant ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Rhizome
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Phytoalexin
Piceatannol found in Plant
Pigment
Chrysophanol found in Root
Piscicide
Piceatannol found in Plant
Poultice
Starch found in Root (160000 ppm)
Preservative
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Prooxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Propecic
Oleic-acid found in Root
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Root (9000 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Root (9000 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Proteinase-Inhibitor
Rhein found in Plant ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Rhizome
Protisticide
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Purgative
Aloe-emodin found in Bulb ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant ;found in Root
Chrysophanol found in Root
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Root (9000 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Physcion found in Bulb ;found in Rhizome ;found in Root
Rhein found in Plant ;found in Root (27 ppm);found in Rhizome
Sennoside-a found in Plant
Radioprotective
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Renotoxic
Oxalic-acid found in Rhizome
Reverse-Transcriptase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Rhizome (3437.5 ppm)
Sedative
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Root
Styptic
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Root (9000 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Rhizome (25.7 ppm);found in Root
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Sweetener
Fructose found in Root
Termitifuge
Aloe-emodin found in Bulb ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant ;found in Root
Chrysophanol found in Root
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Rhizome (25.7 ppm);found in Root
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Aloe-emodin found in Bulb ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant ;found in Root
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Root (9000 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Toxic
Anthraquinones found in Rhizome ;found in Root (50000 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Root (9000 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Tuberculostatic
Aloe-emodin found in Bulb ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant ;found in Root
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Root
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Cinnamic-acid found in Root
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Root (9000 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Uterosedative
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Varroacide
Oxalic-acid found in Rhizome
Vasodilator
(-)-epicatechin found in Rhizome (3437.5 ppm)
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Root (9000 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Vasopressor
Rutin found in Plant (13000 ppm);found in Root
Vasorelaxant
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Root (9000 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Vermifuge
Cinnamic-acid found in Root
Vulnerary
Caffeic-acid found in Root
iNOS-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Root (9000 ppm);found in Rhizome ;found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(+)-catechin Plant
Rhizome 3,628.6
(-)-epicatechin Rhizome 3,437.5
1,2,6-tri-o-galloyl-glucose Rhizome 365.7
1,8,6-trihydroxy-3-methylanthraquinone Plant
1,8-dihydroxy-3-carboxyanthraquinone Root
1,8-dihydroxy-3-hydroxymethylantrhaquinone Root
1,8-dihydroxy-3-methylanthraquinone Plant
1,8-dihydroxy-6-methoxy-3-methylanthraquinone Root
1-o-galloyl-glycerol Plant
3,3'-di-o-galloylprocyanidin-b-2 Rhizome 1,514.3
3-o-galloyl-procyanidin-b-1 Rhizome 771.4
6-o-galloyl-glucose Plant
Aloe-emodin Bulb
Rhizome
Plant
Root
Aloe-emodin-8-mono-beta-d-glucoside Root
Aloe-emodin-8-o-beta-d-glucopyranoside Plant
Anthracenes Root 30,000 50,000
Anthraquinones Rhizome
Root 50,000
Anthrones Root
Beta-d-glucogallin Root
Caffeic-acid Root
Calcium-oxalate Root 60,000
Catechin-tannins Root
Chrysophanic-acid Bulb
Rhizome
Root
Chrysophanol Root
Chrysophanol-1-mono-beta-d-glucoside Root
Chrysophanol-1-o-beta-d-glucopyranoside Plant
Chrysophanol-8-o-beta-d-glucopyranoside Plant
Cinnamic-acid Root
D-catechin Root
D-catechol Root
D-epicatechin-gallate Root
Diisobutyl-phthalate Root
Emodin Bulb
Root 3,000 9,000
Rhizome
Plant
Emodin-1-mono-beta-d-glucoside? Root
Emodin-6-monoglucoside Root
Emodin-8-mono-beta-d-glucoside? Root
Emodin-8-o-beta-d-glucopyranoside Plant
Ferulic-acid Root
Frangulic-acid Root
Fructose Root
Gallic-acid Rhizome 25.7
Root
Gallic-acid-3-o-beta-d-(6'-o-galloyl)-glucopyranoside Plant
Gallic-acid-4-o-beta-d-(6'-o-galloyl)-glucopyranoside Plant
Glucogallin Root
Glucose Root
Isolindleyin Plant
Lindleyin Rhizome 1,345.7
Oleic-acid Root
Oxalic-acid Rhizome
Palmidic-b Plant
Palmidin-c Plant
Palmitic-acid Root
Parietin Root
Pectin Root
Phenyl-propionic-acid Root
Physcion Bulb
Rhizome
Root
Physcion-1-mono-beta-d-glucoside? Root
Physcion-8-mono-beta-d-glucoside? Root
Physcion-8-o-beta-d-gentiobioside Root
Phytosterols Root
Piceatannol Plant
Piceatannol-4'-o-(6''-o-galloyl)-beta-d-glucopyranoside Plant 8,333.3
Piceatannol-4'-o-beta-d-glucopyranoside Plant 33,333.3
Reidin-c Plant
Resin Root
Resveratrol-4'-o-(6''-o-galloyl)-beta-d-glucopyranoside Plant
Resveratrol-4'-o-beta-d-glucopyranoside Plant
Rhamnoxanthin Root
Rhaponticin Root
Rhatannin Rhizome 28,571.4
Root
Rhein Plant
Root 27
Rhizome
Rhein-8-monoglucoside Root
Rheinoside-a Rhizome 19,971.8
Root
Rheinoside-b Rhizome 5,126.8
Root
Rheinoside-c Rhizome 3,718.3
Root
Rheinoside-d Rhizome 6,422.5
Root
Rheinosides Root 12,900
Rheum-emodin Root
Rutin Plant 13,000
Root
Sennidin-c Plant
Sennoside-a Plant
Sennosides-a Rhizome
Root
Sennosides-b Rhizome
Root
Sennosides-c Root
Sennosides-d Root
Sennosides-e Root
Sennosides-f Root
Starch Root 150,000 160,000
Stilbene-glycosides Plant
Verosterol? Root
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]