Ravensara aromatica Health effects and herbal facts

Ravensara aromatica is a member of the Lauraceae family, and originates in Madagascar. The name ravensara is a latinization of the Malagasy word ravintsara. Other Malagasy names include havozo, hazomanitra and tavolomanitra. The leaves and twigs of R. aromatica have a mildly camphorous aroma similar to eucalyptus. The essential oil of R. aromatica is used as a fragrance material in the perfumery industry, and as an antiseptic, anti-viral, antibacterial, expectorant, anti-infective in natural and folk medicine.

Ravensara aromatica

Medical use

Gallery

Ravensara aromatica Ravensara aromatica

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar
    Cultivated
    • Western Indian Ocean: Mauritius

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (80 ppm)
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Bark (440 ppm)
Acaricide
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Citronellal found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Limonene found in Bark (440 ppm)
Linalool found in Bark (462 ppm);found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Nerolidol found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Limonene found in Bark (440 ppm)
Allelopathic
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Allergenic
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Bark (22 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Citronellal found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Citronellol found in Bark (22 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Geraniol found in Bark (22 ppm)
Limonene found in Bark (440 ppm)
Linalool found in Bark (462 ppm);found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Nerolidol found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Analgesic
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Linalool found in Bark (462 ppm);found in Leaf (240 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Anesthetic
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Linalool found in Bark (462 ppm);found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Bark (66 ppm);found in Leaf (17320 ppm)
Anthelmintic
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Geraniol found in Bark (22 ppm)
AntiTNF
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Antiacetylcholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Limonene found in Bark (440 ppm)
Linalool found in Bark (462 ppm);found in Leaf (240 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Nerolidol found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Limonene found in Bark (440 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Elemicin found in Leaf (540 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Antiallergic
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Linalool found in Bark (462 ppm);found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linalool found in Bark (462 ppm);found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Antiarachidonate
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Limonene found in Bark (440 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Antibacillary
P-cymene found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Antibacterial
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Citronellal found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Citronellol found in Bark (22 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Geraniol found in Bark (22 ppm)
Limonene found in Bark (440 ppm)
Linalool found in Bark (462 ppm);found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Bark (66 ppm);found in Leaf (17320 ppm)
Nerolidol found in Leaf (20 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Antibronchitic
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Anticancer
Limonene found in Bark (440 ppm)
Anticariogenic
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Geraniol found in Bark (22 ppm)
Linalool found in Bark (462 ppm);found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Nerolidol found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Anticatarrh
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Anticholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Anticolic
Linalool found in Bark (462 ppm);found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Linalool found in Bark (462 ppm);found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Bark (66 ppm);found in Leaf (17320 ppm)
Antidepressant
Elemicin found in Leaf (540 ppm)
Antiedemic
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Linalool found in Bark (462 ppm);found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Bark (440 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Antifatigue
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Elemicin found in Leaf (540 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Limonene found in Bark (440 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Bark (66 ppm);found in Leaf (17320 ppm)
Nerolidol found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Limonene found in Bark (440 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Antiglutamaergic
Linalool found in Bark (462 ppm);found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Antihalitosic
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Elemicin found in Leaf (540 ppm)
Linalool found in Bark (462 ppm);found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Bark (22 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Limonene found in Bark (440 ppm)
Linalool found in Bark (462 ppm);found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Antikeratotic
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Antilaryngitic
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antileukemic
Linalool found in Bark (462 ppm);found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Antilithic
Limonene found in Bark (440 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Limonene found in Bark (440 ppm)
Linalool found in Bark (462 ppm);found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Antimange
Linalool found in Bark (462 ppm);found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Geraniol found in Bark (22 ppm)
Antimite
Linalool found in Bark (462 ppm);found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Antimitotic
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Limonene found in Bark (440 ppm)
Linalool found in Bark (462 ppm);found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Antinitrosating
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Antinociceptive
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antiobesity
Limonene found in Bark (440 ppm)
Antioxidant
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Bark (66 ppm);found in Leaf (17320 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Antipharyngitic
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antiplaque
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Antipyretic
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Antiradicular
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Bark (66 ppm);found in Leaf (17320 ppm)
Antirheumatalgic
P-cymene found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Antirheumatic
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antirhinitic
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Geraniol found in Bark (22 ppm)
Antiseptic
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Bark (22 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Citronellal found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Citronellol found in Bark (22 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Geraniol found in Bark (22 ppm)
Limonene found in Bark (440 ppm)
Linalool found in Bark (462 ppm);found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Bark (66 ppm);found in Leaf (17320 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Antiserotonic
Elemicin found in Leaf (540 ppm)
Antishock
Linalool found in Bark (462 ppm);found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Antisinusitic
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antispasmodic
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Bark (22 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Geraniol found in Bark (22 ppm)
Limonene found in Bark (440 ppm)
Linalool found in Bark (462 ppm);found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Citronellal found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Citronellol found in Bark (22 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Citronellal found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Citronellol found in Bark (22 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Nerolidol found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Antistress
Elemicin found in Leaf (540 ppm)
Antithromboxane
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Antitubercular
Geraniol found in Bark (22 ppm)
Antitumor
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Geraniol found in Bark (22 ppm)
Limonene found in Bark (440 ppm)
Antitussive
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Antiulcer
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Limonene found in Bark (440 ppm)
Linalool found in Bark (462 ppm);found in Leaf (240 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Apifuge
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Apoptotic
Limonene found in Bark (440 ppm)
Ascaricide
Geraniol found in Bark (22 ppm)
Bacteriostatic
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Barbituate-Synergist
Linalool found in Bark (462 ppm);found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Bark (440 ppm)
Bronchorelaxant
Linalool found in Bark (462 ppm);found in Leaf (240 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Linalool found in Bark (462 ppm);found in Leaf (240 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Geraniol found in Bark (22 ppm)
COX-1-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Bark (20878 ppm);found in Leaf (640 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Beta-myrcene found in Bark (22 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Geraniol found in Bark (22 ppm)
Limonene found in Bark (440 ppm)
Linalool found in Bark (462 ppm);found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Bark (66 ppm);found in Leaf (17320 ppm)
Candidicide
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Bark (22 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Citronellal found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Citronellol found in Bark (22 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Geraniol found in Bark (22 ppm)
Candidistat
Limonene found in Bark (440 ppm)
Linalool found in Bark (462 ppm);found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Carcinogenic
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Bark (66 ppm);found in Leaf (17320 ppm)
Carminative
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Linalool found in Bark (462 ppm);found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Limonene found in Bark (440 ppm)
Choleretic
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Bark (440 ppm)
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Convulsant
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Counterirritant
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Culicide
Linalool found in Bark (462 ppm);found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Linalool found in Bark (462 ppm);found in Leaf (240 ppm)
DNA-Binder
Elemicin found in Leaf (540 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Bark (20878 ppm);found in Leaf (640 ppm)
Decongestant
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Degranulant
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Dentifrice
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Detoxicant
Limonene found in Bark (440 ppm)
Diuretic
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Edemagenic
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Embryotoxic
Citronellal found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Geraniol found in Bark (22 ppm)
Emetic
Geraniol found in Bark (22 ppm)
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Bark (440 ppm)
Enterorelaxant
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Expectorant
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Geraniol found in Bark (22 ppm)
Limonene found in Bark (440 ppm)
Linalool found in Bark (462 ppm);found in Leaf (240 ppm)
FLavor
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Bark (22 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Citronellal found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Citronellol found in Bark (22 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Citronellyl-acetate found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Geraniol found in Bark (22 ppm)
Limonene found in Bark (440 ppm)
Linalool found in Bark (462 ppm);found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Bark (66 ppm);found in Leaf (17320 ppm)
Nerolidol found in Leaf (20 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Fungicide
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Citronellal found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Citronellol found in Bark (22 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Elemicin found in Leaf (540 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Geraniol found in Bark (22 ppm)
Linalool found in Bark (462 ppm);found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Bark (66 ppm);found in Leaf (17320 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Bark (440 ppm)
Fungistat
Limonene found in Bark (440 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Bark (66 ppm);found in Leaf (17320 ppm)
GABA-nergic
Linalool found in Bark (462 ppm);found in Leaf (240 ppm)
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Bark (440 ppm)
Gastroprotective
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Hallucinogenic
Elemicin found in Leaf (540 ppm)
Hepatocarcinogenic
Methyl-chavicol found in Bark (20878 ppm);found in Leaf (640 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Hepatotonic
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Herbicide
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Bark (22 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Citronellol found in Bark (22 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Geraniol found in Bark (22 ppm)
Limonene found in Bark (440 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Histaminic
Limonene found in Bark (440 ppm)
Hypnotic
Linalool found in Bark (462 ppm);found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Hypotensive
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Elemicin found in Leaf (540 ppm)
Hypothermic
Linalool found in Bark (462 ppm);found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Bark (20878 ppm);found in Leaf (640 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Limonene found in Bark (440 ppm)
Inflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Elemicin found in Leaf (540 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Limonene found in Bark (440 ppm)
Linalool found in Bark (462 ppm);found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Bark (20878 ppm);found in Leaf (640 ppm)
Insectifuge
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Bark (22 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Citronellal found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Elemicin found in Leaf (540 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Geraniol found in Bark (22 ppm)
Limonene found in Bark (440 ppm)
Linalool found in Bark (462 ppm);found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Bark (66 ppm);found in Leaf (17320 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Insectiphile
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Geraniol found in Bark (22 ppm)
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Bark (440 ppm)
Irritant
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Bark (22 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Citronellal found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Citronellol found in Bark (22 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Citronellyl-acetate found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Limonene found in Bark (440 ppm)
Linalool found in Bark (462 ppm);found in Leaf (240 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Juvabional
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Larvicide
Elemicin found in Leaf (540 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Linalool found in Bark (462 ppm);found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Laxative
P-cymene found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Bark (440 ppm)
Mosquitofuge
Linalool found in Bark (462 ppm);found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Motor-Depressant
Citronellal found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Linalool found in Bark (462 ppm);found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Mycobactericide
Geraniol found in Bark (22 ppm)
Myorelaxant
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Limonene found in Bark (440 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Bark (66 ppm);found in Leaf (17320 ppm)
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Bark (440 ppm)
Narcotic
Methyl-eugenol found in Bark (66 ppm);found in Leaf (17320 ppm)
Nematicide
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Citronellal found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Citronellol found in Bark (22 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Geraniol found in Bark (22 ppm)
Limonene found in Bark (440 ppm)
Linalool found in Bark (462 ppm);found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Bark (66 ppm);found in Leaf (17320 ppm)
Nerolidol found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Neurotoxic
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Elemicin found in Leaf (540 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Bark (440 ppm)
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Bark (440 ppm)
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Citronellal found in Leaf (20 ppm)
P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Limonene found in Bark (440 ppm)
Pediculicide
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Perfume
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Perfumery
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Beta-myrcene found in Bark (22 ppm);found in Leaf (40 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Bark (22 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Citronellal found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Citronellol found in Bark (22 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Geraniol found in Bark (22 ppm)
Linalool found in Bark (462 ppm);found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Bark (66 ppm);found in Leaf (17320 ppm)
Nerolidol found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Bark (440 ppm)
Pesticide
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Bark (22 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Citronellal found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Citronellol found in Bark (22 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Elemicin found in Leaf (540 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Geraniol found in Bark (22 ppm)
Limonene found in Bark (440 ppm)
Linalool found in Bark (462 ppm);found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Methyl-chavicol found in Bark (20878 ppm);found in Leaf (640 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Bark (66 ppm);found in Leaf (17320 ppm)
Nerolidol found in Leaf (20 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Bark (440 ppm)
Prooxidant
Linalool found in Bark (462 ppm);found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Renoirritant
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Rubefacient
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Schistosomicide
Elemicin found in Leaf (540 ppm)
Secretogogue
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Sedative
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Citronellal found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Citronellol found in Bark (22 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Geraniol found in Bark (22 ppm)
Limonene found in Bark (440 ppm)
Linalool found in Bark (462 ppm);found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Methyl-eugenol found in Bark (66 ppm);found in Leaf (17320 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Spasmogenic
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Alpha-terpinene found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Bark (22 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Spermicide
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (100 ppm)
Surfactant
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Teratogenic
Citronellal found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Termiticide
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Termitifuge
Linalool found in Bark (462 ppm);found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Transdermal
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Bark (22 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Limonene found in Bark (440 ppm)
Trichomonicide
1,8-cineole found in Bark (44 ppm);found in Leaf (20 ppm)
Citronellol found in Bark (22 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Geraniol found in Bark (22 ppm)
Linalool found in Bark (462 ppm);found in Leaf (240 ppm)
P-cymene found in Leaf (80 ppm)
Trichomonistat
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Trypsin-Enhancer
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Tumor-Promoter
Linalool found in Bark (462 ppm);found in Leaf (240 ppm)
Ulcerogenic
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Varroacide
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Vasodilator
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Vermifuge
Eugenol found in Bark (110 ppm);found in Leaf (60 ppm)
Vulnerary
Terpinen-4-ol found in Leaf (100 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
1,8-cineole Bark 44
Leaf 20
Alpha-pinene Leaf 60
Alpha-terpinene Leaf 80
Beta-caryophyllene Bark 22
Leaf 300
Beta-myrcene Bark 22
Leaf 40
Beta-pinene Bark 22
Leaf 60
Cis-beta-ocimene Leaf 120
Citronellal Leaf 20
Citronellol Bark 22
Leaf 60
Citronellyl-acetate Leaf 20
Elemicin Leaf 540
Eo Bark 22,000
Leaf 20,000
Eugenol Bark 110
Leaf 60
Geraniol Bark 22
Limonene Bark 440
Linalool Bark 462
Leaf 240
Methyl-chavicol Bark 20,878
Leaf 640
Methyl-eugenol Bark 66
Leaf 17,320
Nerolidol Leaf 20
P-cymene Leaf 80
Terpinen-4-ol Leaf 100
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]