Rauvolfia serpentina Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
ajmaline Java devil-pepper rauwolfia serpentine-wood snakewood

Rauvolfia serpentina, or ' Indian snakeroot' or 'sarpagandha' is a species of flowering plant in the family Apocynaceae. It is native to the Indian Subcontinent and East Asia.

Rauvolfia serpentina

Medical use

Economic importance of Rauvolfia serpentina

Medicines source of ajmalicine, rescinamine, & reserpine

Gallery

Rauvolfia serpentina Rauvolfia serpentina Rauvolfia serpentina Rauvolfia serpentina Rauvolfia serpentina Rauvolfia serpentina Rauvolfia serpentina Rauvolfia serpentina Rauvolfia serpentina Rauvolfia serpentina Rauvolfia serpentina Rauvolfia serpentina Rauvolfia serpentina Rauvolfia serpentina

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • China: China - Yunnan
    Cultivated
    • Caucasus: Georgia
    • China: China
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Nepal; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Cambodia; Laos; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia - Java, Lesser Sunda Islands
    Cultivated
    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Nepal; Pakistan
    • Indo-China: Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia - Java

Biological activities

Abortifacient
Reserpine found in Root (2000 ppm)
Absorbent
Starch found in Seed (203000 ppm)
Adrenergic-Blocker
Corynanthine found in Plant
Rauwolscine found in Plant
Yohimbine found in Root
Adrenolytic
Ajmalicine found in Root
Ajmaline found in Root
Yohimbine found in Root
Allergenic
2,6-dimethoxybenzoquinone found in Plant
Ajmaline found in Root
Analgesic
Thebaine found in Root
Anesthetic
Corynanthine found in Plant
Yohimbine found in Root
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Fiber found in Seed (755000 ppm)
AntiHIV
Papaverine found in Root
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Seed (6900 ppm)
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Yohimbine found in Root
Antiadrenergic
Ajmalicine found in Root
Reserpine found in Root (2000 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Ajmalicine found in Root
Raubasine found in Plant
Antiallergic
Calcium found in Seed (6900 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Deserpidine found in Plant
Antianginal
Papaverine found in Root
Yohimbine found in Root
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Seed (6900 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Ajmaline found in Root
Calcium found in Seed (6900 ppm)
Chandrine found in Root
Antiarthritic
Calcium found in Seed (6900 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Papaverine found in Root
Antiatherosclerotic
Calcium found in Seed (6900 ppm)
Yohimbine found in Root
Antibacterial
Serpentine found in Root
Anticerebrotic
Papaverine found in Root
Anticholinergic
Papaverine found in Root
Anticlimacteric
Calcium found in Seed (6900 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Reserpine found in Root (2000 ppm)
Antidepressant
Calcium found in Seed (6900 ppm)
Yohimbine found in Root
Antidiabetic
Fiber found in Seed (755000 ppm)
Antidiuretic
Ajmalicine found in Root
Yohimbine found in Root
Antidopaminergic
Yohimbine found in Root
Antidote
Yohimbine found in Root
Antidyskinetic
Reserpine found in Root (2000 ppm)
Antiedemic
Papaverine found in Root
Antifrigidity
Deserpidine found in Plant
Antihepatotoxic
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Seed (6900 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Ajmalicine found in Root
Ajmaline found in Root
Calcium found in Seed (6900 ppm)
Deserpidine found in Plant
Fiber found in Seed (755000 ppm)
Raubasine found in Plant
Rescinnamine found in Root (75 ppm)
Reserpiline found in Root
Reserpine found in Root (2000 ppm)
Yohimbine found in Root
Antihypertonic
Ajmaline found in Root
Antiimpotence
Papaverine found in Root
Antiinflammatory
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Seed (6900 ppm)
Antiischemic
Papaverine found in Root
Raubasine found in Plant
Antiketaminic
Yohimbine found in Root
Antileukemic
2,6-dimethoxybenzoquinone found in Plant
Reserpine found in Root (2000 ppm)
Antimalarial
Corynanthine found in Plant
Antimeasles
Papaverine found in Root
Antimenopausal
Calcium found in Seed (6900 ppm)
Antimigraine
Papaverine found in Root
Reserpine found in Root (2000 ppm)
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Seed (203000 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Antiobesity
Calcium found in Seed (6900 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (755000 ppm)
Antiophidic
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Antiosteoporotic
Calcium found in Seed (6900 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Seed (2200 ppm)
Antioxidant
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Antiparaesthesic
Yohimbine found in Root
Antiperiodontitic
Calcium found in Seed (6900 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Corynanthine found in Plant
Antipolio
Thebaine found in Root
Antipsoriac
Papaverine found in Root
Antipsychotic
Reserpine found in Root (2000 ppm)
Antipyretic
Reserpine found in Root (2000 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Calcium found in Seed (6900 ppm)
Antischizophrenic
Reserpine found in Root (2000 ppm)
Antiserotonin
Yohimbine found in Root
Antispasmodic
Papaverine found in Root
Antistress
Calcium found in Seed (6900 ppm)
Reserpine found in Root (2000 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Seed (6900 ppm)
Antitumor
Fiber found in Seed (755000 ppm)
Reserpine found in Root (2000 ppm)
Serpentine found in Root
Antitussive
Papaverine found in Root
Antiulcer
Fiber found in Seed (755000 ppm)
Antiviral
Papaverine found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Thebaine found in Root
Anxiogenic
Yohimbine found in Root
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Seed (6900 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Seed (2200 ppm)
Aphrodisiac
Corynanthine found in Plant
Yohimbine found in Root
Artemicide
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Arteriodilator
Papaverine found in Root
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Seed (755000 ppm)
Bradycardic
Corynanthine found in Plant
Reserpine found in Root (2000 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Ajmalicine found in Root
Reserpine found in Root (2000 ppm)
Yohimbine found in Root
CNS-Stimulant
Thebaine found in Root
Yohimbine found in Root
Calcium-Antagonist
Ajmaline found in Root
Papaverine found in Root
Reserpine found in Root (2000 ppm)
Yohimbine found in Root
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Seed (6900 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Fiber found in Seed (755000 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Carcinogenic
Serpentine found in Root
Cardiodepressant
Ajmaline found in Root
Cardioprotective
Fiber found in Seed (755000 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Yohimbine found in Root
Cardiotoxic
Ajmaline found in Root
Cardiovascular
Papaverine found in Root
Yohimbine found in Root
Catatonic
Papaverine found in Root
Catecholaminolytic
Reserpine found in Root (2000 ppm)
Cerebrocirculant
Ajmalicine found in Root
Cerebrovasodilator
Papaverine found in Root
Cholinergic
Yohimbine found in Root
Circulotonic
Ajmalicine found in Root
Convulsant
Ajmaline found in Root
Thebaine found in Root
Coronary-Dilator
Ajmaline found in Root
Dermatitigenic
2,6-dimethoxybenzoquinone found in Plant
Diuretic
Calcium found in Seed (6900 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (755000 ppm)
Emetic
Yohimbine found in Root
Emollient
Starch found in Seed (203000 ppm)
Estrogenic
Deserpidine found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Fungicide
Serpentine found in Root
Hepatoprotective
Reserpine found in Root (2000 ppm)
Hypertensive
Yohimbine found in Root
Hypocholesterolemic
Calcium found in Seed (6900 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (755000 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Hypotensive
Ajmalicine found in Root
Ajmaline found in Root
Ajmalinine found in Root
Calcium found in Seed (6900 ppm)
Corynanthine found in Plant
Deserpidine found in Plant
Fiber found in Seed (755000 ppm)
Rauwolscine found in Plant
Reserpine found in Root (2000 ppm)
Serpentine found in Root
Hypothermic
Reserpine found in Root (2000 ppm)
Yohimbine found in Root
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Seed (755000 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Phosphorus found in Seed (2200 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium found in Seed (6900 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (755000 ppm)
MAO-Inhibitor
Yohimbine found in Root
MDR-Inhibitor
Reserpine found in Root (2000 ppm)
Yohimbine found in Root
Mastogenic
Deserpidine found in Plant
Mydriatic
Yohimbine found in Root
Myocardiodepressant
Ajmaline found in Root
Myorelaxant
Papaverine found in Root
Narcotic
Thebaine found in Root
Nephrovasodilator
Ajmalinine found in Root
Neurotoxic
Ajmaline found in Root
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Seed (2200 ppm)
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Peristaltic
Ajmaline found in Root
Reserpine found in Root (2000 ppm)
Pesticide
2,6-dimethoxybenzoquinone found in Plant
Serpentine found in Root
Thebaine found in Root
Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Papaverine found in Root
Phytohormonal
2,6-dimethoxybenzoquinone found in Plant
Poultice
Starch found in Seed (203000 ppm)
Respirastimulant
Ajmaline found in Root
Respirodepressant
Yohimbine found in Root
Respirostimulant
Yohimbine found in Root
Reverse-Transcriptase-Inhibitor
Papaverine found in Root
Rhinorreic
Yohimbine found in Root
Rodenticide
Reserpine found in Root (2000 ppm)
Sedative
Deserpidine found in Plant
Rescinnamine found in Root (75 ppm)
Reserpine found in Root (2000 ppm)
Serpentine found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Plant
Serotoninolytic
Reserpine found in Root (2000 ppm)
Sialogogue
Yohimbine found in Root
Sympatholytic
Ajmalicine found in Root
Ajmalinine found in Root
Corynanthine found in Plant
Teratogenic
Reserpine found in Root (2000 ppm)
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Serpentine found in Root
Tranquilizer
Ajmalicine found in Root
Ajmaline found in Root
Calcium found in Seed (6900 ppm)
Deserpidine found in Plant
Rescinnamine found in Root (75 ppm)
Reserpine found in Root (2000 ppm)
Serpentine found in Root
Tremorigenic
Yohimbine found in Root
Tumorigenic
Reserpine found in Root (2000 ppm)
Ulcerogenic
Reserpine found in Root (2000 ppm)
Uterosedative
Papaverine found in Root
Uterotonic
Reserpine found in Root (2000 ppm)
Vasoconstrictor
Reserpine found in Root (2000 ppm)
Vasodilator
Calcium found in Seed (6900 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (755000 ppm)
Papaverine found in Root
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Papaverine found in Root

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
11-methoxy-delta-tohimbine Root
2,6-dimethoxybenzoquinone Plant
3,4,5-trimethoxybenzoic-acid Plant
3-epi-alpha-yohimbine Root
Ajmalexine Root 2,000 3,000
Ajmalicine Root
Ajmaline Root
Ajmalinine Root
Alkaloids Root 15,000 24,000
Seed 1,300 2,000
Alloyohimbine Root
Ask Seed 9,000 19,000
Calcium Seed 3,400 6,900
Chandrine Root
Corynanthine Plant
Delta-yohimbine Root
Deserpidine Plant
Eudesmic-acid Plant
Fat Seed 10,000 97,000
Fiber Seed 565,000 755,000
Gamma-yohimbine Root
Isoajmaline Root
Isorauhimbine Root
Isoraunitidine Plant
Isosandwicine Plant
Isoyohimbine Root
Methyl-reserpate Root
Neoajmaline Root
Nitrogen Seed 5,500 16,000
Papaverine Root
Phosphorus Seed 700 2,200
Raubasine Plant
Raugalline Plant
Rauhimbine Root
Raunatine Root
Raunolinine Root
Raupine Root
Rauwolfinine Plant
Rauwolscine Plant
Renoxidine Plant
Resajmaline Root 5,000 8,000
Rescidine Plant
Rescinnamine Root 25 75
Reserpiline Root
Reserpine Root 100 2,000
Reserpinine Root
Reserpoxidine Root
Sandwicine Plant
Sandwicolidine Plant
Sarpagine Root
Serpajmaline Root 13,000 16,000
Serpakrine Plant
Serpentine Root
Serpentinine Plant
Root
Serpine Root
Serpinine Root
Serposterol Root
Starch Seed 126,000 203,000
Stigmasterol Plant
Tetraphyllicine Root
Thebaine Root
Vimilenine Plant
Vomalidine Plant
Water Seed 55,000 87,000
Yohimbine Root
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]