Quillaja saponaria Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Murillo's-bark quillaja soapbarktree soapbush soaptree

Quillaja saponaria, the soap bark tree or Soapbark, is an evergreen tree in the family Quillajaceae, native to warm temperate central Chile. In Chile it occurs from 32 to 40° South Latitude approximately. Populations are found even 2000 m above sea level. It can grow to 15–20 m in height. The tree has thick, dark bark, smooth, leathery, shiny, oval evergreen leaves 3–5 cm long, white flowers 15 mm diameter borne in dense corymbs, and a dry fruit with five follicles each containing 10-20 seeds.

Quillaja saponaria

Medical use

Economic importance of Quillaja saponaria

Food additives flavoring
Materials esential oils
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Quillaja saponaria Quillaja saponaria Quillaja saponaria Quillaja saponaria Quillaja saponaria Quillaja saponaria Quillaja saponaria Quillaja saponaria Quillaja saponaria Quillaja saponaria Quillaja saponaria Quillaja saponaria Quillaja saponaria

Geografical distribution

  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Southern South America: Chile

Biological activities

Absorbent
Starch found in Bark
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
AntiHIV
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Antibacterial
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Anticancer
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Antihepatomic
Saponins found in Bark (100000 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Glucuronic-acid found in Bark
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Saponins found in Bark (100000 ppm)
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Antinephritic
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Bark
Antiophidic
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Antioxidant
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Antiradicular
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Antitumor
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Antiulcer
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Antiviral
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Chelator
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Detoxicant
Glucuronic-acid found in Bark
Diuretic
Quillaic-acid found in Bark
Emetic
Calcium-oxalate found in Bark (110000 ppm)
Quillaic-acid found in Bark
Emollient
Starch found in Bark
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Saponins found in Bark (100000 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Inflammatory
Calcium-oxalate found in Bark (110000 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium-oxalate found in Bark (110000 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Lithogenic
Calcium-oxalate found in Bark (110000 ppm)
MAO-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Pesticide
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Poultice
Starch found in Bark
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)
Sweetener
Galactose found in Bark
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Bark (150000 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Calcium-oxalate Bark 110,000
Galactose Bark
Galacturonic-acid Bark
Glucuronic-acid Bark
Quillaic-acid Bark
Saccharose Bark
Saponins Bark 90,000 100,000
Starch Bark
Sugar Bark
Tannin Bark 150,000
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]