Quercus velutina Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
black oak quercitron oak yellow oak

Quercus velutina, the eastern black oak or more commonly known as simply black oak, is an oak in the red oak group of oaks. It is native to eastern North America from southern Ontario south to northern Florida and southern Maine west to northeastern Texas. It is a common tree in the Indiana Dunes and other sandy dunal ecosystems along the southern shores of Lake Michigan. Quercus velutina was previously known as yellow oak due to the yellow pigment in its inner bark, however nowadays this name is usually reserved for Chinkapin oak. It is a close relative of the western black oak found in western North America.

Quercus velutina

Medical use

Economic importance of Quercus velutina

Environmental ornamental shade/shelter
Materials wod
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

Quercus velutina Quercus velutina Quercus velutina Quercus velutina Quercus velutina Quercus velutina Quercus velutina Quercus velutina Quercus velutina Quercus velutina Quercus velutina Quercus velutina Quercus velutina Quercus velutina

Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Ontario
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas , Minnesota , Missouri, Nebraska , Oklahoma, Wisconsin
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida , Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
ACE-Inhibitor
Quercitrin found in Plant
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Vanadium found in Stem (0.93 ppm)
Acnegenic
Iodine found in Stem (5 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Allelochemic
Quercetin found in Plant
Allergenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Analgesic
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Androgenic
Boron found in Stem (31 ppm)
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Potassium found in Stem (8060 ppm)
AntiAGE
Chromium found in Stem (1.73 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
AntiCFS
Chromium found in Stem (1.73 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Plant
AntiHIV
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
AntiLyme
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Stem (22940 ppm)
Lithium found in Stem (5.2 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Manganese found in Stem (1984 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiacne
Chromium found in Stem (1.73 ppm)
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Antiadrenalinic
Nickel found in Stem (12.4 ppm)
Antiaflatoxin
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiaggregant
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiaging
Chromium found in Stem (1.73 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Stem (236 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Manganese found in Stem (1984 ppm)
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Antiallergic
Calcium found in Stem (22940 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antialopecic
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antianemic
Copper found in Stem (31 ppm)
Iron found in Stem (236 ppm)
Manganese found in Stem (1984 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Stem (22940 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Stem (22940 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Potassium found in Stem (8060 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antiarthritic
Calcium found in Stem (22940 ppm)
Copper found in Stem (31 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Manganese found in Stem (1984 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiatherosclerotic
Calcium found in Stem (22940 ppm)
Chromium found in Stem (1.73 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Vanadium found in Stem (0.93 ppm)
Antibacterial
Iodine found in Stem (5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Anticanker
Iron found in Stem (236 ppm)
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Anticataract
Quercetin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Stem (236 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Calcium found in Stem (22940 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Anticold
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Plant
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Stem (1.73 ppm)
Anticoronary
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antidandruff
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Antidementia
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Antidepressant
Calcium found in Stem (22940 ppm)
Lithium found in Stem (5.2 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Potassium found in Stem (8060 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antidermatitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antidiabetic
Chromium found in Stem (1.73 ppm)
Copper found in Stem (31 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Manganese found in Stem (1984 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Vanadium found in Stem (0.93 ppm)
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Stem (1984 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Stem (1984 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Antieczemic
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Antiedemic
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antielastase
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiencephalitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiencephalopathic
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Manganese found in Stem (1984 ppm)
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiestrogenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifatigue
Chromium found in Stem (1.73 ppm)
Copper found in Stem (31 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Potassium found in Stem (8060 ppm)
Antifeedant
Quercetin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifibrotic
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Antiflu
Quercetin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Plant
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Stem (1.73 ppm)
Antigoiter
Iodine found in Stem (5 ppm)
Antigonadotropic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihangover
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antihepatotoxic
Quercetin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antiherpetic
Quercetin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antihistaminic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Stem (22940 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Calcium found in Stem (22940 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Potassium found in Stem (8060 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihyperthyroid
Lithium found in Stem (5.2 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Vanadium found in Stem (0.93 ppm)
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Copper found in Stem (31 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Stem (22940 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Antiinsulinogenic
Vanadium found in Stem (0.93 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antilepric
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Antileukemic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Quercetin found in Plant
Antilipoperoxidant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antilithic
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Antimalarial
Quercetin found in Plant
Antimanic
Lithium found in Stem (5.2 ppm)
Vanadium found in Stem (0.93 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antimenopausal
Calcium found in Stem (22940 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Stem (236 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Antimigraine
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Stem (31 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Antiobesity
Calcium found in Stem (22940 ppm)
Chromium found in Stem (1.73 ppm)
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Antiosteoarthritic
Boron found in Stem (31 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Boron found in Stem (31 ppm)
Calcium found in Stem (22940 ppm)
Copper found in Stem (31 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Manganese found in Stem (1984 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Stem (1550 ppm)
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Stem (1984 ppm)
Antioxidant
Manganese found in Stem (1984 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiperiodontitic
Calcium found in Stem (22940 ppm)
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiperoxidant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiplaque
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipodriac
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipolio
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiprostatitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipsychotic
Lithium found in Stem (5.2 ppm)
Antipurpuric
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antiradicular
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Calcium found in Stem (22940 ppm)
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Antischizophrenic
Lithium found in Stem (5.2 ppm)
Antiseptic
Iodine found in Stem (5 ppm)
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Stem (434 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Potassium found in Stem (8060 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antistress
Calcium found in Stem (22940 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Potassium found in Stem (8060 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Chromium found in Stem (1.73 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Manganese found in Stem (1984 ppm)
Vanadium found in Stem (0.93 ppm)
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Antithiamin
Quercetin found in Plant
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antithrombogenic
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antithyrotoxic
Iodine found in Stem (5 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Stem (22940 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Stem (1.73 ppm)
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antitumor-Promoter
Quercetin found in Plant
Antitumor
Quercetin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Antiulcer
Quercetin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Aluminum found in Stem (434 ppm)
Antiviral
Iodine found in Stem (5 ppm)
Lithium found in Stem (5.2 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Stem (22940 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Stem (1550 ppm)
Potassium found in Stem (8060 ppm)
Apoptotic
Quercetin found in Plant
Astringent
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Bacteristat
Quercetin found in Plant
Beta-Blocker
Potassium found in Stem (8060 ppm)
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Plant
CNS-Depressant
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Plant
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
COX-2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Calcium-Antagonist
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Stem (22940 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Plant
Cancer-Preventive
Quercetin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Candidicide
Aluminum found in Stem (434 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Plant
Carcinogenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Stem (2.29 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Chromium found in Stem (1.73 ppm)
Copper found in Stem (31 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Potassium found in Stem (8060 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Quercitrin found in Plant
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Stem (8060 ppm)
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Plant
Choleretic
Quercitrin found in Plant
Cholinergic
Lithium found in Stem (5.2 ppm)
Collagenic
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Stem (31 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Quercetin found in Plant
Cyclooxygenase-Activator
Quercitrin found in Plant
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Cytotoxic
Quercetin found in Plant
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Deliriant
Lithium found in Stem (5.2 ppm)
Deodorant
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Iodine found in Stem (5 ppm)
Detoxicant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Plant
Diuretic
Calcium found in Stem (22940 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Potassium found in Stem (8060 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Plant
Dye
Quercitrin found in Plant
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Stem (434 ppm)
Energizer
Chromium found in Stem (1.73 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Stem (2.29 ppm)
Estrogenic
Boron found in Stem (31 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Fungicide
Iodine found in Stem (5 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Goitrogenic
Iodine found in Stem (5 ppm)
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Hemostat
Quercetin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Hepatoprotective
Quercetin found in Plant
Hepatotonic
Quercitrin found in Plant
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Stem (539 ppm)
Hyperthyroid
Iodine found in Stem (5 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Calcium found in Stem (22940 ppm)
Chromium found in Stem (1.73 ppm)
Copper found in Stem (31 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Vanadium found in Stem (0.93 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Chromium found in Stem (1.73 ppm)
Manganese found in Stem (1984 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Vanadium found in Stem (0.93 ppm)
Hypotensive
Calcium found in Stem (22940 ppm)
Chromium found in Stem (1.73 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Potassium found in Stem (8060 ppm)
Quercitrin found in Plant
Vanadium found in Stem (0.93 ppm)
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Hypotriglyceridemic
Vanadium found in Stem (0.93 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Chromium found in Stem (1.73 ppm)
Copper found in Stem (31 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Phosphorus found in Stem (1550 ppm)
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Inotropic
Quercetin found in Plant
Insectiphile
Quercitrin found in Plant
Insulin-Sparing
Nickel found in Stem (12.4 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Stem (1.73 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Juvabional
Quercetin found in Plant
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Plant
Laxative
Calcium found in Stem (22940 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
MAO-Inhibitor
Quercitrin found in Plant
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Plant
Memorigenic
Chromium found in Stem (1.73 ppm)
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Mucogenic
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Mutagenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Myorelaxant
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Natriuretic
Lithium found in Stem (5.2 ppm)
Nephrotoxic
Lithium found in Stem (5.2 ppm)
Vanadium found in Stem (0.93 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Quercetin found in Plant
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Stem (1550 ppm)
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Plant
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Pancreatoxic
Vanadium found in Stem (0.93 ppm)
Paralytic
Quercitrin found in Plant
Pesticide
Aluminum found in Stem (434 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Quercitrin found in Plant
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Plant
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Plant
Prooxidant
Iron found in Stem (236 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Protisticide
Iodine found in Stem (5 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Quercetin found in Plant
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Stem (31 ppm)
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Teratologic
Quercetin found in Plant
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Thyrotropic
Iodine found in Stem (5 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Toxic
Vanadium found in Stem (0.93 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Stem (22940 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Vasodilator
Calcium found in Stem (22940 ppm)
Magnesium found in Stem (6820 ppm)
Potassium found in Stem (8060 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Vasopressor
Quercitrin found in Plant
Vulnerary
Zinc found in Stem (93 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
iNOS-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Aluminum Stem 24 434
Ash Stem 24,000 62,000
Barium Stem 20 620
Boron Stem 2 31
Calcium Stem 5,040 22,940
Chromium Stem 0.12 1.73
Cobalt Stem 0 2.29
Copper Stem 1.5 31
Iodine Stem 2 5
Iron Stem 14 236
Lanthanum Stem 0.7 14.9
Lead Stem 1.5 31
Lithium Stem 0.11 5.2
Magnesium Stem 235 6,820
Manganese Stem 24 1,984
Molybdenum Stem 0 6.2
Nickel Stem 0.168 12.4
Phosphorus Stem 105 1,550
Potassium Stem 984 8,060
Quercetin Plant
Quercitrin Plant
Rubidium Stem 3.7 21
Sodium Stem 14 539
Strontium Stem 16 186
Titanium Stem 1 12
Vanadium Stem 0.12 0.93
Yttrium Stem 0.24 2.5
Zinc Stem 5 93
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]