Quassia amara Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
bitterwood quassia quassia-wood Surinam quassia

Quassia amara is a species in the genus Quassia, with some botanists treating it as the sole species in the genus. The genus was named by Carolus Linnaeus who named it after the first botanist to describe it: the Surinamese freedman Graman Quassi. Q. amara is used as insecticide, in traditional medicine and as additive in the food industry.

Quassia amara

Medical use

Economic importance of Quassia amara

Food additives flavoring
Environmental ornamental
Medicines folklore
Non-vertebrate poisons potential for house pest control

Gallery

Quassia amara Quassia amara Quassia amara Quassia amara Quassia amara Quassia amara Quassia amara Quassia amara Quassia amara Quassia amara Quassia amara

Geografical distribution

  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Caribbean: Trinidad and Tobago - Trinidad
    • Mesoamerica: Costa Rica; Nicaragua; Panama
    • Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela
    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Western South America: Colombia

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Root
Amebicide
Quassin found in Wood (2000 ppm)
Analgesic
Gallic-acid found in Root
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Wood
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Wood
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Wood
AntiHIV
Gallic-acid found in Root
AntiMRSA
Gallic-acid found in Root
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Wood
Antiadenovirus
Gallic-acid found in Root
Antiallergenic
Gallic-acid found in Root
Antianaphylactic
Gallic-acid found in Root
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Wood
Antiangiogenic
Gallic-acid found in Root
Antiasthmatic
Gallic-acid found in Root
Antiatherosclerotic
Malic-acid found in Root
Antibacterial
Beta-sitosterol found in Wood
Gallic-acid found in Root
Malic-acid found in Root
Antibronchitic
Gallic-acid found in Root
Anticancer
Gallic-acid found in Root
Anticarcinomic
Gallic-acid found in Root
Antiedemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Wood
Antiescherichic
Gallic-acid found in Root
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Wood
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Wood
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Wood
Antifibrinolytic
Gallic-acid found in Root
Antifibromyalgic
Malic-acid found in Root
Antiflu
Gallic-acid found in Root
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Wood
Antihepatotoxic
Gallic-acid found in Root
Antiherpetic
Gallic-acid found in Root
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Wood
Antiinflammatory
Beta-sitosterol found in Wood
Gallic-acid found in Root
Antileishmanic
Gallic-acid found in Root
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Wood
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Wood
Antimutagenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Wood
Gallic-acid found in Root
Antinitrosaminic
Gallic-acid found in Root
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Wood
Antioxidant
Beta-sitosterol found in Wood
Gallic-acid found in Root
Antiperiodontitic
Gallic-acid found in Root
Antiperoxidant
Gallic-acid found in Root
Antipolio
Gallic-acid found in Root
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Wood
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Wood
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Wood
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Wood
Antiproteolytic
Gallic-acid found in Root
Antipyretic
Beta-sitosterol found in Wood
Antiradicular
Gallic-acid found in Root
Antiseborrheic
Malic-acid found in Root
Antiseptic
Gallic-acid found in Root
Malic-acid found in Root
Antistaphylococcic
Gallic-acid found in Root
Antitubercular
Malic-acid found in Root
Antitumor-Promoter
Gallic-acid found in Root
Antitumor
Gallic-acid found in Root
Malic-acid found in Root
Antiviral
Beta-sitosterol found in Wood
Gallic-acid found in Root
Apertif
Quassin found in Wood (2000 ppm)
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Wood
Gallic-acid found in Root
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Wood
Astringent
Gallic-acid found in Root
Bacteristat
Gallic-acid found in Root
Malic-acid found in Root
Bronchodilator
Gallic-acid found in Root
Bruchiphobe
Malic-acid found in Root
Cancer-Preventive
Beta-sitosterol found in Wood
Gallic-acid found in Root
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Wood
Gallic-acid found in Root
Carcinogenic
Gallic-acid found in Root
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Wood
Choleretic
Gallic-acid found in Root
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Root
Cytotoxic
Gallic-acid found in Root
Emetic
Quassin found in Wood (2000 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Wood
FLavor
Potassium-acetate found in Wood
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Wood
Floral-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Root
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Wood
Hemopoietic
Malic-acid found in Root
Hemostat
Gallic-acid found in Root
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Wood
Gallic-acid found in Root
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Wood
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Wood
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Wood
Immunomodulator
Gallic-acid found in Root
Immunostimulant
Gallic-acid found in Root
Immunosuppressant
Gallic-acid found in Root
Insecticide
Quassin found in Wood (2000 ppm)
Insulin-Sparing
Gallic-acid found in Root
Mycobactericide
Malic-acid found in Root
Myorelaxant
Gallic-acid found in Root
NO-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Root
Nephrotoxic
Gallic-acid found in Root
Pesticide
Beta-sitosterol found in Wood
Gallic-acid found in Root
Malic-acid found in Root
Quassin found in Wood (2000 ppm)
Sialogogue
Malic-acid found in Root
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Wood
Styptic
Gallic-acid found in Root
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Root
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Wood
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Wood
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Root

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
18-hydroxyquassin Wood
Alkaloids Wood 2,500
Beta-sitostenone Wood
Beta-sitosterol Wood
Calcium-tartrate Root
Eo Root
Gallic-acid Root
Isoquassin Wood
Malic-acid Root
Neoquassin Wood
Potassium-acetate Wood
Quassin Wood 1,000 2,000
Quassinol Wood
Quassol Wood
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]