Pycnanthemum virginianum Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Virginia mountain-mint Virginia-thyme wild basil

Pycnanthemum virginianum is a plant in the mint family, Lamiaceae. It is a herbaceous plant with narrow, opposite, simple leaves, on wiry, green stems. The flowers are white with purplish spotting, borne in summer. Like most plants in the genus, the foliage has a strong mint fragrance when crushed or disturbed. It is native to the eastern United States and eastern Canada.

Pycnanthemum virginianum

Medical use

Economic importance of Pycnanthemum virginianum

Food additives flavoring

Gallery

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Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Ontario , Quebec
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas , Missouri, Nebraska , Oklahoma , South Dakota , Wisconsin
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Arkansas, Delaware, Georgia , Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (493 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (261 ppm)
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Shoot (14674 ppm)
Pulegone found in Shoot (19024 ppm)
Acaricide
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (14674 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot (14819 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (493 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (1015 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (261 ppm)
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (14674 ppm)
Allelopathic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (493 ppm)
Camphene found in Shoot (87 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot (14819 ppm)
Allergenic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (1015 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot (14674 ppm)
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (261 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Analgesic
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (1015 ppm)
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot (14819 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (261 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot (290 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Ancylostomicide
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Anesthetic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Ankylostomacide
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Anthelmintic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot
Geraniol found in Shoot
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Antiacetylcholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Isomenthone found in Shoot (22533 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (14674 ppm)
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot (14819 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot (290 ppm)
Piperitenone found in Shoot (203 ppm)
Pulegone found in Shoot (19024 ppm)
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (493 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (1015 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Limonene found in Shoot (14674 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot (14819 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Antiallergic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot (14819 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (1015 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (14674 ppm)
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Piperitone found in Shoot (203 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Carvacrol found in Shoot
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Antibacillary
Menthone found in Shoot (14819 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot (290 ppm)
Antibacillus
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Antibacterial
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (493 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Shoot (435 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (1015 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot (14674 ppm)
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot (14819 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (261 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot (290 ppm)
Pulegone found in Shoot (19024 ppm)
Sabinene found in Shoot (6 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Antibronchitic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Anticancer
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (493 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (14674 ppm)
Anticariogenic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (493 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (1015 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Anticatarrh
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Anticholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Pulegone found in Shoot (19024 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Myrcene found in Shoot (261 ppm)
Antidandruff
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (1015 ppm)
Antidiuretic
Carvacrol found in Shoot
Antiedemic
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (1015 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot (14819 ppm)
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Shoot (14674 ppm)
Antifatigue
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Shoot (435 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (1015 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (14674 ppm)
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (14674 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot (290 ppm)
Antigliomic
Beta-elemene found in Shoot (1160 ppm)
Antihalitosic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Antihelicobacter
Sabinene found in Shoot (6 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot (14819 ppm)
Pulegone found in Shoot (19024 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (493 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (1015 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (14674 ppm)
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Antilaryngitic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (1015 ppm)
Antilepric
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Antilisteria
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot (14819 ppm)
Antilithic
Limonene found in Shoot (14674 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Limonene found in Shoot (14674 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Carvacrol found in Shoot
Geraniol found in Shoot
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Limonene found in Shoot (14674 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (261 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Myrcene found in Shoot (261 ppm)
Antinociceptive
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (261 ppm)
Antiobesity
Limonene found in Shoot (14674 ppm)
Antiodontalgic
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Antionychyotic
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (1015 ppm)
Antioxidant
Camphene found in Shoot (87 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot
Isomenthone found in Shoot (22533 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (261 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Antiperiodontic
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Antipharyngitic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Antiplaque
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (493 ppm)
Beta-elemene found in Shoot (1160 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (1015 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Carvacrol found in Shoot
Antipruritic
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Antipyretic
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Pulegone found in Shoot (19024 ppm)
Antiradicular
Carvacrol found in Shoot
Isomenthone found in Shoot (22533 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Antirheumatalgic
P-cymene found in Shoot (290 ppm)
Antirheumatic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Antirhinitic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Geraniol found in Shoot
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot (14819 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Antiseptic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (493 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot
Geraniol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot (14674 ppm)
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot (14819 ppm)
Sabinene found in Shoot (6 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Antisinusitic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Antispasmodic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Shoot (435 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (1015 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot (14674 ppm)
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot (14819 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (261 ppm)
Neomenthol found in Shoot (232 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (1015 ppm)
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot (14819 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Carvacrol found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (1015 ppm)
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Antitartar
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Antitrichinosic
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Antitubercular
Geraniol found in Shoot
Antitumor
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (1015 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot (14674 ppm)
Antitussive
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Antiulcer
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (1015 ppm)
Sabinene found in Shoot (6 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Shoot (435 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (14674 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot (290 ppm)
Antivulvitic
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Apoptotic
Beta-elemene found in Shoot (1160 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (14674 ppm)
Ascaricide
Geraniol found in Shoot
Ataxigenic
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Avifuge
Pulegone found in Shoot (19024 ppm)
Bradycardic
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Bronchomucolytic
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Bronchomucotropic
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Shoot (14674 ppm)
Bronchorrheic
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot (14674 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot (14819 ppm)
Pulegone found in Shoot (19024 ppm)
Candidicide
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (1015 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot (14819 ppm)
Pulegone found in Shoot (19024 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Candidistat
Limonene found in Shoot (14674 ppm)
Carcinogenic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Carminative
Carvacrol found in Shoot
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Cerebrotoxic
Menthone found in Shoot (14819 ppm)
Pulegone found in Shoot (19024 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Limonene found in Shoot (14674 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (261 ppm)
Choleretic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Shoot (14674 ppm)
Cicatrizant
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (493 ppm)
Ciliotoxic
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Congestant
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Convulsant
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Counterirritant
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Culicide
Menthone found in Shoot (14819 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Carvacrol found in Shoot
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Decongestant
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Degranulant
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Dentifrice
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Deodorant
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Detoxicant
Limonene found in Shoot (14674 ppm)
Diaphoretic
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Edemagenic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Embryotoxic
Geraniol found in Shoot
Emetic
Geraniol found in Shoot
Encephalopathic
Pulegone found in Shoot (19024 ppm)
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Shoot (14674 ppm)
Enterorelaxant
Carvacrol found in Shoot
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Enterotoxic
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Expectorant
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Shoot (435 ppm)
Camphene found in Shoot (87 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot
Geraniol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot (14674 ppm)
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
FLavor
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (493 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Shoot (435 ppm)
Camphene found in Shoot (87 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (1015 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot (14674 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot (14819 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (261 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot (290 ppm)
Piperitone found in Shoot (203 ppm)
Pulegone found in Shoot (19024 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Fungicide
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (1015 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot
Menthone found in Shoot (14819 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (261 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot (290 ppm)
Pulegone found in Shoot (19024 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Shoot (14674 ppm)
Fungistat
Limonene found in Shoot (14674 ppm)
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Shoot (14674 ppm)
Gastroirritant
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Gastroprotective
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (1015 ppm)
Gastrosedative
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Glutathionalytic
Pulegone found in Shoot (19024 ppm)
Hallucinogenic
Pulegone found in Shoot (19024 ppm)
Hepatotonic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Pulegone found in Shoot (19024 ppm)
Herbicide
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot (14674 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot (290 ppm)
Piperitone found in Shoot (203 ppm)
Pulegone found in Shoot (19024 ppm)
Histaminic
Limonene found in Shoot (14674 ppm)
Hypotensive
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Hypothermic
Myrcene found in Shoot (261 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Limonene found in Shoot (14674 ppm)
Inflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (493 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (14674 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot (14819 ppm)
Pulegone found in Shoot (19024 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Insectifuge
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Shoot (435 ppm)
Camphene found in Shoot (87 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (1015 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot (14674 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (261 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot (290 ppm)
Piperitone found in Shoot (203 ppm)
Pulegone found in Shoot (19024 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Insectiphile
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (493 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (14674 ppm)
Irritant
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (1015 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (14674 ppm)
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (261 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot (290 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Larvicide
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (1015 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot (14819 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Laxative
P-cymene found in Shoot (290 ppm)
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Shoot (14674 ppm)
Molluscicide
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Mosquitocide
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (1015 ppm)
Mosquitofuge
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (493 ppm)
Motor-Depressant
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (493 ppm)
Mutagenic
Menthone found in Shoot (14819 ppm)
Mycobactericide
Geraniol found in Shoot
Myorelaxant
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Shoot (435 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (14674 ppm)
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (261 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Shoot (14674 ppm)
Nematicide
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (493 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot
Geraniol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot (14674 ppm)
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot (14819 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Nephrotoxic
Pulegone found in Shoot (19024 ppm)
Neurodepressant
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Neuropathogenic
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Neurotoxic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Pulegone found in Shoot (19024 ppm)
Nociceptive
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Shoot (14674 ppm)
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Shoot (14674 ppm)
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (261 ppm)
P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (14674 ppm)
Pediculicide
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Perfume
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Perfumery
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (493 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (1015 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot (14819 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (261 ppm)
Neomenthol found in Shoot (232 ppm)
Piperitenone found in Shoot (203 ppm)
Piperitone found in Shoot (203 ppm)
Pulegone found in Shoot (19024 ppm)
Sabinene found in Shoot (6 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Shoot (14674 ppm)
Pesticide
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (493 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Shoot (435 ppm)
Camphene found in Shoot (87 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (1015 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot
Germacrene-d found in Shoot (6032 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (14674 ppm)
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot (14819 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (261 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot (290 ppm)
Piperitone found in Shoot (203 ppm)
Pulegone found in Shoot (19024 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Pheromone
Germacrene-d found in Shoot (6032 ppm)
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Shoot (14674 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Inhibitor
Carvacrol found in Shoot
Psychoactive
Menthone found in Shoot (14819 ppm)
Pulifuge
Pulegone found in Shoot (19024 ppm)
Pulmonotoxic
Pulegone found in Shoot (19024 ppm)
Refrigerant
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Rubefacient
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Secretogogue
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Sedative
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (493 ppm)
Bornyl-acetate found in Shoot (435 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (1015 ppm)
Geraniol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot (14674 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot (14819 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot (290 ppm)
Pulegone found in Shoot (19024 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Spasmogenic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Camphene found in Shoot (87 ppm)
Sprout-Inhibitor
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Surfactant
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Termiticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (493 ppm)
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Termitifuge
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (1015 ppm)
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Toxic
Piperitenone found in Shoot (203 ppm)
Tracheorelaxant
Carvacrol found in Shoot
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Transdermal
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (493 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (14674 ppm)
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Trichomonicide
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (58 ppm)
Carvacrol found in Shoot
Geraniol found in Shoot
Menthone found in Shoot (14819 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot (290 ppm)
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Urinary-Antiseptic
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Varroacide
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Vermicide
Thymol found in Shoot (377 ppm)
Vermifuge
Carvacrol found in Shoot
Vibriocide
Menthol found in Shoot (3016 ppm)
Vulnerary
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot (493 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
1,8-cineole Shoot 6 58
1-octen-3-ol Shoot 18 609
1-octen-3-yl-acetate Shoot 6 203
10-(alpha)-cadinol Shoot 18 87
Allo-aromadendrene Shoot 24 116
Alpha-pinene Shoot 6 145
Alpha-terpineol Shoot 18 493
Beta-bourbonene Shoot 6 232
Beta-elemene Shoot 240 1,160
Beta-pinene Shoot 6 145
Bornyl-acetate Shoot 90 435
Camphene Shoot 6 87
Carvacrol Shoot
Caryophyllene Shoot 72 1,015
Cis-beta-terpineol Shoot 30 145
Eo Shoot 6,000 29,000
Geraniol Shoot
Germacrene-d Shoot 18 6,032
Isomenthone Shoot 102 22,533
Limonene Shoot 12 14,674
Menthol Shoot 18 3,016
Menthone Shoot 25 14,819
Myrcene Shoot 6 261
Neomenthol Shoot 48 232
P-cymene Shoot 6 290
Piperitenone Shoot 6 203
Piperitone Shoot 6 203
Pulegone Shoot 102 19,024
Sabinene Shoot 1 6
Thymol Shoot 66 377
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]