Pycnanthemum californicum Health effects and herbal facts

Pycnanthemum californicum is a species of flowering plant in the mint family known by the common name Sierra mint. It is endemic to California, where it grows in mountains and foothills throughout the state, in chaparral, woodland, forest, and other habitat. It is a perennial herb growing erect one half to one meter in height, with hairless to fuzzy, aromatic herbage. The oppositely arranged leaves are lance-shaped to nearly oval, each a few centimeters long. The inflorescences are located in clusters about the stem just above each upper pair of leaves. Each flower has a whitish upper lip and a purplish lower lip, sometimes with spots.

Pycnanthemum californicum

Gallery

Pycnanthemum californicum Pycnanthemum californicum Pycnanthemum californicum Pycnanthemum californicum Pycnanthemum californicum Pycnanthemum californicum Pycnanthemum californicum Pycnanthemum californicum Pycnanthemum californicum

Biological activities

ACE-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Myrcene found in Shoot (108 ppm)
AChE-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Pulegone found in Shoot (28836 ppm)
Acaricide
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (108 ppm)
Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Allelopathic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Menthone found in Shoot
Allergenic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (108 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (108 ppm)
Analgesic
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot
Myrcene found in Shoot (108 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot
Anesthetic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Anthelmintic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Antiacetylcholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Isomenthone found in Shoot (3708 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot
P-cymene found in Shoot
Piperitenone found in Shoot (108 ppm)
Pulegone found in Shoot (28836 ppm)
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Limonene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Menthone found in Shoot
Antiallergic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot
Antiasthmatic
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Antibacillary
Menthone found in Shoot
P-cymene found in Shoot
Antibacterial
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot
Myrcene found in Shoot (108 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot
Pulegone found in Shoot (28836 ppm)
Sabinene found in Shoot (180 ppm)
Antibronchitic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Anticancer
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Anticariogenic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Anticatarrh
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Anticholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Pulegone found in Shoot (28836 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Myrcene found in Shoot (108 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Antiedemic
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Menthone found in Shoot
Antiesophagitic
Limonene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Antifatigue
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot
Antihalitosic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Antihelicobacter
Sabinene found in Shoot (180 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Menthone found in Shoot
Pulegone found in Shoot (28836 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (108 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Antilaryngitic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Antilisteria
Menthone found in Shoot
Antilithic
Limonene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Limonene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Limonene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (108 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Myrcene found in Shoot (108 ppm)
Antinociceptive
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (108 ppm)
Antiobesity
Limonene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Antionychyotic
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Antioxidant
Isomenthone found in Shoot (3708 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (108 ppm)
Antipharyngitic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Antiplaque
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Antipyretic
Pulegone found in Shoot (28836 ppm)
Antiradicular
Isomenthone found in Shoot (3708 ppm)
Antirheumatalgic
P-cymene found in Shoot
Antirheumatic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Antirhinitic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Menthone found in Shoot
Antiseptic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (108 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot
Sabinene found in Shoot (180 ppm)
Antisinusitic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Antispasmodic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (108 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot
Myrcene found in Shoot (108 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot
Antistreptococcic
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Antitumor
Alpha-humulene found in Shoot (468 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Antitussive
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Antiulcer
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Sabinene found in Shoot (180 ppm)
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot
Apoptotic
Limonene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Avifuge
Pulegone found in Shoot (28836 ppm)
Bronchoprotectant
Limonene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot
Pulegone found in Shoot (28836 ppm)
Candidicide
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (108 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot
Pulegone found in Shoot (28836 ppm)
Candidistat
Limonene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Carcinogenic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Cerebrotoxic
Menthone found in Shoot
Pulegone found in Shoot (28836 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Limonene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (108 ppm)
Choleretic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Cholesterolytic
Limonene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Cicatrizant
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Convulsant
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Counterirritant
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Culicide
Menthone found in Shoot
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Decongestant
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Degranulant
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Dentifrice
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Detoxicant
Limonene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Edemagenic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Encephalopathic
Pulegone found in Shoot (28836 ppm)
Enterocontractant
Limonene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Expectorant
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
FLavor
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (108 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot
Myrcene found in Shoot (108 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot
Pulegone found in Shoot (28836 ppm)
Fungicide
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot
Myrcene found in Shoot (108 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot
Pulegone found in Shoot (28836 ppm)
Fungiphilic
Limonene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Fungistat
Limonene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
GST-Inducer
Limonene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Gastroprotective
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Glutathionalytic
Pulegone found in Shoot (28836 ppm)
Hallucinogenic
Pulegone found in Shoot (28836 ppm)
Hepatotonic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Hepatotoxic
Pulegone found in Shoot (28836 ppm)
Herbicide
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (108 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot
Pulegone found in Shoot (28836 ppm)
Histaminic
Limonene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Hypotensive
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Hypothermic
Myrcene found in Shoot (108 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Limonene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Inflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot
Pulegone found in Shoot (28836 ppm)
Insectifuge
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (108 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (108 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot
Pulegone found in Shoot (28836 ppm)
Insectiphile
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Irritant
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (108 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (108 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot
Larvicide
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot
Laxative
P-cymene found in Shoot
Lipolytic
Limonene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Mosquitocide
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Mosquitofuge
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Motor-Depressant
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Mutagenic
Menthone found in Shoot
Myorelaxant
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (108 ppm)
NO-Genic
Limonene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Nematicide
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Limonene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot
Nephrotoxic
Pulegone found in Shoot (28836 ppm)
Neurotoxic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Pulegone found in Shoot (28836 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Limonene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Ozone-Scavenger
Limonene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Myrcene found in Shoot (108 ppm)
P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Pediculicide
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Perfume
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Perfumery
Alpha-humulene found in Shoot (468 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (108 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot
Myrcene found in Shoot (108 ppm)
Piperitenone found in Shoot (108 ppm)
Pulegone found in Shoot (28836 ppm)
Sabinene found in Shoot (180 ppm)
Peristaltic
Limonene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Pesticide
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (108 ppm)
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot
Myrcene found in Shoot (108 ppm)
P-cymene found in Shoot
Pulegone found in Shoot (28836 ppm)
Photosensitizer
Limonene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Psychoactive
Menthone found in Shoot
Pulifuge
Pulegone found in Shoot (28836 ppm)
Pulmonotoxic
Pulegone found in Shoot (28836 ppm)
Rubefacient
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Secretogogue
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Sedative
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot
P-cymene found in Shoot
Pulegone found in Shoot (28836 ppm)
Spasmogenic
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (108 ppm)
Surfactant
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Termiticide
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Termitifuge
Caryophyllene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Toxic
Piperitenone found in Shoot (108 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Transdermal
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Alpha-pinene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot
Beta-pinene found in Shoot (108 ppm)
Limonene found in Shoot (144 ppm)
Trichomonicide
1,8-cineole found in Shoot (576 ppm)
Menthone found in Shoot
P-cymene found in Shoot
Vulnerary
Alpha-terpineol found in Shoot

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
1,8-cineole Shoot 576
1-octen-3-ol Shoot 252
1-octen-3-yl-acetate Shoot 144
Alpha-humulene Shoot 468
Alpha-pinene Shoot 144
Alpha-terpineol Shoot
Beta-pinene Shoot 108
Caryophyllene Shoot 144
Cis-isopulegone Shoot 216
Eo Shoot 36,000
Isomenthone Shoot 3,708
Limonene Shoot 144
Menthone Shoot
Myrcene Shoot 108
P-cymene Shoot
Piperitenone Shoot 108
Pulegone Shoot 28,836
Sabinene Shoot 180
Trans-isopulegone Shoot 108
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]