Pterocarpus marsupium Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
East Indian kino Indian kino Indian kinotree Malabar kino

Pterocarpus marsupium, also known as Vijayasar or the Indian Kino Tree, is a medium to large, deciduous tree that can grow up to 30 metres tall. It is native to India, Nepal, and Sri Lanka, where it occurs in parts of the Western Ghats in the Karnataka-Kerala region and also in the forests of Central India. It is also known by the names Malabar Kino, Benga, Bijiayasal, Piasal, Venkai, and many others.

Pterocarpus marsupium

Medical use

Economic importance of Pterocarpus marsupium

Environmental shade/shelter
Materials wod
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Pterocarpus marsupium Pterocarpus marsupium Pterocarpus marsupium Pterocarpus marsupium Pterocarpus marsupium Pterocarpus marsupium Pterocarpus marsupium Pterocarpus marsupium Pterocarpus marsupium Pterocarpus marsupium Pterocarpus marsupium Pterocarpus marsupium

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: India ; Sri Lanka

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Naringenin found in Plant
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem Bark
ACE-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem Bark
Gallic-acid found in Wood
Acidulant
Phosphoric-acid found in Leaf (4000 ppm)
Additive
Phosphoric-acid found in Leaf (4000 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Isoliquiritigenin found in Wood
Naringenin found in Plant
Allelochemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem Bark
Catechol found in Wood
Allergenic
Catechol found in Wood
Protocatechuic-acid found in Wood
Alpha-Glucosidase-Inhibitor
Protocatechuic-acid found in Wood
Analgesic
Gallic-acid found in Wood
AntiEBV
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem Bark
Beta-eudesmol found in Root
Lupeol found in Plant
AntiHIV
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem Bark
Gallic-acid found in Wood
Naringenin found in Plant
AntiLegionella
Protocatechuic-acid found in Wood
AntiMRSA
Gallic-acid found in Wood
AntiPAF
Isoliquiritigenin found in Wood
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Naringenin found in Plant
Antiadenovirus
Gallic-acid found in Wood
Antiaflatoxin
Naringenin found in Plant
Antiaggregant
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem Bark
Isoliquiritigenin found in Wood
Naringenin found in Plant
Antiallergenic
Gallic-acid found in Wood
Antiallergic
Isoliquiritigenin found in Wood
Antialzheimeran
Naringenin found in Plant
Antiamnesic
Naringenin found in Plant
Antiamyloid-Beta
Naringenin found in Plant
Antianaphylactic
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem Bark
Gallic-acid found in Wood
Antiangiogenic
Gallic-acid found in Wood
Lupeol found in Plant
Antianoxic
Beta-eudesmol found in Root
Antiarrhythmic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Wood
Antiarthritic
Pseudobaptigenin found in Root
Antiasthmatic
Gallic-acid found in Wood
Protocatechuic-acid found in Wood
Antiatheromic
Pectin found in Wood
Antibacterial
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem Bark
Gallic-acid found in Wood
Naringenin found in Plant
Pectin found in Wood
Protocatechuic-acid found in Wood
Pterostilbene found in Root
Antibronchitic
Gallic-acid found in Wood
Anticancer
Gallic-acid found in Wood
Naringenin found in Plant
Anticarcinomic
Gallic-acid found in Wood
Anticlastogen
Protocatechuic-acid found in Wood
Antidepressant
Isoliquiritigenin found in Wood
Liquiritigenin found in Wood
Antidiabetic
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem Bark
Isoliquiritigenin found in Wood
Pectin found in Wood
Pterostilbene found in Root
Antidiarrheic
Pectin found in Wood
Antiedemic
Lupeol found in Plant
Antienteritic
Pectin found in Wood
Antiescherichic
Gallic-acid found in Wood
Naringenin found in Plant
Antiestrogenic
Naringenin found in Plant
Antifeedant
P-hydroxybenzaldehyde found in Root
Antifibrinolytic
Gallic-acid found in Wood
Antifibrotic
Naringenin found in Plant
Antiflu
Gallic-acid found in Wood
Lupeol found in Plant
Antigallstone
Pectin found in Wood
Antigastritic
Pectin found in Wood
Antigonadotropic
Catechol found in Wood
Antihepatitic
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem Bark
Antihepatotoxic
Gallic-acid found in Wood
Naringenin found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Wood
Antiherpetic
Gallic-acid found in Wood
Naringenin found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Wood
Antihyperglycemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem Bark
Lupeol found in Plant
Antiinflammatory
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem Bark
Gallic-acid found in Wood
Liquiritigenin found in Wood
Lupeol found in Plant
Naringenin found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Wood
Ricinoleic-acid found in Seed
Antiischemic
Isoliquiritigenin found in Wood
Protocatechuic-acid found in Wood
Antileishmanic
Gallic-acid found in Wood
Antileukemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem Bark
Liquiritigenin found in Wood
Naringenin found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Wood
Antileukotriene-D4
Ricinoleic-acid found in Seed
Antileukotriene
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem Bark
Antilipoperoxidant
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem Bark
Antilithic
Lupeol found in Plant
Pectin found in Wood
Antimalarial
Lupeol found in Plant
Antimelanogenic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Wood
Antimelanomic
Pterostilbene found in Root
Antimetastatic
Pectin found in Wood
Antimutagenic
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem Bark
Beta-eudesmol found in Root
Gallic-acid found in Wood
Naringenin found in Plant
Pectin found in Wood
Protocatechuic-acid found in Wood
Antinitrosaminic
Gallic-acid found in Wood
Antiobesity
Pectin found in Wood
Antiophidic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Wood
Antioxalate
Lupeol found in Plant
Antioxidant
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem Bark
Catechol found in Wood
Gallic-acid found in Wood
Isoliquiritigenin found in Wood
Lupeol found in Plant
Naringenin found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Wood
Pterostilbene found in Root
Antipeptic
Beta-eudesmol found in Root
Antiperiodontitic
Gallic-acid found in Wood
Antiperistaltic
Naringenin found in Plant
Antiperoxidant
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem Bark
Gallic-acid found in Wood
Lupeol found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Wood
Antiperoxidative
Naringenin found in Plant
Antipolio
Gallic-acid found in Wood
Antiprostaglandin
Lupeol found in Plant
Antiprostatotic
Phytosterols found in Stem Bark
Antiproteolytic
Gallic-acid found in Wood
Antiradicular
Gallic-acid found in Wood
Naringenin found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Wood
Pterostilbene found in Root
Antirheumatic
Lupeol found in Plant
Antisalmonella
Beta-eudesmol found in Root
Antiseptic
Catechol found in Wood
Gallic-acid found in Wood
Protocatechuic-acid found in Wood
Antisindhis
Naringenin found in Plant
Antispasmodic
Isoliquiritigenin found in Wood
Liquiritigenin found in Wood
Naringenin found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Wood
Antistaphylococcic
Gallic-acid found in Wood
Naringenin found in Plant
Antistomatitic
Catechol found in Wood
Antithiamin
Catechol found in Wood
Antithyreotropic
Catechol found in Wood
Antitumor-Promoter
Gallic-acid found in Wood
Naringenin found in Plant
Antitumor
Catechol found in Wood
Gallic-acid found in Wood
Isoliquiritigenin found in Wood
Lupeol found in Plant
Naringenin found in Plant
Antitussive
Pectin found in Wood
Protocatechuic-acid found in Wood
Antiulcer
Beta-eudesmol found in Root
Isoliquiritigenin found in Wood
Liquiritigenin found in Wood
Naringenin found in Plant
Pectin found in Wood
Antiurethrotic
Lupeol found in Plant
Antiviral
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem Bark
Catechol found in Wood
Gallic-acid found in Wood
Isoliquiritigenin found in Wood
Lupeol found in Plant
Naringenin found in Plant
Protocatechuic-acid found in Wood
Aphidifuge
Naringenin found in Plant
Apoptotic
Gallic-acid found in Wood
Isoliquiritigenin found in Wood
Protocatechuic-acid found in Wood
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Naringenin found in Plant
Astringent
Gallic-acid found in Wood
Bacteristat
Gallic-acid found in Wood
Bronchodilator
Gallic-acid found in Wood
CNS-Active
Liquiritigenin found in Wood
CNS-Inhibitor
Beta-eudesmol found in Root
COMP-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem Bark
COX-1-Inhibitor
Pterostilbene found in Root
COX-2-Inhibitor
Pterostilbene found in Root
Calcium-Antagonist
Beta-eudesmol found in Root
Cancer-Preventive
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem Bark
Catechol found in Wood
Gallic-acid found in Wood
Isoliquiritigenin found in Wood
Liquiritigenin found in Wood
Mucilage found in Plant
Naringenin found in Plant
Pectin found in Wood
Candidicide
Gallic-acid found in Wood
Naringenin found in Plant
Carcinogenic
Catechol found in Wood
Gallic-acid found in Wood
Protocatechuic-acid found in Wood
Ricinoleic-acid found in Seed
Cardiocontractant
Marsupinol found in Wood
Cardioprotective
Protocatechuic-acid found in Wood
Cardiotonic
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem Bark
Chemopreventive
Pectin found in Wood
Protocatechuic-acid found in Wood
Pterostilbene found in Root
Choleretic
Gallic-acid found in Wood
Naringenin found in Plant
Choline-Sparing
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem Bark
Co-carcinogenic
Catechol found in Wood
Convulsant
Catechol found in Wood
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Wood
Isoliquiritigenin found in Wood
Pterostilbene found in Root
Cytochrome-P450-Inhibitor
Naringenin found in Plant
Cytotoxic
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem Bark
Gallic-acid found in Wood
Lupeol found in Plant
Pterostilbene found in Root
Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Naringenin found in Plant
Demulcent
Mucilage found in Plant
Pectin found in Wood
Dermatitigenic
Catechol found in Wood
Embryotoxic
Naringenin found in Plant
Estrogenic
Isoliquiritigenin found in Wood
Naringenin found in Plant
FLavor
Phosphoric-acid found in Leaf (4000 ppm)
FPTase-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Plant
Floral-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Wood
Fungicide
Liquiritigenin found in Wood
Naringenin found in Plant
Pectin found in Wood
Protocatechuic-acid found in Wood
Pterostilbene found in Root
Fungistat
Naringenin found in Plant
Glutathione-Depleting
Protocatechuic-acid found in Wood
Hemoglobin-Inducer
Liquiritigenin found in Wood
Hemostat
Gallic-acid found in Wood
Pectin found in Wood
Hepatoprotective
Beta-eudesmol found in Root
Gallic-acid found in Wood
Naringenin found in Plant
Hepatotoxic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Wood
Herbicide
Catechol found in Wood
Herbistat
Pseudobaptigenin found in Root
Hormone
Indole-acetic-acid found in Root
Hyperglycemic
Pterostilbene found in Root
Hypocholesterolemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem Bark
Mucilage found in Plant
Pectin found in Wood
Phytosterols found in Stem Bark
Pterostilbene found in Root
Hypoglycemic
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem Bark
Pectin found in Wood
Pterostilbene found in Root
Hypolipidemic
Pterostilbene found in Root
Hypotensive
Lupeol found in Plant
Pterostilbene found in Root
Immunomodulator
Gallic-acid found in Wood
Immunostimulant
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem Bark
Gallic-acid found in Wood
Protocatechuic-acid found in Wood
Immunosuppressant
Gallic-acid found in Wood
Insecticide
Pterostilbene found in Root
Insulin-Sparing
Gallic-acid found in Wood
Insulinogenic
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem Bark
Juvabional
Abscissic-acid found in Root
Lipoxygenase-1-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem Bark
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem Bark
Isoliquiritigenin found in Wood
MAO-Inhibitor
Isoliquiritigenin found in Wood
Liquiritigenin found in Wood
Myorelaxant
Gallic-acid found in Wood
Isoliquiritigenin found in Wood
NO-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Wood
Nephrotoxic
Gallic-acid found in Wood
Protocatechuic-acid found in Wood
Neurogenic
Beta-eudesmol found in Root
Neuroprotective
Naringenin found in Plant
P450-Inhibitor
Naringenin found in Plant
Pancreatogenic
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem Bark
Peristaltic
Pectin found in Wood
Peroxidase-Inhibitor
Isoliquiritigenin found in Wood
Pesticide
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem Bark
Abscissic-acid found in Root
Beta-eudesmol found in Root
Catechol found in Wood
Gallic-acid found in Wood
Liquiritigenin found in Wood
Lupeol found in Plant
Naringenin found in Plant
P-hydroxybenzaldehyde found in Root
Pectin found in Wood
Protocatechuic-acid found in Wood
Pseudobaptigenin found in Root
Pterostilbene found in Root
Phagocytotic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Wood
Phytoalexin
Liquiritigenin found in Wood
Pterostilbene found in Root
Phytohormonal
Abscissic-acid found in Root
Pigment
Isoliquiritigenin found in Wood
Prostaglandigenic
Protocatechuic-acid found in Wood
Ricinoleic-acid found in Seed
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Catechol found in Wood
Quinone-Reductase-Inhibitor
Isoliquiritigenin found in Wood
Reverse-Transcriptase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem Bark
Secretogogue
Protocatechuic-acid found in Wood
Ricinoleic-acid found in Seed
Sedative
Beta-eudesmol found in Root
Sequestrant
Phosphoric-acid found in Leaf (4000 ppm)
Serotonin-Inhibitor
Naringenin found in Plant
Soap
Ricinoleic-acid found in Seed
Spermicide
Ricinoleic-acid found in Seed
Styptic
Gallic-acid found in Wood
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Naringenin found in Plant
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Plant
Teratogenic
Naringenin found in Plant
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Wood
Naringenin found in Plant
Tumor-Promoter
Catechol found in Wood
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
P-hydroxybenzaldehyde found in Root
Protocatechuic-acid found in Wood
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Isoliquiritigenin found in Wood
Ubiquiot
Protocatechuic-acid found in Wood
Uterotrophic
Naringenin found in Plant
Vasodilator
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem Bark
Vasorelaxant
Isoliquiritigenin found in Wood
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
(-)-epicatechin found in Stem Bark
Gallic-acid found in Wood
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Naringenin found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(-)-epicatechin Stem Bark
(2s)-7-hydroxyflavanone Wood
1,2-bis(2,4-dihydroxy-3-c-glucopyranosyl)-ethanedione Heart Wood
2-hydroxy-2-p-hydroxybenzyl-3(2h)-6-hydroxybenzofuranone-7-c-beta-d-glucopyranoside Heart Wood
3,7,4'-trihydroxyflavone Wood
3-(alpha-methoxy-4-hyroxybenzylidene)-6-hyroxybenzo-2(3h)-furanone-7-c-beta-d-glucopyranoside Heart Wood
4,6,4''-trihydroxy-7-methoxyaurone-4'-o-rhamnopyranoside Root
4,6,4''-trihydroxyaurone-6-o-rhamnopyranoside Root
5,7-dihydroxy-6-methoxy-7-o-alpha-rhamnopyranoside Wood
5-deoxykaempferol Root
5-deoxykaempferol-8-c-glucoside Wood
6-hydroxy-2-(4-hydroxybenzyl)-benzofuran-7-c-beta-d-glucopyranoside Heart Wood
7,4'-dihydroxyflavone Wood
7,8,4'-trihydroxy-3',5'-dimethoxyflavanone-4'-o-beta-d-glucopyranoside Root
7-hydroxy-5,4'-dimethoxy-8-methylisoflavone-7-rhamnoside Plant
7-hydroxy-6,8-dimethyl-flavanone-7-o-alpha-l-arabinopyranoside Root
7-o-alpha-l-rhamnopyranosyl-oxy-4'-methoxy-5-hydroxyisoflavone Plant
8-(c-beta-d-glucopyranosyl)-7,3',4'-trihydroxyflavone Heart Wood
Abscissic-acid Root
Alkaloids Wood 170
Ash Leaf 75,000
Beta-eudesmol Root
C-beta-d-glucopyranosyl-2,6-dihydroxylbenzene Heart Wood
C-glycosyl-beta-hydroxy-dihydrochalkone Root
Carpusin Wood
Catechol Wood
Cytokinins Root
Erythrodiol-3-monoacetate Root
Fisetin-8-c-glucoside Wood
Gallic-acid Wood
Garbanzol Root
Gibberellic-acid Root
Indole-acetic-acid Root
Irisolidol-7-o-beta-d-glucopyranoside Plant
Isoliquiritigenin Wood
Kinoin Resin, Exudate, Sap
Kinored Wood
Kinotannic-acid Resin, Exudate, Sap 250,000 800,000
L-epicatechin Stem Bark
Liquiritigenin Wood
Lup-20(29)-en-3-beta-ol Plant
Lupeol Plant
Marsupinol Wood
Marsupol Wood
Mucilage Plant
Naringenin Plant
Nitrogen Leaf 25,000
P-hydroxybenzaldehyde Root
Pectin Wood
Pentosan Plant
Phlobaphene Wood
Phloroglucin Resin, Exudate, Sap
Phosphoric-acid Leaf 4,000
Phytosterols Stem Bark
Potash Leaf 25,000
Propterol Heart Wood
Propterol-h Heart Wood
Protocatechuic-acid Wood
Pseudobaptigenin Root
Pterocarpol-a Stem Bark
Pterocarpol-b Stem Bark
Pterostilbene Root
Pterosupin Root
Resin Wood 9,000
Retusin-7-o-beta-glucopyranoside Wood
Retusin-8-o-alpha-l-arabinopyranoside Plant
Ricinoleic-acid Seed
Selin-4(15)-en-1-beta,11-diol Root
Sesquiterpene Heart Wood
Water Leaf 788,000
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]