Prunus mahaleb Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Gandhi cherry mahaleb cherry perfumed cherry rock cherry St. Lucie cherry

Prunus mahaleb, aka mahaleb cherry, aka St Lucie cherry, is a species of cherry tree. The tree is cultivated for a spice obtained from the seeds inside the cherry stones. The seeds have a fragrant smell and have a taste comparable to bitter almonds with cherry notes. The tree is native in the Mediterranean region, Iran and parts of central Asia. It is adjudged to be native in northwestern Europe or at least it is naturalized there. It is a deciduous tree or large shrub, growing to 2–10 m tall with a trunk up to 40 cm diameter.

Prunus mahaleb

Medical use

Economic importance of Prunus mahaleb

Food additives flavoring
Environmental ornamental revegetator shade/shelter
Gene sources graft stock relative for sour chery graft stock relative for swet chery secondary genetic relative of swet chery
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

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Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Northern Africa: Morocco
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Iran; Iraq; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan
    • Middle Asia: Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: Pakistan
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Moldova; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy ; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal; Spain

Biological activities

Abortifacient
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Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
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Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
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Antiaggregant
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Antiangiogenic
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Antiatherosclerotic
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Anticlimacteric
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Antiendoccytotic
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Antiestrogenic
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Antifertility
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Antihemolytic
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Antiimplantation
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Antiinflammatory
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Antiischemic
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Antileukemic
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Antileukotriene
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Antilymphomic
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Antimelanomic
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Antimicrobial
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Antimitogenic
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Antimutagenic
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Antineuroblastomic
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Antiosteoporotic
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Antioxidant
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Antiproliferative
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Antiprostatadenomic
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Antiprostatitic
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Antispasmodic
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Antiviral
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Apoptotic
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Aromatase-Inhibitor
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Calcium-Antagonist
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Cancer-Preventive
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Cardioprotective
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Catechol-O-Methyltransferase-Inhibitor
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Cytotoxic
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DOPA-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
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Estrogen-Agonist
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Estrogenic
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Flatulent
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Fungicide
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Fungistat
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Histidine-Kinase-Inhibitor
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Hypocholesterolemic
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Immunostimulant
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Lipase-Inhibitor
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MAO-Inhibitor
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MDR-Inhibitor
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NADH-Ubiquinone-Oxidoreductase-Inhibitor
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Natriuretic
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Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
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PTK-Inhibitor
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Peroxidase-Inhibitor
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Pesticide
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Phytoalexin
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Pituitary-sensitizer
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Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
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Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
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Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
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Topoisomerase-II-Poison
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Trypanosomastat
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Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
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Uterotrophic
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VEGF-Inhibitor
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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Genistein Wood
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]