Prunus laurocerasus Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
cherry-laurel

Prunus laurocerasus, also known as cherry laurel, common laurel and sometimes English laurel in North America, is an evergreen species of cherry, native to regions bordering the Black Sea in southwestern Asia and southeastern Europe, from Albania and Bulgaria east through Turkey to the Caucasus Mountains and northern Iran. The common names of P. laurocerasus refer to the similarity of foliage and appearance to bay laurel, and like the bay laurel, Prunus laurocerasus was used for making laurel wreaths, but the two plants are unrelated. It is not to be confused with its American relative Prunus caroliniana, which is also called cherry laurel.

Prunus laurocerasus

Medical use

Economic importance of Prunus laurocerasus

Food additives flavoring
Environmental ornamental
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

Prunus laurocerasus Prunus laurocerasus Prunus laurocerasus Prunus laurocerasus Prunus laurocerasus Prunus laurocerasus Prunus laurocerasus Prunus laurocerasus Prunus laurocerasus Prunus laurocerasus Prunus laurocerasus Prunus laurocerasus Prunus laurocerasus Prunus laurocerasus Prunus laurocerasus Prunus laurocerasus Prunus laurocerasus Prunus laurocerasus

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Iran ; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Naturalized
    • Indian Subcontinent: India
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Naturalized
    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Southeastern Europe: Bulgaria; Serbia
    Naturalized
    • Northern Europe: United Kingdom
    • Europe
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • United States

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (22020 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (2970 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (510 ppm)
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Leaf
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Prunasin found in Leaf (15000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Sambunigrin found in Leaf
Allelochemic
Cyanidin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Allelopathic
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Allergenic
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf (456 ppm)
Benzyl-alcohol found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (22020 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (22020 ppm)
Analgesic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (22020 ppm)
Anesthetic
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf (456 ppm)
Benzyl-alcohol found in Leaf
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Leaf
AntiEBV
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Plant
AntiHIV
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
AntiPMS
Quercetin found in Plant
AntiTGF-beta
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiaflatoxin
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiaggregant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiaging
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiallergic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antialopecic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (22020 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (2970 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Quercetin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiandrogenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (22020 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (2970 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiarrhythmic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Quercetin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Hcn found in Leaf (1200 ppm);found in Seed (340 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiatherosclerotic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antibacterial
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf (456 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Anticancer
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf (456 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Anticarcinomic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Anticataract
Quercetin found in Plant
Anticholestatic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Anticlastogen
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Anticomplement
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Plant
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antidepressant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antidermatitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antidiabetic
Quercetin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Leaf
Antidote
Hcn found in Leaf (1200 ppm);found in Seed (340 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Leaf
Antiedemic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Glucose found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiencephalitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifeedant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifertility
Kaempferol found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Antifibrinolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (2970 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Antiflu
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Plant
Antigingivitic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antihepatotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Glucose found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihistaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antihyperlipidemic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiinflammatory
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (22020 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Antiketotic
Glucose found in Leaf
Antileishmanic
Quercetin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Antileukemic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Oleic-acid found in Seed (22020 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Leaf
Antilipoperoxidant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antilymphomic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Antimalarial
Quercetin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antimelanomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antimetastatic
Quercetin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf (456 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antinephritic
Tannin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antinociceptive
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiodontalgic
Benzyl-alcohol found in Leaf
Antiophidic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf
Antioxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cyanidin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Myristic-acid found in Seed (540 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (2970 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipeptic
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf (456 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiplaque
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiplasmodial
Quercetin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Antipodriac
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipolio
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiproliferant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiproliferative
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiprostatitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipruritic
Benzyl-alcohol found in Leaf
Antipsoriac
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiradicular
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Leaf
Antiseptic
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf (456 ppm)
Benzyl-alcohol found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Antiserotonin
Kaempferol found in Plant
Antispasmodic
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf (456 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antistaphylococcic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antithromboxane
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Antitumor
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf (456 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Antitussive
Hcn found in Leaf (1200 ppm);found in Seed (340 ppm)
Antiulcer
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Leaf
Antiviral
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Apoptotic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Bacteristat
Quercetin found in Plant
Beta-Blocker
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Plant
Bronchosedative
Hcn found in Leaf (1200 ppm);found in Seed (340 ppm)
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
CNS-Depressant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
COX-2-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Plant
Cancer-Preventive
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Myristic-acid found in Seed (540 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (22020 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Candidicide
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf (456 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Plant
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf
Cardioprotective
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Plant
Chelator
Tannin found in Leaf
Chemopreventive
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Choleretic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (22020 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Cosmetic
Myristic-acid found in Seed (540 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (510 ppm)
Cyanogenic
Prunasin found in Leaf (15000 ppm)
Sambunigrin found in Leaf
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cytotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (22020 ppm)
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Plant
Diuretic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Elastase-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Estrogenic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
FLavor
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf (456 ppm)
Benzyl-alcohol found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Seed (22020 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (2970 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (510 ppm)
Fungicide
Benzyl-alcohol found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (2970 ppm)
Hemostat
Quercetin found in Plant
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Hepatoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Hypercholesterolemic
Myristic-acid found in Seed (540 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (2970 ppm)
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Leaf
Hypocholesterolemic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (22020 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (510 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Quercetin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Hypotensive
Kaempferol found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Immunomodulator
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf (456 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Leaf
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Insecticide
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf (456 ppm)
Hcn found in Leaf (1200 ppm);found in Seed (340 ppm)
Insectifuge
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf (456 ppm)
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (22020 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Irritant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (22020 ppm)
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Juvabional
Quercetin found in Plant
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Plant
Leucocytogenic
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Seed (540 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (2970 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (510 ppm)
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
MAO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Plant
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Leaf
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Motor-Depressant
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf (456 ppm)
Mutagenic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Narcotic
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf (456 ppm)
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Nematicide
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf (456 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed (540 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (2970 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Plant
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (22020 ppm)
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Seed (22020 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (510 ppm)
Pesticide
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf (456 ppm)
Benzyl-alcohol found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cyanidin found in Plant
Hcn found in Leaf (1200 ppm);found in Seed (340 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (2970 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Pigment
Cyanidin found in Plant
Piscicide
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Plant
Potassium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Plant
Prooxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cyanidin found in Plant
Propecic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (22020 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (2970 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed (510 ppm)
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Protease-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Protisticide
Kaempferol found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Leaf
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Respirastimulant
Hcn found in Leaf (1200 ppm);found in Seed (340 ppm)
Rodenticide
Hcn found in Leaf (1200 ppm);found in Seed (340 ppm)
Sedative
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf (456 ppm)
Benzyl-alcohol found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Seed (2970 ppm)
Sodium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Seed (510 ppm)
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Termiticide
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf (456 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Trypanocide
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Benzaldehyde found in Leaf (456 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Plant
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Vasodilator
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Vasomotor-Stimulant
Hcn found in Leaf (1200 ppm);found in Seed (340 ppm)
Vasopressor
Ursolic-acid found in Leaf (10000 ppm)
Vulnerary
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Leaf
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Benzaldehyde Leaf 413 456
Benzyl-alcohol Leaf
Caffeic-acid Plant
Cyanidin Plant
Eo Leaf 500
Fat Seed 250,000 450,000
Glucose Leaf
Glucosides Leaf 15,000
Hcn Leaf 1,200
Seed 340
Kaempferol Plant
Linolenic-acid Seed 3,300 3,960
Mandelonitrile Plant
Myristic-acid Seed 450 540
Oleic-acid Seed 18,350 22,020
P-coumaric-acid Plant
Palmitic-acid Seed 2,475 2,970
Protein Seed 31,000
Prulaurasin Leaf
Prunasin Leaf 14,000 15,000
Quercetin Plant
Sambunigrin Leaf
Stearic-acid Seed 425 510
Tannin Leaf
Ursolic-acid Leaf 10,000
Wax Leaf
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]