Prunella vulgaris Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
heal-all self-heal selfheal

Prunella vulgaris is an herbaceous plant in the genus Prunella. Self-heal is edible: the young leaves and stems can be eaten raw in salads; the whole plant can be boiled and eaten as a potherb; and the aerial parts of the plant can be powdered and brewed in a cold infusion to make a tasty beverage. Medicinally, the whole plant is poulticed onto wounds to promote healing. A mouthwash made from an infusion of the whole plant can be used to treat sore throats, thrush and gum infections. Internally, a tea can be used to treat diarrhea and internal bleeding.

Prunella vulgaris

Medical use

Economic importance of Prunella vulgaris

Medicines folklore
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

Prunella vulgaris Prunella vulgaris Prunella vulgaris Prunella vulgaris Prunella vulgaris Prunella vulgaris Prunella vulgaris Prunella vulgaris Prunella vulgaris Prunella vulgaris Prunella vulgaris Prunella vulgaris Prunella vulgaris Prunella vulgaris Prunella vulgaris Prunella vulgaris Prunella vulgaris

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia
    Uncertain
    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Iran; Iraq; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Altay, Buryatia, Gorno-Altay, Irkutsk, Kemerovo, Krasnoyarsk, Kurgan, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Tomsk, Tuva, Tyumen, Yakutia-Sakha
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Far East
    • China: China - Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku; Korea; Taiwan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Nepal; Pakistan
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czechoslovakia; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece ; Italy ; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal; Spain
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Subarctic America: United States - Alaska
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec
    • Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, Texas
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf
Stearic-acid found in Leaf
5-HT-Inhibitor
Rutin found in Plant
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Aesculetin found in Shoot
Esculetin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
ABeta-Inhibitor
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (19300 ppm);found in Inflorescence (74000 ppm);found in Plant (61000 ppm);found in Shoot (74000 ppm);found in Leaf (17400 ppm)
ACE-Inhibitor
Myrcene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (300 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Abortifacient
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Acaricide
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (320 ppm)
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Na
Adenylate-Cyclase-Inhibitor
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (19300 ppm);found in Inflorescence (74000 ppm);found in Plant (61000 ppm);found in Shoot (74000 ppm);found in Leaf (17400 ppm)
Aggregant
Sucrose found in Na (301200 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Aesculetin found in Shoot
Cynaroside found in Shoot
Daucosterol found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower
Luteolin found in Shoot
Myrcene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (300 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (19300 ppm);found in Inflorescence (74000 ppm);found in Plant (61000 ppm);found in Shoot (74000 ppm);found in Leaf (17400 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Allelochemic
Cyanidin found in Flower
Delphinidin found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Allelopathic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Allergenic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (785 ppm)
Delphinidin found in Flower
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (320 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (300 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Analgesic
Aesculetin found in Shoot
Beta-amyrin found in Plant
Esculetin found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Plant
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (320 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (300 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (600 ppm);found in Plant
Anesthetic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (320 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (210 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (600 ppm);found in Plant
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Potassium found in Flower (11900 ppm)
Anorexic
Arsenic found in Flower (0.37 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (600 ppm);found in Plant
Anthelmintic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Betulinic-acid found in Shoot (2.88 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (105800 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
AntiCFS
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
AntiCVI
Rutin found in Plant
AntiEBV
Lupeol found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Flower
AntiHIV
Betulinic-acid found in Shoot (2.88 ppm)
Luteolin found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Prunellin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (19300 ppm);found in Inflorescence (74000 ppm);found in Plant (61000 ppm);found in Shoot (74000 ppm);found in Leaf (17400 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (105800 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
AntiLyme
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
AntiPGE2
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Flower (14500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (96 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
AntiTGF-beta
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Antiacetylcholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (320 ppm)
Antiacne
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (600 ppm);found in Plant
Antiadrenergic
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiaflatoxin
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiaggregant
Kaempferol found in Flower
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (19300 ppm);found in Inflorescence (74000 ppm);found in Plant (61000 ppm);found in Shoot (74000 ppm);found in Leaf (17400 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Antiaging
Hyperoside found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Flower (640 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Fructose found in Na
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (96 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiallergic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (14500 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (320 ppm)
Luteolin found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (19300 ppm);found in Inflorescence (74000 ppm);found in Plant (61000 ppm);found in Shoot (74000 ppm);found in Leaf (17400 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Quercetin found in Flower
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (19300 ppm);found in Inflorescence (74000 ppm);found in Plant (61000 ppm);found in Shoot (74000 ppm);found in Leaf (17400 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (320 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (19300 ppm);found in Inflorescence (74000 ppm);found in Plant (61000 ppm);found in Shoot (74000 ppm);found in Leaf (17400 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (600 ppm);found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf
Antianemic
Copper found in Flower (8 ppm)
Iron found in Flower (640 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (96 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Lupeol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Flower (14500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Antiapoplectic
Rutin found in Plant
Antiapoptotic
Anthocyanins found in Plant
Antiarrhythmic
Aesculetin found in Shoot
Calcium found in Flower (14500 ppm)
Esculetin found in Plant
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Potassium found in Flower (11900 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf
Antiarthritic
Anthocyanins found in Plant
Calcium found in Flower (14500 ppm)
Copper found in Flower (8 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (96 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiatherogenic
Luteolin found in Shoot
Rutin found in Plant
Antiatherosclerotic
Calcium found in Flower (14500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (19300 ppm);found in Inflorescence (74000 ppm);found in Plant (61000 ppm);found in Shoot (74000 ppm);found in Leaf (17400 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Antibacterial
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Aesculetin found in Shoot
Alpha-phellandrene found in Plant (280 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (600 ppm);found in Plant
Betulinic-acid found in Shoot (2.88 ppm)
Esculetin found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower
Lauric-acid found in Leaf
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (320 ppm)
Luteolin found in Shoot
Myrcene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (300 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (19300 ppm);found in Inflorescence (74000 ppm);found in Plant (61000 ppm);found in Shoot (74000 ppm);found in Leaf (17400 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Tannin found in Plant (105800 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Antibronchitic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Antibronchoconstrictor
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Anticancer
Anthocyanins found in Plant
Betulinic-acid found in Shoot (2.88 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (105800 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Flower (640 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Anticapillary-Fragility
Aesculetin found in Shoot
Esculetin found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Anticarcinogenic
Anthocyanins found in Plant
Luteolin found in Shoot
Anticarcinomic
Betulinic-acid found in Shoot (2.88 ppm)
Luteolin found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Anticariogenic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (320 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Tannin found in Plant (105800 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Anticataract
Luteolin found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Anticatarrh
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Flower (640 ppm)
Anticholestatic
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Anticholinergic
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Anticholinesterase
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Anticlastogen
Rutin found in Plant
Anticlimacteric
Calcium found in Flower (14500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Anticoagulant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (19300 ppm);found in Inflorescence (74000 ppm);found in Plant (61000 ppm);found in Shoot (74000 ppm);found in Leaf (17400 ppm)
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Anticold
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Anticolic
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (320 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Flower
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Anticollegenase
Anthocyanins found in Plant
Anticomplement
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Luteolin found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (19300 ppm);found in Inflorescence (74000 ppm);found in Plant (61000 ppm);found in Shoot (74000 ppm);found in Leaf (17400 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (320 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (300 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antidandruff
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antidementia
Rutin found in Plant
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antidepressant
Calcium found in Flower (14500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (11900 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (19300 ppm);found in Inflorescence (74000 ppm);found in Plant (61000 ppm);found in Shoot (74000 ppm);found in Leaf (17400 ppm)
Antidermatic
Luteolin found in Shoot
Antidermatitic
Hyperoside found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant
Antidiabetic
Anthocyanins found in Plant
Copper found in Flower (8 ppm)
Fructose found in Na
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (96 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Plant (105800 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Flower (96 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Aesculetin found in Shoot
Esculetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (105800 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Manganese found in Flower (96 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Antieczemic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiedemic
Beta-amyrin found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (600 ppm);found in Plant
Betulinic-acid found in Shoot (2.88 ppm)
Glucose found in Na
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (320 ppm)
Lupeol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (19300 ppm);found in Inflorescence (74000 ppm);found in Plant (61000 ppm);found in Shoot (74000 ppm);found in Leaf (17400 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Antielastase
Anthocyanins found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiencephalitic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiencephalopathic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (96 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antierythemic
Rutin found in Plant
Antiescherichic
Aesculetin found in Shoot
Esculetin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (600 ppm);found in Plant
Luteolin found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower
Antifatigue
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Copper found in Flower (8 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (11900 ppm)
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (600 ppm);found in Plant
Luteolin found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (600 ppm);found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiflu
Hyperoside found in Plant
Lupeol found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Flower
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antiglaucomic
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Antiglutamaergic
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (320 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (600 ppm);found in Plant
Antigonadotropic
Quercetin found in Flower
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (19300 ppm);found in Inflorescence (74000 ppm);found in Plant (61000 ppm);found in Shoot (74000 ppm);found in Leaf (17400 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf
Antihalitosic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Antihangover
Fructose found in Na
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antihematuric
Rutin found in Plant
Antihemolytic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (19300 ppm);found in Inflorescence (74000 ppm);found in Plant (61000 ppm);found in Shoot (74000 ppm);found in Leaf (17400 ppm)
Antihemorrhoidal
Rutin found in Plant
Antihepatotoxic
Glucose found in Na
Hyperoside found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (19300 ppm);found in Inflorescence (74000 ppm);found in Plant (61000 ppm);found in Shoot (74000 ppm);found in Leaf (17400 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant (105800 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Luteolin found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (19300 ppm);found in Inflorescence (74000 ppm);found in Plant (61000 ppm);found in Shoot (74000 ppm);found in Leaf (17400 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Ursonic-acid found in Plant
Antihiccup
Sucrose found in Na (301200 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (320 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antihyperglycemic
Anthocyanins found in Plant
Lupeol found in Leaf
Antihyperinsulinemic
Anthocyanins found in Plant
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Flower (14500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Antihyperleptinemic
Anthocyanins found in Plant
Antihyperlipidemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (600 ppm);found in Plant
Antihypertensive
Calcium found in Flower (14500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (11900 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (105800 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (19300 ppm);found in Inflorescence (74000 ppm);found in Plant (61000 ppm);found in Shoot (74000 ppm);found in Leaf (17400 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Flower
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Aesculetin found in Shoot
Alpha-spinasterol found in Plant
Anthocyanins found in Plant
Beta-amyrin found in Plant
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (785 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (600 ppm);found in Plant
Betulinic-acid found in Shoot (2.88 ppm)
Copper found in Flower (8 ppm)
Esculetin found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (320 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf
Lupeol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (19300 ppm);found in Inflorescence (74000 ppm);found in Plant (61000 ppm);found in Shoot (74000 ppm);found in Leaf (17400 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Flower (14500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiintegrase
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (19300 ppm);found in Inflorescence (74000 ppm);found in Plant (61000 ppm);found in Shoot (74000 ppm);found in Leaf (17400 ppm)
Antiischemic
Hyperoside found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antiketotic
Fructose found in Na
Glucose found in Na
Antilaryngitic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Quercetin found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Antilepric
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (600 ppm);found in Plant
Betulinic-acid found in Shoot (2.88 ppm)
Daucosterol found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (320 ppm)
Luteolin found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf
Antileukotriene
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (19300 ppm);found in Inflorescence (74000 ppm);found in Plant (61000 ppm);found in Shoot (74000 ppm);found in Leaf (17400 ppm)
Antileukotrienogenic
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Plant (105800 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (19300 ppm);found in Inflorescence (74000 ppm);found in Plant (61000 ppm);found in Shoot (74000 ppm);found in Leaf (17400 ppm)
Antilithic
Lupeol found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (600 ppm);found in Plant
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (320 ppm)
Luteolin found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antimalarial
Betulinic-acid found in Shoot (2.88 ppm)
Lupeol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Antimange
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (320 ppm)
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Betulinic-acid found in Shoot (2.88 ppm)
Luteolin found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant
Antimenopausal
Calcium found in Flower (14500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Flower (640 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf
Antimetastatic
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antimigraine
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Antimite
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (320 ppm)
Antimitotic
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Aesculetin found in Shoot
Anthocyanins found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (600 ppm);found in Plant
Esculetin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (320 ppm)
Luteolin found in Shoot
Myrcene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (300 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (19300 ppm);found in Inflorescence (74000 ppm);found in Plant (61000 ppm);found in Shoot (74000 ppm);found in Leaf (17400 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Tannin found in Plant (105800 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antimyopic
Anthocyanins found in Plant
Antinauseant
Fructose found in Na
Antinephritic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (19300 ppm);found in Inflorescence (74000 ppm);found in Plant (61000 ppm);found in Shoot (74000 ppm);found in Leaf (17400 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (105800 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Myrcene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (300 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antinociceptive
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Plant
Betulinic-acid found in Shoot (2.88 ppm)
Copper found in Flower (8 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Plant
Luteolin found in Shoot
Myrcene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (300 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Antinyctalopic
Anthocyanins found in Plant
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiobesity
Anthocyanins found in Plant
Calcium found in Flower (14500 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (600 ppm);found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant (105800 ppm)
Antiophthalmic
Sucrose found in Na (301200 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Calcium found in Flower (14500 ppm)
Copper found in Flower (8 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (96 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Flower (96 ppm)
Antioxalate
Lupeol found in Leaf
Antioxidant
Anthocyanins found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (600 ppm);found in Plant
Cyanidin found in Flower
Delphinidin found in Flower
Hyperoside found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower
Lauric-acid found in Leaf
Linalyl-acetate found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (210 ppm)
Lupeol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Shoot
Manganese found in Flower (96 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (300 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (19300 ppm);found in Inflorescence (74000 ppm);found in Plant (61000 ppm);found in Shoot (74000 ppm);found in Leaf (17400 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Sucrose found in Na (301200 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (105800 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antiperiodontitic
Calcium found in Flower (14500 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiperoxidant
Lupeol found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Antipharyngitic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiplaque
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (19300 ppm);found in Inflorescence (74000 ppm);found in Plant (61000 ppm);found in Shoot (74000 ppm);found in Leaf (17400 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Betulinic-acid found in Shoot (2.88 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Antiplatelet
Rutin found in Plant
Antipodriac
Quercetin found in Flower
Antipolio
Luteolin found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (600 ppm);found in Plant
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Anthocyanins found in Plant
Luteolin found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (19300 ppm);found in Inflorescence (74000 ppm);found in Plant (61000 ppm);found in Shoot (74000 ppm);found in Leaf (17400 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiproliferative
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (600 ppm);found in Plant
Lupeol found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (19300 ppm);found in Inflorescence (74000 ppm);found in Plant (61000 ppm);found in Shoot (74000 ppm);found in Leaf (17400 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Flower
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (600 ppm);found in Plant
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (600 ppm);found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiproteolytic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (19300 ppm);found in Inflorescence (74000 ppm);found in Plant (61000 ppm);found in Shoot (74000 ppm);found in Leaf (17400 ppm)
Antiprotozoal
Rutin found in Plant
Antipsoriac
Quercetin found in Flower
Antipulmonotic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (19300 ppm);found in Inflorescence (74000 ppm);found in Plant (61000 ppm);found in Shoot (74000 ppm);found in Leaf (17400 ppm)
Antipurpuric
Rutin found in Plant
Antipyretic
Aesculetin found in Shoot
Alpha-spinasterol found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (600 ppm);found in Plant
Esculetin found in Plant
Antiradicular
Hyperoside found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (19300 ppm);found in Inflorescence (74000 ppm);found in Plant (61000 ppm);found in Shoot (74000 ppm);found in Leaf (17400 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (105800 ppm)
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Plant (105800 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Antirheumatic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (14500 ppm)
Lupeol found in Leaf
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antirhinitic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Antisarcomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Antiseptic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Aesculetin found in Shoot
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (785 ppm)
Esculetin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (320 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiserotonin
Kaempferol found in Flower
Antishock
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (320 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (19300 ppm);found in Inflorescence (74000 ppm);found in Plant (61000 ppm);found in Shoot (74000 ppm);found in Leaf (17400 ppm)
Antisinusitic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antispasmodic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (785 ppm)
Daucosterol found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (320 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (210 ppm)
Luteolin found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (300 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (11900 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Aesculetin found in Shoot
Alpha-phellandrene found in Plant (280 ppm)
Esculetin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antistress
Calcium found in Flower (14500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (11900 ppm)
Antisunburn
Rutin found in Plant
Antisyndrome-X
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Manganese found in Flower (96 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antithiamin
Quercetin found in Flower
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Flower
Antithrombogenic
Rutin found in Plant
Antithromboxane
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Antithyreotropic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (19300 ppm);found in Inflorescence (74000 ppm);found in Plant (61000 ppm);found in Shoot (74000 ppm);found in Leaf (17400 ppm)
Antithyroid
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (19300 ppm);found in Inflorescence (74000 ppm);found in Plant (61000 ppm);found in Shoot (74000 ppm);found in Leaf (17400 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Antitic
Calcium found in Flower (14500 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (105800 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Antitumor
Anthocyanins found in Plant
Betulinic-acid found in Shoot (2.88 ppm)
Daucosterol found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower
Lupeol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Tannin found in Plant (105800 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Antitussive
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Plant
Luteolin found in Shoot
Antiulcer
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (105800 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Antiuremic
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (19300 ppm);found in Inflorescence (74000 ppm);found in Plant (61000 ppm);found in Shoot (74000 ppm);found in Leaf (17400 ppm)
Antiurethrotic
Lupeol found in Leaf
Antivaricose
Anthocyanins found in Plant
Glucose found in Na
Rutin found in Plant
Antiviral
Anthocyanins found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (600 ppm);found in Plant
Betulinic-acid found in Shoot (2.88 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower
Lauric-acid found in Leaf
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (320 ppm)
Lupeol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Prunellin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (19300 ppm);found in Inflorescence (74000 ppm);found in Plant (61000 ppm);found in Shoot (74000 ppm);found in Leaf (17400 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant (105800 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Ursonic-acid found in Plant
Antiwrinkle
Hyperoside found in Plant
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Flower (14500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (11900 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (19300 ppm);found in Inflorescence (74000 ppm);found in Plant (61000 ppm);found in Shoot (74000 ppm);found in Leaf (17400 ppm)
Aphidifuge
Luteolin found in Shoot
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (600 ppm);found in Plant
Betulinic-acid found in Shoot (2.88 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower
Luteolin found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (19300 ppm);found in Inflorescence (74000 ppm);found in Plant (61000 ppm);found in Shoot (74000 ppm);found in Leaf (17400 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Luteolin found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (600 ppm);found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Astringent
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Atherogenic
Sucrose found in Na (301200 ppm)
Bacteristat
Quercetin found in Flower
Barbituate-Synergist
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (320 ppm)
Beta-Blocker
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Potassium found in Flower (11900 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Flower
Bronchorelaxant
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (320 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
CNS-Depressant
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (320 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
COX-1-Inhibitor
Anthocyanins found in Plant
Lauric-acid found in Leaf
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (19300 ppm);found in Inflorescence (74000 ppm);found in Plant (61000 ppm);found in Shoot (74000 ppm);found in Leaf (17400 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Anthocyanins found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower
Lauric-acid found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (19300 ppm);found in Inflorescence (74000 ppm);found in Plant (61000 ppm);found in Shoot (74000 ppm);found in Leaf (17400 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Cynaroside found in Shoot
Hyperoside found in Plant
Luteolin found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (19300 ppm);found in Inflorescence (74000 ppm);found in Plant (61000 ppm);found in Shoot (74000 ppm);found in Leaf (17400 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Flower (14500 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Flower
Cancer-Preventive
Aesculetin found in Shoot
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (600 ppm);found in Plant
Delphinidin found in Flower
Esculetin found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (320 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Shoot
Myristic-acid found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Phytol found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (19300 ppm);found in Inflorescence (74000 ppm);found in Plant (61000 ppm);found in Shoot (74000 ppm);found in Leaf (17400 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant (105800 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Candidicide
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (785 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (600 ppm);found in Plant
Lauric-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Candidistat
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (320 ppm)
Capillarifortificant
Hyperoside found in Plant
Capillarigenic
Hyperoside found in Plant
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant
Carcinogenic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf
Quercetin found in Flower
Tannin found in Plant (105800 ppm)
Cardiodepressant
Aesculetin found in Shoot
Esculetin found in Plant
Cardioprotective
Copper found in Flower (8 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Potassium found in Flower (11900 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Flower (11900 ppm)
Carminative
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (320 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (600 ppm);found in Plant
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant
Chelator
Tannin found in Plant (105800 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Anthocyanins found in Plant
Luteolin found in Shoot
Myrcene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (300 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Cholagogue
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Choleretic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Aesculetin found in Shoot
Esculetin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower
Luteolin found in Shoot
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Collagenic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Collyrium
Sucrose found in Na (301200 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf
Contraceptive
Copper found in Flower (8 ppm)
Convulsant
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Cosmetic
Aesculetin found in Shoot
Esculetin found in Plant
Myristic-acid found in Leaf
Stearic-acid found in Leaf
Counterirritant
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Culicide
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (320 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Activator
Hyperoside found in Plant
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Tannin found in Plant (105800 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Cytochrome-P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Cytoprotective
Rutin found in Plant
Cytotoxic
Aesculetin found in Shoot
Betulinic-acid found in Shoot (2.88 ppm)
Esculetin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (320 ppm)
Lupeol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (19300 ppm);found in Inflorescence (74000 ppm);found in Plant (61000 ppm);found in Shoot (74000 ppm);found in Leaf (17400 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Decongestant
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Degranulant
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (19300 ppm);found in Inflorescence (74000 ppm);found in Plant (61000 ppm);found in Shoot (74000 ppm);found in Leaf (17400 ppm)
Demulcent
Sucrose found in Na (301200 ppm)
Dentifrice
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Deodorant
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Dermal
Alpha-phellandrene found in Plant (280 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Aesculetin found in Shoot
Esculetin found in Plant
Differentiator
Luteolin found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower
Diuretic
Calcium found in Flower (14500 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower
Luteolin found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Potassium found in Flower (11900 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Edemagenic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Elastase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Emetic
Alpha-phellandrene found in Plant (280 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (600 ppm);found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower
Luteolin found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Expectorant
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (320 ppm)
FLavor
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Plant (280 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (785 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (320 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (210 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (300 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Leaf
FPTase-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Leaf
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (600 ppm);found in Plant
Flatugenic
Sucrose found in Na (301200 ppm)
Fungicide
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Aesculetin found in Shoot
Alpha-phellandrene found in Plant (280 ppm)
Esculetin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (320 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (300 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Shoot
GABA-nergic
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (320 ppm)
Gastroprotective
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Beta-amyrin found in Plant
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Tannin found in Plant (105800 ppm)
Goitrogenic
Anthocyanins found in Plant
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (600 ppm);found in Plant
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Hemostat
Anthocyanins found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant
Hepatoprotective
Aesculetin found in Shoot
Beta-amyrin found in Plant
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (600 ppm);found in Plant
Esculetin found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Tannin found in Plant (105800 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Hepatotonic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Herbicide
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (785 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Shoot
Hypercholesterolemic
Lauric-acid found in Leaf
Myristic-acid found in Leaf
Sucrose found in Na (301200 ppm)
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Na
Hypertensive
Aesculetin found in Shoot
Esculetin found in Plant
Sodium found in Flower (155 ppm)
Hypnotic
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (320 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (600 ppm);found in Plant
Calcium found in Flower (14500 ppm)
Copper found in Flower (8 ppm)
Cynaroside found in Shoot
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Stearic-acid found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (600 ppm);found in Plant
Daucosterol found in Plant
Manganese found in Flower (96 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Hypolipemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (600 ppm);found in Plant
Hypotensive
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (14500 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower
Lupeol found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Potassium found in Flower (11900 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Hypothermic
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (320 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (300 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Luteolin found in Shoot
IKK-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Shoot
Immunomodulator
Copper found in Flower (8 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (19300 ppm);found in Inflorescence (74000 ppm);found in Plant (61000 ppm);found in Shoot (74000 ppm);found in Leaf (17400 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (19300 ppm);found in Inflorescence (74000 ppm);found in Plant (61000 ppm);found in Shoot (74000 ppm);found in Leaf (17400 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Plant (105800 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Inflammatory
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Insecticide
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (320 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Insectifuge
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (785 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (320 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf
Myrcene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (300 ppm)
Insectiphile
Alpha-phellandrene found in Plant (280 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Insulinogenic
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Luteolin found in Shoot
Irritant
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Alpha-phellandrene found in Plant (280 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (785 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (320 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (300 ppm)
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Juvabional
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant
Larvicide
Beta-amyrin found in Plant
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (320 ppm)
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant
Laxative
Alpha-phellandrene found in Plant (280 ppm)
Calcium found in Flower (14500 ppm)
Fructose found in Na
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Leucocytogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Aesculetin found in Shoot
Esculetin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower
Luteolin found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (19300 ppm);found in Inflorescence (74000 ppm);found in Plant (61000 ppm);found in Shoot (74000 ppm);found in Leaf (17400 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (105800 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Litholytic
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Leaf
Stearic-acid found in Leaf
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
MAO-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Tannin found in Plant (105800 ppm)
MAPK-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Shoot
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Flower
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Na
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf
Mosquitocide
Beta-amyrin found in Plant
Mosquitofuge
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (320 ppm)
Motor-Depressant
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (320 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (210 ppm)
Mucogenic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Musculotropic
Aesculetin found in Shoot
Esculetin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Mutagenic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant
Myoprotective
Rutin found in Plant
Myorelaxant
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Aesculetin found in Shoot
Esculetin found in Plant
Luteolin found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (300 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
NEP-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Shoot
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Delphinidin found in Flower
Kaempferol found in Flower
Luteolin found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower
NO-Scavenger
Anthocyanins found in Plant
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Nematicide
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (320 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf
Myristic-acid found in Leaf
Neoplastic
Fructose found in Na
Nephrotoxic
Mercury found in Flower (0.06 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (19300 ppm);found in Inflorescence (74000 ppm);found in Plant (61000 ppm);found in Shoot (74000 ppm);found in Leaf (17400 ppm)
Neurotoxic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Tannin found in Plant (105800 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Oviposition-Stimulant
Rutin found in Plant
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Myrcene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (300 ppm)
P450-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
PTK-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower
Pediculicide
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Perfume
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Perfumery
Alpha-phellandrene found in Plant (280 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (785 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (320 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (210 ppm)
Myrcene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (300 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Leaf
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Pesticide
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Aesculetin found in Shoot
Alpha-phellandrene found in Plant (280 ppm)
Anthocyanins found in Plant
Arsenic found in Flower (0.37 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (785 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (600 ppm);found in Plant
Cyanidin found in Flower
Delphinidin found in Flower
Esculetin found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Flower
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (320 ppm)
Lupeol found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Shoot
Myrcene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (300 ppm)
Prunellin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (19300 ppm);found in Inflorescence (74000 ppm);found in Plant (61000 ppm);found in Shoot (74000 ppm);found in Leaf (17400 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Tannin found in Plant (105800 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Ursonic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Phospholipase-A2-Inhibitor
Betulinic-acid found in Shoot (2.88 ppm)
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
Photoactive
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Phytoalexin
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Phytohormonal
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Pigment
Cyanidin found in Flower
Delphinidin found in Flower
Piscicide
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Flower
Potassium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Preservative
Sucrose found in Na (301200 ppm)
Proliferant
Luteolin found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower
Prooxidant
Cyanidin found in Flower
Delphinidin found in Flower
Iron found in Flower (640 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (320 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Leaf
Stearic-acid found in Leaf
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Aesculetin found in Shoot
Betulinic-acid found in Shoot (2.88 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Flower
Prostaglandin-Synthetase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Shoot
Protease-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower
Protisticide
Kaempferol found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Plant (105800 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Radioprotective
Rosmarinic-acid found in Flower (19300 ppm);found in Inflorescence (74000 ppm);found in Plant (61000 ppm);found in Shoot (74000 ppm);found in Leaf (17400 ppm)
Rutin found in Plant
Reverse-Transcriptase-Inhibitor
Prunellin found in Inflorescence ;found in Plant
Rubefacient
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Flower (8 ppm)
Secretogogue
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Sedative
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (320 ppm)
Linalyl-acetate found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (210 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Leaf
Sodium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Spasmogenic
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (785 ppm)
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (600 ppm);found in Plant
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Succinoxidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Shoot
Sunscreen
Aesculetin found in Shoot
Esculetin found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Leaf
Surfactant
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Sweetener
Fructose found in Na
Sucrose found in Na (301200 ppm)
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Luteolin found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Lupeol found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Termitifuge
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (320 ppm)
Testosterone-Hydroxylase-Inducer
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Tissue-Thromboplastin-Inhibitor
Hyperoside found in Plant
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Luteolin found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Flower (14500 ppm)
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Transdermal
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (785 ppm)
Trichomonicide
1,8-cineole found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (2250 ppm)
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (320 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Triglycerigenic
Sucrose found in Na (301200 ppm)
Trypanocide
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Tumor-Promoter
Linalool found in Essential Oil ;found in Plant (320 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Quercetin found in Flower
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Flower
UV-Screen
Aesculetin found in Shoot
Esculetin found in Plant
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (600 ppm);found in Plant
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Shoot (600 ppm);found in Plant
Uricogenic
Sucrose found in Na (301200 ppm)
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Uterosedative
Scopoletin found in Plant ;found in Shoot
Uterotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Flower
VEGF-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower
Vasoactive
Anthocyanins found in Plant
Vasodilator
Anthocyanins found in Plant
Calcium found in Flower (14500 ppm)
Kaempferol found in Flower
Luteolin found in Shoot
Magnesium found in Flower (4560 ppm)
Potassium found in Flower (11900 ppm)
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant
Vasopressor
Oleanolic-acid found in Plant
Rutin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant ;found in Shoot (4400 ppm)
Vasoprotective
Anthocyanins found in Plant
Vulnerary
Sucrose found in Na (301200 ppm)
Zinc found in Flower (25 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Aesculetin found in Shoot
Esculetin found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Plant
Luteolin found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower
Tannin found in Plant (105800 ppm)
Umbelliferone found in Plant ;found in Shoot
cAMP-Inhibitor
Hyperoside found in Plant
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Quercetin found in Flower
Rutin found in Plant
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Flower
Luteolin found in Shoot
Quercetin found in Flower

Search

Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
1,8-cineole Essential Oil
Plant 2,250
2-alpha-3-alpha-dihydroxyurs-12-en-28-oic-acid Shoot 24
20(s)-24(s)-stigmasta-7-trans-22-dien-3-one Plant
3-beta-hydroxy-olean-12-en-28-aldehyde Plant
3-o-acetylursolic-acid Shoot 4
Aesculetin Shoot
Alpha-phellandrene Plant 280
Alpha-spinasterol Plant
Anthocyanins Plant
Arsenic Flower 0.37
Beta-amyrin Plant
Beta-pinene Essential Oil
Plant 785
Beta-sitosterol Leaf
Shoot 600
Plant
Betulinic-acid Shoot 2.88
Calcium Flower 14,500
Cis-caffeic-acid Plant
Copper Flower 8
Coumarins Plant
Cyanidin Flower
Cynaroside Shoot
D-camphor Flower
D-fenchone Flower
Daucosterol Plant
Delphinidin Flower
Eo Plant 5,000
Esculetin Plant
Flavonoids Plant
Fructose Na
Glucose Na
Hexacosanate Plant
Hirsutidin-3,5-diglucoside Flower
Hydroxycinnamic-acid Inflorescence
Hyperoside Plant
Iron Flower 640
Kaempferol Flower
Lauric-acid Leaf
Linalool Essential Oil
Plant 320
Linalyl-acetate Essential Oil
Plant 210
Linoleic-acid Leaf
Lupeol Leaf
Luteolin Shoot
Magnesium Flower 4,560
Malvidin-3,5-di-o-beta-d-glucoside Flower
Manganese Flower 96
Mercury Flower 0.06
Myrcene Essential Oil
Plant 300
Myristic-acid Leaf
Octacosanate Plant
Oleanolic-acid Plant
Phytol Plant
Potassium Flower 11,900
Potassium-chloride Plant 23,800
Prunellin Inflorescence
Plant
Quercetin Flower
Resin Plant
Rosmarinic-acid Flower 2,600 19,300
Inflorescence 61,000 74,000
Plant 17,400 61,000
Shoot 74,000
Leaf 17,400
Rutin Plant
Scopoletin Plant
Shoot
Sodium Flower 155
Stearic-acid Leaf
Stigmasterol Leaf
Sucrose Na 301,200
Tannin Plant 45,000 105,800
Tetracosanate Plant
Trans-caffeic-acid Plant
Triacosanate Plant
Umbelliferone Plant
Shoot
Urs-12-en-28-aldehyde Plant
Urs-12-ene-3-beta-28-diol Plant
Ursolic-acid Plant
Shoot 211 4,400
Ursonic-acid Plant
Zinc Flower 25
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]