Prosopis juliflora Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
algarroba-bean ironwood mesquite

Prosopis juliflora is a shrub or small tree in the Fabaceae family, a kind of mesquite. It is native to Mexico, South America and the Caribbean. It has become established as an invasive weed in Africa, Asia, Australia and elsewhere.

Prosopis juliflora

Medical use

Economic importance of Prosopis juliflora

Bee plants honey production
Environmental agroforestry shade/shelter
Fuels charcoal fuelwod
Materials tanin/dyestuf wod
Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

Prosopis juliflora Prosopis juliflora Prosopis juliflora Prosopis juliflora Prosopis juliflora Prosopis juliflora Prosopis juliflora Prosopis juliflora Prosopis juliflora Prosopis juliflora Prosopis juliflora

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Naturalized
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar; Mauritius; Reunion
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Naturalized
    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Nepal; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Myanmar
    • Malesia: Indonesia - Java; Philippines
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Naturalized
    • Australia: Australia
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Sinaloa
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Chiapas, Colima, Guerrero, Jalisco, Michoacan, Nayarit, Oaxaca
  • PACIFIC
    Naturalized
    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    • South-Central Pacific: French Polynesia
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Mesoamerica: Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    • Northern South America: Venezuela
    • Western South America: Colombia; Ecuador ; Peru
    Naturalized
    • Caribbean: West Indies
    • Brazil: Brazil

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Absorbent
Starch found in Fruit (163600 ppm)
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Fruit (302500 ppm)
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Allelochemic
Quercetin found in Plant
Allergenic
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Analgesic
Quercetin found in Plant
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Fiber found in Fruit (277000 ppm);found in Leaf (216000 ppm);found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Bark (84000 ppm);found in Root (67000 ppm);found in Wood (9000 ppm)
AntiADD
Apigenin found in Plant
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Plant
AntiHIV
Apigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark (84000 ppm);found in Root (67000 ppm);found in Wood (9000 ppm)
AntiPMS
Calcium found in Leaf (20800 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiaflatoxin
Apigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiaggregant
Apigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiaging
Apigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiallergic
Apigenin found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (20800 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antialzheimeran
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiamebic
Tryptamine found in Plant
Antianaphylactic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiangiogenic
Apigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Leaf (20800 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Apigenin found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (20800 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Calcium found in Leaf (20800 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiasthmatic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiatherosclerotic
Calcium found in Leaf (20800 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antibacterial
Apigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark (84000 ppm);found in Root (67000 ppm);found in Wood (9000 ppm)
Anticancer
Tannin found in Bark (84000 ppm);found in Root (67000 ppm);found in Wood (9000 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark (84000 ppm);found in Root (67000 ppm);found in Wood (9000 ppm)
Anticataract
Quercetin found in Plant
Anticlimacteric
Calcium found in Leaf (20800 ppm)
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Anticomplementary
Apigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antidepressant
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (20800 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antidermatitic
Apigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antidiabetic
Fiber found in Fruit (277000 ppm);found in Leaf (216000 ppm);found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Bark (84000 ppm);found in Root (67000 ppm);found in Wood (9000 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Bark (84000 ppm);found in Root (67000 ppm);found in Wood (9000 ppm)
Antiedemic
Glucose found in Fruit (302500 ppm)
Antielastase
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiencephalitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiescherichic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiestrogenic
Apigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifeedant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiflu
Quercetin found in Plant
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Plant
Antigonadotropic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihepatotoxic
Glucose found in Fruit (302500 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark (84000 ppm);found in Root (67000 ppm);found in Wood (9000 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Apigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihistaminic
Apigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Leaf (20800 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Calcium found in Leaf (20800 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (277000 ppm);found in Leaf (216000 ppm);found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark (84000 ppm);found in Root (67000 ppm);found in Wood (9000 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Apigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Leaf (20800 ppm)
Antiketotic
Glucose found in Fruit (302500 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antileukemic
Apigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antileukotriene
Quercetin found in Plant
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Bark (84000 ppm);found in Root (67000 ppm);found in Wood (9000 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antimalarial
Quercetin found in Plant
Antimelanomic
Apigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antimenopausal
Calcium found in Leaf (20800 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Apigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antimutagenic
Apigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark (84000 ppm);found in Root (67000 ppm);found in Wood (9000 ppm)
Antimutilation
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Plant
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antinephritic
Tannin found in Bark (84000 ppm);found in Root (67000 ppm);found in Wood (9000 ppm)
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Fruit (163600 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antinociceptive
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiobesity
Calcium found in Leaf (20800 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (277000 ppm);found in Leaf (216000 ppm);found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Antiophidic
Tannin found in Bark (84000 ppm);found in Root (67000 ppm);found in Wood (9000 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Calcium found in Leaf (20800 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (2200 ppm)
Antioxidant
Apigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark (84000 ppm);found in Root (67000 ppm);found in Wood (9000 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiparkinsonian
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Plant
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiperiodontitic
Calcium found in Leaf (20800 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Apigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiperoxidant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipharyngitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiplaque
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiplasmodial
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipodriac
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipolio
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiproliferant
Apigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiprostatitic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antipsoriac
Quercetin found in Plant
Antiradicular
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark (84000 ppm);found in Root (67000 ppm);found in Wood (9000 ppm)
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Bark (84000 ppm);found in Root (67000 ppm);found in Wood (9000 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Calcium found in Leaf (20800 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Apigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antistress
Apigenin found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (20800 ppm)
Antithiamin
Quercetin found in Plant
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antithyroid
Apigenin found in Plant
Antitic
Calcium found in Leaf (20800 ppm)
Antitourette
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Plant
Antitrypanosomic
Quercetin found in Plant
Antitumor-Promoter
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark (84000 ppm);found in Root (67000 ppm);found in Wood (9000 ppm)
Antitumor
Apigenin found in Plant
Fiber found in Fruit (277000 ppm);found in Leaf (216000 ppm);found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark (84000 ppm);found in Root (67000 ppm);found in Wood (9000 ppm)
Antiulcer
Fiber found in Fruit (277000 ppm);found in Leaf (216000 ppm);found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark (84000 ppm);found in Root (67000 ppm);found in Wood (9000 ppm)
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Fruit (302500 ppm)
Antiviral
Apigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark (84000 ppm);found in Root (67000 ppm);found in Wood (9000 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Apigenin found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (20800 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Leaf (2200 ppm)
Apoptotic
Apigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Bacteristat
Quercetin found in Plant
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Fruit (277000 ppm);found in Leaf (216000 ppm);found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Plant
CNS-Depressant
Apigenin found in Plant
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
COX-1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
COX-2-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Leaf (20800 ppm)
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Plant
Cancer-Preventive
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Plant
Apigenin found in Plant
Fiber found in Fruit (277000 ppm);found in Leaf (216000 ppm);found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark (84000 ppm);found in Root (67000 ppm);found in Wood (9000 ppm)
Candidicide
Quercetin found in Plant
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Plant
Carcinogenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark (84000 ppm);found in Root (67000 ppm);found in Wood (9000 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Fiber found in Fruit (277000 ppm);found in Leaf (216000 ppm);found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Plant
Cerebrophilic
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Plant
Chelator
Tannin found in Bark (84000 ppm);found in Root (67000 ppm);found in Wood (9000 ppm)
Choleretic
Apigenin found in Plant
Copper-Chelator
Quercetin found in Plant
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark (84000 ppm);found in Root (67000 ppm);found in Wood (9000 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-1A1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Cytotoxic
Apigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
DNA-Protective
Apigenin found in Plant
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Differentiator
Apigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Diuretic
Apigenin found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (20800 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (277000 ppm);found in Leaf (216000 ppm);found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Emollient
Starch found in Fruit (163600 ppm)
Estrogenic
Apigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Fungicide
Quercetin found in Plant
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark (84000 ppm);found in Root (67000 ppm);found in Wood (9000 ppm)
HIF-1alpha-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Hemostat
Cellulose found in Fruit (272400 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Hepatoprotective
Isorhamnetin-3-glucoside found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark (84000 ppm);found in Root (67000 ppm);found in Wood (9000 ppm)
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Fruit (302500 ppm)
Hypertensive
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Plant
Tryptamine found in Plant
Hypocholesterolemic
Calcium found in Leaf (20800 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (277000 ppm);found in Leaf (216000 ppm);found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Quercetin found in Plant
Hypotensive
Apigenin found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (20800 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (277000 ppm);found in Leaf (216000 ppm);found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Fruit (277000 ppm);found in Leaf (216000 ppm);found in Seed (28000 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
IKK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Immunostimulant
Phosphorus found in Leaf (2200 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Tannin found in Bark (84000 ppm);found in Root (67000 ppm);found in Wood (9000 ppm)
Inotropic
Apigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Insecticide
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Plant
Insulinogenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Juvabional
Quercetin found in Plant
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Plant
Laxative
Calcium found in Leaf (20800 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (277000 ppm);found in Leaf (216000 ppm);found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark (84000 ppm);found in Root (67000 ppm);found in Wood (9000 ppm)
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
MAO-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark (84000 ppm);found in Root (67000 ppm);found in Wood (9000 ppm)
MAPK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Plant
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Fruit (302500 ppm)
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Musculotropic
Apigenin found in Plant
Mutagenic
Apigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Myorelaxant
Apigenin found in Plant
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
NO-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Neuroprotective
Quercetin found in Plant
Nodulation-Signal
Apigenin found in Plant
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark (84000 ppm);found in Root (67000 ppm);found in Wood (9000 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Leaf (2200 ppm)
P21-Inducer
Apigenin found in Plant
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Plant
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
PKC-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
PTK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Pesticide
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Plant
Apigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark (84000 ppm);found in Root (67000 ppm);found in Wood (9000 ppm)
Tryptamine found in Plant
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Plasmodicide
Quercetin found in Plant
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Poultice
Starch found in Fruit (163600 ppm)
Progestational
Apigenin found in Plant
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Plant
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Bark (84000 ppm);found in Root (67000 ppm);found in Wood (9000 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Apigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Radioprotective
Apigenin found in Plant
Secretogogue
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Plant
Sedative
Apigenin found in Plant
Spasmogenic
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Plant
Sunscreen
Apigenin found in Plant
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Teratologic
Quercetin found in Plant
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Leaf (20800 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Quercetin found in Plant
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
Ulcerogenic
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Plant
Uterotrophic
Apigenin found in Plant
VEGF-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Vasoconstrictor
5-hydroxytryptamine found in Plant
Vasodilator
Apigenin found in Plant
Calcium found in Leaf (20800 ppm)
Fiber found in Fruit (277000 ppm);found in Leaf (216000 ppm);found in Seed (28000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Plant
Vasopressor
Tryptamine found in Plant
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant
Tannin found in Bark (84000 ppm);found in Root (67000 ppm);found in Wood (9000 ppm)
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Plant
iNOS-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Plant
Quercetin found in Plant

Search

Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
4-o-methyl-d-glucuronic-acid Plant
5-hydroxytryptamine Plant
Apigenin Plant
Apigenin-6,8-diglucoside Plant
Ash Fruit 48,000
Leaf 85,000
Seed 35,000 300,000
Calcium Leaf 20,800
Carbohydrates Fruit 783,000
Seed 218,000
Leaf 696,000
Cellulose Fruit 272,400
D-galactose Plant
Fat Fruit 30,000
Leaf 29,000
Seed 53,000 78,000
Fiber Fruit 277,000
Leaf 216,000
Seed 28,000
Glucose Fruit 302,500
Isorhamnetin-3-glucoside Plant
L-arabinose Plant
Phosphorus Leaf 2,200
Protein Fruit 139,000
Leaf 190,000
Seed 300,000 652,000
Quercetin Plant
Starch Fruit 163,600
Sugar Fruit 330,000
Seed 330,000
Tannin Bark 6,000 84,000
Root 67,000
Wood 9,000
Tannins Fruit 58,100
Tryptamine Plant
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]