Prosopis glandulosa Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
honey mesquite western honey mesquite

Prosopis glandulosa, commonly known as honey mesquite, is a species of small to medium-sized, thorny shrub or tree in the legume family. It is native to the Southwestern United States and Mexico, growing as far north as southern Kansas and as far east as the eastern fifth of Texas, where average annual rainfall is in excess of 40 inches. It can be part of the Mesquite Bosque plant association community. It has been introduced to at least a half-dozen other countries. The IUCN considers it as one of the world's 100 worst invasive species outside its native habitat range. Despite its invasive nature, this tree has an array of features that make it useful: it grows extremely rapidly, has very dense shade, produces a seed pod in abundance that is eaten by animals and humans alike, and it is also readily available firewood.

Prosopis glandulosa

Economic importance of Prosopis glandulosa

Bee plants honey production
Animal food forage
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

Prosopis glandulosa Prosopis glandulosa Prosopis glandulosa Prosopis glandulosa Prosopis glandulosa Prosopis glandulosa Prosopis glandulosa Prosopis glandulosa Prosopis glandulosa Prosopis glandulosa Prosopis glandulosa Prosopis glandulosa Prosopis glandulosa

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Naturalized
    • Northern Africa: Libya
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Djibouti; Ethiopia; Somalia; Sudan
    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • West Tropical Africa: Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; Namibia; South Africa - Eastern Cape, Free State, North West, Northern Cape, Western Cape
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Naturalized
    • Australia: Australia
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Kansas , Oklahoma
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, Texas
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, California , Nevada , Utah
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja California, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, Sonora, Tamaulipas
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Veracruz, Yucatan
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • South America

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Abortifacient
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Adrenergic
Tyramine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Allergenic
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Analgesic
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Stem
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Stem
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Stem
AntiEBV
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
AntiHIV
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
AntiPGE2
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (15 ppm)
AntiTGF-beta
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Antiacne
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Stem
Antiaggregant
Tyramine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antiallergic
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Antialzheimeran
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Stem
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Antiarrhythmic
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Antiarthritic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Antibacterial
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Stem
Juliprosopine found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Anticancer
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Anticholestatic
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Anticomplement
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Antidiabetic
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Antieczemic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Antiedemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Stem
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Stem
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Stem
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Stem
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Antifibrosarcomic
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Stem
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Antihepatotoxic
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Stem
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Antihyperlipidemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Stem
Antiinflammatory
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Stem
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Stem
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Antiischemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Stem
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Antileukotriene
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Stem
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Antimalarial
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Antimetastatic
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Stem
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Antinephritic
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Stigmasterol found in Stem
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Stem
Stigmasterol found in Stem
Antioxidant
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Stem
Campesterol found in Stem
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Stem
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Antiperiodontic
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Antiperoxidant
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Antiplaque
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Stem
Antiproliferative
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Stem
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Stem
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Stem
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Antipyretic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Stem
Antisarcomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Antiseptic
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Antithromboxane
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Antitumor
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Antiulcer
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Antiviral
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Stem
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Stem
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Stem
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Stem
Stigmasterol found in Stem
Beta-Blocker
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Stem
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
N-methyl-tyramine found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Stem
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Stem
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Cardioprotective
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Cardiovascular
Tyramine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Stem
Choleretic
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Diuretic
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Elastase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Stem
Stigmasterol found in Stem
FLavor
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Stem
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Stem
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Stem
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Herbistat
Pipecolic-acid found in Leaf
Hormonal
Triacontan-1-ol found in Plant ;found in Stem
Hypertensive
Tyramine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Stem
Campesterol found in Stem
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Stigmasterol found in Stem
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Stem
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Hypolipemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Stem
Hypotensive
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Insectifuge
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Tyramine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Irritant
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Leucocytogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Neurotoxic
Tyramine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Stem
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Pesticide
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Stem
Juliprosopine found in Leaf
Pipecolic-acid found in Leaf
Tyramine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Piscicide
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Potassium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Plant
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Protease-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Protisticide
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Sedative
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Stem
Sodium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Stem
Sympathomimetic
Tyramine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Trypanocide
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Stem
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Flower ;found in Stem
Uterotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Vasoconstrictor
Tyramine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Vasopressor
Oleanolic-acid found in Flower ;found in Stem ;found in Shoot (15 ppm)
Tyramine found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Shoot (145 ppm)

Search

Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(+)-d-pinitol Stem
4-hydroxy-pipecolic-acid Leaf
Beta-sitosterol Flower
Stem
Campesterol Stem
Dotriacontan-1-ol Stem
Hentriacontan-1-ol Stem
Heptacosan-1-ol Stem
Hexacosan-1-ol Stem
Julifloridine Leaf
Juliprosopine Leaf
Linoleic-acid Plant
N-methyl-tyramine Leaf
Nonacosan-1-ol Stem
Octacosan-1-ol Stem
Oleanolic-acid Flower
Stem
Shoot 15
Oleic-acid Plant
Pipecolic-acid Leaf
Proline Leaf
Prosopenol Flower
Prosopol Flower
Stigmasterol Stem
Tetratriacontan-1-ol Stem
Triacontan-1-ol Plant
Stem
Tyramine Leaf
Plant
Ursolic-acid Shoot 145
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]