Polypodium vulgare Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
adder's fern common polypody golden-maidenhair polypody wall fern

Polypodium vulgare, the common polypody, is a fern of the Polypodiaceae family. Polypody has traditional uses in cooking for its aroma and sweet taste, and in herbal medicine as a purgative and vermifuge.

Polypodium vulgare

Medical use

Economic importance of Polypodium vulgare

Environmental ornamental
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Polypodium vulgare Polypodium vulgare Polypodium vulgare Polypodium vulgare Polypodium vulgare Polypodium vulgare Polypodium vulgare Polypodium vulgare Polypodium vulgare Polypodium vulgare Polypodium vulgare Polypodium vulgare Polypodium vulgare Polypodium vulgare

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Morocco; Tunisia
    • Southern Africa: Lesotho; South Africa - Cape Province, KwaZulu-Natal
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Iran; Turkey
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Western Siberia
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Hokkaido, Honshu
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Iceland; Ireland; Norway; United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • East Europe: Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Subarctic America: Greenland

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Stearic-acid found in Rhizome
Absorbent
Starch found in Rhizome (63000 ppm)
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Rhizome (21000 ppm)
Adrenocorticotropic
Glycyrrhizin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Aggregant
Sucrose found in Rhizome (155000 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Allergenic
Benzoic-acid found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Citric-acid found in Root
Methyl-salicylate found in Rhizome
Alpha-Amylase-Inhibitor
Citric-acid found in Root
Amphiestrogenic
Glycyrrhizin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Analgesic
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Glycyrrhizin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Rhizome
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Anaphrodisiac
Methyl-salicylate found in Rhizome
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Anesthetic
Benzoic-acid found in Root
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Anthelmintic
Filicin found in Rhizome
AntiAddisonian
Glycyrrhizin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
AntiHIV
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Glycyrrhizin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Antiaggregant
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Antiaging
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Antialcoholic
Fructose found in Rhizome (21000 ppm)
Antiallergic
Glycyrrhizin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Glycyrrhizin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Antiaphthic
Citric-acid found in Root
Antiarthritic
Glycyrrhizin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Antiasthmatic
Glycyrrhizin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Antiatherosclerotic
Citric-acid found in Root
Malic-acid found in Root
Antibacterial
Benzoic-acid found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Citric-acid found in Root
Glycyrrhizin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Rhizome
Malic-acid found in Root
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Anticalculic
Citric-acid found in Root
Anticancer
Butyric-acid found in Rhizome
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Anticariogenic
Glycyrrhizin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Anticataract
Glycyrrhizin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Anticirrhotic
Glycyrrhizin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Anticoagulant
Citric-acid found in Root
Antidandruff
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Antidepressant
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Antidermatotic
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Antidiabetic
Fructose found in Rhizome (21000 ppm)
Antidiptheric
Glycyrrhizin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Antidote
Glycyrrhizin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Antieczemic
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Antiedemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Glucose found in Rhizome (21000 ppm)
Glycyrrhizin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Glycyrrhizin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Antifeedant
20-hydroxyecdysone found in Rhizome
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Antifibromyalgic
Malic-acid found in Root
Antiflu
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Antigingivitic
Glycyrrhizin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
20-hydroxyecdysone found in Rhizome
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Antihangover
Fructose found in Rhizome (21000 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Antihepatotic
Glycyrrhizin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Glucose found in Rhizome (21000 ppm)
Glycyrrhizin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Glycyrrhizin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Antihiccup
Sucrose found in Rhizome (155000 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Antiichthyosic
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Antiinflammatory
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Glycyrrhizin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Rhizome
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Antiketotic
Fructose found in Rhizome (21000 ppm)
Glucose found in Rhizome (21000 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Citric-acid found in Root
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Antimutagenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Citric-acid found in Root
Glycyrrhizin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Antinauseant
Fructose found in Rhizome (21000 ppm)
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Rhizome (63000 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Antioncychomycotic
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Antiophthalmic
Sucrose found in Rhizome (155000 ppm)
Antiotitic
Benzoic-acid found in Root
Antioxidant
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Glycyrrhizin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Rhizome
Methyl-salicylate found in Rhizome
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Sucrose found in Rhizome (155000 ppm)
Antiperiodic
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Antiplaque
Glycyrrhizin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Antipodagric
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Antiproliferant
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Glycyrrhizin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Antiprostatotic
Phytosterols found in Root
Antipsoriac
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Antipyretic
Benzoic-acid found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Methyl-salicylate found in Rhizome
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Antiradicular
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Glycyrrhizin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Rhizome
Antirheumatalgic
Methyl-salicylate found in Rhizome
Antirheumatic
Citrostadienol found in Rhizome
Glycyrrhizin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Antisalmonella
Benzoic-acid found in Root
Antiseborrheic
Citric-acid found in Root
Glycyrrhizin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Root
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Antiseptic
Benzoic-acid found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Citric-acid found in Root
Glycyrrhizin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Root
Methyl-salicylate found in Rhizome
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Antispasmodic
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Antistaphylococcic
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Glycyrrhizin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Antitartar
Methyl-salicylate found in Rhizome
Antitetanic
Glycyrrhizin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Antithyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Antitubercular
Citric-acid found in Root
Malic-acid found in Root
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Antitumor
Butyric-acid found in Rhizome
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Citric-acid found in Root
Malic-acid found in Root
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Antitussive
Glycyrrhizin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Antitympanitic
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Antiulcer
Glycyrrhizin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Antivaccinic
Glycyrrhizin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Rhizome (21000 ppm)
Antiviral
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Glycyrrhizin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Lauric-acid found in Rhizome
Antiyeast
Benzoic-acid found in Root
Anxiolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Butyric-acid found in Rhizome
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Atherogenic
Sucrose found in Rhizome (155000 ppm)
Bacteristat
Malic-acid found in Root
Bruchifuge
Butyric-acid found in Rhizome
Bruchiphobe
Malic-acid found in Root
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
COX-1-Inhibitor
Lauric-acid found in Rhizome
COX-2-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Lauric-acid found in Rhizome
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Calcium-Antagonist
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Cancer-Preventive
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Glycyrrhizin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Rhizome
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Lauric-acid found in Rhizome
Capillariprotective
Glycyrrhizin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Cardiotoxic
Filicin found in Rhizome
Carminative
Methyl-salicylate found in Rhizome
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Chemopreventive
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Choleretic
Benzoic-acid found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Collyrium
Sucrose found in Rhizome (155000 ppm)
Comedolytic
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Cosmetic
Stearic-acid found in Rhizome
Counterirritant
Methyl-salicylate found in Rhizome
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Cytotoxic
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
DNA-Protective
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Demulcent
Sucrose found in Rhizome (155000 ppm)
Dentifrice
Methyl-salicylate found in Rhizome
Dermatitigenic
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Detoxicant
Glycyrrhizin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Disinfectant
Citric-acid found in Root
Diuretic
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Emollient
Starch found in Rhizome (63000 ppm)
Ergogenic
Glycyrrhizin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Glycyrrhizin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Expectorant
Benzoic-acid found in Root
Glycyrrhizin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
FLavor
Benzoic-acid found in Root
Citric-acid found in Root
Glycyrrhizin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Methyl-salicylate found in Rhizome
Stearic-acid found in Rhizome
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Flatugenic
Sucrose found in Rhizome (155000 ppm)
Fungicide
Benzoic-acid found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Methyl-salicylate found in Rhizome
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Hemopoietic
Malic-acid found in Root
Hemostat
Citric-acid found in Root
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Glycyrrhizin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Herpetifuge
Methyl-salicylate found in Rhizome
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Hypercholesterolemic
Lauric-acid found in Rhizome
Sucrose found in Rhizome (155000 ppm)
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Rhizome (21000 ppm)
Hypertensive
Glycyrrhizin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Phytosterols found in Root
Stearic-acid found in Rhizome
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Immunostimulant
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Glycyrrhizin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Insectifuge
Benzoic-acid found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Methyl-salicylate found in Rhizome
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Insectiphile
Methyl-salicylate found in Rhizome
Interferonogenic
Glycyrrhizin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Irritant
Citric-acid found in Root
Juvabional
20-hydroxyecdysone found in Rhizome
Keratolytic
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Laxative
Fructose found in Rhizome (21000 ppm)
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Litholytic
Citric-acid found in Root
Lubricant
Stearic-acid found in Rhizome
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
MAO-Inhibitor
Glycyrrhizin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Rhizome (21000 ppm)
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Mineral-Corticoid
Glycyrrhizin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Mitogenic
Glycyrrhizin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Mycobactericide
Citric-acid found in Root
Malic-acid found in Root
Nematistat
Butyric-acid found in Rhizome
Neoplastic
Fructose found in Rhizome (21000 ppm)
Odontolytic
Citric-acid found in Root
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Pancreaprotective
Glycyrrhizin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Perfumery
Methyl-salicylate found in Rhizome
Stearic-acid found in Rhizome
Pesticide
20-hydroxyecdysone found in Rhizome
Benzoic-acid found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Butyric-acid found in Rhizome
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Filicin found in Rhizome
Glycyrrhizin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Malic-acid found in Root
Methyl-salicylate found in Rhizome
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Phytoalexin
Benzoic-acid found in Root
Poultice
Starch found in Rhizome (63000 ppm)
Preservative
Sucrose found in Rhizome (155000 ppm)
Prooxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Propecic
Stearic-acid found in Rhizome
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Glycyrrhizin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Pseudoaldosteronistic
Glycyrrhizin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Refrigerant
Citric-acid found in Root
Reverse-Transcriptase-Inhibitor
Glycyrrhizin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Sedative
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Sialogogue
Malic-acid found in Root
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Sunscreen
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Rhizome
Sweetener
Fructose found in Rhizome (21000 ppm)
Glycyrrhizin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Osladin found in Rhizome
Sucrose found in Rhizome (155000 ppm)
Thermogenic
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Tineacide
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Triglycerigenic
Sucrose found in Rhizome (155000 ppm)
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Benzoic-acid found in Root
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Catechins found in Rhizome (37000 ppm)
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome
Salicylic-acid found in Leaf
Uricogenic
Sucrose found in Rhizome (155000 ppm)
Uricosuric
Benzoic-acid found in Root
Vermifuge
Filicin found in Rhizome
Vulnerary
Benzoic-acid found in Root
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome
Sucrose found in Rhizome (155000 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Rhizome

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(+)-catechin-7-l-arabinoside Rhizome
17,21-epoxyhopane Rhizome
20-hydroxyecdysone Rhizome
22-hopene Rhizome
24-lophenolmethylene Rhizome
26-o-methylpolypodosaponin Rhizome
31-norcycloartanol Rhizome
31-norcyclolaudenol Rhizome
5-beta-20-hydroxyecdysterone Rhizome
9(11)-fernene Rhizome
Benzoic-acid Root
Beta-sitosterol Rhizome
Butyric-acid Rhizome
Caffeic-acid Rhizome
Caoutchouc Root
Catechins Rhizome 25,000 37,000
Citric-acid Root
Citrostadienol Rhizome
Crusecdysone Rhizome
Cycloartanol Rhizome
Cyclolaudenol Rhizome
Delta-7-cholestanol Rhizome
Ecdysones Rhizome 20,000
Filicin Rhizome
Fructose Rhizome 21,000
Fucosterol Rhizome
Glucocaffeic-acid Rhizome
Glucose Rhizome 21,000
Glycyrrhizin Rhizome 6,000
Hopene-1-oxide Rhizome
Isofucosterol Rhizome
Isovalerianic-acid Rhizome
Lauric-acid Rhizome
Lophenol Rhizome
Malic-acid Root
Methyl-ethyl-acetic-acid Rhizome
Methyl-salicylate Rhizome
Osladin Rhizome
Phloroglucins Rhizome 5,300
Phytosterols Root
Pollinastanol Rhizome
Polydine Rhizome
Polypodin-a Rhizome
Polypodosaponin Rhizome
Resin Rhizome
Rhamnose Root
Salicylic-acid Leaf
Samambain Root
Serratine Rhizome
Starch Rhizome 63,000
Stearic-acid Rhizome
Sucrose Rhizome 155,000
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]