Polygonum multiflorum Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Chinese fleeceflower Chinese knotweed
Polygonum multiflorum

Medical use

Economic importance of Polygonum multiflorum

Medicines folklore

Gallery

Polygonum multiflorum Polygonum multiflorum Polygonum multiflorum Polygonum multiflorum Polygonum multiflorum Polygonum multiflorum Polygonum multiflorum Polygonum multiflorum Polygonum multiflorum Polygonum multiflorum

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • China: China - Guangdong, Henan, Hubei, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan
    Naturalized
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku
    Cultivated
    • Eastern Asia: Japan; Korea

Biological activities

5-HETE-Inhibitor
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
5-HT-Inhibitor
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
ACE-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
AGEs-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root (74 ppm)
Absorbent
Starch found in Root
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Akt-Inhibitor
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Daucosterol found in Tuber
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Fruit (3000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Allelochemic
Scopoletin found in Plant
Allelopathic
Tricin found in Tuber
Allergenic
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
Hyperoside found in Fruit (3000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (74 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (0.1 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome ;found in Root ;found in Shoot
Anesthetic
Scopoletin found in Plant
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome ;found in Root ;found in Shoot
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Fiber found in Root (175000 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (9120 ppm);found in Root (10800 ppm)
Anorexic
Arsenic found in Rhizome (0.11 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome ;found in Root ;found in Shoot
Selenium found in Root (74 ppm)
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Chromium found in Root
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Chromium found in Root
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
AntiHIV
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
Selenium found in Root (74 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (0.1 ppm)
AntiMRSA
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
AntiMS
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Selenium found in Root (74 ppm)
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (2225 ppm);found in Root (3370 ppm);found in Rhizome (15300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (18.5 ppm);found in Root (21 ppm);found in Rhizome (26 ppm)
Antiacne
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Chromium found in Root
Selenium found in Root (74 ppm)
Tin found in Root (13 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome ;found in Root ;found in Shoot
Antiadenovirus
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
Antiadrenergic
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antiaflatoxin
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antiaggregant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (74 ppm)
Antiaging
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Chromium found in Root
Hyperoside found in Fruit (3000 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Plant (350 ppm);found in Root (156 ppm);found in Rhizome (150 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (18.5 ppm);found in Root (21 ppm);found in Rhizome (26 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (0.1 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Antiallergenic
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
Antiallergic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Calcium found in Plant (2225 ppm);found in Root (3370 ppm);found in Rhizome (15300 ppm)
Antialopecic
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Lecithin found in Root
Thiamin found in Root (0.1 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome ;found in Root ;found in Shoot
Antianemic
Copper found in Rhizome (5 ppm)
Iron found in Plant (350 ppm);found in Root (156 ppm);found in Rhizome (150 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (18.5 ppm);found in Root (21 ppm);found in Rhizome (26 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (74 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (0.1 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Plant (2225 ppm);found in Root (3370 ppm);found in Rhizome (15300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Calcium found in Plant (2225 ppm);found in Root (3370 ppm);found in Rhizome (15300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (9120 ppm);found in Root (10800 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antiarteriosclerotic
Silicon found in Root
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (2225 ppm);found in Root (3370 ppm);found in Rhizome (15300 ppm)
Copper found in Rhizome (5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (18.5 ppm);found in Root (21 ppm);found in Rhizome (26 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (74 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (74 ppm)
Antiataxic
Lecithin found in Root
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Calcium found in Plant (2225 ppm);found in Root (3370 ppm);found in Rhizome (15300 ppm)
Chromium found in Root
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (74 ppm)
Antibackache
Thiamin found in Root (0.1 ppm)
Antibacterial
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome ;found in Root ;found in Shoot
Chrysophanol found in Plant
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
Hyperoside found in Fruit (3000 ppm)
Piceid found in Root (5310 ppm)
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
Rhein found in Root
Scopoletin found in Plant
Tin found in Root (13 ppm)
Antiberiberi
Thiamin found in Root (0.1 ppm)
Antibronchitic
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
Antibronchoconstrictor
Scopoletin found in Plant
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
Hyperoside found in Fruit (3000 ppm)
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
Anticanker
Iron found in Plant (350 ppm);found in Root (156 ppm);found in Rhizome (150 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (0.1 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Anticapillary-Fragility
Hyperoside found in Fruit (3000 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
Rhein found in Root
Anticardiospasmic
Thiamin found in Root (0.1 ppm)
Anticariogenic
Rhein found in Root
Tricin found in Tuber
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Riboflavin found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (74 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (0.1 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Plant (350 ppm);found in Root (156 ppm);found in Rhizome (150 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Anticholinergic
Scopoletin found in Plant
Anticirrhotic
Lecithin found in Root
Selenium found in Root (74 ppm)
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Calcium found in Plant (2225 ppm);found in Root (3370 ppm);found in Rhizome (15300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (74 ppm)
Anticoagulant
D-catechin found in Root
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Anticolitic
Thiamin found in Root (0.1 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Root
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (74 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Anticytomegalovirus
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Rhein found in Root
Antidandruff
Selenium found in Root (74 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Riboflavin found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (0.1 ppm)
Antideliriant
Thiamin found in Root (0.1 ppm)
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Lecithin found in Root
Thiamin found in Root (0.1 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Calcium found in Plant (2225 ppm);found in Root (3370 ppm);found in Rhizome (15300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (9120 ppm);found in Root (10800 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (74 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Hyperoside found in Fruit (3000 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Chromium found in Root
Copper found in Rhizome (5 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (175000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (18.5 ppm);found in Root (21 ppm);found in Rhizome (26 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Plant (18.5 ppm);found in Root (21 ppm);found in Rhizome (26 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Lecithin found in Root
Manganese found in Plant (18.5 ppm);found in Root (21 ppm);found in Rhizome (26 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Antidyspeptic
Thiamin found in Root (0.1 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Lecithin found in Root
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome ;found in Root ;found in Shoot
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antieicosanoid
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
Antielastase
Hyperoside found in Fruit (3000 ppm)
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Antiencephalopathic
Thiamin found in Root (0.1 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (18.5 ppm);found in Root (21 ppm);found in Rhizome (26 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome ;found in Root ;found in Shoot
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Chromium found in Root
Copper found in Rhizome (5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (9120 ppm);found in Root (10800 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (0.1 ppm)
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome ;found in Root ;found in Shoot
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome ;found in Root ;found in Shoot
Antifibrinolytic
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Selenium found in Root (74 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Antiflu
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
Hyperoside found in Fruit (3000 ppm)
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Thiamin found in Root (0.1 ppm)
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Root
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome ;found in Root ;found in Shoot
Antigout
Selenium found in Root (74 ppm)
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Thiamin found in Root (0.1 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Antiheartburn
Thiamin found in Root (0.1 ppm)
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
Hyperoside found in Fruit (3000 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antiherpetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
Thiamin found in Root (0.1 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Plant (2225 ppm);found in Root (3370 ppm);found in Rhizome (15300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome ;found in Root ;found in Shoot
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Calcium found in Plant (2225 ppm);found in Root (3370 ppm);found in Rhizome (15300 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (175000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (9120 ppm);found in Root (10800 ppm)
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome ;found in Root ;found in Shoot
Copper found in Rhizome (5 ppm)
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
Hyperoside found in Fruit (3000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Plant (2225 ppm);found in Root (3370 ppm);found in Rhizome (15300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Antiischemic
Hyperoside found in Fruit (3000 ppm)
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Root (74 ppm)
Antileishmanic
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome ;found in Root ;found in Shoot
Daucosterol found in Tuber
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (74 ppm)
Tricin found in Tuber
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (74 ppm)
Antileukotrienogenic
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Piceid found in Root (5310 ppm)
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
Antilithic
Anthraquinones found in Root (11000 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Lecithin found in Root
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome ;found in Root ;found in Shoot
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (74 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Antimalarial
Digitolutein found in Plant
Antimanic
Lecithin found in Root
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Antimelanomic
Selenium found in Root (74 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Calcium found in Plant (2225 ppm);found in Root (3370 ppm);found in Rhizome (15300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (74 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Plant (350 ppm);found in Root (156 ppm);found in Rhizome (150 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Selenium found in Root (74 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (0.1 ppm)
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Antimorphinistic
Lecithin found in Root
Antimutagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome ;found in Root ;found in Shoot
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Root (74 ppm)
Antimyocarditic
Thiamin found in Root (0.1 ppm)
Antineoplastic
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Rhein found in Root
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Root
Antineuralgic
Thiamin found in Root (0.1 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Antineurasthenic
Thiamin found in Root (0.1 ppm)
Antineuritic
Thiamin found in Root (0.1 ppm)
Antineuropathic
Thiamin found in Root (0.1 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Antinociceptive
Copper found in Rhizome (5 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Fruit (3000 ppm)
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Calcium found in Plant (2225 ppm);found in Root (3370 ppm);found in Rhizome (15300 ppm)
Chromium found in Root
Fiber found in Root (175000 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Antionychyotic
Silicon found in Root
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome ;found in Root ;found in Shoot
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Selenium found in Root (74 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Calcium found in Plant (2225 ppm);found in Root (3370 ppm);found in Rhizome (15300 ppm)
Copper found in Rhizome (5 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (18.5 ppm);found in Root (21 ppm);found in Rhizome (26 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Root (1040 ppm)
Silicon found in Root
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Antiototic
Manganese found in Plant (18.5 ppm);found in Root (21 ppm);found in Rhizome (26 ppm)
Antioxidant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome ;found in Root ;found in Shoot
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
Hyperoside found in Fruit (3000 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (18.5 ppm);found in Root (21 ppm);found in Rhizome (26 ppm)
Piceid found in Root (5310 ppm)
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (74 ppm)
Tricin found in Tuber
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Selenium found in Root (74 ppm)
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Antipellagric
Riboflavin found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Calcium found in Plant (2225 ppm);found in Root (3370 ppm);found in Rhizome (15300 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Antiperoxidant
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Antiplaque
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Rhein found in Root
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Digitolutein found in Plant
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Antipolio
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Thiamin found in Root (0.1 ppm)
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome ;found in Root ;found in Shoot
Antiprolactin
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (74 ppm)
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome ;found in Root ;found in Shoot
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome ;found in Root ;found in Shoot
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome ;found in Root ;found in Shoot
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Antiproteolytic
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
Antipsoriac
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Lecithin found in Root
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome ;found in Root ;found in Shoot
Antiradicular
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
Hyperoside found in Fruit (3000 ppm)
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (74 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (2225 ppm);found in Root (3370 ppm);found in Rhizome (15300 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (74 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Antisarcomic
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Antisclerodermic
Lecithin found in Root
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Antiseborrheic
Lecithin found in Root
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Chrysophanol found in Plant
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
Physcion found in Bulb ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome
Questin found in Tuber
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
Rhein found in Root
Scopoletin found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Antisilicotic
Aluminum found in Root (152 ppm)
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Chrysophanic-acid found in Root
Daucosterol found in Tuber
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (9120 ppm);found in Root (10800 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Antisprout
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Antisprue
Lecithin found in Root
Antistaphylococcic
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
Antistomatitic
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Antistress
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (2225 ppm);found in Root (3370 ppm);found in Rhizome (15300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (9120 ppm);found in Root (10800 ppm)
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Chromium found in Root
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Manganese found in Plant (18.5 ppm);found in Root (21 ppm);found in Rhizome (26 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (74 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Antithrombic
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
Antitic
Calcium found in Plant (2225 ppm);found in Root (3370 ppm);found in Rhizome (15300 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Root
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Antitumor-Promoter
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
Antitumor
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Daucosterol found in Tuber
Fiber found in Root (175000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
Rhein found in Root
Scopoletin found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (74 ppm)
Tricin found in Tuber
Antitussive
Hyperoside found in Fruit (3000 ppm)
Antiulcer
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Fiber found in Root (175000 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Selenium found in Root (74 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Aluminum found in Root (152 ppm)
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Antiviral
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome ;found in Root ;found in Shoot
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
Hyperoside found in Fruit (3000 ppm)
Rhein found in Root
Antiwrinkle
Hyperoside found in Fruit (3000 ppm)
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Anxiolytic
Calcium found in Plant (2225 ppm);found in Root (3370 ppm);found in Rhizome (15300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Root (1040 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (9120 ppm);found in Root (10800 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (74 ppm)
Apoptotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome ;found in Root ;found in Shoot
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (74 ppm)
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome ;found in Root ;found in Shoot
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Astringent
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Bacteristat
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Root (175000 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (9120 ppm);found in Root (10800 ppm)
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
Bird-Repellent
Anthraquinones found in Root (11000 ppm)
Bronchodilator
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
Bronchorelaxant
Scopoletin found in Plant
CNS-Depressant
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
CNS-Stimulant
Scopoletin found in Plant
COX-1-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
CYP1A1-Inhibitor
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Chrysophanic-acid found in Root
Chrysophanol found in Plant
Hyperoside found in Fruit (3000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Physcion found in Bulb ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome
Rhein found in Root
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Plant (2225 ppm);found in Root (3370 ppm);found in Rhizome (15300 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome ;found in Root ;found in Shoot
D-catechin found in Root
Fiber found in Root (175000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
Hyperoside found in Fruit (3000 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Root (0.9 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (74 ppm)
Candidicide
Aluminum found in Root (152 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome ;found in Root ;found in Shoot
Chrysophanol found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
Rhein found in Root
Capillarifortificant
Hyperoside found in Fruit (3000 ppm)
Capillarigenic
Hyperoside found in Fruit (3000 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Anthraquinones found in Root (11000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Root (145 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Chromium found in Root
Copper found in Rhizome (5 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (175000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (9120 ppm);found in Root (10800 ppm)
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (74 ppm)
Silicon found in Root
Cardiotonic
D-catechin found in Root
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Rhizome (9120 ppm);found in Root (10800 ppm)
Casein-Kinase-II-Inhibitor
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome ;found in Root ;found in Shoot
Catabolic
Tricin found in Tuber
Cathartic
Chrysophanol found in Plant
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Physcion found in Bulb ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome
Rhein found in Root
Chemopreventive
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
Cholagogue
Scopoletin found in Plant
Choleretic
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
Scopoletin found in Plant
Cholinergic
Lecithin found in Root
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Collagenase-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Contraceptive
Copper found in Rhizome (5 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Activator
Hyperoside found in Fruit (3000 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
Rhein found in Root
Scopoletin found in Plant
Deodorant
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Depressant
Selenium found in Root (74 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Differentiator
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
Diuretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Calcium found in Plant (2225 ppm);found in Root (3370 ppm);found in Rhizome (15300 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (175000 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Fruit (3000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (9120 ppm);found in Root (10800 ppm)
Elastase-Inhibitor
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
Emollient
Starch found in Root
Encephalopathic
Aluminum found in Root (152 ppm)
Energizer
Chromium found in Root
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Root (145 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome ;found in Root ;found in Shoot
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
Rhaponticin found in Root
Tricin found in Tuber
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome ;found in Root ;found in Shoot
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Floral-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
Fungicide
Chrysophanic-acid found in Root
Piceid found in Root (5310 ppm)
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
Rhein found in Root
Scopoletin found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (74 ppm)
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Genotoxic
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome ;found in Root ;found in Shoot
Gonadotropic
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
HIF-1alpha-Inhibitor
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
Hemostat
Chrysophanol found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome ;found in Root ;found in Shoot
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
Hyperoside found in Fruit (3000 ppm)
Lecithin found in Root
Piceid found in Root (5310 ppm)
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Herbicide
Scopoletin found in Plant
Herbistat
Tricin found in Tuber
Hydroperoxidase-Inhibitor
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Rhizome (117 ppm);found in Root (42 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome ;found in Root ;found in Shoot
Calcium found in Plant (2225 ppm);found in Root (3370 ppm);found in Rhizome (15300 ppm)
Chromium found in Root
Copper found in Rhizome (5 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (175000 ppm)
Lecithin found in Root
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome ;found in Root ;found in Shoot
Chromium found in Root
Daucosterol found in Tuber
Manganese found in Plant (18.5 ppm);found in Root (21 ppm);found in Rhizome (26 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome ;found in Root ;found in Shoot
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Hypotensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Calcium found in Plant (2225 ppm);found in Root (3370 ppm);found in Rhizome (15300 ppm)
Chromium found in Root
Fiber found in Root (175000 ppm)
Hyperoside found in Fruit (3000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (9120 ppm);found in Root (10800 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Hypotriglyceridemic
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Root (175000 ppm)
IKB-kinase-Inhibitor
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Chromium found in Root
Copper found in Rhizome (5 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (74 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
Phosphorus found in Root (1040 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (74 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Insectifuge
Thiamin found in Root (0.1 ppm)
Insulin-Sparing
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Root
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
JNK-Inhibitor
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
Keratitigenic
Chrysophanic-acid found in Root
Laxative
Anthraquinones found in Root (11000 ppm)
Calcium found in Plant (2225 ppm);found in Root (3370 ppm);found in Rhizome (15300 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (175000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Leucocytogenic
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Lipolytic
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
Lipotropic
Lecithin found in Root
Lithogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Litholytic
Anthraquinones found in Root (11000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
MAO-Inhibitor
Scopoletin found in Plant
MAPK-Inhibitor
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
MMP-2-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
MMP-7-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Memorigenic
Chromium found in Root
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Musculotropic
Scopoletin found in Plant
Mutagenic
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Myorelaxant
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
NADH-Ubiquinone-Oxidoreductase-Inhibitor
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (74 ppm)
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
Nephrotoxic
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
Neuroprotective
Thiamin found in Root (0.1 ppm)
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Occuloirritant
Chrysophanic-acid found in Root
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (74 ppm)
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Root (1040 ppm)
PGE2-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
PKC-Inhibitor
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
PKD-Inhibitor
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
PTK-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Piceid found in Root (5310 ppm)
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
Pesticide
Aluminum found in Root (152 ppm)
Arsenic found in Rhizome (0.11 ppm)
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome ;found in Root ;found in Shoot
Chrysophanic-acid found in Root
Chrysophanol found in Plant
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
Hyperoside found in Fruit (3000 ppm)
Physcion found in Bulb ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome
Piceid found in Root (5310 ppm)
Questin found in Tuber
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
Rhein found in Root
Scopoletin found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (74 ppm)
Thiamin found in Root (0.1 ppm)
Tin found in Root (13 ppm)
Tricin found in Tuber
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Phytoalexin
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
Scopoletin found in Plant
Phytohormonal
Scopoletin found in Plant
Pigment
Chrysophanol found in Plant
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Root (74 ppm)
Poultice
Starch found in Root
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Iron found in Plant (350 ppm);found in Root (156 ppm);found in Rhizome (150 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Root (74 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Selenium found in Root (74 ppm)
Proteinase-Inhibitor
Rhein found in Root
Purgative
Chrysophanol found in Plant
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Physcion found in Bulb ;found in Plant ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome
Rhein found in Root
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
Schizophrenigenic
Copper found in Rhizome (5 ppm)
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome ;found in Root ;found in Shoot
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Styptic
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
Taenicide
Tin found in Root (13 ppm)
Termitifuge
Chrysophanol found in Plant
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Tissue-Thromboplastin-Inhibitor
Hyperoside found in Fruit (3000 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
Toxic
Anthraquinones found in Root (11000 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Calcium found in Plant (2225 ppm);found in Root (3370 ppm);found in Rhizome (15300 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Root (2.4 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome ;found in Root ;found in Shoot
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Rhizome ;found in Root ;found in Shoot
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Uterosedative
Scopoletin found in Plant
VEGF-Inhibitor
Resveratrol found in Plant ;found in Root (3770 ppm)
Selenium found in Root (74 ppm)
Vasoconstrictor
D-catechin found in Root
Vasodilator
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Calcium found in Plant (2225 ppm);found in Root (3370 ppm);found in Rhizome (15300 ppm)
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Fiber found in Root (175000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Rhizome (890 ppm);found in Root (2340 ppm)
Potassium found in Rhizome (9120 ppm);found in Root (10800 ppm)
Vasorelaxant
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant
Vulnerary
Ascorbic-acid found in Root
Zinc found in Plant (24.5 ppm);found in Root ;found in Rhizome (8 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Tuber
Hyperoside found in Fruit (3000 ppm)
cAMP-Inhibitor
Hyperoside found in Fruit (3000 ppm)
iNOS-Inhibitor
Emodin found in Bulb ;found in Leaf ;found in Shoot ;found in Tuber ;found in Root ;found in Rhizome ;found in Plant

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-o-glucoside Plant 12,000
2-3-4'-5-tetrahydroxystilbene Plant
2-acetyl-emodin Tuber
3,3'-di-o-galloylprocyanidin-b-2 Root
3-o-galloyl-l-catechin Root
3-o-galloyl-l-epicatechin Root
3-o-galloyl-procyanidin-b-1 Root
6-acetyl-2-methoxy-7-methyl-juglone Tuber
Aluminum Root 152
Anthraquinones Root 11,000
Arsenic Rhizome 0.11
Ascorbic-acid Root
Ash Root 70,000
Beta-carotene Root 2.4
Beta-sitosterol Rhizome
Root
Shoot
Bisade Plant
Calcium Plant 2,225
Root 3,370
Rhizome 15,300
Carbohydrates Root 735,000
Chromium Root
Chrysophanic-acid Root
Chrysophanic-acid-anthrone Plant
Root
Chrysophanol Plant
Chrysophanol-glycoside Plant
Citreorosein Tuber
Cobalt Root 145
Copper Rhizome 5
Cyanidins Plant
D-catechin Root
D-epicatechin Root
Daucosterol Tuber
Digitolutein Plant
Digitolutein-glucoside Plant
Emodin Bulb
Leaf
Shoot
Tuber
Root
Rhizome
Plant
Emodin-1-6-dimethyl-ether Tuber
Emodin-6-methyl-ether Plant
Emodin-8-o-beta-d-glucoside Tuber
Emodin-8-o-beta-d-monoglucoside Shoot
Emodin-glycoside Plant
Emodin-monomethyl-ether Leaf
Root
Fat Root 15,000
Fiber Root 175,000
Foeniculin Flower 1,000
Fruit 500
Gallic-acid Tuber
Hyperoside Fruit 3,000
Iron Plant 350
Root 156
Rhizome 150
Kilocalories Root 3,200
Lecithin Root
Magnesium Rhizome 890
Root 2,340
Manganese Plant 18.5
Root 21
Rhizome 26
Monomethyl-ether Root
N-trans-ferulyl-3-methyl-dopamine Tuber
N-trans-ferulyl-3-methyl-tyramine Tuber
Phospholipids Plant 34,900
Phosphorus Root 1,040
Physcion Bulb
Plant
Shoot
Tuber
Root
Rhizome
Physcion-8-o-beta-d-glucoside Tuber
Physcion-glycoside Plant
Piceatannol-glucoside Root 1,220 2,760
Piceid Root 2,320 5,310
Polygoacetophenoside Flower 2,500
Leaf 1,750
Stem 800
Plant
Polygonimitin-b Root
Polygonimitin-c Root
Potassium Rhizome 9,120
Root 10,800
Procyanidin-b-2 Root
Protein Root 18,000
Questin Tuber
Questinol Tuber
Resveratrol Plant
Root 2,960 3,770
Resveratroloside Root 2,770 5,310
Rhaponticin Root
Rhapontin Root
Rhein Root
Riboflavin Root 0.9
Scopoletin Plant
Selenium Root 74
Silicon Root
Sodium Rhizome 117
Root 42
Starch Root
Stilbene-glycoside-gallates Plant
Thiamin Root 0.1
Tin Root 13
Tricin Tuber
Water Root 800,000
Zinc Plant 24.5
Root
Rhizome 8
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]