Polygala senega Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
Seneca snakeroot senega snakeroot senega-root sengaroot

Polygala senega is a species of flowering plant in the milkwort family, Polygalaceae. It is native to North America, where it is distributed in southern Canada and the central and eastern United States. Its common names include Seneca snakeroot, senega snakeroot, senegaroot, rattlesnake root, and mountain flax. Its species name honors the Seneca people, a Native American group who used the plant to treat snakebite.

Polygala senega

Medical use

Economic importance of Polygala senega

Medicines folklore
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

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Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Ontario, Quebec
    • Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut , Indiana, Maine , Massachusetts , Michigan, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Vermont, West Virginia
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Arkansas, Delaware, Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia

Biological activities

Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Root
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Allelopathic
Ferulic-acid found in Root
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Allergenic
Methyl-salicylate found in Root (1000 ppm)
Analgesic
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Methyl-salicylate found in Root (1000 ppm)
Anaphrodisiac
Methyl-salicylate found in Root (1000 ppm)
AntiUTI
Mannose found in Root
Antiadhesive
Mannose found in Root
Antiaggregant
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Antiallergic
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Antiarrhythmic
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Antiatheromic
Pectin found in Root
Antibacterial
Ferulic-acid found in Root
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Pectin found in Root
Sinapic-acid found in Root
Anticarcinogenic
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Anticlastogen
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Anticystitic
Mannose found in Root
Antidiabetic
Pectin found in Root
Xylose found in Root
Antidiarrheic
Pectin found in Root
Antidysmenorrheic
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Antiedemic
Glucose found in Root
Antienteritic
Pectin found in Root
Antiestrogenic
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Antifertility
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Antigallstone
Pectin found in Root
Antigastritic
Pectin found in Root
Antihepatomic
Saponins found in Root (100000 ppm)
Antihepatotoxic
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Glucose found in Root
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Sinapic-acid found in Root
Antiherpetic
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-spinasterol found in Root
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Methyl-salicylate found in Root (1000 ppm)
Antiketotic
Glucose found in Root
Antileukemic
Ferulic-acid found in Root
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Antilithic
Pectin found in Root
Antimetastatic
Pectin found in Root
Antimitotic
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Antimutagenic
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Pectin found in Root
Saponins found in Root (100000 ppm)
Antineoplastic
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Antinitrosaminic
Ferulic-acid found in Root
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Antiobesity
Pectin found in Root
Antioxidant
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Methyl-salicylate found in Root (1000 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Sinapic-acid found in Root
Antiperoxidant
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Antiperoxynitrite
Sinapic-acid found in Root
Antipyretic
Alpha-spinasterol found in Root
Methyl-salicylate found in Root (1000 ppm)
P-methoxy-cinnamic-acid found in Root
Antiradicular
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Methyl-salicylate found in Root (1000 ppm)
Antirheumatalgic
Methyl-salicylate found in Root (1000 ppm)
Antiseptic
Methyl-salicylate found in Root (1000 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Antiserotonin
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Antispasmodic
Ferulic-acid found in Root
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Valerianic-acid found in Root
Antitartar
Methyl-salicylate found in Root (1000 ppm)
Antithrombic
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Antitumor-Promoter
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Antitumor
Ferulic-acid found in Root
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Antitussive
Pectin found in Root
Antiulcer
Pectin found in Root
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Root
Antiviral
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Arteriodilator
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Cancer-Preventive
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Methyl-salicylate found in Root (1000 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Pectin found in Root
Sinapic-acid found in Root
Candidicide
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Cardiac
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Carminative
Methyl-salicylate found in Root (1000 ppm)
Chemopreventive
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Pectin found in Root
Cholagogue
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Choleretic
Ferulic-acid found in Root
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Corticosterone-genic
Senegin found in Root
Counterirritant
Methyl-salicylate found in Root (1000 ppm)
Cytotoxic
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Demulcent
Pectin found in Root
Dentifrice
Methyl-salicylate found in Root (1000 ppm)
Diagnostic
Xylose found in Root
Dye
Xylose found in Root
FLavor
Methyl-salicylate found in Root (1000 ppm)
Flatugenic
Raffinose found in Root
Stachyose found in Root
Fungicide
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Methyl-salicylate found in Root (1000 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
P-methoxy-cinnamic-acid found in Root
Pectin found in Root
Sinapic-acid found in Root
Hemolytic
P-methoxy-cinnamic-acid found in Root
Senegin found in Root
Hemostat
Pectin found in Root
Hepatoprotective
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Hepatotropic
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Herbicide
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Herpetifuge
Methyl-salicylate found in Root (1000 ppm)
Hydrocholerectic
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Root
Hypocholesterolemic
Pectin found in Root
Hypoglycemic
P-methoxy-cinnamic-acid found in Root
Pectin found in Root
Hypolipidemic
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Immunomodulator
Saponins found in Root (100000 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Insectifuge
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Methyl-salicylate found in Root (1000 ppm)
Insectiphile
Methyl-salicylate found in Root (1000 ppm)
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Root
Metal-Chelator
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Perfumery
Methyl-salicylate found in Root (1000 ppm)
Peristaltic
Pectin found in Root
Pesticide
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Methyl-salicylate found in Root (1000 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
P-methoxy-cinnamic-acid found in Root
Pectin found in Root
Sinapic-acid found in Root
Phagocytotic
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Preservative
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Prostaglandigenic
Ferulic-acid found in Root
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Ferulic-acid found in Root
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Sunscreen
Ferulic-acid found in Root
Sweetener
Galactose found in Root
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
P-coumaric-acid found in Root
Uterosedative
Ferulic-acid found in Root

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Chemicals detected

Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]