Podophyllum peltatum Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
American-mandrake mayapple wild mandrake

Podophyllum peltatum, commonly called Mayapple, or May Apple, is a herbaceous perennial plant in the family Berberidaceae, native to deciduous forests in of eastern North America. Like many other spring ephemerals, it emerges from below ground before the canopy of the forest opens, and then slowly withers later in the summer; the foliage is, however, somewhat more long-lived than other spring ephemerals such as Trillium. The stems grow to 30–40 cm tall, with 2 or occasionally 3 palmately lobed leaves up to 20–30 cm diameter with 5-9 deeply cut lobes on reproductive individuals, or one peltate leaf on sterile individuals. The single secund white flower 3–5 cm diameter, with six petals, is produced at the axil of the two leaves; the flower matures into a yellow-greenish fruit 2–5 cm long. The plant is widespread and appears in clonal colonies in open mesic woodlands. Individual shoots are often connected by systems of thick rhizomes. As with many kinds of wild plants, the flower provides sexual reproduction while the rhizome provides asexual reproduction. The former provides long distance dispersal, while the latter allows the formation of dense circular clones.

Podophyllum peltatum

Medical use

Economic importance of Podophyllum peltatum

Environmental ornamental
Gene sources ornamental features
Medicines source of etoposide, podophylotoxin, & teniposide
Vertebrate poisons mamals

Gallery

Podophyllum peltatum Podophyllum peltatum Podophyllum peltatum Podophyllum peltatum Podophyllum peltatum Podophyllum peltatum Podophyllum peltatum Podophyllum peltatum Podophyllum peltatum Podophyllum peltatum Podophyllum peltatum Podophyllum peltatum Podophyllum peltatum Podophyllum peltatum Podophyllum peltatum

Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma, Wisconsin
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
ACE-Inhibitor
Astragalin found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
ATPase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Abortifacient
Berberine found in Plant
Podophyllotoxin found in Rhizome (12000 ppm)
Adrenolytic
Berberine found in Plant
Aldehyde-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Astragalin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Allelochemic
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Allergenic
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Amebicide
Berberine found in Plant
Analgesic
Berberine found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Anesthetic
Berberine found in Plant
AntiGTF
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
AntiHIV
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
AntiMRSA
Gallic-acid found in Plant
AntiPMS
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antiacetylcholinesterase
Berberine found in Plant
Antiacne
Berberine found in Plant
Antiadenovirus
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antiadrenergic
Berberine found in Plant
Antiaflatoxin
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Berberine found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antiaging
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antiallergenic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antiallergic
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Berberine found in Plant
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antiamnesic
Berberine found in Plant
Antianaphylactic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Berberine found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antiarrhythmic
Berberine found in Plant
Antiarthritic
Berberine found in Plant
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antiatherosclerotic
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antibacillus
Berberine found in Plant
Antibacterial
Berberine found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Isorhamnetin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antibiotic
Berberine found in Plant
Antibronchitic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Anticancer
Berberine found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Anticarcinomic
Desoxypodophyllotoxin found in Root (1000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Anticariogenic
Berberine found in Plant
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Anticataract
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antichlamydial
Berberine found in Plant
Anticholecystitic
Berberine found in Plant
Anticholera
Berberine found in Plant
Anticirrhotic
Berberine found in Plant
Anticolitic
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Anticomplementary
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Anticondylomata
Podophyllin found in Rhizome
Podophyllotoxin found in Rhizome (12000 ppm)
Anticonjunctivitic
Berberine found in Plant
Anticonvulsant
Berberine found in Plant
Anticystitic
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antidepressant
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antidermatitic
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Berberine found in Plant
Antidysenteric
Berberine found in Plant
Antiedemic
Berberine found in Plant
Antielastase
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antiencephalitic
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antiendotoxic
Berberine found in Plant
Antienterotoxic
Berberine found in Plant
Antiescherichic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antiesherichic
Berberine found in Plant
Antiestrogenic
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antifeedant
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antifertility
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Podophyllotoxin found in Rhizome (12000 ppm)
Antifibrinolytic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antifibrosarcomic
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antiflu
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antigastric
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antigiardial
Berberine found in Plant
Antigingivitic
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Antiglaucomic
Berberine found in Plant
Antigonadotropic
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antigonorrhea
Berberine found in Plant
Antihepatomic
Berberine found in Plant
Antihepatotic
Berberine found in Plant
Antihepatotoxic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Picropodophyllin found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antiherpetic
Alpha-peltatin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Berberine found in Plant
Beta-peltatin found in Rhizome (3000 ppm)
Desoxypodophyllotoxin found in Root (1000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Podophyllotoxin found in Rhizome (12000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Berberine found in Plant
Isorhamnetin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antihydrophobic
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antihypertensive
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antiimplantation
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Antiinflammatory
Berberine found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Isorhamnetin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antiischemic
Berberine found in Plant
Antileishmanic
Berberine found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antileukemic
Astragalin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Podophyllotoxin found in Rhizome (12000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antilipogenic
Berberine found in Plant
Antilipoperoxidant
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antilymphocytic
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Antimalarial
Berberine found in Plant
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antimeasles
Alpha-peltatin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Beta-peltatin found in Rhizome (3000 ppm)
Podophyllotoxin found in Rhizome (12000 ppm)
Antimelanomic
Podophyllotoxin found in Rhizome (12000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antimitotic
Berberine found in Plant
Podophyllic-acid found in Rhizome
Podophyllin found in Rhizome
Podophyllotoxin found in Rhizome (12000 ppm)
Antimuscarinic
Berberine found in Plant
Antimutagenic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antimyalgic
Berberine found in Plant
Antimycotic
Berberine found in Plant
Antimyocarditic
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antineoplastic
Berberine found in Plant
Antinephritic
Berberine found in Plant
Antinitrosaminic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antioxidant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Isorhamnetin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antipancreatitic
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antiperiodontal
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antiperiodontic
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Antiperiodontitic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antiperistaltic
Berberine found in Plant
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antipermeability
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antiperoxidant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antipharyngitic
Berberine found in Plant
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antiphotooxidative
Berberine found in Plant
Antiplantar
Podophyllin found in Rhizome
Antiplaque
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Berberine found in Plant
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Berberine found in Plant
Antipodriac
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antipolio
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antiprostanoid
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antiprostatitic
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antiproteolytic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Antipsoriac
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antipyretic
Berberine found in Plant
Antiradicular
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Berberine found in Plant
Antisarcomic
Podophyllotoxin found in Rhizome (12000 ppm)
Antisecretory
Berberine found in Plant
Antiseptic
Berberine found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Antiserotonin
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Antishigellic
Berberine found in Plant
Antispasmodic
Berberine found in Plant
Isorhamnetin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antispermigenic
Berberine found in Plant
Antistaphylococcic
Berberine found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Antistrep
Berberine found in Plant
Antistreptococcic
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antisyphilitic
Berberine found in Plant
Antithiamin
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antithrombic
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antitrachomic
Berberine found in Plant
Antitrypanosomic
Berberine found in Plant
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antitubercular
Berberine found in Plant
Antitumor-Promoter
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antitumor
Alpha-peltatin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Beta-peltatin found in Rhizome (3000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Podophyllotoxin found in Rhizome (12000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antiulcer
Berberine found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Antivaginitic
Berberine found in Plant
Antiviral
Alpha-peltatin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Berberine found in Plant
Beta-peltatin found in Rhizome (3000 ppm)
Desoxypodophyllotoxin found in Root (1000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Podophyllotoxin found in Rhizome (12000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Apoptotic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Astringent
Berberine found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Bacteristat
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Bilirubinolytic
Berberine found in Plant
Bradycardiac
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Bronchodilator
Gallic-acid found in Plant
COMT-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Berberine found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Calcium-Antagonist
Berberine found in Plant
Calmodulin-Antagonist
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Isorhamnetin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Candidicide
Berberine found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Capillariprotective
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Carcinogenic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Cardiodepressant
Berberine found in Plant
Cardiotonic
Berberine found in Plant
Carminative
Berberine found in Plant
Catabolic
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Cathartic
Podophyllotoxin found in Rhizome (12000 ppm)
Cholagogue
Berberine found in Plant
Podophyllin found in Rhizome
Cholekinetic
Berberine found in Plant
Choleretic
Berberine found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Collyrium
Berberine found in Plant
Copper-Chelator
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Berberine found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Cytochrome-P450-1A2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Berberine found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Differentiator
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Digestive
Berberine found in Plant
Diuretic
Berberine found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Embryocide
Podophyllin found in Rhizome
Podophyllotoxin found in Rhizome (12000 ppm)
Emetic
Berberine found in Plant
Calcium-oxalate found in Plant
Podophyllin found in Rhizome
Estrogenic
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Expectorant
Astragalin found in Plant
Floral-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Fungicide
Berberine found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Podophyllotoxin found in Rhizome (12000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Glaucomagenic
Berberine found in Plant
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Hemostat
Berberine found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Hepatomagenic
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Alpha-peltatin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Beta-peltatin found in Rhizome (3000 ppm)
Desoxypodophyllotoxin found in Root (1000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Isorhamnetin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Herbicide
Podophyllotoxin found in Rhizome (12000 ppm)
Hypocholesterolemic
Berberine found in Plant
Hypoglycemic
Berberine found in Plant
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Hypotensive
Astragalin found in Plant
Berberine found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Immunomodulator
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Immunostimulant
Astragalin found in Plant
Berberine found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Immunosuppressant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Inflammatory
Calcium-oxalate found in Plant
Inotropic
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Insecticide
Desoxypodophyllotoxin found in Root (1000 ppm)
Podophyllotoxin found in Rhizome (12000 ppm)
Insulin-Sparing
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Insulinogenic
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Irritant
Beta-peltatin found in Rhizome (3000 ppm)
Podophyllotoxin found in Rhizome (12000 ppm)
JNK-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Juvabional
Podophyllotoxin found in Rhizome (12000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Lachrymatory
Berberine found in Plant
Larvicide
Berberine found in Plant
Desoxypodophyllotoxin found in Root (1000 ppm)
Podophyllotoxin found in Rhizome (12000 ppm)
Larvistat
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Laxative
Calcium-oxalate found in Plant
Leucocytogenic
Berberine found in Plant
Lipase-Inhibitor
Berberine found in Plant
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Berberine found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Lithogenic
Calcium-oxalate found in Plant
MAO-A-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
MAO-Inhibitor
Isorhamnetin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Mutagenic
Berberine found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Mycobactericide
Berberine found in Plant
Mydriatic
Berberine found in Plant
Myocardiodepressant
Berberine found in Plant
Myorelaxant
Berberine found in Plant
Gallic-acid found in Plant
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
NEP-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
NO-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Natriuretic
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Nephrotoxic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Neuroprotective
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
P450-Inducer
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
P450-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
PAF-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
PGE2-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
PTK-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Peristaltic
Podophyllin found in Rhizome
Pesticide
Alpha-peltatin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Berberine found in Plant
Beta-peltatin found in Rhizome (3000 ppm)
Desoxypodophyllotoxin found in Root (1000 ppm)
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Isorhamnetin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Podophyllotoxin found in Rhizome (12000 ppm)
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Phospholipase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Phototoxic
Berberine found in Plant
Piscicide
Podophyllotoxin found in Rhizome (12000 ppm)
Plasmodicide
Berberine found in Plant
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Proliferant
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Berberine found in Plant
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Protisticide
Berberine found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Purgative
Alpha-peltatin found in Rhizome (6000 ppm)
Beta-peltatin found in Rhizome (3000 ppm)
Podophyllin found in Rhizome
Podophyllotoxin found in Rhizome (12000 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Isorhamnetin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
RNA-Depressant
Berberine found in Plant
RT-Inhibitor
Berberine found in Plant
Respiradepressant
Berberine found in Plant
Sedative
Berberine found in Plant
Stomachic
Berberine found in Plant
Styptic
Gallic-acid found in Plant
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Teratologic
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Berberine found in Plant
Trypanocide
Berberine found in Plant
Tumorigenic
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Tyrosine-Kinase-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Uterocontractant
Berberine found in Plant
Uterotonic
Berberine found in Plant
Uterotrophic
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
VEGF-Inhibitor
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Vagostimulant
Berberine found in Plant
Vasoconstrictor
Berberine found in Plant
Vasodilator
Berberine found in Plant
Isorhamnetin found in Plant
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
Vermifuge
Berberine found in Plant
Vibriofuge
Berberine found in Plant
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Gallic-acid found in Plant
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)
iNOS-Inhibitor
Kaempferol found in Rhizome
Quercetin found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (50000 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]