Plectranthus barbatus Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
forskohlii

Plectranthus barbatus, is a tropical perennial plant related to the typical coleus species. It is interesting from a scientific and medicinal standpoint because it produces forskolin. In Marathi the plant roots are known as MainMula and especially used for pickles. The pickle is supposed to help strengthen the heart muscules. In Kenya it is also referred to as Kikuyu toilet paper, as in rural areas its leaves are used as such.

Plectranthus barbatus

Gallery

Plectranthus barbatus Plectranthus barbatus Plectranthus barbatus Plectranthus barbatus Plectranthus barbatus Plectranthus barbatus Plectranthus barbatus Plectranthus barbatus

Biological activities

ACTH-genic
Forskolin found in Tuber (4630 ppm)
Abortifacient
Beta-bisabolene found in Root Essent. Oil (13000 ppm)
Adenylate-Cyclase-Activator
Forskolin found in Tuber (4630 ppm)
Adrenergic
Forskolin found in Tuber (4630 ppm)
Allelochemic
Borneol found in Essential Oil (239000 ppm)
Amebicide
Forskolin found in Tuber (4630 ppm)
Analgesic
Borneol found in Essential Oil (239000 ppm)
Antiacetylcholine
Borneol found in Essential Oil (239000 ppm)
Antiaggregant
Forskolin found in Tuber (4630 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Forskolin found in Tuber (4630 ppm)
Antibacterial
Borneol found in Essential Oil (239000 ppm)
Dehydroabietane found in Root Essent. Oil
Antibronchitic
Borneol found in Essential Oil (239000 ppm)
Forskolin found in Tuber (4630 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Borneol found in Essential Oil (239000 ppm)
Antifeedant
Borneol found in Essential Oil (239000 ppm)
Antiglaucomic
Forskolin found in Tuber (4630 ppm)
Antihistaminic
Forskolin found in Tuber (4630 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Borneol found in Essential Oil (239000 ppm)
Forskolin found in Tuber (4630 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Forskolin found in Tuber (4630 ppm)
Antimitotic
Forskolin found in Tuber (4630 ppm)
Antiotitic
Borneol found in Essential Oil (239000 ppm)
Antiplatelet
Forskolin found in Tuber (4630 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Forskolin found in Tuber (4630 ppm)
Antipyretic
Borneol found in Essential Oil (239000 ppm)
Antirhinoviral
Beta-bisabolene found in Root Essent. Oil (13000 ppm)
Antisalmonella
Borneol found in Essential Oil (239000 ppm)
Antiseptic
Aromadendrene found in Essential Oil (236000 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Borneol found in Essential Oil (239000 ppm)
Forskolin found in Tuber (4630 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Borneol found in Essential Oil (239000 ppm)
Antithrombotic
Forskolin found in Tuber (4630 ppm)
Antithyreotropic
Forskolin found in Tuber (4630 ppm)
Antiulcer
Beta-bisabolene found in Root Essent. Oil (13000 ppm)
Antiviral
Beta-bisabolene found in Root Essent. Oil (13000 ppm)
Antiyeast
Borneol found in Essential Oil (239000 ppm)
Bronchodilator
Forskolin found in Tuber (4630 ppm)
CNS-Stimulant
Borneol found in Essential Oil (239000 ppm)
CNS-Toxic
Borneol found in Essential Oil (239000 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Aromadendrene found in Essential Oil (236000 ppm)
Candidicide
Borneol found in Essential Oil (239000 ppm)
Cardiotonic
Forskolin found in Tuber (4630 ppm)
Choleretic
Borneol found in Essential Oil (239000 ppm)
Cytostatic
Dehydroabietane found in Root Essent. Oil
FLavor
Borneol found in Essential Oil (239000 ppm)
Fungicide
Borneol found in Essential Oil (239000 ppm)
Gastrostimulant
Forskolin found in Tuber (4630 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Borneol found in Essential Oil (239000 ppm)
Herbicide
Borneol found in Essential Oil (239000 ppm)
Hypotensive
Coleonol found in Leaf
Forskolin found in Tuber (4630 ppm)
Inhalant
Borneol found in Essential Oil (239000 ppm)
Inotropic
Forskolin found in Tuber (4630 ppm)
Insect-Repellent
Borneol found in Essential Oil (239000 ppm)
Insectifuge
Borneol found in Essential Oil (239000 ppm)
Irritant
Borneol found in Essential Oil (239000 ppm)
Lipolytic
Forskolin found in Tuber (4630 ppm)
Mast-Cell-Stabilizer
Forskolin found in Tuber (4630 ppm)
Myorelaxant
Borneol found in Essential Oil (239000 ppm)
Forskolin found in Tuber (4630 ppm)
Nematicide
Borneol found in Essential Oil (239000 ppm)
Osteoclastic
Forskolin found in Tuber (4630 ppm)
Pancreatonic
Forskolin found in Tuber (4630 ppm)
Perfumery
Beta-bisabolene found in Root Essent. Oil (13000 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil (239000 ppm)
Pesticide
Aromadendrene found in Essential Oil (236000 ppm)
Borneol found in Essential Oil (239000 ppm)
Dehydroabietane found in Root Essent. Oil
Prolactinogenic
Forskolin found in Tuber (4630 ppm)
Secretogogue
Forskolin found in Tuber (4630 ppm)
Sedative
Borneol found in Essential Oil (239000 ppm)
Sialogogue
Forskolin found in Tuber (4630 ppm)
Stomachic
Beta-bisabolene found in Root Essent. Oil (13000 ppm)
Thyrotropic
Forskolin found in Tuber (4630 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Borneol found in Essential Oil (239000 ppm)
Vasodilator
Forskolin found in Tuber (4630 ppm)
cAMP-genic
Forskolin found in Tuber (4630 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(+)-ferruginol Leaf
Leaf
1,9-dideoxy-7-deacetyl-forskohlin Plant
1,9-dideoxyforskohlin Plant
20-deoxocarnosol Stem 600
3beta-hydroxy-3-deoxybarbatusin Leaf 140
6beta,7beta,9alpha-trihydroxy-8,13-epoxy-labd-14-en-11-one Plant
6beta-hydroxy-8,13-epoxy-labd-14-en-11-one Plant
6beta-hydroxy-carnosol Leaf
7beta-acetoxy-6beta,9alpha-dihydroxy-8,13-epoxy-labd-14-en-11-one Plant
8,13-epoxy-labd-14-en-11-one Plant
9-deoxyforskohlin Plant
Alpha-copaene Essential Oil 7,000 100,000
Alpha-fenchyl-acetate Essential Oil 7,000 100,000
Aromadendrene Essential Oil 82,000 236,000
Barbatusin Leaf 3,000
Plant
Barbatusol Leaf
Stem 1,500
Beta-bisabolene Root Essent. Oil 13,000
Borneol Essential Oil 30,000 239,000
Borneol-acetate Root Essent. Oil 200,000
Calamenene-hydrate Essential Oil 8,000 75,000
Cariocal Stem 800
Cis-alpha-bergamotene Root Essent. Oil 50,000
Coleol Plant
Coleonol Leaf
Coleonols Tuber 2,000 3,000
Coleons Plant
Coleosol Plant
Cyclobutatusin Leaf
Deacetyl-forskohlin Plant
Dehydroabietane Root Essent. Oil
Forskolin Tuber 3,000 4,630
Gamma-2-cadinene Essential Oil 19,000 43,000
Hydroxycalamenene Essential Oil 8,000 75,000
T-cadinol Essential Oil 5,000 41,000
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]