Plantago ovata Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
blond plantain blond psyllium blonde ispaghula Indian plantago Indian plantain ispaghul ispaghula psyllium spogel seeds

Plantago ovata is a medicinal plant native to Western Asia and Southern Asia. According to Calflora plantago ovate is native to California. It is a common source of psyllium seed husks, a material used as dietary fiber. The plant can be found growing wild in the southwestern United States, where it is an introduced species.

Plantago ovata

Medical use

Economic importance of Plantago ovata

Food additives stabilizer thickening agent
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Plantago ovata Plantago ovata Plantago ovata Plantago ovata Plantago ovata Plantago ovata Plantago ovata Plantago ovata Plantago ovata Plantago ovata Plantago ovata Plantago ovata Plantago ovata

Geografical distribution

  • AFRICA
    Native
    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Arabian Peninsula: Kuwait; Oman; Saudi Arabia; Yemen
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Egypt - Sinai; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Syria
    • Caucasus: Azerbaijan
    • Middle Asia: Turkmenistan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: Pakistan
  • EUROPE
    Native
    • Southwestern Europe: Spain
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Naturalized
    • North America

Biological activities

5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (534000 ppm);found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (24375 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil (254000 ppm);found in Seed (19470 ppm);found in Seed Coat
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (5500 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (3450 ppm)
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Seed
Aggregant
Sucrose found in Seed
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Allergenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil (254000 ppm);found in Seed (19470 ppm);found in Seed Coat
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil (254000 ppm);found in Seed (19470 ppm);found in Seed Coat
Analgesic
Alpha-amyrin found in Seed
Beta-amyrin found in Seed
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil (254000 ppm);found in Seed (19470 ppm);found in Seed Coat
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
AntiHIV
Luteolin found in Leaf
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (534000 ppm);found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (24375 ppm)
Antiacid
Glycine found in Seed
Antiacne
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (534000 ppm);found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (24375 ppm)
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antialcoholic
Fructose found in Seed
Antialdosteronic
Glycine found in Seed
Antiallergic
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (534000 ppm);found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (24375 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil (254000 ppm);found in Seed (19470 ppm);found in Seed Coat
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (5500 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (534000 ppm);found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (24375 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (534000 ppm);found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (24375 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil (254000 ppm);found in Seed (19470 ppm);found in Seed Coat
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (5500 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (534000 ppm);found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (24375 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (534000 ppm);found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (24375 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antibacterial
Aucubin found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Luteolin found in Leaf
Anticarcinogenic
Luteolin found in Leaf
Anticarcinomic
Luteolin found in Leaf
Anticataract
Luteolin found in Leaf
Anticomplementary
Luteolin found in Leaf
Anticoronary
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (534000 ppm);found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (24375 ppm)
Antidermatic
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antidiabetic
Fructose found in Seed
Xylose found in Seed (800000 ppm)
Antieczemic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (534000 ppm);found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (24375 ppm)
Antiedemic
Alpha-amyrin found in Seed
Aucubin found in Seed
Beta-amyrin found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Glucose found in Seed
Antiencephalopathic
Glycine found in Seed
Tyrosine found in Seed
Valine found in Plant
Antiepileptic
Glutamic-acid found in Seed
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (534000 ppm);found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (24375 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (5500 ppm)
Antigastritic
Glycine found in Seed
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (534000 ppm);found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (24375 ppm)
Antihangover
Fructose found in Seed
Antihepatotoxic
Glucose found in Seed
Lignoceric-acid found in Seed (400 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed
Antiherpetic
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antihiccup
Sucrose found in Seed
Antihistaminic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (534000 ppm);found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (24375 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antihyperammonemic
Glutamic-acid found in Seed
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-amyrin found in Seed
Aucubin found in Seed
Beta-amyrin found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (534000 ppm);found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (24375 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf
N-hentriacontane found in Seed Coat
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil (254000 ppm);found in Seed (19470 ppm);found in Seed Coat
Stigmasterol found in Seed
Antiketotic
Fructose found in Seed
Glucose found in Seed
Antileukemic
Aucubin found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (534000 ppm);found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (24375 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil (254000 ppm);found in Seed (19470 ppm);found in Seed Coat
Antilithic
Glutamic-acid found in Seed
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antimelanomic
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antimenorrhagic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (534000 ppm);found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (24375 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Luteolin found in Leaf
N-nonacosane found in Seed Coat
Antinauseant
Fructose found in Seed
Antinociceptive
Alpha-amyrin found in Seed
Beta-amyrin found in Seed
Luteolin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Seed
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Seed
Antiophthalmic
Sucrose found in Seed
Antioxidant
Aucubin found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Campesterol found in Seed
Luteolin found in Leaf
Myristic-acid found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (1300 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (5500 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed
Sucrose found in Seed
Antiparkinsonian
Tyrosine found in Seed
Antiphenylketonuric
Tyrosine found in Seed
Antipolio
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antiprolactin
Aucubin found in Seed
Antiproliferant
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Glutamic-acid found in Seed
Glycine found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (534000 ppm);found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (24375 ppm)
Antiprostatotic
Phytosterols found in Seed
Antipruritic
Glycine found in Seed
Antipyretic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Antiretardation
Glutamic-acid found in Seed
Antisickling
Glycine found in Seed
Antispasmodic
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antistaphylococcic
Aucubin found in Seed
Antitumor
Alpha-amyrin found in Seed
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antitussive
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antiulcer
Alpha-amyrin found in Seed
Beta-amyrin found in Seed
Glycine found in Seed
Tyrosine found in Seed
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Seed
Antiviral
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Luteolin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Seed
Anxiolytic
Glutamic-acid found in Seed
Aphidifuge
Luteolin found in Leaf
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Luteolin found in Leaf
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Stigmasterol found in Seed
Atherogenic
Sucrose found in Seed
Bacteristat
N-hexacosane found in Seed Coat
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Calcium-Antagonist
Luteolin found in Leaf
Cancer-Preventive
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Glycine found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (534000 ppm);found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (24375 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf
Mucilage found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (300000 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (1300 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil (254000 ppm);found in Seed (19470 ppm);found in Seed Coat
Stigmasterol found in Seed
Tyrosine found in Seed
Candidicide
Aucubin found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Carcinogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (534000 ppm);found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (24375 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Cathartic
Aucubin found in Seed
Chemopreventive
Luteolin found in Leaf
Choleretic
Luteolin found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil (254000 ppm);found in Seed (19470 ppm);found in Seed Coat
Collagenic
Aucubin found in Seed
Collyrium
Sucrose found in Seed
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (534000 ppm);found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (24375 ppm)
Cosmetic
Behenic-acid found in Seed (1300 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (1300 ppm)
N-hentriacontane found in Seed Coat
Stearic-acid found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (3450 ppm)
Cytotoxic
Alpha-amyrin found in Seed
Luteolin found in Leaf
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Demulcent
Mucilage found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (300000 ppm)
Sucrose found in Seed
Dermatitigenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil (254000 ppm);found in Seed (19470 ppm);found in Seed Coat
Diagnostic
Xylose found in Seed (800000 ppm)
Differentiator
Luteolin found in Leaf
Diuretic
Aucubin found in Seed
Luteolin found in Leaf
N-hentriacontane found in Seed Coat
Dye
Xylose found in Seed (800000 ppm)
Essential
Valine found in Plant
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Luteolin found in Leaf
Stigmasterol found in Seed
FLavor
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil (254000 ppm);found in Seed (19470 ppm);found in Seed Coat
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (5500 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (3450 ppm)
Valine found in Plant
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Flatugenic
Sucrose found in Seed
Gastroprotective
Alpha-amyrin found in Seed
Beta-amyrin found in Seed
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Hemolytic
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (5500 ppm)
Hepatoprotective
Alpha-amyrin found in Seed
Aucubin found in Seed
Beta-amyrin found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (534000 ppm);found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (24375 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Hypercholesterolemic
Myristic-acid found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (1300 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (5500 ppm)
Sucrose found in Seed
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Seed
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Campesterol found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (534000 ppm);found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (24375 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf
Mucilage found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (300000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil (254000 ppm);found in Seed (19470 ppm);found in Seed Coat
Phytosterols found in Seed
Stearic-acid found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (3450 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Seed
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
IKK-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Immunomodulator
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (534000 ppm);found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (24375 ppm)
Insectifuge
Alpha-amyrin found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (534000 ppm);found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (24375 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil (254000 ppm);found in Seed (19470 ppm);found in Seed Coat
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Irritant
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil (254000 ppm);found in Seed (19470 ppm);found in Seed Coat
Lactagogue
Aucubin found in Seed
Larvicide
Beta-amyrin found in Seed
Laxative
Aucubin found in Seed
Fructose found in Seed
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Lubricant
Myristic-acid found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (1300 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (5500 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (3450 ppm)
MAPK-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Seed
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (534000 ppm);found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (24375 ppm)
Monoamine-Precursor
Tyrosine found in Seed
Mosquitocide
Beta-amyrin found in Seed
Myorelaxant
Luteolin found in Leaf
NEP-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
NO-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (534000 ppm);found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (24375 ppm)
Myristic-acid found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (1300 ppm)
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (5500 ppm)
Neoplastic
Fructose found in Seed
Neuroinhibitor
Glycine found in Seed
Neurotoxic
Glutamic-acid found in Seed
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Seed
PTK-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Paralytic
Aucubin found in Seed
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil (254000 ppm);found in Seed (19470 ppm);found in Seed Coat
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil (254000 ppm);found in Seed (19470 ppm);found in Seed Coat
Stearic-acid found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (3450 ppm)
Pesticide
Aucubin found in Seed
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Luteolin found in Leaf
N-hexacosane found in Seed Coat
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (5500 ppm)
Preservative
Sucrose found in Seed
Proliferant
Luteolin found in Leaf
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed Oil (534000 ppm);found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (24375 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed Oil (254000 ppm);found in Seed (19470 ppm);found in Seed Coat
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (5500 ppm)
Stearic-acid found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (3450 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthetase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
RNA-Inhibitor
Aucubin found in Seed
Sedative
Stigmasterol found in Seed
Soap
Palmitic-acid found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (5500 ppm)
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Succinoxidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Suppository
Stearic-acid found in Seed Coat ;found in Seed (3450 ppm)
Sweetener
Fructose found in Seed
Galactose found in Seed
Sucrose found in Seed
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Triglycerigenic
Sucrose found in Seed
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Seed
Uricogenic
Sucrose found in Seed
Uricosuric
Aucubin found in Seed
Glycine found in Seed
VEGF-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Vasodilator
Luteolin found in Leaf
Vulnerary
Sucrose found in Seed
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
iNOS-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(+)-boschniakine Seed
(+)-boschniakinic-acid Seed
(-)-l-asparagine Seed
4-o-methyl-glucuronic-acid Plant
9-oxo-octadec-cis-12-enoic-acid Seed Oil
Aldobiuronic-acid Seed
Alpha-amyrin Seed
Ante-iso-octadecane Seed Coat
Ante-isohexadecane Seed Coat
Arabinoxylans Seed 170,000 255,000
Aucubin Seed
Aucubin-glucoside Seed
Behenic-acid Seed 1,300
Beta-amyrin Seed
Beta-sitosterol Seed
Campesterol Seed
D-galacturonic-acid Seed
D-xylose Seed
Dl-alanine Seed
Dl-norleucine Seed
Dl-valine Seed
Fat Seed 50,000 51,000
Fixed-oil Endosperm 88,000
Fructose Seed
Galactose Seed
Glucose Seed
Glutamic-acid Seed
Glycine Seed
Indicaine Seed
Indicainine Seed
Indicamine Plant
Isodotriacontane Seed Coat
Isohentriacontane Seed Coat
Isoheptadecane Seed Coat
Isohexadecane Seed Coat
Isononacosane Seed Coat
Isooctadecane Seed Coat
Isopentacosane Seed Coat
Isoricinoleic-acid Seed Oil
Isotritriacontane Seed Coat
L-arabinose Seed 140,000
L-asparagine Seed
L-cystine Seed
L-lysine Seed
L-rhamnose Seed
Lignoceric-acid Seed 400
Linoleic-acid Seed Oil 534,000
Seed Coat
Seed 13,000 24,375
Linolenic-acid Seed Coat
Seed 511 1,500
Luteolin Leaf
Mucilage Seed Coat
Seed 100,000 300,000
Myristic-acid Seed Coat
Seed 1,300
N-docosane Seed Coat
N-dotriacontane Seed Coat
N-eicosane Seed Coat
N-heneicosane Seed Coat
N-hentriacontane Seed Coat
N-heptacosane Seed Coat
N-heptadecane Seed Coat
N-hexacosane Seed Coat
N-hexadecane Seed Coat
N-nonacosane Seed Coat
N-nonadecane Seed Coat
N-octadecane Seed Coat
N-pentacosane Seed Coat
N-tetracosane Seed Coat
N-triacontane Seed Coat
N-tricosane Seed Coat
N-tritriacontane Seed Coat
Oleic-acid Seed Oil 254,000
Seed 8,000 19,470
Seed Coat
Palmitic-acid Seed Coat
Seed 1,300 5,500
Phytosterols Seed
Planteose Seed
Platagonine Seed
Rhamnose Seed 70,000
Stearic-acid Seed Coat
Seed 1,300 3,450
Sterol Plant
Stigmasterol Seed
Sucrose Seed
Tannins Plant
Tyrosine Seed
Uronic-acid Seed
Valine Plant
Xylose Seed 460,000 800,000
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]