Plantago major Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
broadleaf plantain common plantain greater plantain large plantain plantain

Plantago major is a species of Plantago, family Plantaginaceae. The plant is native to most of Europe and northern and central Asia, but has widely naturalised elsewhere in the world. Plantago major is one of the most abundant and widely distributed medicinal crops in the world. A poultice of the leaves can be applied to wounds, stings, and sores in order to facilitate healing and prevent infection. The active chemical constituents are aucubin, allantoin, and mucilage. Plantain has astringent properties, and a tea made from the leaves can be ingested to treat diarrhea and soothe raw internal membranes. Broadleaf plantain is also a highly nutritious wild edible, that is high in calcium and vitamins A, C, and K. The young, tender leaves can be eaten raw, and the older, stringier leaves can be boiled in stews and eaten.

Plantago major

Medical use

Economic importance of Plantago major

Medicines folklore
Weed potential sed contaminant

Gallery

Plantago major Plantago major Plantago major Plantago major Plantago major Plantago major Plantago major Plantago major Plantago major Plantago major Plantago major Plantago major Plantago major Plantago major Plantago major

Biological activities

11B-HSD-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
12-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Baicalein found in Leaf
5-Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (74000 ppm)
5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Baicalein found in Leaf
ACE-Inhibitor
Syringin found in Plant
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
AP-1-Inhibitor
Selenium found in Seed (1 ppm)
Abortifacient
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Fumaric-acid found in Leaf
Adaptogenic
Syringin found in Plant
Additive
Succinic-acid found in Plant
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Acetoside found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Baicalein found in Leaf
Baicalin found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf
Nepetin found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (1 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Algistat
Geniposidic-acid found in Plant
Allelochemic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Allelopathic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Syringic-acid found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Allergenic
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Beta-carotene found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Niacin found in Seed (65 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (74000 ppm)
Alpha-Amylase-Inhibitor
Citric-acid found in Plant
Alpha-Reductase-Inhibitor
Oleic-acid found in Seed (74000 ppm)
Analgesic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gentisic-acid found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (1 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (1 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Anemiagenic
Oleic-acid found in Seed (74000 ppm)
Anesthetic
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Fiber found in Seed (190000 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (8000 ppm)
Anorexic
Selenium found in Seed (1 ppm)
Anthelmintic
Tannin found in Plant (57000 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
AntiADD
Apigenin found in Leaf
AntiAGE
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Chromium found in Seed (1.2 ppm)
AntiBPH
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
AntiCFS
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Chromium found in Seed (1.2 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
AntiCTS
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
AntiEBV
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
AntiHIV
Apigenin found in Leaf
Baicalein found in Leaf
Baicalin found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Selenium found in Seed (1 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (57000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
AntiLegionella
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
AntiLyme
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (65 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed
AntiMS
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
AntiNF-kB
Selenium found in Seed (1 ppm)
AntiPGE2
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
AntiPMS
Beta-carotene found in Seed
Calcium found in Seed (23400 ppm);found in Shoot (1340 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (1.6 ppm)
AntiTGF-beta
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antiacne
Baicalein found in Leaf
Beta-carotene found in Seed
Chromium found in Seed (1.2 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Antiacrodermatitic
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Antiacrodynic
Niacin found in Seed (65 ppm)
Antiadenoviral
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiaflatoxin
Apigenin found in Leaf
Antiaggregant
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Baicalein found in Leaf
Baicalin found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Hispidulin found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antiaging
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chromium found in Seed (1.2 ppm)
Antiakathisic
Iron found in Seed (18 ppm)
Antialcoholic
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (1.6 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Antiallergic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Baicalein found in Leaf
Baicalin found in Plant
Calcium found in Seed (23400 ppm);found in Shoot (1340 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf
Niacin found in Seed (65 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Antialopecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (74000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Antialzheimeran
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Choline found in Seed
Niacin found in Seed (65 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Antiamblyopic
Niacin found in Seed (65 ppm)
Antianaphylactic
Baicalin found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Antiandrogenic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (74000 ppm)
Antianemic
Adenine found in Plant
Iron found in Seed (18 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (1.6 ppm)
Antianginal
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (65 ppm)
Antiangiogenic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Seed (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Antianorectic
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Antianorexic
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Antianxiety
Calcium found in Seed (23400 ppm);found in Shoot (1340 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Antiaphthic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Antiarabiflavinotic
Riboflavin found in Seed
Antiarrhythmic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Calcium found in Seed (23400 ppm);found in Shoot (1340 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Potassium found in Seed (8000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antiarteriosclerotic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Silicon found in Seed (8.2 ppm)
Antiarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Baicalein found in Leaf
Baicalin found in Plant
Beta-carotene found in Seed
Calcium found in Seed (23400 ppm);found in Shoot (1340 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (1.6 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (1 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (1 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Antiasthmatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Baicalein found in Leaf
Baicalin found in Plant
Beta-carotene found in Seed
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antiatherogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antiatherosclerotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Baicalein found in Leaf
Calcium found in Seed (23400 ppm);found in Shoot (1340 ppm)
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Chromium found in Seed (1.2 ppm)
Citric-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Selenium found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antibacterial
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Aucubin found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Plant (3700 ppm);found in Seed
Baicalein found in Leaf
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gentisic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (1 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (57000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Anticalculic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Anticancer
Beta-carotene found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (57000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Anticanker
Iron found in Seed (18 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Anticarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf
Anticarcinomic
Beta-carotene found in Seed
Luteolin found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Anticariogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant (57000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Anticarpal-Tunnel
Riboflavin found in Seed
Anticataract
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Luteolin found in Leaf
Nepetin found in Leaf
Niacin found in Seed (65 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed
Selenium found in Seed (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Anticephalagic
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed
Anticervicaldysplasic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Seed
Riboflavin found in Seed
Anticheilitic
Iron found in Seed (18 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed
Antichilblain
Niacin found in Seed (65 ppm)
Anticholestatic
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Anticholinergic
Baicalin found in Plant
Antichoreic
Choline found in Seed
Anticirrhotic
Choline found in Seed
Selenium found in Seed (1 ppm)
Anticlastogen
Asperuloside found in Flower (2 ppm)
Geniposidic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Anticlimacteric
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Calcium found in Seed (23400 ppm);found in Shoot (1340 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (1 ppm)
Anticoagulant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Anticoeliac
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Anticold
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Anticolitic
Baicalein found in Leaf
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Anticomplement
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Anticomplementary
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Syringin found in Plant
Anticonvulsant
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (65 ppm)
Anticorneotic
Chromium found in Seed (1.2 ppm)
Anticoronary
Beta-carotene found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Anticystinuric
Choline found in Seed
Antidandruff
Allantoin found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (1 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Antidecubitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Riboflavin found in Seed
Antidementia
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Choline found in Seed
Niacin found in Seed (65 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Antidepressant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Calcium found in Seed (23400 ppm);found in Shoot (1340 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (8000 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antidermatic
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antidermatitic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Baicalein found in Leaf
Fumaric-acid found in Leaf
Niacin found in Seed (65 ppm)
Antidermatotic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (1 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Choline found in Seed
Chromium found in Seed (1.2 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (190000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (1.6 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (65 ppm)
Sorbitol found in Plant (15000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Antidiarrheic
Tannin found in Plant (57000 ppm)
Antidiscotic
Manganese found in Seed (1.6 ppm)
Antidysenteric
Tannin found in Plant (57000 ppm)
Antidysgeuzic
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Antidyskinetic
Choline found in Seed
Manganese found in Seed (1.6 ppm)
Antidysmenorrheic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Antidysphagic
Niacin found in Seed (65 ppm)
Antieczemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Antiedemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Aucubin found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Plant (3700 ppm);found in Seed
Baicalein found in Leaf
Baicalin found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antielastase
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiencephalitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Antiencephalopathic
Tyrosine found in Plant
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Antiendometriotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Antienterotic
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Antiepileptic
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (1.6 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (65 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Antiescherichic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antiestrogenic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antifatigue
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Chromium found in Seed (1.2 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (8000 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antifeedant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Gentisic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf
Succinic-acid found in Plant
Antifertility
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Antifibrinolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Antifibromyalgic
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Antifibrosarcomic
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antifibrotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Selenium found in Seed (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Antiflu
Baicalein found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antifuruncular
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Antigallstone
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Antigastritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Antigastrotic
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Antigenotoxic
Baicalein found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antigingivitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiglaucomic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Antiglossitic
Riboflavin found in Seed
Antiglycosuric
Chromium found in Seed (1.2 ppm)
Antigonadotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antigout
Selenium found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antigranular
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Antigranulocytopenic
Adenine found in Plant
Antihangover
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Niacin found in Seed (65 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Antihemolytic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antihemorrhagic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Antihepatitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Antihepatoadenomic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antihepatocarcinogenic
Fumaric-acid found in Leaf
Antihepatomic
Baicalein found in Leaf
Baicalin found in Plant
Antihepatotic
Baicalin found in Plant
Antihepatotoxic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Hispidulin found in Leaf
Lignoceric-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (57000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antiherpetic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antihistaminic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Baicalein found in Leaf
Baicalin found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf
Niacin found in Seed (65 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antihomocysteine
Choline found in Seed
Antihyperactivity
Niacin found in Seed (65 ppm)
Antihypercholesterolemic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antihyperkeratotic
Beta-carotene found in Seed
Antihyperkinetic
Calcium found in Seed (23400 ppm);found in Shoot (1340 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Antihyperlipidemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antihypertensive
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Calcium found in Seed (23400 ppm);found in Shoot (1340 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (190000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (8000 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (57000 ppm)
Antihyperthyroid
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antihypoglycemic
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Antiichthyosic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (1 ppm)
Antiichythyotic
Beta-carotene found in Seed
Antiimpotence
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Antiinfective
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Antiinfertility
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Allantoin found in Plant
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Asperuloside found in Flower (2 ppm)
Aucubin found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Plant (3700 ppm);found in Seed
Baicalein found in Leaf
Baicalin found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gentisic-acid found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Neo-chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Seed (74000 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (1 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antiinsomniac
Calcium found in Seed (23400 ppm);found in Shoot (1340 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Antiinsomnic
Niacin found in Seed (65 ppm)
Antiischemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Antikeratitic
Riboflavin found in Seed
Antikeshan
Selenium found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antiketotic
Sorbitol found in Plant (15000 ppm)
Antilaryngitic
Baicalin found in Plant
Antileishmanic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antilepric
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Antileukemic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Aucubin found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Plant (3700 ppm);found in Seed
Baicalein found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Selenium found in Seed (1 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antileukonychic
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Antileukoplakic
Beta-carotene found in Seed
Antileukotriene-D4
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (74000 ppm)
Antileukotriene
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Selenium found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antilipolytic
Tannin found in Plant (57000 ppm)
Antilipoperoxidant
Beta-carotene found in Seed
Antilithic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Antilupus
Beta-carotene found in Seed
Antilymphomic
Luteolin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Antimaculitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Seed
Selenium found in Seed (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Antimalarial
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antimanic
Choline found in Seed
Antimastalgic
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Antimastitic
Beta-carotene found in Seed
Antimeasles
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Antimelanogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antimelanomic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antimenopausal
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Calcium found in Seed (23400 ppm);found in Shoot (1340 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antimenorrhagic
Iron found in Seed (18 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Antimetastatic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Seed (1 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Antimigraine
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed
Antimitotic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Antimitral-valve-prolapse
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Antimutagenic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Asperuloside found in Flower (2 ppm)
Baicalein found in Leaf
Beta-carotene found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Geniposidic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (57000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antimyalgic
Selenium found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antineoplastic
Asperuloside found in Flower (2 ppm)
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Antinephritic
Baicalin found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant (57000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antinephrolytic
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Antineuralgic
Niacin found in Seed (65 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (1 ppm)
Antineuramidase
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Antineuropathic
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Antineurotic
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Antinitrosaminic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Antinitrosic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Antinociceptive
Choline found in Seed
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antinyctalopic
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Antiobesity
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Calcium found in Seed (23400 ppm);found in Shoot (1340 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (1.2 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (190000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Antioncychomycotic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (1 ppm)
Antionychyotic
Silicon found in Seed (8.2 ppm)
Antiophidic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (57000 ppm)
Antiorchitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Antiosteoarthritic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Selenium found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antiosteoporotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Calcium found in Seed (23400 ppm);found in Shoot (1340 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (1.6 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Seed (600 ppm)
Silicon found in Seed (8.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Antiotitic
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Antiototic
Manganese found in Seed (1.6 ppm)
Antioxidant
Allantoin found in Plant
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Aucubin found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Plant (3700 ppm);found in Seed
Baicalin found in Plant
Beta-carotene found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Fumaric-acid found in Leaf
Geniposidic-acid found in Plant
Gentisic-acid found in Plant
Hispidulin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Manganese found in Seed (1.6 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Plant
Riboflavin found in Seed
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (1 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (1 ppm)
Syringic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (57000 ppm)
Tyrosol found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antiozenic
Beta-carotene found in Seed
Antipapillomic
Beta-carotene found in Seed
Antiparkinsonian
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Niacin found in Seed (65 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (1 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Plant
Antiparotitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Antipellagric
Niacin found in Seed (65 ppm)
Riboflavin found in Seed
Antipelvitic
Baicalin found in Plant
Antipeptic
Allantoin found in Plant
Antiperiodic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (1 ppm)
Antiperiodontic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiperiodontitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Calcium found in Seed (23400 ppm);found in Shoot (1340 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Antiperistaltic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Antiperoxidant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Hispidulin found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Syringic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antipharyngitic
Baicalin found in Plant
Antiphenylketonuric
Tyrosine found in Plant
Antiphotophobic
Beta-carotene found in Seed
Riboflavin found in Seed
Antipityriasic
Beta-carotene found in Seed
Antiplaque
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Antiplasmodial
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antipneumonic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Antipodagric
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (1 ppm)
Antipodriac
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Antipolio
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antipoliomyelitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Antiporphyric
Beta-carotene found in Seed
Antiprolactin
Aucubin found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Plant (3700 ppm);found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Antiproliferant
Apigenin found in Leaf
Beta-carotene found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antiproliferative
Baicalein found in Leaf
Baicalin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antiprostaglandin
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antiprostatitic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Antipsoriac
Allantoin found in Plant
Beta-carotene found in Seed
Fumaric-acid found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (1 ppm)
Antipyretic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Baicalein found in Leaf
Baicalin found in Plant
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (1 ppm)
Syringin found in Plant
Antiradicular
Allantoin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Hispidulin found in Leaf
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Plant
Selenium found in Seed (1 ppm)
Syringic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (57000 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antirenitic
Tannin found in Plant (57000 ppm)
Antiretinopathic
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Antiretinotic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Antiretroviral
Baicalein found in Leaf
Antirheumatic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Seed
Calcium found in Seed (23400 ppm);found in Shoot (1340 ppm)
Gentisic-acid found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (1 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Antirhinitic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Antisalmonella
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Antisarcomic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Antiscorbutic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Antiscotomic
Niacin found in Seed (65 ppm)
Antiseborrheic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (1 ppm)
Antisecretory
D-glucose found in Plant
Antiseptic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (1 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Antiserotonin
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Antishingles
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Antisickling
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antispare-Tire
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Baicalin found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (65 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Potassium found in Seed (8000 ppm)
Antispasmophilic
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Aucubin found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Plant (3700 ppm);found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antisteatotic
Choline found in Seed
Antistomatitic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Antistress
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Seed
Calcium found in Seed (23400 ppm);found in Shoot (1340 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Syringin found in Plant
Antistroke
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (8000 ppm)
Antisunburn
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antisyndrome-X
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Chromium found in Seed (1.2 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (1.6 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Antithiamin
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antithrombic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Antithrombotic
Baicalein found in Leaf
Baicalin found in Plant
Antithromboxane
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antithyroid
Apigenin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Antitic
Calcium found in Seed (23400 ppm);found in Shoot (1340 ppm)
Antitinnitic
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Antitonsilitic
Baicalin found in Plant
Antitriglyceride
Chromium found in Seed (1.2 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Antitrypanosomic
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antitubercular
Citric-acid found in Plant
Antitumor-Promoter
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Geniposidic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (57000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antitumor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Baicalin found in Plant
Beta-carotene found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Fiber found in Seed (190000 ppm)
Fumaric-acid found in Leaf
Hispidulin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Nepetin found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (1 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (1 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (57000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Antitussive
Luteolin found in Leaf
Antitympanitic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (1 ppm)
Antiulcer
Allantoin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Fiber found in Seed (190000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant (57000 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Antiulcerogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Selenium found in Seed (1 ppm)
Antivaccinia
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Antivertigo
Niacin found in Seed (65 ppm)
Antiviral
Adenine found in Plant
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Baicalein found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Gentisic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant (57000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Antixerophthalmic
Beta-carotene found in Seed
Antiyeast
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Anxiolytic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Calcium found in Seed (23400 ppm);found in Shoot (1340 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Phosphorus found in Seed (600 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (8000 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (1 ppm)
Aphidifuge
Luteolin found in Leaf
Apoptotic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Baicalein found in Leaf
Baicalin found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Seed (1 ppm)
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Arteriodilator
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Ascaricide
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Asthma-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Astringent
Baicalein found in Leaf
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Autotoxic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Bacteristat
Geniposidic-acid found in Plant
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Seed (190000 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Potassium found in Seed (8000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Luteolin found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Bruchiphobe
Succinic-acid found in Plant
CNS-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
CNS-Depressant
Apigenin found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
CNS-Stimulant
Adenine found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
COX-1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Baicalein found in Leaf
Beta-carotene found in Seed
COX-2-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Baicalein found in Leaf
Beta-carotene found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (1 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Calcium-Antagonist
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Calcium-Channel-Blocker
Calcium found in Seed (23400 ppm);found in Shoot (1340 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Fiber found in Seed (190000 ppm)
Hispidulin found in Leaf
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf
Mucilage found in Plant ;found in Seed (250000 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (65 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Seed (74000 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Plant
Riboflavin found in Seed
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (1 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (1 ppm)
Succinic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (57000 ppm)
Tyrosine found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Candidicide
Aucubin found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Plant (3700 ppm);found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (57000 ppm)
Cardiac
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Cardiodepressant
Choline found in Seed
Cardiomyopathogenic
Cobalt found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Cardioprotective
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Chromium found in Seed (1.2 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (190000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (65 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Potassium found in Seed (8000 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (1 ppm)
Silicon found in Seed (8.2 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Cardiotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Cardiotoxic
Potassium found in Seed (8000 ppm)
Cataractagenic
Sorbitol found in Plant (15000 ppm)
Cathartic
Asperuloside found in Flower (2 ppm)
Aucubin found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Plant (3700 ppm);found in Seed
Catalpol found in Leaf
Geniposidic-acid found in Plant
Sorbitol found in Plant (15000 ppm)
Cerebrotonic
Choline found in Seed
Chelator
Tannin found in Plant (57000 ppm)
Chemopreventive
Baicalin found in Plant
Beta-carotene found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Cholagogue
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Choleretic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Baicalein found in Leaf
Baicalin found in Plant
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Seed (74000 ppm)
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Cholinergic
Choline found in Seed
Circulotonic
Niacin found in Seed (65 ppm)
Clastogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Co-carcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cold-preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Collagen-Sparing
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Collagenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Aucubin found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Plant (3700 ppm);found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Colorant
Beta-carotene found in Seed
Comedolytic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (1 ppm)
Copper-Antagonist
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Baicalein found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (1 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (57000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Cytochrome-P450-1A1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Cytoprotective
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Cytotoxic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
DNA-Active
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
DNA-Protective
Apigenin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Demulcent
Mucilage found in Plant ;found in Seed (250000 ppm)
Deodorant
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Depressant
Selenium found in Seed (1 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (74000 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (1 ppm)
Detoxicant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Differentiator
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Disinfectant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Diuretic
Adenine found in Plant
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Aucubin found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Plant (3700 ppm);found in Seed
Baicalein found in Leaf
Baicalin found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Calcium found in Seed (23400 ppm);found in Shoot (1340 ppm)
Catalpol found in Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Fiber found in Seed (190000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Potassium found in Seed (8000 ppm)
Sorbitol found in Plant (15000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Dye
Succinic-acid found in Plant
Elastase-Inhibitor
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Energizer
Chromium found in Seed (1.2 ppm)
Ergogenic
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Erythrocytogenic
Cobalt found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Estrogenic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Expectorant
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf
FLavor
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Fumaric-acid found in Leaf
Oleic-acid found in Seed (74000 ppm)
Sorbitol found in Plant (15000 ppm)
Fibrinolytic
Niacin found in Seed (65 ppm)
Fistula-Preventive
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Fungicide
Baicalein found in Leaf
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (1 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (1 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Fungistat
Geniposidic-acid found in Plant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Plant
Gastroprotective
Beta-carotene found in Seed
Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor
Tannin found in Plant (57000 ppm)
HIF-1alpha-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
HIV-RT-Inhibitor
Baicalein found in Leaf
Hemostat
Citric-acid found in Plant
Hepatocarcinogenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Hepatoprotective
Aucubin found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Plant (3700 ppm);found in Seed
Baicalin found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Choline found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf
Niacin found in Seed (65 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant (57000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Hepatotoxic
Niacin found in Seed (65 ppm)
Hepatotropic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Herbicide
Asperuloside found in Flower (2 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Histamine-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Humectant
Sorbitol found in Plant (15000 ppm)
Hyaluronidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Hydrocholerectic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Hypertensive
Sodium found in Seed (600 ppm)
Hyperuricemic
Adenine found in Plant
Hypocholesterolemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Baicalein found in Leaf
Baicalin found in Plant
Calcium found in Seed (23400 ppm);found in Shoot (1340 ppm)
Chromium found in Seed (1.2 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (190000 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Mucilage found in Plant ;found in Seed (250000 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (65 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (74000 ppm)
Hypoglycemic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Chromium found in Seed (1.2 ppm)
Manganese found in Seed (1.6 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (65 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (1 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Hypolipemic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Hypolipidemic
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Niacin found in Seed (65 ppm)
Hypotensive
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Asperuloside found in Flower (2 ppm)
Baicalin found in Plant
Calcium found in Seed (23400 ppm);found in Shoot (1340 ppm)
Choline found in Seed
Chromium found in Seed (1.2 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (190000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Potassium found in Seed (8000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Seed (190000 ppm)
ICAM-1-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
IKK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Ileorelaxant
Choline found in Seed
Immunomodulator
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Chromium found in Seed (1.2 ppm)
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Selenium found in Seed (1 ppm)
Syringin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Immunostimulant
Allantoin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Beta-carotene found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Phosphorus found in Seed (600 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (1 ppm)
Syringin found in Plant
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Immunosuppressant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (57000 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Inotropic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Insectifuge
Adenine found in Plant
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (74000 ppm)
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (1 ppm)
Insulinogenic
Chromium found in Seed (1.2 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Interferon-Synergist
Beta-carotene found in Seed
Interferonogenic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Interleukin-6-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Irritant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (74000 ppm)
Juvabional
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Keratolytic
Allantoin found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (1 ppm)
Lactagogue
Aucubin found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Plant (3700 ppm);found in Seed
Larvistat
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Laxative
Asperuloside found in Flower (2 ppm)
Aucubin found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Plant (3700 ppm);found in Seed
Calcium found in Seed (23400 ppm);found in Shoot (1340 ppm)
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Fiber found in Seed (190000 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Sorbitol found in Plant (15000 ppm)
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Leptingenic
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Leucocytogenic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Leukotriene-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Lipotropic
Choline found in Seed
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (57000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Lithogenic
Adenine found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Litholytic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Lyase-Inhibitor
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
MAO-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant (57000 ppm)
MAPK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
MMP-9-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Memorigenic
Choline found in Seed
Chromium found in Seed (1.2 ppm)
Metal-Chelator
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Metastatic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Monoamine-Precursor
Tyrosine found in Plant
Mucogenic
Beta-carotene found in Seed
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Mucolytic
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Musculotropic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Mutagenic
Apigenin found in Leaf
Mycobactericide
Citric-acid found in Plant
Myocardiotonic
Adenine found in Plant
Myorelaxant
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
NEP-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
NF-kB-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Selenium found in Seed (1 ppm)
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
NO-Genic
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
NO-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
NO-Synthase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Nematicide
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Neuroprotective
Baicalein found in Leaf
Baicalin found in Plant
Neurotransmitter
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Neurotropic
Syringin found in Plant
Nodulation-Signal
Apigenin found in Leaf
Odontolytic
Citric-acid found in Plant
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Selenium found in Seed (1 ppm)
Tannin found in Plant (57000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Osteogenic
Phosphorus found in Seed (600 ppm)
Oviposition-Stimulant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
P21-Inducer
Apigenin found in Leaf
PKC-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
PTK-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Paralytic
Aucubin found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Plant (3700 ppm);found in Seed
Parasympathomimetic
Choline found in Seed
Percutaneostimulant
Oleic-acid found in Seed (74000 ppm)
Perfumery
Oleic-acid found in Seed (74000 ppm)
Succinic-acid found in Plant
Pesticide
Adenine found in Plant
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Asperuloside found in Flower (2 ppm)
Aucubin found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Plant (3700 ppm);found in Seed
Baicalein found in Leaf
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Geniposidic-acid found in Plant
Gentisic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Plant
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (1 ppm)
Selenium found in Seed (1 ppm)
Succinic-acid found in Plant
Tannin found in Plant (57000 ppm)
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Phagocytotic
Beta-carotene found in Seed
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Phytoalexin
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Plant
Piscicide
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Polyamine-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Seed (1 ppm)
Potassium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Preservative
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Progestational
Apigenin found in Leaf
Proliferant
Luteolin found in Leaf
Prooxidant
Beta-carotene found in Seed
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Iron found in Seed (18 ppm)
Propecic
Linoleic-acid found in Seed (50000 ppm)
Oleic-acid found in Seed (74000 ppm)
Prostaglandigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Plant
Prostaglandin-Sparer
Selenium found in Seed (1 ppm)
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Prostaglandin-Synthetase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Protease-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Protein-Kinase-C-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Seed (1 ppm)
Protisticide
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Protististat
Geniposidic-acid found in Plant
Psychotropic
Tannin found in Plant (57000 ppm)
Purgative
Catalpol found in Leaf
Sorbitol found in Plant (15000 ppm)
Quinone-Reductase-Inducer
Apigenin found in Leaf
Baicalin found in Plant
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
RNA-Inhibitor
Aucubin found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Plant (3700 ppm);found in Seed
Radioprotective
Apigenin found in Leaf
Refrigerant
Citric-acid found in Plant
Secretogogue
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Plant
Sedative
Apigenin found in Leaf
Baicalin found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Niacin found in Seed (65 ppm)
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Serotoninergic
Niacin found in Seed (65 ppm)
Sialidase-Inhibitor
Baicalin found in Plant
Sodium-Sparing
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Spermigenic
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Succinoxidase-Inhibitor
Luteolin found in Leaf
Sunscreen
Allantoin found in Plant
Apigenin found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Suppurative
Allantoin found in Plant
Sweetener
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Sorbitol found in Plant (15000 ppm)
TNF-alpha-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
TOPO-2-Inhibitor
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Testosteronigenic
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Thermogenic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (1 ppm)
Thymoprotective
Beta-carotene found in Seed
Tineacide
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (1 ppm)
Tonic
Syringin found in Plant
Topoisomerase-I-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Baicalein found in Leaf
Tranquilizer
Baicalin found in Plant
Calcium found in Seed (23400 ppm);found in Shoot (1340 ppm)
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Trichomonicide
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Triglycerolytic
Baicalein found in Leaf
Baicalin found in Plant
Trypanocide
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Tumorigenic
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
P-coumaric-acid found in Plant
Ubiquiot
Beta-carotene found in Seed
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid found in Plant
Syringic-acid found in Plant
Vanillic-acid found in Plant
Ulcerogenic
Salicylic-acid found in Plant (1 ppm)
Uricosuric
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Aucubin found in Leaf (10000 ppm);found in Plant (3700 ppm);found in Seed
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Urinary-Acidulant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Uterorelaxant
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Uterosedative
Ferulic-acid found in Plant
Uterotonic
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Uterotrophic
Apigenin found in Leaf
VEGF-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf
Selenium found in Seed (1 ppm)
Vasodilator
Adenine found in Plant
Apigenin found in Leaf
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Baicalin found in Plant
Calcium found in Seed (23400 ppm);found in Shoot (1340 ppm)
Fiber found in Seed (190000 ppm)
Luteolin found in Leaf
Magnesium found in Seed (1060 ppm)
Niacin found in Seed (65 ppm)
Potassium found in Seed (8000 ppm)
Vasopressor
Oleanolic-acid found in Leaf
Ursolic-acid found in Plant
Vermifuge
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant
Vulnerary
Allantoin found in Plant
Ascorbic-acid found in Plant ;found in Seed
Benzoic-acid found in Leaf
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Chlorogenic-acid found in Plant
Neo-chlorogenic-acid found in Leaf
Zinc found in Seed (2.5 ppm)
Xanthine-Oxidase-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Baicalein found in Leaf
Baicalin found in Plant
Caffeic-acid found in Plant
Luteolin found in Leaf
Nepetin found in Leaf
Tannin found in Plant (57000 ppm)
iNOS-Inhibitor
Apigenin found in Leaf
Luteolin found in Leaf

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
3,4-dihydroaucubin Leaf
6'-0-beta-glucosylaucubin Leaf
9-hydroxy-cis-11-octadecanoic-acid Seed
Acetoside Plant
Adenine Plant
Alkaloids Plant 1,000
Allantoin Plant
Apigenin Leaf
Apigenin-7-glucoside Leaf
Ascorbic-acid Plant
Seed
Ash Seed 18,600 62,000
Asperuloside Flower 2
Aucubin Leaf 10,000
Plant 3,700
Seed
Baicalein Leaf
Baicalin Plant
Benzoic-acid Leaf
Beta-carotene Seed
Caffeic-acid Plant
Calcium Seed 7,020 23,400
Shoot 860 1,340
Catalpol Leaf
Chlorogenic-acid Plant
Choline Seed
Chromium Seed 0.4 1.2
Cinnamic-acid Plant
Citric-acid Plant
Cobalt Seed 0.8 2.5
D-glucose Plant
D-xylose Plant
Di-o-methylgalactose Plant
Emulsin Plant
Eo Plant 2,000
Fat Seed 54,000 180,000
Seed 100,000 220,800
Ferulic-acid Plant
Fiber Seed 190,000
Fiber(crude) Seed 190,000
Fiber(dietary) Seed 640,000
Fumaric-acid Leaf
Geniposidic-acid Plant
Gentisic-acid Plant
Glucoraphenine Plant
Gum Seed 30,000 100,000
Hispidulin Leaf
Hydroxycinnamic-acid Leaf
Indicaine Plant
Invertin Plant
Iron Seed 5 18
L-fructose Plant
Lignoceric-acid Plant
Linoleic-acid Seed 25,000 50,000
Linolenic-acid Seed 900 1,800
Loliolid Plant
Luteolin Leaf
Luteolin-7-o-beta-d-glucoside Plant
Luteolin-7-o-beta-d-glucuronide Plant
Magnesium Seed 318 1,060
Manganese Seed 0.5 1.6
Mucilage Plant
Seed 75,000 250,000
Neo-chlorogenic-acid Leaf
Nepetin Leaf
Niacin Seed 20 65
Oleanolic-acid Leaf
Oleic-acid Seed 37,000 74,000
P-coumaric-acid Plant
P-hydroxy-benzoic-acid Plant
Phenolcarbonic-acids Plant
Phosphorus Seed 180 600
Plantagic-acis Plant
Plantagonine Plant 500
Plantagoside Leaf
Plantease Seed 0 220
Planteolic-acid Plant
Potassium Seed 2,400 8,000
Potassium-salts Plant 4,600
Protein Seed 57,000 190,000
Seed 188,000
Resin Plant
Rhamnose Plant
Riboflavin Seed
Saccharose Plant
Salicylic-acid Plant 1
Scutellarin Leaf
Selenium Seed 0.3 1
Silicon Seed 3 8.2
Sitosterol Plant
Sodium Seed 180 600
Sorbitol Plant 15,000
Succinic-acid Plant
Sulforaphene Plant
Syringic-acid Plant
Syringin Plant
Tannin Plant 40,000 57,000
Thiamine Seed
Tyrosine Plant
Tyrosol Plant
Ursolic-acid Plant
Vanillic-acid Plant
Water Seed 700,000
Zinc Seed 0.8 2.5
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]