Piper methysticum Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
kava kava pepper kava-kava kawa pepper
Piper methysticum

Medical use

Economic importance of Piper methysticum

Human food beverage base
Medicines folklore
Social narcotic religious/secular stimulant

Gallery

Piper methysticum Piper methysticum Piper methysticum Piper methysticum Piper methysticum Piper methysticum Piper methysticum Piper methysticum Piper methysticum Piper methysticum Piper methysticum Piper methysticum Piper methysticum

Geografical distribution

  • PACIFIC
    Native
    • Northwestern Pacific: Micronesia
    • Southwestern Pacific: Vanuatu

Biological activities

Absorbent
Starch found in Root (430000 ppm)
Acaricide
Oxalic-acid found in Root
Acetylcholinergic
Glucose found in Root
Aggregant
Sucrose found in Root
Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant ;found in Rhizome
Allergenic
Benzoic-acid found in Plant ;found in Rhizome
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant ;found in Rhizome
Amebicide
Yangonin found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (280 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (43300 ppm);found in Rhizome (10000 ppm)
Analgesic
Dihydrokawain found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Rhizome (10500 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Root (740 ppm)
Dihydromethysticin found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (160 ppm);found in Rhizome (8500 ppm);found in Plant
Kawain found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (306 ppm);found in Rhizome (12000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (33800 ppm);found in Plant
Methysticin found in Leaf (7100 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Stem ;found in Root (140 ppm);found in Rhizome (13400 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (22200 ppm)
Androgenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Root (166000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Anesthetic
5,6-dehydrokawain found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Benzoic-acid found in Plant ;found in Rhizome
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant ;found in Rhizome
Dihydrokawain found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Rhizome (10500 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Root (740 ppm)
Dihydromethysticin found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (160 ppm);found in Rhizome (8500 ppm);found in Plant
Kawain found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (306 ppm);found in Rhizome (12000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (33800 ppm);found in Plant
Methysticin found in Leaf (7100 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Stem ;found in Root (140 ppm);found in Rhizome (13400 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (22200 ppm)
Yangonin found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (280 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (43300 ppm);found in Rhizome (10000 ppm)
Angiogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Root (166000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker
Fiber found in Root (200000 ppm)
Anorexic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Root (166000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Antiadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Root (166000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Antiaggregant
Kawain found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (306 ppm);found in Rhizome (12000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (33800 ppm);found in Plant
Antialcoholic
Fructose found in Root
Antiandrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Root (166000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Antiarachidonate
Kawain found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (306 ppm);found in Rhizome (12000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (33800 ppm);found in Plant
Antibacterial
Anisic-acid found in Rhizome
Benzoic-acid found in Plant ;found in Rhizome
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Root (166000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant ;found in Rhizome
Yangonin found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (280 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (43300 ppm);found in Rhizome (10000 ppm)
Anticonvulsant
5,6-dehydrokawain found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Dihydrokawain found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Rhizome (10500 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Root (740 ppm)
Dihydromethysticin found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (160 ppm);found in Rhizome (8500 ppm);found in Plant
Kawain found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (306 ppm);found in Rhizome (12000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (33800 ppm);found in Plant
Methysticin found in Leaf (7100 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Stem ;found in Root (140 ppm);found in Rhizome (13400 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (22200 ppm)
Antidiabetic
Fiber found in Root (200000 ppm)
Fructose found in Root
Maltose found in Root
Antiedemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Root (166000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Glucose found in Root
Kawain found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (306 ppm);found in Rhizome (12000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (33800 ppm);found in Plant
Antiepileptic
Dihydromethysticin found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (160 ppm);found in Rhizome (8500 ppm);found in Plant
Antiestrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Root (166000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Antifeedant
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Root (166000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Antifertility
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Root (166000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Antifibrillary
Kawain found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (306 ppm);found in Rhizome (12000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (33800 ppm);found in Plant
Methysticin found in Leaf (7100 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Stem ;found in Root (140 ppm);found in Rhizome (13400 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (22200 ppm)
Antigonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Root (166000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Antihangover
Fructose found in Root
Antihepatotoxic
Glucose found in Root
Stigmasterol found in Rhizome
Antihiccup
Sucrose found in Root
Antihyperlipoproteinaemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Root (166000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Antihypertensive
Fiber found in Root (200000 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
5,7-dimethoxyflavone found in Root (40 ppm)
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Root (166000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant ;found in Rhizome
Cinnamic-acid-bornyl-ester found in Root (300 ppm)
Dihydrokawain found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Rhizome (10500 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Root (740 ppm)
Dihydromethysticin found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (160 ppm);found in Rhizome (8500 ppm);found in Plant
Kawain found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (306 ppm);found in Rhizome (12000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (33800 ppm);found in Plant
Methysticin found in Leaf (7100 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Stem ;found in Root (140 ppm);found in Rhizome (13400 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (22200 ppm)
Pinostrobin found in Root (70 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Rhizome
Yangonin found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (280 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (43300 ppm);found in Rhizome (10000 ppm)
Antiischemic
Dihydromethysticin found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (160 ppm);found in Rhizome (8500 ppm);found in Plant
Methysticin found in Leaf (7100 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Stem ;found in Root (140 ppm);found in Rhizome (13400 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (22200 ppm)
Antiketotic
Fructose found in Root
Glucose found in Root
Antileukemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Root (166000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Antilymphomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Root (166000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Antimutagenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Root (166000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant ;found in Rhizome
Antimycotic
Kawain found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (306 ppm);found in Rhizome (12000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (33800 ppm);found in Plant
Antinauseant
Fructose found in Root
Antinesidioblastosic
Starch found in Root (430000 ppm)
Antinociceptive
Dihydrokawain found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Rhizome (10500 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Root (740 ppm)
Dihydromethysticin found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (160 ppm);found in Rhizome (8500 ppm);found in Plant
Kawain found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (306 ppm);found in Rhizome (12000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (33800 ppm);found in Plant
Methysticin found in Leaf (7100 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Stem ;found in Root (140 ppm);found in Rhizome (13400 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (22200 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Rhizome
Antiobesity
Fiber found in Root (200000 ppm)
Antiophidic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Root (166000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Stigmasterol found in Rhizome
Antiophthalmic
Sucrose found in Root
Antiotitic
Benzoic-acid found in Plant ;found in Rhizome
Antioxidant
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Root (166000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Campesterol found in Rhizome
Cholesterol found in Rhizome
Stigmasterol found in Rhizome
Sucrose found in Root
Antiplatelet
5,6-dehydrokawain found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Antiprogestational
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Root (166000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Antiprostaglandin
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Root (166000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Kawain found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (306 ppm);found in Rhizome (12000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (33800 ppm);found in Plant
Antiprostatadenomic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Root (166000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Antiprostatitic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Root (166000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Antipyretic
Benzoic-acid found in Plant ;found in Rhizome
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Root (166000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Dihydrokawain found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Rhizome (10500 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Root (740 ppm)
Dihydromethysticin found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (160 ppm);found in Rhizome (8500 ppm);found in Plant
Kawain found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (306 ppm);found in Rhizome (12000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (33800 ppm);found in Plant
Methysticin found in Leaf (7100 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Stem ;found in Root (140 ppm);found in Rhizome (13400 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (22200 ppm)
Yangonin found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (280 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (43300 ppm);found in Rhizome (10000 ppm)
Antirheumatic
Anisic-acid found in Rhizome
Antisalmonella
Anisic-acid found in Rhizome
Benzoic-acid found in Plant ;found in Rhizome
Antiseptic
Anisic-acid found in Rhizome
Benzoic-acid found in Plant ;found in Rhizome
Kawain found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (306 ppm);found in Rhizome (12000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (33800 ppm);found in Plant
Oxalic-acid found in Root
Antispasmodic
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant ;found in Rhizome
Dihydrokawain found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Rhizome (10500 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Root (740 ppm)
Dihydromethysticin found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (160 ppm);found in Rhizome (8500 ppm);found in Plant
Kawain found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (306 ppm);found in Rhizome (12000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (33800 ppm);found in Plant
Methysticin found in Leaf (7100 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Stem ;found in Root (140 ppm);found in Rhizome (13400 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (22200 ppm)
Yangonin found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (280 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (43300 ppm);found in Rhizome (10000 ppm)
Antithrombotic
Kawain found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (306 ppm);found in Rhizome (12000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (33800 ppm);found in Plant
Antithromboxane
5,6-dehydrokawain found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Kawain found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (306 ppm);found in Rhizome (12000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (33800 ppm);found in Plant
Antitumor
Fiber found in Root (200000 ppm)
Antiulcer
5,6-dehydrokawain found in Leaf ;found in Plant
Fiber found in Root (200000 ppm)
Antivaricose
Glucose found in Root
Antiviral
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Root (166000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Stigmasterol found in Rhizome
Antiyeast
Benzoic-acid found in Plant ;found in Rhizome
Anxiolytic
Kawain found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (306 ppm);found in Rhizome (12000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (33800 ppm);found in Plant
Apoptotic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Root (166000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Aromatase-Inhibitor
Pinostrobin found in Root (70 ppm)
Artemicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Root (166000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Stigmasterol found in Rhizome
Atherogenic
Sucrose found in Root
Beta-Blocker
Fiber found in Root (200000 ppm)
CNS-Depressant
Dihydromethysticin found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (160 ppm);found in Rhizome (8500 ppm);found in Plant
Kawain found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (306 ppm);found in Rhizome (12000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (33800 ppm);found in Plant
Methysticin found in Leaf (7100 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Stem ;found in Root (140 ppm);found in Rhizome (13400 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (22200 ppm)
Yangonin found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (280 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (43300 ppm);found in Rhizome (10000 ppm)
CNS-Paralytic
Oxalic-acid found in Root
COX-1-Inhibitor
Cinnamic-acid-bornyl-ester found in Root (300 ppm)
Pinostrobin found in Root (70 ppm)
COX-2-Inhibitor
Cinnamic-acid-bornyl-ester found in Root (300 ppm)
Pinostrobin found in Root (70 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Root (166000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant ;found in Rhizome
Eicosanol found in Root (2100 ppm)
Fiber found in Root (200000 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Rhizome
Candidicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Root (166000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Cardioprotective
Fiber found in Root (200000 ppm)
Caspase-8-Inducer
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Root (166000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Choleretic
Benzoic-acid found in Plant ;found in Rhizome
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant ;found in Rhizome
Collyrium
Sucrose found in Root
Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor
Kawain found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (306 ppm);found in Rhizome (12000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (33800 ppm);found in Plant
Demulcent
Sucrose found in Root
Dermatitigenic
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant ;found in Rhizome
Dihydromethysticin found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (160 ppm);found in Rhizome (8500 ppm);found in Plant
Diuretic
Fiber found in Root (200000 ppm)
Emollient
Starch found in Root (430000 ppm)
Endoanesthetic
Dihydrokawain found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Rhizome (10500 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Root (740 ppm)
Dihydromethysticin found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (160 ppm);found in Rhizome (8500 ppm);found in Plant
Kawain found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (306 ppm);found in Rhizome (12000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (33800 ppm);found in Plant
Methysticin found in Leaf (7100 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Stem ;found in Root (140 ppm);found in Rhizome (13400 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (22200 ppm)
Estrogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Root (166000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Stigmasterol found in Rhizome
Expectorant
Benzoic-acid found in Plant ;found in Rhizome
FLavor
Benzoic-acid found in Plant ;found in Rhizome
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant ;found in Rhizome
Hexadecanol found in Root (3600 ppm)
Phenylacetic-acid found in Rhizome
Fatal
Oxalic-acid found in Root
Febrifuge
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Root (166000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Flatugenic
Sucrose found in Root
Fungicide
Benzoic-acid found in Plant ;found in Rhizome
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant ;found in Rhizome
Kawain found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (306 ppm);found in Rhizome (12000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (33800 ppm);found in Plant
Pinostrobin found in Root (70 ppm)
Fungistat
Dihydrokawain found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Rhizome (10500 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Root (740 ppm)
Gonadotrophic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Root (166000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Hemostatic
Oxalic-acid found in Root
Hepatoprotective
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Root (166000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Herbicide
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant ;found in Rhizome
Hypercholesterolemic
Sucrose found in Root
Hyperglycemic
Glucose found in Root
Hypocholesterolemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Root (166000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Campesterol found in Rhizome
Fiber found in Root (200000 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Rhizome
Hypoglycemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Root (166000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Hypolipidemic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Root (166000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Hypotensive
Fiber found in Root (200000 ppm)
Hypouricemic
Fiber found in Root (200000 ppm)
Insectifuge
Benzoic-acid found in Plant ;found in Rhizome
Irritant
Oxalic-acid found in Root
Laxative
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant ;found in Rhizome
Fiber found in Root (200000 ppm)
Fructose found in Root
Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant ;found in Rhizome
MAO-B-Inhibitor
Dihydrokawain found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Rhizome (10500 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Root (740 ppm)
Dihydromethysticin found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (160 ppm);found in Rhizome (8500 ppm);found in Plant
Kawain found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (306 ppm);found in Rhizome (12000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (33800 ppm);found in Plant
Methysticin found in Leaf (7100 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Stem ;found in Root (140 ppm);found in Rhizome (13400 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (22200 ppm)
Yangonin found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (280 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (43300 ppm);found in Rhizome (10000 ppm)
Memory-Enhancer
Glucose found in Root
Myorelaxant
Dihydrokawain found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Rhizome (10500 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Root (740 ppm)
Dihydromethysticin found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (160 ppm);found in Rhizome (8500 ppm);found in Plant
Kawain found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (306 ppm);found in Rhizome (12000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (33800 ppm);found in Plant
Methysticin found in Leaf (7100 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Stem ;found in Root (140 ppm);found in Rhizome (13400 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (22200 ppm)
Yangonin found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (280 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (43300 ppm);found in Rhizome (10000 ppm)
Neoplastic
Fructose found in Root
Neuroprotective
Dihydrokawain found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Rhizome (10500 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Root (740 ppm)
Dihydromethysticin found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (160 ppm);found in Rhizome (8500 ppm);found in Plant
Methysticin found in Leaf (7100 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Stem ;found in Root (140 ppm);found in Rhizome (13400 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (22200 ppm)
Neurotoxic
Kawain found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (306 ppm);found in Rhizome (12000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (33800 ppm);found in Plant
Methysticin found in Leaf (7100 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Stem ;found in Root (140 ppm);found in Rhizome (13400 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (22200 ppm)
Ovulant
Stigmasterol found in Rhizome
Perfumery
Phenylacetic-acid found in Rhizome
Pesticide
Anisic-acid found in Rhizome
Benzoic-acid found in Plant ;found in Rhizome
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Root (166000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant ;found in Rhizome
Kawain found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (306 ppm);found in Rhizome (12000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (33800 ppm);found in Plant
Oxalic-acid found in Root
Pinostrobin found in Root (70 ppm)
Yangonin found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (280 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (43300 ppm);found in Rhizome (10000 ppm)
Phytoalexin
Benzoic-acid found in Plant ;found in Rhizome
Poultice
Starch found in Root (430000 ppm)
Preservative
Sucrose found in Root
Psychoactive
Methysticin found in Leaf (7100 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Stem ;found in Root (140 ppm);found in Rhizome (13400 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (22200 ppm)
Renotoxic
Oxalic-acid found in Root
Sedative
Dihydrokawain found in Leaf ;found in Plant ;found in Rhizome (10500 ppm);found in Stem ;found in Root (740 ppm)
Dihydromethysticin found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (160 ppm);found in Rhizome (8500 ppm);found in Plant
Kawain found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (306 ppm);found in Rhizome (12000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (33800 ppm);found in Plant
Methysticin found in Leaf (7100 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Stem ;found in Root (140 ppm);found in Rhizome (13400 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (22200 ppm)
Stigmasterol found in Rhizome
Yangonin found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (280 ppm);found in Plant ;found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (43300 ppm);found in Rhizome (10000 ppm)
Spermicide
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Root (166000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Sweetener
Fructose found in Root
Maltose found in Root
Sucrose found in Root
Tranquilizer
Kawain found in Leaf ;found in Stem ;found in Root (306 ppm);found in Rhizome (12000 ppm);found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (33800 ppm);found in Plant
Triglycerigenic
Sucrose found in Root
Tyrosinase-Inhibitor
Anisic-acid found in Rhizome
Benzoic-acid found in Plant ;found in Rhizome
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant ;found in Rhizome
Ubiquiot
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Root (166000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Ulcerogenic
Beta-sitosterol found in Leaf ;found in Root (166000 ppm);found in Rhizome
Uricogenic
Sucrose found in Root
Uricosuric
Benzoic-acid found in Plant ;found in Rhizome
Varroacide
Oxalic-acid found in Root
Vasodilator
Fiber found in Root (200000 ppm)
Vermifuge
Cinnamic-acid found in Plant ;found in Rhizome
Vulnerary
Benzoic-acid found in Plant ;found in Rhizome
Sucrose found in Root

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(+)-5-6-7-8-tetrahydroyangonin Rhizome 3
11,12-dimethoxydihydrokawain Rhizome
Root 22
11-hydroxy-12-methoxydihydrokawain Plant
Root 9
11-hydroxy-yangonin Root
11-methoxy-12-hydroxy-dehydrokawain Root
11-methoxynoryangonin Rhizome
11-methoxyyangonin Plant
Rhizome
2',4'-dimethylchalconaringenin Plant
2-methoxycinnamic-acid-pyrrolidide Rhizome
3,4-(methylene-dioxy)cinnamylidenacetol Plant
3,4-methylene-dioxycinnamic-acid-bornyl-ester Root
3-4-methylenedioxy-cinnamylideneacetone Resin, Exudate, Sap 25,450
4-oxo-n-nananoic-acid Rhizome
5,6,7,8-tetrahydroyangonin Plant
Rhizome
5,6-dehydrokawain Leaf
Plant
5,6-dihydroyangonin Root
5,7-dimethoxyflavone Root 40
5-dihydroyangonin Plant
7,8-dihydroyangonin Root
7-8-dihydrokawain Plant
Rhizome
Anisic-acid Rhizome
Ash Root 32,000
Benzoic-acid Plant
Rhizome
Beta-sitosterol Leaf
Root 166,000
Rhizome
Campesterol Rhizome
Capronic-acid Rhizome
Cepharadione-a Root 2
Cholesterol Rhizome
Cinnamalacetone Resin, Exudate, Sap 64,550
Rhizome
Cinnamalaketone Root
Cinnamic-acid Plant
Rhizome
Cinnamic-acid-bornyl-ester Root 300
Cinnamic-acid-pyrrolidide Plant
Rhizome
Cinnamylidenacetol Plant
Compound-a Root 90
Dehydrokawain Resin, Exudate, Sap 11,100
Stem
Root
Dehydromethysticin Plant
Demethoxyyangonin Leaf
Stem
Rhizome
Root
Plant
Desmethoxyyangonin Plant
Rhizome 10,000
Dihydrokawain Leaf
Plant
Rhizome 6,000 10,500
Stem
Root 740
Dihydrokawain-5-ol Plant
Rhizome
Dihydromethysticin Leaf
Stem
Root 160
Rhizome 5,000 8,500
Plant
Dimethoxykavain Plant
Docosan-1-ol Rhizome
Docosanol Root 2,000
Dodecan-1-ol Rhizome
Eicosan-1-ol Rhizome
Eicosanol Root 2,100
Fiber Root 200,000
Flavokavin-a Plant
Root
Flavokavin-b Plant
Root
Flavokavin-c Plant
Flavokawain Root 200
Flavokawain-c Plant 200
Flavokawin-a Leaf
Rhizome
Resin, Exudate, Sap 1,620
Root
Plant
Flavokawin-b Leaf
Rhizome
Resin, Exudate, Sap 1,400
Plant
Flavokawin-c Rhizome
Root
Fructose Root
Glucose Root
Hexadecan-1-ol Rhizome
Hexadecanol Root 3,600
Hydroxycinnamic-acid Rhizome
Hydroxykawain Plant
Kavalactones Root 30,000 200,000
Kawain Leaf
Stem
Root 306
Rhizome 9,300 12,000
Resin, Exudate, Sap 33,800
Plant
Kawainic-acid Plant
M-methoxycinnamic-acid-pyrrolidide Plant
Maltose Root
Methylene-dioxy-3,4-cinnamaoylacetone Rhizome
Methylene-dioxy-3,4-cinnamaoylketone Root
Methysticin Leaf 7,100
Plant
Stem
Root 140
Rhizome 12,000 13,400
Resin, Exudate, Sap 22,200
Octadecan-1-ol Rhizome
Octadecanol Root 5,300
Oxalic-acid Root
P-methoxy-phenyl-acetic-acid Rhizome
Phenylacetic-acid Rhizome
Pinostrobin Root 70
Pipermethystine Leaf 1,700
Plant
Protein Root 36,000
Resin Root 53,000
Resinic-acid Root 233,000
Starch Root 430,000
Stigmastanol Rhizome
Stigmasten-4,3,6-dione Plant
Stigmastendione Plant
Stigmasterol Rhizome
Sucrose Root
Sugars Root 32,000
Tetracosan-1-ol Rhizome
Tetracosanol Root 3,200
Tetradecan-1-ol Rhizome
Tetrahydroyangonin Plant
Root
Stem
Trans-phytol Rhizome
Root 10,500
Water Root 120,000
Yangoinin Rhizome
Yangonin Leaf
Stem
Root 280
Plant
Resin, Exudate, Sap 43,300
Rhizome 6,800 10,000
Yangonin-i Plant
Yangonin-ii Plant
Yangonin-iii Plant
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]