Pinus roxburghii Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
chir pine longleaf Indian pine

Pinus roxburghii is a species of pine. It is native to the Himalayas, and was named after William Roxburgh. The range extends from northern Pakistan, across northern India and Nepal to Bhutan. It generally occurs at lower altitudes than other pines in the Himalaya, from 500–2,000 m, occasionally up to 2,300 m. The other Himalayan pines are Pinus wallichiana, Pinus bhutanica, Pinus armandii, Pinus gerardiana and Pinus densata.

Pinus roxburghii

Medical use

Economic importance of Pinus roxburghii

Materials gum/resin wod
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Pinus roxburghii Pinus roxburghii Pinus roxburghii Pinus roxburghii Pinus roxburghii Pinus roxburghii Pinus roxburghii Pinus roxburghii Pinus roxburghii Pinus roxburghii Pinus roxburghii Pinus roxburghii

Geografical distribution

  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Native
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan
    • China: China - Xizang
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Native
    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India - Arunachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Sikkim, Uttar Pradesh; Nepal
    • Indo-China: Myanmar

Biological activities

Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (300000 ppm)
Allelopathic
Camphene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (55000 ppm)
Allergenic
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (300000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (100000 ppm)
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (300000 ppm)
Antibacterial
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (300000 ppm)
Delta-3-carene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (675000 ppm)
Antifeedant
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (300000 ppm)
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (300000 ppm)
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (300000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (100000 ppm)
Delta-3-carene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (675000 ppm)
Antioxidant
Camphene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (55000 ppm)
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (300000 ppm)
Antiseptic
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (300000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (100000 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (300000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (100000 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (300000 ppm)
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (300000 ppm)
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (300000 ppm)
Candidicide
Beta-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (100000 ppm)
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (300000 ppm)
Dermatitigenic
Delta-3-carene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (675000 ppm)
Expectorant
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (300000 ppm)
Camphene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (55000 ppm)
FLavor
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (300000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (100000 ppm)
Camphene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (55000 ppm)
Delta-3-carene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (675000 ppm)
Herbicide
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (300000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (100000 ppm)
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (300000 ppm)
Insectifuge
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (300000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (100000 ppm)
Camphene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (55000 ppm)
Delta-3-carene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (675000 ppm)
Insectiphile
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (300000 ppm)
Irritant
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (300000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (100000 ppm)
Delta-3-carene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (675000 ppm)
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (300000 ppm)
Perfumery
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (300000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (100000 ppm)
Pesticide
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (300000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (100000 ppm)
Camphene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (55000 ppm)
Delta-3-carene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (675000 ppm)
Sedative
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (300000 ppm)
Spasmogenic
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (300000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (100000 ppm)
Camphene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (55000 ppm)
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (300000 ppm)
Transdermal
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (300000 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (100000 ppm)

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
Alpha-pinene Resin, Exudate, Sap 200,000 300,000
Beta-carene Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-longifolene Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-pinene Resin, Exudate, Sap 50,000 100,000
Camphene Resin, Exudate, Sap 12,000 55,000
Delta-3-carene Resin, Exudate, Sap 376,000 675,000
Delta-4-carene Resin, Exudate, Sap
Hexacosyl-ferulate Plant
Longicyclene Resin, Exudate, Sap
Longifolene Resin, Exudate, Sap 50,000 203,000
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]