Pinus palustris Health effects and herbal facts

Known as
longleaf pine longleaf yellow pine pitch pine southern pine southern yellow pine

Pinus palustris, commonly known as the Longleaf Pine, is a pine native to the southeastern United States, found along the coastal plain from eastern Texas to southeast Virginia, extending into northern and central Florida. It reaches a height of 30–35 m and a diameter of 0.7 m. In the past, they reportedly grew to 47 m with a diameter of 1.2 m. The bark is thick, reddish-brown, and scaly. The leaves are dark green and needle-like, and occur in bundles of three. They often are twisted and 20–45 cm in length. It is one of the two southeastern U.S. pines with long needles, the other being slash pine. The cones, both female seed cones and male pollen cones, are initiated during the growing season before buds emerge. Pollen cones begin forming in their buds in July, while seed conelets are formed during a relatively short period of time in August. Pollination occurs early the following spring, with the male cones 3–8 cm long. The female cones mature in about twenty months from pollination; when mature they are yellow-brown in color, 15–25 cm long, and 5–7 cm broad, opening to 12 cm, and have a small, but sharp, downward-pointing spine on the middle of each scale.

Pinus palustris

Medical use

Economic importance of Pinus palustris

Food additives flavoring
Materials fiber gum/resin wod
Medicines folklore

Gallery

Pinus palustris Pinus palustris Pinus palustris Pinus palustris Pinus palustris Pinus palustris Pinus palustris Pinus palustris Pinus palustris Pinus palustris Pinus palustris Pinus palustris Pinus palustris Pinus palustris Pinus palustris

Geografical distribution

  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Native
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina , South Carolina, Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas

Biological activities

Allelochemic
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (160750 ppm)
Allelopathic
Camphene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Allergenic
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (160750 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (79500 ppm)
Dehydroabietic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Dipentene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Analgesic
P-cymene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiacetylcholinesterase
P-cymene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiacne
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (160750 ppm)
Antibacillary
P-cymene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antibacterial
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (160750 ppm)
Dipentene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
P-cymene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antifeedant
Abietic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (160750 ppm)
Dehydroabietic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Isopimaric-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Neoabietic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiflu
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (160750 ppm)
P-cymene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiinflammatory
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (160750 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (79500 ppm)
Antioxidant
Camphene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antipneumonic
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (160750 ppm)
Antirheumatalgic
P-cymene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Antiseptic
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (160750 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (79500 ppm)
Antispasmodic
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (160750 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (79500 ppm)
Antistaphylococcic
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (160750 ppm)
Antiviral
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (160750 ppm)
Dipentene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
P-cymene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Cancer-Preventive
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (160750 ppm)
Beta-myrcene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Candidicide
Beta-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (79500 ppm)
Coleoptophile
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (160750 ppm)
Expectorant
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (160750 ppm)
Beta-phellandrene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Camphene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Dipentene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
FLavor
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (160750 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (79500 ppm)
Camphene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
P-cymene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Fungicide
Beta-phellandrene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
P-cymene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Herbicide
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (160750 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (79500 ppm)
P-cymene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Insecticide
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (160750 ppm)
Insectifuge
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (160750 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (79500 ppm)
Camphene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
P-cymene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Insectiphile
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (160750 ppm)
Irritant
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (160750 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (79500 ppm)
Dipentene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
P-cymene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Juvabional
Sandaracopimaric-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Laxative
P-cymene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
P450-2B1-Inhibitor
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (160750 ppm)
Perfumery
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (160750 ppm)
Beta-myrcene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-phellandrene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (79500 ppm)
Pesticide
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (160750 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (79500 ppm)
Camphene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Dehydroabietic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Dipentene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Isopimaric-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Neoabietic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
P-cymene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Sandaracopimaric-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Protisticide
Abietic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Dehydroabietic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Neoabietic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Schistosomicide
Abietic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Dehydroabietic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Neoabietic-acid found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Sedative
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (160750 ppm)
Dipentene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
P-cymene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Spasmogenic
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (160750 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (79500 ppm)
Camphene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap
Tranquilizer
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (160750 ppm)
Transdermal
Alpha-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (160750 ppm)
Beta-pinene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap (79500 ppm)
Trichomonicide
P-cymene found in Resin, Exudate, Sap

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Chemicals detected

Chemical Plant part Low ppm High ppm
(-)-nortrachelogenin Stem
3-carene Resin, Exudate, Sap
Abietic-acid Resin, Exudate, Sap
Alpha-pinene Resin, Exudate, Sap 128,600 160,750
Beta-myrcene Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-phellandrene Resin, Exudate, Sap
Beta-pinene Resin, Exudate, Sap 63,600 79,500
Camphene Resin, Exudate, Sap
Dehydroabietic-acid Resin, Exudate, Sap
Dipentene Resin, Exudate, Sap
Eo Leaf 4,000
Resin, Exudate, Sap 200,000 250,000
Isodextropimarinal Plant
Isopimaric-acid Resin, Exudate, Sap
Laevopimaric-acid Resin, Exudate, Sap
Neoabietic-acid Resin, Exudate, Sap
P-cymene Resin, Exudate, Sap
Palustric-acid Resin, Exudate, Sap
Pimaric-acid Plant
Sandaracopimaric-acid Resin, Exudate, Sap
Sitosterol Resin, Exudate, Sap
Reference: Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. [Online Database]